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Writing in Social Studies Made Simple:

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Florida Council for the Social Studies 2011 Conference Writing in Social Studies Made Simple: Engaging Strategies for Student Success Kathleen Kopp – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Writing in Social Studies Made Simple:


1
Florida Council for the Social Studies 2011
Conference
  • Writing in Social Studies Made Simple
  • Engaging Strategies for Student Success
  • Kathleen Kopp
  • Teacher on Special Assignment, Citrus County
    Schools
  • Author and Presenter Maupin House Publishing
  • koppk_at_citrus.k12.fl.us
  • http//www.citrus.k12.fl.us/fre/kopp/ContentAreaWr
    iting.htm

2
Todays Objectives
  • Review of CCSS ELA writing standards as they
    apply to social studies
  • Fabulous vocabulary writing strategies to engage
    students thinking
  • Quick and easy learning strategies that require
    students to think about and respond to learning
    through writing
  • Fun, creative, motivating writing projects that
    allow students to demonstrate their understanding
    of content while simultaneously addressing the
    CCSS Writing Standards for Literacy in Social
    Studies

3
Comparisons
  • Complete this thought Writing in Social Studies
    is like _____________________ because_____________
    ____________________________.
  • Word Bank storming a castle jet skiing munching
    an apple
  • shopping NASCAR a day at the beach

4
Analogies
  • Complete this thought
  • Writing is to Social Studies as
    ___________________ is to ________________________
    ________________.

5
Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social
Studies, gr. 6-8
Standard Standard Description
Text Types and Purposes 1 Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
Text Types and Purposes 2 Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events.
3 NA
Production and Distribution of Writing 4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Production and Distribution of Writing 5 With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.
Production and Distribution of Writing 6 Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and efficiently.
http//www.corestandards.org/
6
Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social
Studies, gr. 6-8
Standard Standard Description
Research to Build and Extend Knowledge 7 Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.
Research to Build and Extend Knowledge 8 Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively assess the credibility and accuracy of each source and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
Research to Build and Extend Knowledge 9 Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis reflection, and research.
Range of Writing 10 Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
http//www.corestandards.org/
7
Writing Strategies to Develop Social Studies
Vocabulary
  • Mine, Ours, Theirs
  • Frayer model
  • Graphic organizers from http//freeology.com/graph
    icorgs/
  • Student-generated cloze (story, paragraph, or
    sentence)

8
Mine, Ours, Theirs
PROCLAMATION To prevent any more fighting with American Indians, Britain made a proclamation. The Proclamation of 1763 said that colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. PROCLAMATION To prevent any more fighting with American Indians, Britain made a proclamation. The Proclamation of 1763 said that colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. PROCLAMATION To prevent any more fighting with American Indians, Britain made a proclamation. The Proclamation of 1763 said that colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
My Definition My Neighbors Definition Glossary Definition

How these definitions compare______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ How these definitions compare______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ How these definitions compare______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
9
Mine, Ours, Theirs
OBFUSCATION The senators continuous, disorganized, and irrelevant prattle left his fellow elected leaders in a state of obfuscation. OBFUSCATION The senators continuous, disorganized, and irrelevant prattle left his fellow elected leaders in a state of obfuscation. OBFUSCATION The senators continuous, disorganized, and irrelevant prattle left his fellow elected leaders in a state of obfuscation.
My Definition My Neighbors Definition Glossary Definition

How these definitions compare______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ How these definitions compare______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ How these definitions compare______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
Total confusion or opaqueness so as to be
difficult to perceive or understand
10
Frayer Model
Total confusion or opaqueness so as to be
difficult to perceive or understand
Confusion Lost In a fog Ignorant
TESOL Conference ?!?!?!?!?!?!?!
Wise old owl My dad
11
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12
Using Graphic Organizers to Build Vocabulary
  • http//freeology.com/graphicorgs/

13
Vocabulary Cards Graphic Organizer
http//freeology.com/graphicorgs/
14
Vocabulary Word Cluster Graphic Organizer
15
Vocabulary Sketch Graphic Organizer
16
Cognitive Dictionary Graphic Organizer
17
Student-generated Cloze
  • Have students write sentences, paragraphs, or
    stories using all their vocabulary words.
  • Collect the students work.
  • Select the best sentences, paragraph, or story.
  • Type them using a word processing program.
  • Insert blank lines (_____________) for each
    vocabulary term.
  • Provide copies of the cloze student activity
    sheet and terms.
  • Have students complete this activity to assess
    their understanding of the vocabulary presented
    in the reading selection.

18
Try it!
Choose one word. Write a sentence. Insert a
blank line for your word.
  • appointment
  • concurrent powers
  • delegated powers
  • impeach
  • obfuscation
  • representative democracy
  • reserved powers
  • veto

19
Sample Cloze
  • Jeff, the Jamestown historian, began his tour.
    The ____________ of Jamestown was established in
    1607. The people who came here were some of the
    first ____________. The original colonists were
    mostly ____________ and ____________. They were
    searching for the freedom to live out what they
    believed to be the ____________ they shared with
    their God. The ____________ began to thrive when
    rules were changed. New rules allowed some
    colonists to grow ____________. One example is
    corn. Wheat is another. Other colonists could
    be ____________. Early shopkeepers were
    blacksmiths, coopers, and tailors. As you can
    see, life in Colonial America was very different
    from today. Then, the tour ended.

colonist Puritan proprietor cash
crop settlement pilgrim covenant
20
Writing in Social Studies Resources
  • Try it a la carte!

New Resource!
http//www.maupinhouse.com/
21
Writing Strategies to Develop Concepts and Skills
  • PMI (Plusses, Minuses, and Interesting)
  • Frayer model
  • Graphic organizers from http//freeology.com/graph
    icorgs/
  • Comprehension skills main idea/details,
    compare/contrast, sequencing, cause/effect, etc.
  • Comprehension connections
  • Sticky Notes (anchor charts)
  • Give One, Get One (review strategy)
  • Concept map acrostic (review strategy)
  • Writing Projects

22
PMI
YES _____ NO _____ Should we amend the Constitution to make flag desecration a crime? YES _____ NO _____ Should we amend the Constitution to make flag desecration a crime? YES _____ NO _____ Should we amend the Constitution to make flag desecration a crime?
PLUSSES MINUSES INTERESTING

23
Frayer Model
24
Frayer Model
25
Main Idea and Details Graphic Organizer
26
Tree Diagram (main idea/details) Graphic Organizer
27
Compare/contrast Graphic Organizer
28
Triple Venn
29
8 Events Sequencing Chart
30
Chain of Events Graphic Organizer
31
Cause-effect Graphic Organizer
32
Note Taker Graphic Organizer
33
Open Mind Making Connections Graphic Organizer
  • Thinking Stems
  • I wonder
  • This makes me think about
  • This reminds me of
  • This relates to
  • I imagine
  • I predict
  • I remember when

34
Guest Speaker Notebook Entry
Issue Should Parson City develop land in a
protected wetland?
Notes
Personal Reflection/connection I think
35
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36
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39
Review Strategy Give One, Get One
  • Fold paper twice vertically and horizontally
    (nine squares)
  • Write three facts about a topic in any three
    squares.
  • See six friends (maybe more). You give them
    one of your facts, and in exchange, you get one
    of theirs.
  • No facts can repeat on the page.
  • Use this as a concept or topic review.

40
What It Looks Like Topic Latitude and Longitude



Latitude lines are shown every 10 degrees.
Longitude lines are shown every 15 degrees.
Latitude lines run parallel to the equator.
41
Review Strategy Concept Map Acrostic
  • Use chart paper. Make enough charts so that no
    more than six students are in a group.
  • Write one essential term or concept vertically on
    each paper.
  • Give each group a marker.
  • Each student, in turn, writes one sentence
    related to the concept using the letter of the
    concept as the first word of his sentence.
  • Every student writes a sentence. Encourage
    collaboration.
  • Students can use notes, text, or other resources
    to write their facts.
  • Use this as a concept or topic review.

42
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43
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44
Project-based Learning in Social Studies
  • An opportunity for students to show what they
    learned through authentic, novel, and creative
    writing projects

45
Writing Project Resources
  • Lots of great authentic writing project ideas in
    the Learning through Writing Series (Maupin House
    Publishing, Inc.)

46
Why Learning Projects?
  • Dynamic
  • Authentic
  • Interdisciplinary
  • Emphasizes critical thinking, collaboration,
    problem solving, and communication 21st century
    skills
  • Students explore real-world problems and
    challenges
  • Active learning
  • Engaging
  • Motivate students to find out more about a given
    topic
  • Give students a reason to learn and apply learned
    skills and information

47
What would you rather do?
  • Your principal has assigned your team to read an
    article related to homework practices. She asks
    for some evidence of learning. This will be part
    of your overall year-end appraisal.
  • Would you rather
  • Write a summary of the article
  • Create a Power Point of key points from the
    article
  • Write a narrative which includes examples of best
    homework practices described in the text
  • Create a poster to explain best practices with
    regard to homework with meaningful examples of
    homework assignments
  • Interview other teachers regarding their homework
    practices and compare their ideas with those in
    the article
  • Keep a journal of your own homework assignments
    throughout the year and analyze how they are
    aligned with the ideas in the article
  • Other

48
Jazzed-up Reports
  • States
  • Write an acceptance speech as if you have just
    been elected Governor of your state. Tell what
    you plan to do to improve life in this state.
    Include ideas related to the economy,
    agriculture, and historic or ecological
    preservation.
  • Historic People
  • The People Channel wants to do a show about
    this famous person. Develop three or more scenes
    or segments for the show. Each scene should
    highlight an important event in this persons
    life.
  • Government
  • Write a script between a former politician and a
    present-day politician. Develop a possible
    dialogue between them as they discuss a past or
    current issue of interest.

49
Student Stories
  • Mad Libs
  • RAFTS
  • Anecdotes
  • Articles
  • Biographies
  • Book jackets
  • Book reviews
  • Diaries
  • Folktales
  • Ghost stories
  • Interviews
  • Legends
  • Letters
  • Mysteries
  • Plays
  • Postcards
  • Proposals
  • Reviews
  • Science fiction
  • Speech
  • Summaries
  • Tall tales
  • Travelogues
  • Tributes

50
Try This!
  • Begin a graphic novel about the Colonial period.
    Include all seven vocabulary words in your
    narrative.
  • Write a ghost story that takes place during
    Colonial times. Include all seven vocabulary
    words in your narrative.
  • Write a Colonial town tour script as if you were
    a tour guide leading visitors through a living
    history museum. Use all seven words in your
    description of the town.
  • ON MY OWN
  • TERMS
  • colonist
  • Puritan
  • proprietors
  • cash crop
  • settlement
  • pilgrim
  • covenant

51
Dont forget the assessment tool!
Criteria Points Possible Points Earned
Effective and appropriate use of seven terms 35
Format is appropriate for purpose 20
Accuracy of facts and information related to the Colonial period 20
Appropriate and effective text structure 10
Correctness of grammar, spelling, and punctuation 10
Attention to audience 5
TOTAL 100
52
Write Now!
  • Writing allows students to internalize their
    learning.
  • Writing about reading helps students build needed
    vocabulary.
  • Writing about reading allows students to organize
    the content they are learning.
  • Writing strategies can be done before, during,
    and after learning.
  • Writing is a great formative assessment strategy.
  • Writing can be used to assess student learning of
    any subject matter, but should include clear,
    measurable expectations. (And, students should
    know these expectations ahead of time.)

53
Thank you for spending time with me!
  • koppk_at_citrus.k12.fl.us
  • http//www.citrus.k12.fl.us/fre/kopp/ContentAreaWr
    iting.htm
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