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Italian Renaissance Art

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Title: Italian Renaissance Art Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: agreen Created Date: 6/29/2003 6:17:57 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Italian Renaissance Art


1
The Art of the Italian Renaissance
2
New Techniques
  • Fresco
  • Perspective
  • Human anatomy and movement
  • Sculpture
  • Architecture
  • Painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water
    based paints, 3-D
  • Organization of outdoor space and light through
    geometry
  • Realism of humans
  • Donatello- Greek and Roman influence
  • Brunelleschi- focused on human needs not divine

3
Masters of High Renaissance
  • Donatello
  • Reinvented the free-standing nude in
  • classical style
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Masters realistic painting, dissected human
    bodies, goal to create idealized forms that
    capture the perfection of nature
  • Michelangelo
  • Accomplished painter, sculptor, architect
  • Raphael
  • Admired for Madonnas and frescoes in Vatican
    palace

4
Masters of the Italian Renaissance
5
Art and Patronage
  • Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on
    art.
  • Art communicated social, political, and spiritual
    values.
  • Italian banking international trade interests
    had the money.
  • Public art in Florence was organized and
    supported by guilds.

Therefore, the consumption of art was used as a
form of competition for social political
status! For instance, a person would pay for art
to show how wealthy and powerful they were.
6
Characteristics of Renaissance Art
7
1. Realism Expression
  • i) Realism showing scenes as they actually
    appear
  • ii) Expression is different depending on the
    individual and the scene
  • The emotions showed matched the subject or story
    told
  • iii) First nudes since classical times.
  • iv) Expulsion from the Garden
  • Masaccio
  • 1427

8
Realism Expression
Voice of God expelling Adam and Eve from the
Garden.
Realism is shown through the detail in Adam and
Eves Anatomy
Look at the expressions of Adam and Eve as they
get kicked out of the garden of Eden. Are they
happy about it?
9
2. Perspective
  1. Perspective a graphic system that creates the
    illusion of depth and volume on a two-dimensional
    surface
  2. Draw on your paper
  3. First use of linear perspective (using lines to
    show distance and depth)
  • iv) Painting information
  • The Trinity
  • Masaccio
  • 1427

What you are, I once was what I am, you will
become.
10
Perspective
Where is the vanishing point?
This painting shows Jesus, God, and the Holy
Spirit. The Holy spirit is symbolized by the dove
above Jesus head.
11
3. Classicism
  • i) Classicism Greek and Roman influence where
    perfect proportion is the ideal
  • ii) Secularism- without religious influence
  • Humanism-emphasizes reason, scientific inquiry,
    and human fulfillment in the natural world
  • iii) Individualism ? free standing figures S
    curve
  • a curve shaped like an S that the side of the
    body makes
  • iv) Symmetry/Balance

v) The Classical Pose Medici Venus
12
Classicism
S Curve was used to show a more natural human
standing position.
This image is classical because it shows an ideal
nude. In other words, this is an image of a
perfectly beautiful woman.
Contrapposto is used to show a relaxed human
standing position.
13
4. Emphasis on Individualism
  • iv) Battista Sforza Federico de Montefeltre
    The Duke Dutchess of Urbino
  • Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466.
  1. Individualism highlighting specific
    characteristics to show how one subject is unique
    from another
  2. Circle your painting.
  3. Revolutionary?
  4. Perspective
  5. Realism/ Expression

14
Emphasis on Individualism
What makes the Duke of Urbino not look like
anyone else? What are his distinguishing facial
features?
15
5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures
  • i) Geometric Arrangement the arrangement of
    figures to form geometric shapes
  • ii) Draw on your painting.
  • iii) Revolutionary?
  • Realism/ expression
  • Classicism
  • Perspective
  • iv) The figure as architecture!
  • v) The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • 1469

16
Geometrical Arrangement of Figures
Why is the top of the triangle Mary and Jesus
face? The most important point of a triangle is
the top point as a result, the top of the
triangle forms Mary and Jesus face to draw the
audiences attention to their expression.
17
6. Light Shadowing/Softening Edges
  • Sfumato
  • Define chiaroscuro
  • the use of extreme contrast between light and
    dark to create a dramatic effect
  • sfumato The blurring or softening of sharp
    outlines by gradually blending one tone into
    another.
  • Illustrate on your painting.
  • Revolutionary?
  • Realism, Expression, Individualism
  • v) Leonardo da Vinci, Ginevra de' Benci, c.
    1474/1478, oil on panel, National Gallery of Art,
    Ailsa Mellon Bruce Fund


18
6. Light Shadowing/Softening Edges
Sfumato
Chiaroscuro
19
Whole Group Discussion Six Characteristics of
Renaissance Art Content Check
20
Whole Group Discussion Six Characteristics of
Renaissance Art Content Check
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