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Title:

????? Introduction of Surgery

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Introduction of Surgery Development of Modern Surgery Anatomy Anesthesia 3. Antisepsis ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 5 September 2019
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Learn more at: http://jpkc.shsmu.edu.cn
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Title: ????? Introduction of Surgery


1
????? Introduction of Surgery
2
?????????? Development of Modern Surgery
  1. ??? Anatomy

John Hunter (1728-1793), the father of
experimental surgery and a superb anatomist and
teacher.
3
  • ?? Anesthesia

Willam t.G. Morton (1819-1868), a Boston dentist
whose successful demonstration of ether
anesthesia on October 16, 1846, at the
Massachusetts Gneeral Hospital was a landmark in
the history of surgery
4
  • 3. ??? Antisepsis

Joseph Lister (1827-1912), the originator of
antiseptic surgery
5
  • ?? Blood transfusion

Richard Lewisohn (1875-1961), a surgeon at the
Mount Sinai Hospital, introduced the modern
technique of blood transfusion, developed from
his discovery of a method of preventing
coagulation of the blood outside the body.
Karl Landsteiner (1868-1943), one of the first
scientists to study the physical processes of
immunity. He is best known for his identification
and characterization of the human blood groups,
A, B, and O.
6
Innovators Pioneers in Surgery
Theodor Kocher (1841-1917), professor of surgery
at the University of Berne and pioneer in the
development of surgery of the thyoid. He received
the Nobel Prize in 1909.
Theodor Billroth (1829-1894), professor at the
University of Vienna and pioneer abdominal
surgeon, Billroth was one of the most influential
teachers of his time.
7
John H. Gibbon (1903-1973), pioneer
cardiothoracic surgeon who developed
extracorporeal circulation.
Alexis Carrel (1873-1944), an experimental
surgeon interested in wound healing, tissue
culture, organ transplantation, and blood vessel
anastomosis. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in
1912.
8
  • ??? (1912-1989),
  • ?????????

9
The role of SSMU in the development of surgery
in China
  • 1954 ????? Commissurotomy of mitral stenosis
  • 1958 ????? Severe Burn
  • 1963 ???? Replantation of cut limb
  • 1977 ??? The 1st case of Liver
    transplantation
  • 1978 ???? The 1st case of Heart
    transplantation
  • 1990s- ????????
  • ??????????????
  • Burn surg, Digestive S., P. Biliary
  • ????????????????
  • Stomatological S. Plastic S. Pediatric Cardio
    S.

10
??????? Category of Surgery
  • ??????
  • Classification of Surgical Diseases
  • 1) ?? Trauma
  • mechanical thermal
  • chemical electrical
  • 2) ?? Infection
  • 3) ?? Neoplasia Benign, Malignant
  • 4) ?? Anatomical abnormalities
  • Congenital, Acquired

11
  • 5) ??????? Metabolic Hormonal disorder
  • 6) ????? Infarction Ischamia
  • 7) ?? Others
  • ?? Obstruction
  • ???? Parasite diseases
  • ???? Vein varicose

12
2. ?????? Development of Surgical
Specialties
  • ???????
  • ???? Eexperimental Surgery
  • ???? Clinical Surgery

13
  • 2) ??????
  • ?? Arthrosteopedic surgery
  • ???? Dentofacial surgery
  • ???? Cardiothoracic surgery
  • ???? Urologic surgery
  • ???? Neurosurgery
  • ???? General surgery
  • (????) Abdominal surgery

14
  • 3) ????
  • ???? Neoplastic surgery
  • ???? Emergency surgery
  • ???? Trauma surgery
  • ???? Burn surgery
  • 4) ????
  • ???? Plastic surgery
  • ???? Microsurgery
  • ???? Transplantation
  • ???? Minimally invasive surgery

15
  • 5) ??
  • ???? Pediatric Surgery
  • ???? Adult Surgery
  • 6) ??
  • ?? Gynecology
  • ???? Otolaryngology
  • ?? Ophthalmology

16
3. ??????? General Surgery Special Surgery
  • ????? General Surgery
  • ????????????
  • ?????????????
  • ????? Special Surgery
  • ?????????
  • ????????????????

17
  • ? ???????
  • Surgical molecular biology
  • ? ?????
  • Surgical immunology
  • ? ???
  • Aseptic technique
  • ? ????????????
  • Fluid and electrolyte management
  • and acid-base balance
  • ? ??
  • Blood transfusion

18
  • ????? Surgical shock
  • ????? Surgical nutrition
  • ???????????
  • Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, MODS
  • ??? Anesthesia
  • ?????????
  • Surgical intensive care

19
  • ??????
  • Brain-cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • ?????
  • Pain management Analgesia
  • ???????
  • Paraoperative management
  • ????? Outpatient surgery
  • ????? Surgical infection
  • ??? Neoplasma

20
  • ??? Trauma
  • ?????? Burns Cold injury
  • ????? Microsurgery
  • ????? Organ transplantation
  • ????? Tissue engineering
  • ????? Laparoscopic thorascopic surgery
  • ????? Endoscopic surgery
  • ??????? Surgical intervention treatment

21
???????? How to learn surgery
  • ?????????? Moral Character
  • ??????? Theory and Practice
  • ????? Basic theory
  • Basic knowledge
  • Basic technique

22
?????? Some figure of speech about the basic
demands
  • Spunk of tiger ??

Eyes of eagle ??
Heart of mother ??
Hands of women ??
23
  • ? ?
  • - Learn to find questions
  • - Learn to ask questions
  • - Learn to solve questions
  • Books are you best teachers
  • Library is your best school

24
???
  • Now, you may have a good start
  • - why to learn
  • - how to learn
  • Well begun, half done.
  • ?????,??????
  • ????,????!
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