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Hinduism

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Hinduism Ancient religion with no founder or known date of origin. ... Classical Hindu thought accepts the following objectives of human life, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hinduism


1
Hinduism
2
Aim How do Hindu values work in understanding a
persons role in life?
  • Do Now Read Comic. Identify the four stages of
    life.
  • How do these stages tie in with a persons role
    in life?
  • HW Read pages 76-80 questions 45
  • Outline the section.

3
Hinduism
  • Ancient religion with no founder or known date of
    origin.
  • Term "Hinduism" derives from the word "India"
  • Most Hindus worship one or more deities, believe
    in reincarnation, value the practice of
    meditation, and observe festive holidays like
    Diwali and Holi

4
Polytheistic or Henotheistic?
  • What is it called when you worship one god in
    many forms?

5
What are the three basic teachings of Hinduism?
  • Karma- refers to all of the actions of a persons
    life that affects his role in the next life
  • Dharma religious and moral duties of an
    individual escape the wheel of faith
  • Reincarnation- rebirth of the soul in another
    bodily form

6
Reincarnation
  • As a person puts on new clothes and discards old
    and torn clothes, similarly an embodied soul
    enters new material bodies, leaving the old
    bodies.(B.G. 222)

7
What is Brahman?
  • The whole universe is part of the unchanging ,
    all-powerful spirit called Brahman.
  • Too complex to understand
  • Broken up the concept into a variety of gods
    which give a concrete form to Brahman

8
  • Name some of these Gods. On your comic.

9
  • Classical Hindu thought accepts the following
    objectives of human life, known as the
    puru?arthas
  • Dharma ("righteousness)
  • Artha ("livelihood, wealth")
  • Kama ("sensual pleasure")
  • Mok?a ("liberation, freedom (from samsara)

10
Goals in Life
  • Every person has an essential self called
  • Atman (soul)
  • Ultimate goal - Achieve Moksha union with
    Brahman
  • Can you achieve Moksha in one lifetime?

11
Four Stages of Life
  • Dharma
  • Artha
  • Kama
  • Moksha - can you be allowed release from the
    cycle of Reincarnation - Samsara

12
Other beliefs
  • Hindus advocate the practice of ahi?sa
    (non-violence) and respect for all life because
    divinity is believed to permeate all beings,
    including plants and non-human animals
  • In accordance with ahi?sa, many Hindus embrace
    vegetarianism to respect higher forms of life

13
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