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Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt

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Name: Date: Unit 7 Ancient Egypt Left= purple Right= Black Early Egyptian Life 1st human life in the area Nomads roamed until they found the Nile river valley Start ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 29 August 2019
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Title: Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt


1
Name Date Unit 7
Ancient Egypt
Left purple
Right Black
2
Early Egyptian Life
8,000 BC 7,000 BC 3,000 BC
  • 1st human life in the area
  • Nomads roamed until they found the Nile river
    valley
  • Start of farming in the Nile region
  • Barley, wheat and vegetables grown
  • Many small villages established along the Nile

3
Geography
  • Originally two kingdoms developed along the Nile
  • Good farmland
  • Access to copper
  • Ruler named Menes combined the whole region
    through war

Lower Egypt Upper Egypt
4
  • Flows north
  • Ends in the Mediterranean Sea
  • Longest river in the world at 4,160 miles
  • 6 Cataracts in southern part of Nile
  • Flooded annually in July
  • Floods predictable
  • Deposited silt, replenishing the soil with
    nutrients
  • Nile River
  • Floods

5
Benefits of the Nile
  • The river served as a highway
  • United villages along the river
  • Papyrus grew along river to make paper

6
Dynasties (ruling families)
  • Approximately 30 dynasties
  • Dynasties ruled Egypt for a total of 2700 years
  • Ancient Egyptian history
  • Old Kingdom
  • Middle Kingdom
  • New Kingdom

Three Kingdoms
7
Religion
  • Believe in Life After Death
  • Polytheistic
  • Weighed the heart against a feather to measure
    the individuals life.
  • Preserved the bodies of the dead through
    mummification

8
System of Writing
  • Symbols evolved into hieroglyphics
  • Writings carved in wood or stone
  • Later, painted with ink on papyrus

9
The Rosetta Stone
  • Slab of black rock carved in three languages
  • Hieroglyphics
  • Greek
  • This stone allowed hieroglyphics to be translated

10
Scientific (Medical) Accomplishments
  • Medical discoveries
  • Magic heavily used
  • Developed surgery
  • Greeks Romans based much of their medical
    knowledge on that of the Egyptians

11
Old
Middle
New
Corrupt government suffered frequent rebellions
Pharaohs organized centralized state
Pharaohs created a large empire
Government
Built enormous tombs, the pyramids
Irrigation systems for farming
Traded with lands along eastern Mediterranean and
Red Sea
Achievements
Power struggles, crop failures and cost of
pyramids caused collapse
Hittites invaded and conquered
Nubians, then others invaded
Decline
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