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Chapter 1 Introduction

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Human Anatomy and Physiology I Mr. Dawson Chapter 1 Introduction Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy: structure of body parts Gross anatomy; Regional anatomy; systemic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 3 July 2019
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Title: Chapter 1 Introduction


1
Chapter 1 Introduction
  • Human Anatomy and Physiology I
  • Mr. Dawson

2
Anatomy and Physiology
  • Anatomy structure of body parts
  • Gross anatomy Regional anatomy systemic anatomy
  • Microscopic anatomy
  • Cytology and histology
  • Physiology function of the body and its parts
  • Renal physiology Neurophysiology cardiovascular
    physiology
  • Language of AP Describing the positions of the
    body organs and structures
  • Body planes
  • Directional Terminology
  • Regional Terms

3
Body Planes
Oblique
4
Directional Terms
5
Regional Terms
6
Organ Locations Body Cavities
  • 1. Ventral vs Dorsal
  • 2. Ventral
  • viscera
  • Thoracic
  • Pleural and pericardial cavities
  • Abdominal and Pelvic
  • Abdominopelvic
  • 3. Dorsal
  • Brain and Spinal Cord

7
Membrane Coverings
  • 1. Serous membrane or Serosa
  • Double membrane fluid
  • Cavity serous fluid reduces friction
  • Organs are dynamic
  • 2. Covers organs and cavity walls
  • Parietal(outer) vs. visceral (clings to
    structure)
  • Membrane named according to its orientation and
    organ it is a part of
  • Parietal pericardium
  • Visceral pleura
  • Visceral peritoneum (covers abdominal organs)

8
Serous Membrane (Serosa)
9
Cavities in the Head
10
Body Systems
  • Organs work together to accomplish a common
    purpose
  • What should you know about each system?
  • 1. Overall or general function
  • 2. Examples of organs
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