The Enlightenment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Enlightenment PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6cfc44-Yjk0O



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Enlightenment

Description:

The Enlightenment & Age of Reason in Europe 1600s-1700s Unit 5, SSWH 13 b New Ways of Thinking Scientific Revolution spurs reassessment of many prevailing ideas Leads ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:22
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 12
Provided by: efarmer
Learn more at: http://images.pcmac.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Enlightenment


1
The Enlightenment Age of Reason in
Europe 1600s-1700s
  • Unit 5, SSWH 13 b

2
New Ways of Thinking
  • Scientific Revolution spurs reassessment of many
    prevailing ideas
  • Leads to the Enlightenment a movement stressing
    reason and thought

3
Enlightenment Thinkers
  • Thomas Hobbes, English (1600s)
  • Wrote Leviathan
  • distrusts humans, favors strong government to
    keep order
  • Promotes social contractgetting order by giving
    power to absolute monarch

4
John Locke, English (1600s)
  • People are naturally good, can govern their own
    affairs
  • Purpose of govt. is to protect rights (life,
    liberty, property)
  • People have the right to overthrow an unjust
    govt. power of govt. comes from the people
    (democracy)

5
Voltaire - Francois Marie Arouet, France (1700s)
  • Philosopher, targeted the powerful (church,
    govt.) challenged preexisting ideas
  • Fought for tolerance, reason, freedom of religion
    and speech

6
Montesquieu, France (1750s)
  • Wrote On the Spirit of Laws
  • Studied govts. favored Englands monarchy
  • Favored separation of powers to keep 1 from
    controlling govt. (checks balances, influence
    U.S. govt.)

7
Jean Jacques Rousseau, Switzerland (1760s)
  • Wrote The Social Contract
  • Committed to individual freedoms
  • People agreed to give up some freedom in favor of
    the common good - man good, but society corrupts
  • Only good govt. is freely formed by the people
    direct democracy

8
Cesare Bonesana Beccaria, Italy (1700s)
  • Believed laws existed to preserve social order,
    not to avenge crimes
  • Worked to reform Justice System
  • Calls for speedy trials, greater rights for
    criminal defendants

9
Mary Wollstonecraft, England (1700s)
  • Wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
  • Argues women need quality education to be
    virtuous and useful
  • Urges women to go into traditionally male
    professions like politics

10
Philosophes social critics in France
  • Believed people could apply reason to all aspects
    of life
  • 5 Core Beliefs/Values reason, nature, happiness,
    progress, liberty

11
Legacy of Enlightenment
  • Examined principles divine right monarchs, union
    of church state, unequal social classes
    inspired revolutions!!
  • Belief in Progress Human reason can solve
    problems
  • Secular Outlook Knowledge leads people to
    question the church
  • Importance of Individual Emphasis on individual
    rights
About PowerShow.com