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Jewish Holocaust of World War II

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Jewish Holocaust of World War II ... I saw dead bodies and former prisoners running around. ... Those liberated rejoiced at the sight pf American and Soviet troops ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jewish Holocaust of World War II


1
Jewish Holocaust of World War II
Arbeit Macht Frei Work Shall Set You Free
2
Why?
  • Anti-Semitism Anti-Jewish feelings
  • Jewish Diaspora, or movement, from Judea (Israel)
    throughout history
  • Jews spread throughout Europe
  • Basic doctrinal differences b/w Christians and
    Jews

3
Jewish Diaspora from 1100-1500
4
Victim Statistics
  • Six years of killing, 1939-1945
  • Over 5,700,000 dead
  • (Population of Maryland 5,375,156)
  • Babies killed before births could be recorded
    death toll is much higher
  • Largest amount of deaths took place in modern
    Poland

5
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6
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7
Persecuted Groups
  • Roma (Gypsies)
  • WWII Deaths - 245,810 - 263-110
  • Homosexuals
  • 5,000-15,000 incarcerated in concentration camps
  • Over half of those incarcerated believed murdered
  • Jehovah's Witnesses
  • 6,000 individuals sent to concentration camps
  • Only 3,900 survivors in 1945
  • Mentally / Physically  Handicapped
  • 400,000 forcibly sterilized
  • 275,000 murdered

8
German Identifying Marks
9
The Camps
  • Over 15,000 camps established
  • Categories
  • -Work camps
  • -Extermination camps
  • -Prison camps

10
Major Nazi Death Camps
  • Chelmno
  • Treblinka
  • Sobibór
  • Majdanek
  • Belzec
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau

11
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12
Jewish Population in Europe - 1939
13
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14
Railcars were always overstuffed with victims.
Many never made it to the camps, awaiting death
while gasping for air between their fellow humans.
Many perished en-route to the death camps.
Prisoners were not fed, nor allowed to use the
restroom.
15
The Camps
Auschwitz Layout
Dachau Layout
16
  • Site of the station platform at Treblinka where
    Jews disembarked. The stones lying to the side
    represent the train tracks the standing stones,
    the barbed wire fences.

17
  • Between eight and nine hundred thousand would
    perish here, including the Jews of Warsaw.
  • Treblinka was one of four pure death camps in
    Poland
  • -it served only to murder.

18
Death
Gas Chamber-Crematorium complex at Dora Slave
Labor Camp. Those too weak to work would find
their way here. Germans used carbon monoxide,
car exhaust (gassing vans), and finally Zyklon B
upon their victims.
19
Carbon monoxide gas chamber at Majdanek
Elsewhere in this building Zyklon B was also
used to kill. Nazis guards could watch the dying
through barred windows.
20
Men await death inside of a gassing van.
21
This is the opening to one of the four gigantic
gas chamber-crematoria complexes at Birkenau.
Over one million perished in the Auschwitz camps.
22
Period Photo of Crematorium Complex IV at
Auschwitz
23
The Crematoriums
24
Burning site The Nazis used truck frames to
create human pyres to dispose of the dead bodies.
The fused, blackened material is all that
remains.
25
HUMAN ASHESThis mound of ashes is about fifteen
feet high and one hundred-plus feet in diameter.
26
The words on the marker of this mass grave site
at Bergen-Belsen reads Here lies 2500
dead.When the British troops arrived they were
amazed and outraged at what they found.
27
They set about forcing the Nazi guards and local
townspeople to view and then bury the dead.
28
Atrocities
Dissection TableAdjacent to this room, on one
side is a gas chamber, on the other, the ovens.
In between victims would give up their gold teeth.
29
Barbaric medical experiments, often without
anesthetic and hope of recovery.
30
Death Squads
Men, women and children were force to dig large
pits, only to find that they had dug their own
graves.
31
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32
Hope Liberation
Retreating Germans left boxcars in the camps.
Some of them empty, some of them full. Those
liberated rejoiced at the sight pf American and
Soviet troops.
33
Justice
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