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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt Main Menu Click to Begin Walk like an Egyptian Drawing Egyptian People Hieroglyphics Pyramids Mummies About Ancient Egypt and Ancient Egyptian Art – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt


1
Ancient Egypt
Main Menu
Click to Begin
  • Walk like an Egyptian Drawing Egyptian People
  • Hieroglyphics
  • Pyramids
  • Mummies
  • About Ancient Egypt and Ancient Egyptian Art
  • Resources

2
Geography
  • Located in the Nile river valley
  • Civilization developed by about 3,000 BC

3
People
  • Communities were made up of
  • Hunters and fishermen
  • Soldiers
  • Slaves
  • Priests
  • Scribes
  • Artists and craftsmen
  • Farmers and herdsmen

Fishing Scene Tomb of Kenamun About 1430 BC
4
Pharaoh
  • The leader was called a pharaoh.
  • The pharaoh was believed to be half man, half
    god.
  • The afterlife of the pharaoh is an important
    theme in ancient Egyptian art.

5
Pyramids
  • The greatest architectural achievements of the
    Ancient Egyptians were the pyramids.
  • Pyramids were built as tombs for the pharaohs.
    The pyramids contained the items that the
    Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh would need in
    the afterlife.
  • Much of the ancient Egyptian art that remains
    today was preserved in the pyramids.

6
  • Other Art created by Ancient Egyptians
  • Egyptian people had a rich culture and loved to
    make art.
  • The Egyptian people also made statues, relief
    carvings, paintings, pottery, jewelry, sculptures
    and even coffins.
  • Most ancient Egyptian art is found buried in the
    ground or found in ancient Egyptian pyramids.

7
Statues and Sculptures
8
Jewelry
9
Paintings
10
Relief Carvings
Title Seti I's Campaigns, Temple of Amun at
Karnak, Thebes (exterior wall, north side of
hypostyle). Date ca. 1280 BCE.
11
Burial Art Sarcophaguses, Masks, Mummies
12
Do you think ancient Egyptian culture has
had an impact on our life today?
13
Ancient Egyptian culture has influenced our
lives in many ways.
  • Some of our buildings are based on Egyptian
    architecture.
  • Did you know there is a pyramid shaped hotel in
    Las Vegas?
  • Some of our language comes from the Egyptian
    wriiten language of hieroglyphs.
  • Sometimes people dress up in mummy costumes as
    well as wear jewelry with Egyptian designs.
  • Hollywood has filmed Egyptian based movies such
    as Cleopatra and The Mummy.
  • Song writers have written songs about Egyptian
    themes.

14
Click Above to Return to the Main Menu
15
What do you think Walk Like an Egyptian means?
16
Egyptian artists liked to show everything from
what they thought was the best possible
viewpoint. Ancient Egyptian artists used a style
called frontalism to draw people. 
17
Frontalism
  • The face is from a side or profile view.
  • The eye is from a front view.
  • The arms and feet are from a profile view.
  • The shoulders and chest are from a front view.

18
Frontalism
Can you see the front and profile views of these
Egyptian figures?
19
Frontalism
  • Look for the characteristics of Frontalism in
    this work of art.
  • The face is from a side or profile view.
  • The eye is from a front view.
  • The arms and feet are from a profile view.
  • The shoulders and chest are from a front view.

20
To Draw An Ancient Egyptian Person Just follow
these steps...
  • The face is from a side or profile view.
  • The eye is from a front view.
  • The arms and feet are from a profile view.
  • The shoulders and chest are from a front view.

21
Click Above to Return to the Main Menu
22
What is the written language of the ancient
Egyptian people?
23
Hieroglyphics is the written language of the
ancient Egyptian people.
  • Hieroglyphs appear on tomb and temple walls,
    statues, papyrus (paper) and even jewelry.
  • Text could be read from left to right, right to
    left, or up and down depending on which way the
    symbols faced.
  • Hieroglyphic writing is one of the most beautiful
    systems of writing ever created.

24
How Did People Learn To Write It?
  • Ancient Egyptians would attend a special school
    to learn to write and read hieroglyphics.
  • Egyptians who learned how to write the language
    were called Scribes.

25
What Did They Write On?
  • First, they cut a plant called papyrus into thin
    layers. Then they the papyrus strips flat and
    pounded them with a mallet. Finally, they used a
    smoothing stone to smooth it out.
  • They wrote on the papyrus paper with reed pens
    which they dipped into ink.
  • They also carved and painted hieroglyphics on
    tombs and temple walls.

26
The Rosetta Stone
  • The Rosetta Stone was found by French soldiers
    who were rebuilding a fort in Egypt in 1799. The
    Rosetta Stone is believed to have been made in
    196 B.C.
  • The Rosetta Stone was inscribed with three
    different texts Greek, Demotic, Hieratic. Each
    text says the same thing.
  • The Rosetta Stone text was written by the priests
    in ancient Egypt to honor the Pharaohs. It lists
    all the good things the Pharaohs have done for
    the people and priests.

27
Examples of Egyptian Hieroglyphics
Click on the red box to write your name in
Hieroglyphics
28
Click Above to Return to the Main Menu
29
When you think of Egypt do you think of
pyramids?
30
There are approximately 100 Pyramids in Egypt
  • A pyramid was built to be the tomb of a king
    called a pharoah.
  • Secret chambers in the pyramid held the kings
    mummy, coffins and special items from the kings
    afterlife.
  • Ancient Egyptian people believed the pyramid
    connected the sky and the earth.

31
  • The first pyramid was built for King Zoser. It
    was a step pyramid. It was designed and built
    by an artist and architect named Imhotep.
  • Imhotep is the first architect whose name is
    recorded in history.
  • This pyramid was built about 2600 BC.

32
  • The pyramids were built using blocks of stone.
  • Originally the exterior of the pyramids had a
    smooth quality. However, due to time, wind,
    weather, etc. this smooth façade has worn away.
    You can see a small remainder of the facade on
    the photo to the top left.

33
  • The Great Pyramid was originally 481 feet high
    and each side was 756 feet long.

34
  • Look at the size of these pyramids compared to
    the size of the people below.

35
  • The inside of a pyramid

36
Other Egyptian Architectural Structures
  • The ancient Egyptians also built beautiful
    temples.
  • This is the Temple of Ra

37
Temple of Ra
Title Hypostyle Hall of Temple of Amun-Ra,
Karnak, Thebes. Date ca. 1290-1224 BCE.
38
Other Egyptian Architectural Structures
Temple of Queen Hatshepsut
Title Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Deir
el-Bahri Date ca. 14781458 BCE.
39
Title Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel. 19th
Dynasty. Date ca. 1279-1213 BCE.
Temple of Ramses II
40
Title Interior Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel.
19th Dynasty. Date ca. 1279-1213 BCE.
Interior Temple of Ramses II
41
Click Above to Return to the Main Menu
42
Do you know whatMummification means?
43
Mummification means to preserve a body.
  • The Egyptian people created mummies by packing
    the dead with salt and then wrapping the body
    with linen cloth.
  • The process of mummification took about
  • 70days.
  • The mummified body would be placed in a wooden
    coffin. That coffin would be placed in a stone
    sarcophagus.

44
Burial Art Mummies
                            Mummy of Nes-mut-aat-neru. From Deir el-Bahri, temple of Hatshepsut Third Intermediate Period, mid-Dynasty 25, about 700-675 B.C.. Gift of the Egypt Exploration Fund 95.1407a
45
Burial Art Masks
46
Burial Art Sarcophaguses
47
Mummy Links
Click here to play National Geographic kids
Tomb of the Unknown Mummy Game Game
Click here to learn more about mummification and
ancient Egypt
48
Click Above to Return to the Main Menu
49
Sources Hodge, Susie. Ancient Egyptian Art.
Des Plaines, Hienemann Interactive Library,
1998. Egyptian Mythology Gallery
http//members.aol.com/egyptart/mytho.html The
Cleveland Museum of Art
Hieroglyphics and Their Decipherment By Marie
Parsons http//www.kidskonnect.com/content/view/
253/27/ http//www.clevelandart.org/kids/egypt/i
ndex.html http//www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2002/eg
ypt/index.htm
The Art of Ancient Egypt (Met Museum) National
Gallery of Art The Quest for Immortality Virtual
Tours, Slideshows, Videos
50
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