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History of Jazz

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America s Music What is Jazz? A musical conversation: partly planned and partly spontaneous A dialogue among the musicians who perform it. Elements of Jazz ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History of Jazz


1
History of Jazz
  • Americas Music

2
What is Jazz?
  • A musical conversation partly planned and partly
    spontaneous
  • A dialogue among the musicians who perform it.

3
Elements of Jazz
  • Improvisation (to make up)
  • Rhythmic
  • Uses Call and Response
  • Most songs have solos

4
Where was Jazz developed?
  • New Orleans
  • Diverse population African, French, German,
    Italian, Mexican, English, Native American
  • Known as a melting Pot

5
Where is Jazz found?
  • Night Clubs
  • Concert Halls
  • Subway Stations
  • Sidewalks
  • Radio
  • TV Shows
  • TV Commercials
  • Film
  • CDs

6
Spirituals or Work Songs1612-Present
  • Before there was jazz, there was slavery.
  • Slaves would sing in the fields to make the work
    day go faster.
  • Spirituals are the first church songs. It is
    the roots of Gospel.

7
Blues
  • Pain of lost love, injustice, or adversity
  • Derived from field hollers, work songs, hymns
  • Is the basis for R B, Rock N Roll, Country

8
Ragtime 1896-1917
  • Primarily uses a solo piano
  • Father of Ragtime is Scott Joplin

9
Dixieland 1900-1928
  • Typical instrumentation trumpet, clarinet,
    banjo, trombone, piano, tuba, drums.
  • Collective Improvisation everyone plays at the
    same time.

10
Jazz 1920-Present
  • Roaring 20s
  • Instruments Saxophone, clarinet, trumpet, rhythm
    section (piano, bass, guitar, drums)
  • Use of Chord Progressions

11
Louis Armstrong 1901-1975
  • Father of Jazz
  • Played the trumpet
  • Known as Satchmo when he would sing or scat
    (scatting is the use of words and non-sense
    words)

12
Bebop 1940-1955
  • Small Groups
  • Designed for improvisation
  • Very difficult to play
  • Rarely written down
  • Named for one of the non-sense words from
    scatting.

13
Afro-Cuban 1950s
  • Unites Blues, Swing, Ragtime with various Cuban
    grooves.
  • Created by Dizzy Gillespie and Chano Pozo.

14
Cool 1949-1955
  • Groups range from trios to nonets.
  • Started to use more classical instruments
    Oboe, French Horn, Flute
  • Slower pace, loud, more emotional

15
Bossa Nova 1960s
  • Brazilian style of music
  • Gained a cult following later on due to jazz
    festivals around the world.

16
Hard Bop 1952-1959
  • Return to fast-paced jazz.
  • Mainly in northern cities

17
Avant Gard/Free Jazz1959-1970
  • Not based on chord progressions
  • Pushed limits of what they could play and
    audiences could stand

18
Fusion 1969-1990
  • Merged Rock N Roll
  • Uses electric instruments
  • Brought back Jazz into the mainstream

19
Contemporary Jazz 1990-Today
  • Main reasons is selling records
  • Many styles of the past are still being played
    today.
  • The future of jazz is worked out right now

20
Big Band Era 1935-1945
  • Bands formed as hotel dance bands.
  • Fletcher Henderson is 1st band to gain national
    notoriety.
  • Ellington/Webb put together bands

21
Big Band Contd
  • Clubs open all over NYC (Harlem). Duke Ellington
    at the Cotton Club Chuck Webb at the Savoy.
  • Only time jazz eclipsed all other forms of music.

22
Benny Goodman
  • Brings the swing beat national attention in
    1935.
  • Played the Clarinet
  • Nicknamed King of Swing

23
Important Facts
  • 1913 James Reese Europe records ragtime with
    first all black ensemble.
  • 1917 Original Dixieland Jazz Band records first
    jazz record.
  • Miles Davis would change the face of jazz 3
    different times (Cool, Hard Bop, Fusion).
  • 1935 Microphone is invented

24
RCA Victor Talking Machine
25
Important People
  • Kid Ory
  • Duke Ellington
  • Jelly Roll Morton
  • Miles Davis
  • Charlie Parker
  • Billie Hollidae
  • Ella Fitzgerald
  • John Coltrane

26
Miles Davis
James Reese Europe
Ella Fitzgerald
27
John Coltrane
Jelly Roll Morton
Billie Holiday
Original Dixieland Jazz Band
Kid Ory
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