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Egyptian Civilization

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Egyptian Civilization Chapter 2 Section 2 Egyptian Religion Believed in forces ruling this life and the afterlife Many gods and goddesses (Click here to view some of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egyptian Civilization


1
Egyptian Civilization
  • Chapter 2 Section 2

2
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3
Egyptian Religion
  • Believed in forces ruling this life and the
    afterlife
  • Many gods and goddesses (Click here to view some
    of them)

4
Amon-Re
  • The Sun God
  • Pharaohs were linked
  • closely with Amon-Re

5
Osiris
  • God of the Underworld and God of the Nile
  • Controlled floods of the Nile

6
Isis
  • The wife of Osiris
  • Saved Osiris
  • Gave Osiris the cross with the loop at the top,
    known as the ANKH

7
Tests in the afterlife
  • Effected everyone
  • Weighted your heart vs. the feather of truth
  • If you failed (heart was heavier than the
    feather) you would be fed to the Eater of the
    Dead
  • If you pass you can enter the afterlife

8
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9
Mummification
  • The preservation of the dead
  • Removal of the vital organs
  • Wrapped the body in strips of linen
  • Took months to complete

10
Mummification
11
The Valley of the Kings
  • Many Pharaohs were buried here
  • Filled with riches
  • Robed many times

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13
King Tutankhamen
  • King Tuts tomb found in 1922
  • One of the few tombs whose wealth had not been
    taken
  • Artifacts are in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo
  • Includes chariots, weapons, furniture, jewelry,
    toys, games, and food
  • Not even a great pharaoh

14
King Tuts Tomb
15
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17
King Tut Today and Yesterday

18

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20
Hatshepsut
21
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22
Hatshepsut
23
Egyptian Society
  • Society grew with the expansion of the empire
  • Trade and War increase cultural diffusion
  • Many new ideas are spread

24
The role of woman in ancient Egypt
  • Woman enjoyed high status
  • Ramses the II the foot of an Egyptian Women may
    walk where it pleases her and no one may deny
    her
  • Not many women learned to read or write

25
Lasting Records
  • Hieroglyphics
  • A form of picture writing
  • Scribes learned demotic, or simpler form of
    everyday use, instead of using long hieroglyphics
  • Wrote on Papyrus, paper like writing material
    that grows along the Nile river
  • http//www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/pyramid/hieroglyph/hi
    eroglyph4.html

26
ROSETTA STONE
  • Found In 1799 BY French troops
  • Rosetta, Egypt (Delta)
  • Jean Francois Champollian deciphered it 23 years
    later
  • Written in Hieroglyphics, Demotic, Greek
  • Historians could now study Egypt in greater
    detail

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28
Medicine in ancient Egypt
  • Believed in various kinds of magic
  • Very skilled in the operations of the human body
  • Many medicines are still used today

29
Astronomy and Mathematics
  • Developed a calendar that is the base of ours
    today
  • Nile river flooding forced them to come up with a
    crude form of Geometry

30
Ramses II
31
Inside the temple of Ramses II
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