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Adult Education Administration

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Adult Education Administration EVOC 509 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Adult Education Administration


1
Adult Education Administration
  • EVOC 509

2
10 Mandated Program Areas
3
Parenting Education
  • Encourage parents of K-12 to enroll
  • Prenatal mothers
  • Teenager parents

4
Elementary and Secondary Basic Skills
  • Remediate basic skills grade levels 3-7
  • Complete diploma or GED for drop-outs grade
    levels 8-12
  • Concurrent enrollment to make up HS credit with
    counselor parental approval
  • Post-secondary adults remediate basic skills

5
English as a Second Language (ESL)
  • AKA English Language Learners (ELL)
  • Cover basic language skills
  • Facilitate adapting to American culture

6
Immigrant Citizenship
  • Prepare for citizenship test
  • Adapt to American culture

7
Substantially Handicapped
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
  • After age 22

8
Career Technical Education
  • High School students 16-17 years old
  • Adults 18 years old

9
Older Adult Education
  • Proprietary classes
  • As Instructional Aides
  • As Volunteers

10
Apprenticeship Programs Examples
  • Barber
  • Bricklayer
  • Carpenter
  • Carpet Layer
  • Cement Mason
  • Electrician
  • Ironworker
  • Meat Cutters
  • Plasterer
  • Plumber Pipe Fitter
  • Refrigeration Mechanic
  • Roofer
  • Sheet Metal Worker
  • Sound Technician
  • Surveyors
  • Tile Setter

11
Home Economics
  • Basic homemaking skills
  • Basic consumer skills
  • Basic life skills

12
Health and Safety Education
  • Abuse
  • Drug addiction
  • Alcoholism
  • Child abuse
  • General Health Issues
  • Available to
  • Parents
  • High School students
  • District Staff
  • Health Care Professionals

13
Adult Education Delivery Systems
14
Public School Education
  • Reports to California Department of Education
  • Responsible to elected local school boards
  • Receives funds from CDE based on positive student
    attendance, student fees, and grants
  • Purpose  Provide instruction in 10 mandated
    areas
  • Vocational training is entry and intermediate
    level not requiring a BA degree
  • Cannot grant college credit

15
ROCP Regional Occupation Centers/Programs
  • Reports to California Department of Education
  • Responsible to elected County school boards
  • Receives funds from CDE based on positive student
    attendance and grants
  • Purpose  Provide occupational training
  • Vocational training is entry and intermediate
    level not requiring a BA degree
  • Cannot grant college credit

16
Community Colleges
  • Reports to California Community College
    Chancellor
  • Responsible to elected local community college
    boards
  • Receives funds from Chancellor, student fees, and
    grants
  • Purpose  Provide academic and occupational
    training
  • Vocational training is certificate level or AA
    degree level
  • Can grant college credit

17
State Colleges Universities
  • Reports to Chancellor of State University System
    or Chancellor or the University of California
  • Responsible to Chancellors
  • Receives funds from Chancellor, student fees, and
    grants
  • Purpose  Provide academic and professional
    training
  • Vocational training degree level
  • Can grant college credit

18
Private Post-Secondary Career Technical Schools
  • Reports to California Commission on Post
    Secondary Schools
  • Responsible to Board of Directors or partners -
    private business
  • Receives funds from clients who may be eligible
    for Federally insured students loans and grants
  • Purpose  Provide career technical training at a
    profit
  • Vocational training certificate level or
    special-AA degree level
  • Can develop articulation agreements or contract
    services with public schools, ROCP, and colleges

19
CBO Community Based Organizations
  • Reports and responsible to their local governing
    boards
  • Receives funds from donations and grants
  • Purpose  Serve the community
  • Vocational training at entry level
  • Cannot grant college credit
  • Can develop contract services with public
    schools, ROCP, and colleges

20
Industry Specific Training
  • Reports to leadership of specific company or
    trust board
  • Receives funds from industry and/or employees
  • Purpose  Provide better trained, more productive
    workers
  • Vocational training is job specific, entry level
    to advanced
  • Cannot grant college credit
  • Can develop contract with public schools, ROCP,
    and colleges

21
Course Approval Process
22
State Funded Courses
  • Approved by California Department of Education
    (CDE) representative and local Board of Education
    prior to implementation
  • Must appear on list of approved course titles, or
  • Application for new title to be created and
    approval received for specific classes not on
    list
  • Specific class requests through CDE each semester
    and Board of Education annually

23
Courses Requiring CDE State Frameworks
  • Elementary basic skills
  • Secondary basic skills
  • English as a Second Language (ESL)
  • Citizenship courses

24
Courses Not Requiring State Standards
  • Parenting
  • Substantially Handicapped
  • Older Adult
  • Home Economics
  • Health Safety
  • Curricula vary widely due to unspecified content

25
Courses Following CTE Model Curriculum Standards
  • Career Technical Education
  • Must demonstrate industry need and substantial
    employment opportunities for completing students

26
Apprenticeship Programs
  • State reimbursement for related and supplementary
    academic classes
  • Content determined by
  • Joint Apprentice Training Committee
  • Organized by trade
  • Articulated by state
  • Division of Apprentice Standards

27
Grants
  • Examples
  • Adult Literacy
  • GAIN
  • JTPA
  • CalWorks
  • Must meet grand guidelines
  • Meet CDE guidelines
  • If substantially same approved course
  • Fund expected from CDE
  • CTE courses within grants not regulated by CDE

28
Classes Not Governed by CDE
  • No State reimbursement received
  • Community service/fee-based classes
  • Schools determine nature, duration, location
  • Teachers - Called presenters
  • Processed through Classified Personnel Dept
  • Not subject to fingerprint scrutiny
  • Approved individually by board of Education for
    specific class
  • Wages determined by school

29
Andragogy vs. Pedagogy
  • Adult Learner Characteristics Compared with
    Children

30
Adult Learners
  • Are more realistic
  • Have more life-experiences
  • Have more concrete and immediate needs
  • Are not a captive audience
  • Are accustom to being treated as a peer
  • Resent being patronized or talked down-to
  • More heterogeneous

31
Adult Learners cont
  • Learn as well as children
  • Takes more time
  • Requires association with pre-existing knowledge
  • Perform tasks slower
  • May have limited mobility
  • Use mobility assisting devices
  • Have mixed Motives Educational, social,
    recreational

32
Adult Learner cont
  • Fatigue more quickly
  • Appreciate strategies that add interest
    liveliness
  • Enjoy sense of humor
  • Need varied pace
  • May require audio/visual aids
  • May have over-developed Puritanical sense of duty

33
Adult Learners
  • Have varied problem-solving strategies
  • Cognitive
  • Psychomotor
  • Affective
  • Have varied learning styles
  • Reading
  • Visual
  • Auditory
  • Kinesthetic

34
Profile of Adult Learners
35
Barriers Originating in Middle School or High
School
  • Attendance
  • Lack of Credits
  • Need for employment
  • Pregnancy/Parenting
  • Gang Affiliation
  • Lack of Support Structure especially family
  • Social Adjustment Issues
  • Safety Concerns

36
How Adult Education Facilitates Success
  • Self-paced Instructional Format
  • Flexible Schedule
  • Extended school day
  • Saturday and evening classes
  • 2-hour blocks of instructional time
  • Lower teacher/student ratio
  • Challenge testing
  • Absence of Gang Culture
  • Central Location

37
How Adult Education Facilitates Success Cont
  • Multi-support Services
  • Access Center
  • Counseling Center
  • CalWORKS facilitator
  • Parenting/child care program
  • On-site career technical programs
  • Community Learning Center Mature adults provide
    role models for younger, less mature students
  • Compact Facility

38
Profile of a Successful Adult Learner
  • Goal Oriented
  • Strong Work Ethic
  • Good Social and Communication Skills
  • Basic Skills Competency
  • Good Coping Skills
  • Good Time Management Skills
  • Takes Ownership of Own Education
  • Works Well Independently

39
Profile of a Successful Adult Learner
Additional Contributing Factors
  • Does not work full time
  • Few family responsibilities
  • Enters with 100 credits
  • Has reliable child care
  • Day time student
  • Attends minimum of 20 hours per week
  • Has reliable transportation public or private

40
Profile of Tentative 16-17 Y/O May Benefit from
Pre-Adult Training
  • Failure to thrive in comprehensive educational
    setting
  • Requires individualized attention
  • Maslows Hierarchy of Needs
  • Needs to feel connected
  • Does not fit in with peers
  • Failure to thrive in rigid educational
    environments
  • Works best in self-paced programs without
    homework and tests
  • Problems or fear of social interaction

41
Profile of Tentative 16-17 Y/O Cont May
Benefit from Pre-Adult Training
  • Refuses to attend school
  • Stays home and prefers independent study
  • Does not run the streets
  • Needs flexible hours
  • Part-time employment
  • Health problems
  • Family Problems
  • Difficulty rising early
  • High School interrupted wants to return
  • 8th grade reading level
  • Some insight into self

42
Success Indicators
  • Desire to earn diploma
  • Desire to pass GED
  • Motivated to make progress completing courses in
    timely manner
  • Clear short-term goals
  • Enter college
  • Enter career technical program
  • Obtain employment
  • Complete career profile/portfolio

43
Profile of Adult School Graduates
  • 1998-1998 Academic Year

44
Graduate Age as of June 1999
AGE Number
18-20 71
21-30 30
31-40 9
41-50 3
51-54 3
TOTAL 116
45
Gender
Females 75
Males 41
46
Ethnicity
Hispanic 57
Black 23
Caucasian 25
American Indian 2
Asian 5
Filipino 2
Other 2
47
ADA Type
Regular 99
CalWorks 17
48
Credits at Entry
0-49 1
50-99 9
100-149 27
150-169 29
170-179 12
180-189 16
190-200 22
49
Year of Entry
1998-1999 81
1997-1998 19
1996-1997 7
1995-1996 lt 9
50
Age of Separation from HS
16 years 8
17 years 24
18 years 71
19 years 9
20 years 1
3 students entered with foreign transcripts
51
Grade at Separation of HS
9th 1
10th 10
11th 27
12th 75
3 students entered with foreign transcripts
52
Summary of Adult School Graduate Characteristics
for 1998-1999
Age between 18-20 61
Female 65
Entered with minimum of 150 credits 68
Completed in 1 year 2 years 3 years 70 16 14
Left HS at age 18 71
Left HS in 11th or 12th grade 89
53
References
  • CAROCP Operational Handbook
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • CTE Model Curriculum Standards
  • California State Content Standards
  • Curriculum Framework for State Standards
  • California Educational Code
  • California School Directory
  • Division of Apprentice Standards
  • CAROCP Resource Links

54
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs
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