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How Prepositional Phrases Are Used in Sentences

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How Prepositional Phrases Are Used in Sentences PREPOSITIONS ADJECTIVES ADVERBS PREPOSITIONS ...show the relationship of a noun/pronoun and some other word in a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How Prepositional Phrases Are Used in Sentences


1
How Prepositional Phrases Are Used in Sentences
  • PREPOSITIONS
  • ADJECTIVES
  • ADVERBS

2
PREPOSITIONS ...show the relationship of a
noun/pronoun and some other word in a sentence,
usually how they are related in space.
The man is above the door.
  • BUT NOT The sky is above. (adverb)

Mallory skipped down the sidewalk.
  • BUT NOT Mallory fell down. (adverb)

3
Examples of Words Used As Prepositions
Turn to page 115 in your English Workshop
textbook
. Each of these words or phrases MUST BE
FOLLOWED BY A NOUN OR PRONOUN to be used as a
preposition.
4
aboard the
  • next to
  • beneath

5
These prepositional phrases are used to answer
one of the following questions
Where is this?
Exactly which one are your talking about? The boy
beside Morgan is called Khordel.
6
aboard the The captain is already aboard the
ship.
Does the prepositional phrase answer where is the
captain or exactly which captain are we talking
about?
  • next to

7
beneath
The jeans beneath your bed were supposed to be
clean for school today.
Does the prepositional phrase answer where?
OrExactly which one are you talking about?
8
Practice.
Next to Finish this prepositional phrase and
then use it in a sentence to answer the question
Where is something?
Next toFinish this prepositional phrase and then
use it in a sentence to answer the question
Exactly which one are you talking about.
9
(No Transcript)
10
ADJECTIVES a word or phrase used to modify a
noun or a pronoun
Circle the nouns/pronouns The boy gave an
expensive present to his friend.
Which words modify these words?
11
Each of the adjectives in the previous sentence
answers one of the following questions
Expensive present What kind?
An expensive presentHow many?
The boyWhich boy?
12
Placement of Adjectives in a Sentence
When the prepositional phrase acts like an
adjective, it directly follows the noun it is
modifying
The cat inside the box is trying to scratch its
way out with its sharp claws
and tells you exactly which one (cat) are you
talking about? the cat inside the box
13
Create a sentence using except Mary so that it
answers exactly which one are you talking about.
All the girls in my class except Mary are going
to Homecoming with Dylan.
14
Remember what questions prepositional phrases
used as adjectives answer about a noun or pronoun?
  • Which ones?

15
ADVERB ...modifies verbs, adjectives,
adverbs(when, where, how, how much, to what
extent)
Afterward, the very old man walked away slowly
Tuesday, the two completely crazy cats skittered
nervously across the newly polished floor.
16
Adverbs answer...
  • Where...inside,there, out
  • When...now, later, yesterday
  • How...wildly, slowly, fast, courageously
  • To what extent...very, hardly, slightly,too

17
Prepositional phrases that answer when or where
are used as adverbs.
John moved toward the sofa.
Where did he move?
Around 900 John moved the last piece of
furniture.
When did he move the last piece?
18
The periods before lunch go by very fast.
1. What is the prepositional phrase?
2. What question does it answer?
3. Is it used as an adjective or adverb?
19
Distinguishing Prepositions from Adverbs...words
are used as prepositions only when they are
followed by a noun (prepositional phrases)
  • The other woman is sitting beyond her.
  • The other woman looked there and beyond.
  • I never saw her before.
  • You had better be finished before noon.
  • Please dont drive over the bicycle.
  • Please move over.

20
Write the following sentences on your marker
board. The name on that paper is not your name.
1. Underline the prepositional phrase.
2. Is it used as an adjective or adverb?
21
Is the underlined word used as an adverb or is it
part of a prepositional phrase used as an adverb?
The dog has the rails of the balcony to lean
against.
The man said he is against crime.
Hey, slow poke, move along!
Stop
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