Senior Bellwork - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Senior Bellwork


1
Senior Bellwork
  • Mrs. Cumberland

2
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • We missed the other car by a hairs breadth.
  • A wrens song floated through the window.

3
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • They were playing childrens games
  • The police provided for Richards protection

4
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • The boys jump saved his life
  • The moons beams were brilliant that night

5
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • We have about a months wait
  • A dogs bone broke

6
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • It is funny how he has a ducks waddle
  • The dogs bark warned us.

7
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • Shakespeares sonnets inspired us.
  • Willards arrival was a surprise

8
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • He has never done a days work
  • She met Manuels father.

9
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • This is my fathers photograph
  • He was carrying a womans coat on his arm

10
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
  1. Walk
  2. Bite

11
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
1. keep 2. freeze
12
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
  1. Set
  2. sell

13
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
  1. Put
  2. Rise

14
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
  1. Tease
  2. Sleep

15
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Underline the subjunctive form of the verb in
    these sentences.
  • If she ( was were ) home, she would answer the
    phone.
  • I wish he ( was were) with me now.

16
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Underline the subjunctive form of the verb in
    these sentences.
  • God ( save saves) the King.
  • The director asked that Elizabeth ( stands stand0
    in the front row.

17
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Underline the subjunctive form of the verb in
    these sentences.
  • It is traditional that the table ( is be)
    decorated.
  • It is advisable that a lawyer ( writes write) the
    contract

18
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Underline the subjunctive form of the verb in
    these sentences.
  • The rules required that they ( are be) in uniform
  • If I ( was were) the pilot, Id avoid that
    thunderstorm

19
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Indicate whether the verb represents the
    indicative, imperative, or subjunctive mood
  • Tell us what you want now.
  • We spoke to your friend yesterday

20
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If unreal,
    situations)
  • Indicate whether the verb represents the
    indicative, imperative, or subjunctive mood
  • Dont expect me to agree.
  • She insisted that he meet with her.

21
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If unreal,
    situations)
  • Indicate whether the verb represents the
    indicative, imperative, or subjunctive mood
  • I dont know if he is coming.
  • 2. If he were a good student, he could get a
    scholarship.

22
Comparable Paradigm
  • Here is a list of two-syllable adjectives. Write
    the comparative and superlative forms, er, and
    est, of those that you would inflect this way.
  • Angry Angrier Angriest
  • Healthy
  • Bitter

23
Comparable Paradigm
  • Here is a list of two-syllable adjectives. Write
    the comparative and superlative forms, er, and
    est, of those that you would inflect this way.
  • Angry Angrier Angriest
  • Common
  • cruel

24
Comparable Paradigm
  • Here is a list of two-syllable adjectives. Write
    the comparative and superlative forms, er, and
    est, of those that you would inflect this way.
  • Angry Angrier Angriest

Foolish handsome
25
Identifying Parts of Speech
  • Identify the part of speech of each underlined
    word as it is used in each quotation below from
    Mark Twain.

N noun Adj- adjective Conj conjunction Pron
Pronoun Adv adverb Inter interjection V
verb Prep preposition
  1. Few things are harder to put up with than the
    annoyance of a good example.
  2. If you tell the truth, you dont have to remember
    anything.

26
Identifying Parts of Speech
  • Identify the part of speech of each underlined
    word as it is used in each quotation below from
    Mark Twain.

N noun Adj- adjective Conj conjunction Pron
Pronoun Adv adverb Inter interjection V
verb Prep preposition
  1. Virtue has never been as respectable as money.
  2. Get your facts first, and then you can distort
    them as much as you please.

27
Pronouns
  • Identify the indefinite pronouns which express an
    amount or refer to an unspecified person or
    thing.
  • 1. None of the children wanted the party to end.
    Someone left a glove.
  • No one really knows our secret.
  • Pronouns are words that take the place of a noun
    or another pronoun.
  • Sometimes, you will find pronouns in the same
    sentence with the word or words they replace.
    This word or group of words that the pronoun
    replaces is the pronouns antecedent.
  • Example
  • Brenda and Zeke both have dogs. She walks her dog
    every night, but he walks his dog in the morning.
    They sometimes walk their dogs together on the
    weekends.

28
Interrogative Pronouns used to begin a question
( What, which, who, whom, whose)Indefinite
Pronouns refer to people, places, things, often
without specifying which ones. There are many,
some are singular, some plural,
Identify the interrogative pronouns and
indefinite pronouns in each sentence
  • 1. Who was chosen as our Homecoming Queen?
  • 2. Both of the suggestions are extremely helpful.

29
Interrogative Pronouns used to begin a question
( What, which, who, whom, whose)Indefinite
Pronouns refer to people, places, things, often
without specifying which ones. There are many,
some are singular, some plural,
Identify the interrogative pronouns and
indefinite pronouns in each sentence
  • 1. Amazingly, Uncle Burt knew everyone at the
    dinner.
  • 2. The junior prom committee accepted one of our
    ideas.

30
Interrogative Pronouns used to begin a question
( What, which, who, whom, whose)Indefinite
Pronouns refer to people, places, things, often
without specifying which ones. There are many,
some are singular, some plural,
Identify the interrogative pronouns and
indefinite pronouns in each sentence
  • 1. I found my jacket. Whose is still in the
    closet?
  • 2. My father knows somebody at the licensing
    bureau.

31
Interrogative Pronouns used to begin a question
( What, which, who, whom, whose)Indefinite
Pronouns refer to people, places, things, often
without specifying which ones. There are many,
some are singular, some plural,
Identify the interrogative pronouns and
indefinite pronouns in each sentence
  • 1. Either of their choices is acceptable to the
    principal.
  • 2. Have you tried some of these fabulous
    desserts?.

32
Visible and Mental Action Verbs
  • Visible Actions Mental Actions
  • Jump travel believe dream
  • Build grow know think
  • Jog deliver consider understand
  • Find the action verb in each sentence and
    determine it if is a visible verb or a mental
    action.
  • I wonder about my future almost every day.
  • The old locomotive pulled into the station
  • Maria purchased a new wallet in the flea market.

33
Visible and Mental Action Verbs
  • Visible Actions Mental Actions
  • Jump travel believe dream
  • Build grow know think
  • Jog deliver consider understand
  • Find the action verb in each sentence and
    determine it if is a visible verb or a mental
    action.
  • After several hours at the beach, we drove home
    on the bus.
  • My grandmother remembers her childhood in
    Ireland.
  • Some people worry almost all the time.

34
Visible and Mental Action Verbs
  • Visible Actions Mental Actions
  • Jump travel believe dream
  • Build grow know think
  • Jog deliver consider understand
  • Find the action verb in each sentence and
    determine it if is a visible verb or a mental
    action.
  • Cut the beef for the stew into small cubes
  • This airline flies to Madrid twice weekly.
  • I considered my choices carefully.

35
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Transitive Verb if the receiver of the action is
    named in the sentence.. The receiver of the
    action is called the object of the verb. ( Meg
    unwrapped her present. unwrapped what? Present)
  • Intransitive Verb if no receiver of the action
    is named, A sentence with an intransitive verb
    will not have an object. (Both witnesses agree
    agreed what
  • Identify the verb and determine whether the verb
    is transitive or intransitive.
  • Firemen pulled the child from the burning car.
  • Both my sisters sing in the church choir.
  • Judy left her jacket in her school locker.

36
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Transitive Verb if the receiver of the action is
    named in the sentence.. The receiver of the
    action is called the object of the verb. ( Meg
    unwrapped her present. unwrapped what? Present)
  • Intransitive Verb if no receiver of the action
    is named, A sentence with an intransitive verb
    will not have an object. (Both witnesses agree
    agreed what
  • Identify the verb and determine whether the verb
    is transitive or intransitive.
  • All the flies burned in the fire.
  • My sister swam in the 100-meter freestyle event,
  • After dinner I enjoy a rich dessert.

37
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Transitive Verb if the receiver of the action is
    named in the sentence.. The receiver of the
    action is called the object of the verb. ( Meg
    unwrapped her present. unwrapped what? Present)
  • Intransitive Verb if no receiver of the action
    is named, A sentence with an intransitive verb
    will not have an object. (Both witnesses agree
    agreed what
  • Identify the verb and determine whether the verb
    is transitive or intransitive.
  • Our quarterback threw a long pass for a
    touchdown.
  • Much to my surprise, I knew the answer to the
    problem.
  • Our victorious team raced off the field.

38
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Transitive Verb if the receiver of the action is
    named in the sentence.. The receiver of the
    action is called the object of the verb. ( Meg
    unwrapped her present. unwrapped what? Present)
  • Intransitive Verb if no receiver of the action
    is named, A sentence with an intransitive verb
    will not have an object. (Both witnesses agree
    agreed what
  • Identify the verb and determine whether the verb
    is transitive or intransitive.
  • Father mailed your letter in the city
  • The park concert lasted for almost three hours
  • Carefully explain your decision to the committee.

39
Linking Verbs connect a noun or pronoun at or
near the beginning of a sentence with a words at
or near the end. He verb be is the most commonly
used linking verb.
Forms of Be
Am were being Are can be Is shall be Was have been Were should have been

Other Linking Verbs
Appear Look sound Become remain stay Feel seem taste Grow smell turn
Find the Linking Verbs in the Sentences Below
  1. Hazelton is an industrial city in Pennsylvania
  2. Your fundraising plan sounds excellent
  3. The cake in the oven smells delicious.

40
Linking Verbs connect a noun or pronoun at or
near the beginning of a sentence with a words at
or near the end. He verb be is the most commonly
used linking verb.
Forms of Be
Am were being Are can be Is shall be Was have been Were should have been

Other Linking Verbs
Appear Look sound Become remain stay Feel seem taste Grow smell turn
Find the Linking Verbs in the Sentences Below
  1. Who will be at the airport to greet the
    candidate?
  2. Because of the storm, the speaker may be late.
  3. My assistant will be happy to help you.

41
Helping Verbs
Helping verbs are added before another verb to
make a verb phrase. A helping verb can be one,
two or three words. Forms of the verb be are
often used as helping verbs. Verb phrases are
sometimes separated by such words as not, often,
slowly, and carefully. These are not part of the
helping verb.
Typical Verb Phrases Verb Phrases Separated Are
growing He has certainly been helpful Did
open He will not arrive until later.
  • Selected Helping Verbs
  • Is are was were
  • Has have had
  • Do does did
  • Would could should
  • Shall will can may
  • Recognizing Helping Verbs
  • My parents have drive to Ohio several times.
  • 2. When are you going to the library?
  • 3. Bill must have taken another route to the
    hospital.

42
Adjectives as Modifiers
  • An adjective is used to describe a noun or
    pronoun

Adjective Questions
What Kind? (white fence, unhappy child) Which One? (this photo, each one) How Many? (two snacks, many others) How Much? (enough time, more pizza)
Find the adjective and the noun or pronoun it
modifies in the sentences below.
  1. Laura bought a blue shirt with white lace
    trimmings.
  2. Several athletes complained about the old
    stadium.
  3. The writer, tall and impressive, entered the
    auditorium.

43
Adjectives as Modifiers
  • An adjective is used to describe a noun or
    pronoun

Adjective Questions
What Kind? (white fence, unhappy child) Which One? (this photo, each one) How Many? (two snacks, many others) How Much? (enough time, more pizza)
Find the adjective and the noun or pronoun it
modifies in the sentences below.
  1. Each one in the class will develop an original
    project.
  2. I made three attempts to reach the local
    representative.
  3. A gracious hostess greeted us at the flower show.

44
Adjectives as Modifiers
  • An adjective is used to describe a noun or
    pronoun

Adjective Questions
What Kind? (white fence, unhappy child) Which One? (this photo, each one) How Many? (two snacks, many others) How Much? (enough time, more pizza)
Find the adjective and the noun or pronoun it
modifies in the sentences below.
  1. The branches, dry and peeling, showed the effects
    of the drought.
  2. We packed the fragile glassware in a reinforced
    container.
  3. The investigator hopes to get some answers from
    the lone witness.

45
Helping Verbs
Helping verbs are added before another verb to
make a verb phrase. A helping verb can be one,
two or three words. Forms of the verb be are
often used as helping verbs. Verb phrases are
sometimes separated by such words as not, often,
slowly, and carefully. These are not part of the
helping verb.
Typical Verb Phrases Verb Phrases Separated Are
growing He has certainly been helpful Did
open He will not arrive until later.
  • Selected Helping Verbs
  • Is are was were
  • Has have had
  • Do does did
  • Would could should
  • Shall will can may
  • Recognizing Helping Verbs
  • She has been carefully prepared for this role.
  • Yes, I did explain my reasons for not going.
  • My father is not taking his vacation this year.
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Senior Bellwork

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Title: Senior Bellwork


1
Senior Bellwork
  • Mrs. Cumberland

2
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • We missed the other car by a hairs breadth.
  • A wrens song floated through the window.

3
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • They were playing childrens games
  • The police provided for Richards protection

4
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • The boys jump saved his life
  • The moons beams were brilliant that night

5
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • We have about a months wait
  • A dogs bone broke

6
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • It is funny how he has a ducks waddle
  • The dogs bark warned us.

7
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • Shakespeares sonnets inspired us.
  • Willards arrival was a surprise

8
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • He has never done a days work
  • She met Manuels father.

9
Noun Possessive
Relationship Example
1. Possession or belongingness Johns hat Judys home
Characterization or description A cowboys walk Mens coat
Origin Raphaels paintings Carys novels
Measure ( time, value, space) An hours wait A dollars worth A stones throw
Subject of act Johns flight The judges decision
Object of act Eliots critics were many
  • Indicate the relationship shown between the
    possessive and its following noun
  • This is my fathers photograph
  • He was carrying a womans coat on his arm

10
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
  1. Walk
  2. Bite

11
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
1. keep 2. freeze
12
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
  1. Set
  2. sell

13
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
  1. Put
  2. Rise

14
The Verb Paradigm
Forms Stem 3rd person Singular Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
Models learn learns learning learned learned
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
Fill out the verb paradigm for the following
  1. Tease
  2. Sleep

15
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Underline the subjunctive form of the verb in
    these sentences.
  • If she ( was were ) home, she would answer the
    phone.
  • I wish he ( was were) with me now.

16
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Underline the subjunctive form of the verb in
    these sentences.
  • God ( save saves) the King.
  • The director asked that Elizabeth ( stands stand0
    in the front row.

17
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Underline the subjunctive form of the verb in
    these sentences.
  • It is traditional that the table ( is be)
    decorated.
  • It is advisable that a lawyer ( writes write) the
    contract

18
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Underline the subjunctive form of the verb in
    these sentences.
  • The rules required that they ( are be) in uniform
  • If I ( was were) the pilot, Id avoid that
    thunderstorm

19
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If)
  • Indicate whether the verb represents the
    indicative, imperative, or subjunctive mood
  • Tell us what you want now.
  • We spoke to your friend yesterday

20
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If unreal,
    situations)
  • Indicate whether the verb represents the
    indicative, imperative, or subjunctive mood
  • Dont expect me to agree.
  • She insisted that he meet with her.

21
Mood in the Verb Phrase
  • Indicative indicated (We will begin now)
  • Imperative command ( Be quiet!)
  • Subjunctive wishes about ( If unreal,
    situations)
  • Indicate whether the verb represents the
    indicative, imperative, or subjunctive mood
  • I dont know if he is coming.
  • 2. If he were a good student, he could get a
    scholarship.

22
Comparable Paradigm
  • Here is a list of two-syllable adjectives. Write
    the comparative and superlative forms, er, and
    est, of those that you would inflect this way.
  • Angry Angrier Angriest
  • Healthy
  • Bitter

23
Comparable Paradigm
  • Here is a list of two-syllable adjectives. Write
    the comparative and superlative forms, er, and
    est, of those that you would inflect this way.
  • Angry Angrier Angriest
  • Common
  • cruel

24
Comparable Paradigm
  • Here is a list of two-syllable adjectives. Write
    the comparative and superlative forms, er, and
    est, of those that you would inflect this way.
  • Angry Angrier Angriest

Foolish handsome
25
Identifying Parts of Speech
  • Identify the part of speech of each underlined
    word as it is used in each quotation below from
    Mark Twain.

N noun Adj- adjective Conj conjunction Pron
Pronoun Adv adverb Inter interjection V
verb Prep preposition
  1. Few things are harder to put up with than the
    annoyance of a good example.
  2. If you tell the truth, you dont have to remember
    anything.

26
Identifying Parts of Speech
  • Identify the part of speech of each underlined
    word as it is used in each quotation below from
    Mark Twain.

N noun Adj- adjective Conj conjunction Pron
Pronoun Adv adverb Inter interjection V
verb Prep preposition
  1. Virtue has never been as respectable as money.
  2. Get your facts first, and then you can distort
    them as much as you please.

27
Pronouns
  • Identify the indefinite pronouns which express an
    amount or refer to an unspecified person or
    thing.
  • 1. None of the children wanted the party to end.
    Someone left a glove.
  • No one really knows our secret.
  • Pronouns are words that take the place of a noun
    or another pronoun.
  • Sometimes, you will find pronouns in the same
    sentence with the word or words they replace.
    This word or group of words that the pronoun
    replaces is the pronouns antecedent.
  • Example
  • Brenda and Zeke both have dogs. She walks her dog
    every night, but he walks his dog in the morning.
    They sometimes walk their dogs together on the
    weekends.

28
Interrogative Pronouns used to begin a question
( What, which, who, whom, whose)Indefinite
Pronouns refer to people, places, things, often
without specifying which ones. There are many,
some are singular, some plural,
Identify the interrogative pronouns and
indefinite pronouns in each sentence
  • 1. Who was chosen as our Homecoming Queen?
  • 2. Both of the suggestions are extremely helpful.

29
Interrogative Pronouns used to begin a question
( What, which, who, whom, whose)Indefinite
Pronouns refer to people, places, things, often
without specifying which ones. There are many,
some are singular, some plural,
Identify the interrogative pronouns and
indefinite pronouns in each sentence
  • 1. Amazingly, Uncle Burt knew everyone at the
    dinner.
  • 2. The junior prom committee accepted one of our
    ideas.

30
Interrogative Pronouns used to begin a question
( What, which, who, whom, whose)Indefinite
Pronouns refer to people, places, things, often
without specifying which ones. There are many,
some are singular, some plural,
Identify the interrogative pronouns and
indefinite pronouns in each sentence
  • 1. I found my jacket. Whose is still in the
    closet?
  • 2. My father knows somebody at the licensing
    bureau.

31
Interrogative Pronouns used to begin a question
( What, which, who, whom, whose)Indefinite
Pronouns refer to people, places, things, often
without specifying which ones. There are many,
some are singular, some plural,
Identify the interrogative pronouns and
indefinite pronouns in each sentence
  • 1. Either of their choices is acceptable to the
    principal.
  • 2. Have you tried some of these fabulous
    desserts?.

32
Visible and Mental Action Verbs
  • Visible Actions Mental Actions
  • Jump travel believe dream
  • Build grow know think
  • Jog deliver consider understand
  • Find the action verb in each sentence and
    determine it if is a visible verb or a mental
    action.
  • I wonder about my future almost every day.
  • The old locomotive pulled into the station
  • Maria purchased a new wallet in the flea market.

33
Visible and Mental Action Verbs
  • Visible Actions Mental Actions
  • Jump travel believe dream
  • Build grow know think
  • Jog deliver consider understand
  • Find the action verb in each sentence and
    determine it if is a visible verb or a mental
    action.
  • After several hours at the beach, we drove home
    on the bus.
  • My grandmother remembers her childhood in
    Ireland.
  • Some people worry almost all the time.

34
Visible and Mental Action Verbs
  • Visible Actions Mental Actions
  • Jump travel believe dream
  • Build grow know think
  • Jog deliver consider understand
  • Find the action verb in each sentence and
    determine it if is a visible verb or a mental
    action.
  • Cut the beef for the stew into small cubes
  • This airline flies to Madrid twice weekly.
  • I considered my choices carefully.

35
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Transitive Verb if the receiver of the action is
    named in the sentence.. The receiver of the
    action is called the object of the verb. ( Meg
    unwrapped her present. unwrapped what? Present)
  • Intransitive Verb if no receiver of the action
    is named, A sentence with an intransitive verb
    will not have an object. (Both witnesses agree
    agreed what
  • Identify the verb and determine whether the verb
    is transitive or intransitive.
  • Firemen pulled the child from the burning car.
  • Both my sisters sing in the church choir.
  • Judy left her jacket in her school locker.

36
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Transitive Verb if the receiver of the action is
    named in the sentence.. The receiver of the
    action is called the object of the verb. ( Meg
    unwrapped her present. unwrapped what? Present)
  • Intransitive Verb if no receiver of the action
    is named, A sentence with an intransitive verb
    will not have an object. (Both witnesses agree
    agreed what
  • Identify the verb and determine whether the verb
    is transitive or intransitive.
  • All the flies burned in the fire.
  • My sister swam in the 100-meter freestyle event,
  • After dinner I enjoy a rich dessert.

37
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Transitive Verb if the receiver of the action is
    named in the sentence.. The receiver of the
    action is called the object of the verb. ( Meg
    unwrapped her present. unwrapped what? Present)
  • Intransitive Verb if no receiver of the action
    is named, A sentence with an intransitive verb
    will not have an object. (Both witnesses agree
    agreed what
  • Identify the verb and determine whether the verb
    is transitive or intransitive.
  • Our quarterback threw a long pass for a
    touchdown.
  • Much to my surprise, I knew the answer to the
    problem.
  • Our victorious team raced off the field.

38
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Transitive Verb if the receiver of the action is
    named in the sentence.. The receiver of the
    action is called the object of the verb. ( Meg
    unwrapped her present. unwrapped what? Present)
  • Intransitive Verb if no receiver of the action
    is named, A sentence with an intransitive verb
    will not have an object. (Both witnesses agree
    agreed what
  • Identify the verb and determine whether the verb
    is transitive or intransitive.
  • Father mailed your letter in the city
  • The park concert lasted for almost three hours
  • Carefully explain your decision to the committee.

39
Linking Verbs connect a noun or pronoun at or
near the beginning of a sentence with a words at
or near the end. He verb be is the most commonly
used linking verb.
Forms of Be
Am were being Are can be Is shall be Was have been Were should have been

Other Linking Verbs
Appear Look sound Become remain stay Feel seem taste Grow smell turn
Find the Linking Verbs in the Sentences Below
  1. Hazelton is an industrial city in Pennsylvania
  2. Your fundraising plan sounds excellent
  3. The cake in the oven smells delicious.

40
Linking Verbs connect a noun or pronoun at or
near the beginning of a sentence with a words at
or near the end. He verb be is the most commonly
used linking verb.
Forms of Be
Am were being Are can be Is shall be Was have been Were should have been

Other Linking Verbs
Appear Look sound Become remain stay Feel seem taste Grow smell turn
Find the Linking Verbs in the Sentences Below
  1. Who will be at the airport to greet the
    candidate?
  2. Because of the storm, the speaker may be late.
  3. My assistant will be happy to help you.

41
Helping Verbs
Helping verbs are added before another verb to
make a verb phrase. A helping verb can be one,
two or three words. Forms of the verb be are
often used as helping verbs. Verb phrases are
sometimes separated by such words as not, often,
slowly, and carefully. These are not part of the
helping verb.
Typical Verb Phrases Verb Phrases Separated Are
growing He has certainly been helpful Did
open He will not arrive until later.
  • Selected Helping Verbs
  • Is are was were
  • Has have had
  • Do does did
  • Would could should
  • Shall will can may
  • Recognizing Helping Verbs
  • My parents have drive to Ohio several times.
  • 2. When are you going to the library?
  • 3. Bill must have taken another route to the
    hospital.

42
Adjectives as Modifiers
  • An adjective is used to describe a noun or
    pronoun

Adjective Questions
What Kind? (white fence, unhappy child) Which One? (this photo, each one) How Many? (two snacks, many others) How Much? (enough time, more pizza)
Find the adjective and the noun or pronoun it
modifies in the sentences below.
  1. Laura bought a blue shirt with white lace
    trimmings.
  2. Several athletes complained about the old
    stadium.
  3. The writer, tall and impressive, entered the
    auditorium.

43
Adjectives as Modifiers
  • An adjective is used to describe a noun or
    pronoun

Adjective Questions
What Kind? (white fence, unhappy child) Which One? (this photo, each one) How Many? (two snacks, many others) How Much? (enough time, more pizza)
Find the adjective and the noun or pronoun it
modifies in the sentences below.
  1. Each one in the class will develop an original
    project.
  2. I made three attempts to reach the local
    representative.
  3. A gracious hostess greeted us at the flower show.

44
Adjectives as Modifiers
  • An adjective is used to describe a noun or
    pronoun

Adjective Questions
What Kind? (white fence, unhappy child) Which One? (this photo, each one) How Many? (two snacks, many others) How Much? (enough time, more pizza)
Find the adjective and the noun or pronoun it
modifies in the sentences below.
  1. The branches, dry and peeling, showed the effects
    of the drought.
  2. We packed the fragile glassware in a reinforced
    container.
  3. The investigator hopes to get some answers from
    the lone witness.

45
Helping Verbs
Helping verbs are added before another verb to
make a verb phrase. A helping verb can be one,
two or three words. Forms of the verb be are
often used as helping verbs. Verb phrases are
sometimes separated by such words as not, often,
slowly, and carefully. These are not part of the
helping verb.
Typical Verb Phrases Verb Phrases Separated Are
growing He has certainly been helpful Did
open He will not arrive until later.
  • Selected Helping Verbs
  • Is are was were
  • Has have had
  • Do does did
  • Would could should
  • Shall will can may
  • Recognizing Helping Verbs
  • She has been carefully prepared for this role.
  • Yes, I did explain my reasons for not going.
  • My father is not taking his vacation this year.
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