What is Terrorism? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – What is Terrorism? PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6d454e-YzBiY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

What is Terrorism?

Description:

What is Terrorism? United States and the War on Terror and Foreign Policy – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:19
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: Rober1159
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: What is Terrorism?


1
What is Terrorism?
  • United States and the War on Terror and Foreign
    Policy

2
Terrorism and Conflict
  • Terrorism
  • Middle East Terrorism
  • State Sponsored Terrorism
  • Non-government Terrorism
  • Osama bin Laden
  • Al-Qaeda
  • 9/11

3
Terrorism
  • An attack on government or civilian populations
    by a non-government entity
  • Sometimes state-sponsored
  • Roots in Middle East
  • 1920 United States campaign in Saudi Arabia with
    oil production
  • Great wealth for leaders, but not all benefited
  • Middle East governments influenced by western
    views
  • Many felt views were against the teachings of
    Islam

4
Background of Terrorism
  • 1949 state of Israel and Palestinian conflict
  • State sponsored terrorism by such nations as
    Libya, who paid, hired and trained terrorists
  • New Terrorism supported by individual wealth
  • Osama bin Laden rich Saudi Arabian family
  • Al-Qaeda the base in Arabic

5
Background to 9/11
  • 1996 al-Qaeda Jihad
  • 1996 Embassy Bombings
  • 2000 Millennium Plots
  • Bombing of U.S.S. COLE

6
Background to 9/11
7
Kenya and Tanzania
  • 1996 al-Qaeda or another name World Islamic
    Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders
  • Bombed U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania
  • Kenya killed 212 and wounded 4,000
  • Tanzania killed 11 and wounded 85
  • Operation Infinite Reach in Sudan and
    Afghanistan in 1998 to find al-Qaeda

8
2000 Millenium Plots
  • Attempted bombing of LA International Airport
  • Failed bombing plot of U.S.S. THE SULLIVANS
  • Failed Jordan bombing plot
  • Successful bombing of U.S.S. COLE in October 2000

9
September 11, 2001
  • Turning point after Cold War
  • U.S. complacent after Cold War ended
  • 4 planes involved 2 crashed into the World
    Trade Center Towers, 1 crashed into the Pentagon
    and 1 went down in Shanksville, Pennsylvania
  • Over 3,000 people were killed

10
Response to 9/11
  • Citizens viewed it national emergency, united
    together
  • Election of 2000 had divided nation
  • Willingness to cooperate, generous
  • Massive world support
  • Confusion of Ethnic backgrounds, race and
    religion
  • Small group attack, not thousands

11
Purpose of War on Terror
  • Response to September 11 attacks
  • Eliminate international terrorism
  • Global military, political, legal and ideological
    struggle against terrorists and regimes that
    support them
  • Focus on Islamic militants and al-Qaeda

12
Objectives
  • Defeat terrorists Osama bin Laden and their
    organizations
  • Identify, locate and destroy terrorists and
    organizations
  • Deny sponsorship, support and sanctuary to
    terrorists end state sponsored terrorism,
    establish and maintain international
    accountability, strengthen weaker nations and
    work with willing and able states
  • Disrupt material support of terrorists
  • Diminish conditions that terrorists exploit
  • Defend U. S. citizens and interest at home and
    abroad

13
New Kind of War
  • Cut off terrorist funding freeze assets
  • Fight terrorism at home Department of Homeland
    Security, USA Patriot Act
  • Bioterrorism strikes America soon after 9/11 with
    Anthrax in the mail

14
War on Terrorism
  • Operation Active Endeavor October 2001
  • Operation Enduring Freedom Afghanistan
    2001-Present
  • Philippines 2002 80 complete
  • Horn of Africa 2002
  • Trans Sahara
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 2003-present

15
Why a War in Aghanistan?
  • Taliban government in Afghanistan was friendly to
    al-Qaeda
  • U.S. supported Taliban in 1980s against the
    Soviet Union
  • Taliban after 9/11 unwilling to help U.S.

16
Taliban
  • Sunni Islamic political movement
  • Governed Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001
  • Regrouped in 2004 as an insurgency movement at
    the local level
  • Headed by Mullah Mohammed Omar
  • 2008 severed any ties with al-Qaeda

17
Present Afghanistan
  • President Obama does not call it War on Terror,
    but Overseas Contingency Operations
  • States U. S. at war with al-Qaeda

18
North-West Pakistan Areas
19
Why War in Iraq?
  • Get rid of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) that
    Saddam Hussein had developed
  • Saddam Hussein was taken out of power

20
USA Patriot Act
  • Sharing information between federal law
    enforcement agencies and intelligence services
  • Investigate suspected terrorists
  • Fear of violation of 4th Amendment of search and
    seizure

21
Axis of Evil
  • President Bush named countries that supported
    anti-U.S. activities as part of this in 2003
  • Iraq, Iran and North Korea
  • North Korea fringe nation wanting to develop
    nuclear buildup
  • Iraq at time had WMDs
  • Iran had taken U.S. hostages in 1979 before and
    believed to support terrorist activities

22
Prevented Terrorist Attacks Since 2001
  • 2003 Plot to crash a plane into U.S. Bank in LA
  • 2003 Plot to bomb Brooklyn Bridge
  • 2004 Plot to bomb financial buildings
    International Monetary Fund, World Bank and
    Washington DC sites and NY Stock Exchange
  • 2004 Plot to bomb Columbus Shopping Mall in
    Columbus OH

23
Prevented Terrorist Attacks Since 2001
  • 2006 Plot for transatlantic aircrafts 10 from
    UK to US and Canada flights using liquid
    explosives
  • 2006 Plot to bomb Sears Tower in Chicago, IL
  • 2007 Plot to bomb Fort Dix, NJ major troop
    processing point
  • 2007 Plot to bomb JFK Airport in NY
  • 2009 Plot to bomb plane on Christmas Day

24
Criticism for War on Terror
  • Many view it as US effort to control Middle East
    oil and dominate
  • Effectiveness is still ongoing
  • Fall of Taliban government
  • Destruction of al-Qaeda camps
  • War in N-W Pakistan still ongoing
  • New government in Iraq

25
U. S. Foreign Policy
26
U. S. Foreign Policy
  • Largest economy of around 14.3 trillion
  • ¼ of global Gross Domestic Product
  • Defense budget of around 711 billion
  • 2/5 of global military spending
  • President is in charge of Foreign Policy
  • Secretary of State is the Foreign minister and
    key state-to-state negotiator
  • Secretary of Defense is military strategist

27
Secretary of State
  • Hilliary Clinton
  • State Department policy is to create more secure,
    democratic and prosperous world
  • Benefits for American people and international
    community

28
House of Representatives
  • Controls funding
  • Policy to prevent spread of nuclear technology
    and hardware, encourage positive relations
    between countries, safeguard American businesses
    abroad
  • Promote international education and protect
    American citizens at home and abroad

29
Foreign Policy
  • U. S. tended to promote isolationism through 19th
    Century
  • 20th Century global policy essential and
    international cooperation
  • NATO is largest military alliance with 28 nations

30
Current International Concerns
  • Oil
  • Foreign Aid
  • Military Aid
  • Missile Defense
  • War on Drugs
  • Terrorism
  • Often requires covert operations as well as
    diplomacy

31
Sources
  • Photos Microsoft Clip Art, Wikipedia
  • www.ushistory.com
  • History Channel
  • Library of Congress
About PowerShow.com