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Reading

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Title: Reading


1
Reading
2
No Boundaries
3
(No Transcript)
4
He was one of the greatest physicists of our
time. But he is disabled. His subject is the
beginning of space ,matter , and time. In 1988
his book A Brief History of Time became a
best-seller.
Stephen Hawking
5
Task I Scan the text to answer the following
questions.
  • Why did Stephen Hawking need a PhD?
  • When did Hawking become famous?
  • When did Hawking visit Beijing?

Stephen Hawking needed a PhD so that he
could get a job and get married.
In the early 1970s
In 2002
6
Task II Read the text again and find out the
main idea of each paragraph.
Para. 1-2 Para. 3 Para. 4 Para. 5 Para. 6 Para. 7
Introduction.
Hawking didnt let the disease stop him from
living the kind of life he had always dreamt of
Hawking made new discoveries about the Big bang
and black holes and wrote A Brief History of
Time.
Hawking explains both what it means to be a
scientists and how science works.
A scientific theory is the result of the
scientific method.
Why it is difficult to understand Hawking
7
TaskIII Understanding the text.
  • According to the 1st paragraph, a promising
    graduate student___
  • A. has an incurable disease which makes people
    disabled.
  • B. is a man who never gives up his dreams and
    hopes for the future.
  • C. is very likely to be successful or very good
    in the future.
  • D. learns at one of the well-known universities
    in the world.
  • 2. The incurable disease mentioned in the text
    made Stephen Hawking____.
  • A. stop working on a PhD.
  • B. lose the ability to walk and talk.
  • C. get engaged to a nice girl.
  • D. give up the way of life he dreamed of.

C
B
8
C
3. _______made Stephen Hawking well-known in the
world. A. The research on the incurable
disease. B. His book A Brief History of Time.
C. His new discoveries about the universe.
D. The lectures he gave all over the world. 4. A
Brief History of Time became a best-seller
because____ A. its about the Big Bang and
black holes. B. it explains what it means to
be a scientist and how science works. C. it
includes answers to many questions about the
universe. D. it was written in a way ordinary
people could understand.
D
9
5. According to Hawking, many people think
that____. A. science is often misunderstood.
B. science is changing all the time. C. some
science facts can be wrong. D. true science
facts always stay unchanged. 6. The basic steps
of the scientific method do NOT necessarily
include___ A. getting a model with which to
test the theory. B. building a theory about
how things happen. C. observing something with
care and attention. D. trying to test the
theory in a practical way.
D
A
10
Task I Scanning and finish There is
some information about Hawking, put the right
numbers on the blanks based on the passage.
2
No giving up.
___ Peoples attitude to Hawking ___ Facing
the frustrated life. ___ Science in
Hawkings eyes ___ Ways of becoming
famous ___ How to shape scientific theory
___
6
1
4
3
5
11
Task IV Scanning,and fill in the form below
according to the passage
First name Family name Gender
Year of birth Place of birth Nationality
Occupation Marriage Health
Something about his disease Something about his disease
Ways of traveling around Ways of traveling around
Ways of giving lectures Ways of giving lectures
Great achievements or successes Great achievements or successes
Hawking
Male
Stephen
Not mentioned
Not mentioned
British
Yes
Disabled
Scientist
incurable, disabled
sitting in his wheelchair
speaking through a computer
A Brief History of Time,
giving lectures
12
Task V True or false
Hawking was told that he had an incurable disease
when he was just 21 years old.
Finally Hawking had to give up PhD and his
research.
He and Roger Penrose made new discoveries about
the Big Bang and black holes.
A Brief History of Time is too difficult for
people to understand.
Science is about true facts that never change.
When Hawking gives lectures, he always speaks
through a computer.
13
  • Task VI Carefully reading
  • Read the 1 para and finish
  • Write down the words or phrases based on the
    expressions
  • A Pass
  • B full of hope of success or good results
    seeming likely to
  • succeed, have good results, etc. (adj.)
  • C that can not be cured (adj.)
  • D Person who has taken a university degree,
    esp. the first or Bachelors degree.
  • E stop doing sth.


go by
promising
incurable
graduate
give up
14
  • Read para 2-5 and finish the following
  • Find the detailed information of the following
    figures
  • in the early 1970s
  • 1988
  • 2002

became famous, made new discoveries about the Big
Bang and black holes.
Wrote A Brief History of Time, which quickly
became a best-seller.
Visited China and spoke to university students in
Hangzhou and Beijing.
15
2. Something about A Brief History of Time
(1) What does he explain in it? (2) How
do people misunderstand science? (3) What
are the basic steps of the scientific method?
In the book, he explains both what it means
to be a scientist and how science works. he tells
readers how discoveries are made and how they
change the world.
People often think that science is about
true facts that never change.
16
Steps What to do Why
1st Observe
2nd To explain what they have seen
3rd
To find out something about what they are
interested in
Build a theory
To see if it matches what they have seen and if
it can predict future events.
Test the theory
17
Read the last paragraph and answer 1. Why
people who listen to Hawkings lectures sometimes
find it difficult to understand him? 2.
What is it that Hawking does not like about his
speech computer?
Because his thoughts and ideas often seem as
large as the universe he is trying to describe.
The computer gives him an American accent
18
Write down the words or phrases based on the
expressions
1. to make someone unable to use a part of
their body properly 2. to think about something
that you would like to happen or have 3. book
that is sold in very large numbers 4. take a
wrong meaning from ( instructions, messages, etc.
) 5. say (tell) in advance (sth. that will
happen) 6. prove to be be in the end 7. look
for try to find 8. see or notice watch
carefully 9. where everything that exist in it
all the stars, planets, satellites. 10. way of
doing sth. 11. sth that is discovered.
disable
dream of
best-seller
misunderstand
predict
turn out (to be)
seek
observe
universe
method
discovery
19
a promising graduate student give up have
an incurable disease our hope for peace
go by in fact get/ be engaged
to go on with work on
in the early 1970s make new discoveries
seek answers to the nature of the universe a
best-seller build/test the theory
exploration dream of in a/one way
according to predict future events turn
out to be There did not seem much point in
working on my phD. Nor did he let the disease
stop him from living the kind of life he had
always dreamt of. stop/prevent sb (from) doing
sth keep sb from doing sth be happy/satisfied
with
20
Task VII Post-reading
Fill in the blanks according to the text.
When Hawking was just 21 years old, he was
diagnosed with ALS an_________ disease. Doctors
_________ that he had only two years to live.
Instead of giving up his dreams, he _____ __ ____
his research, got his PhD and married Jane. As
his disease has _______ him, Hawking has to sit
in his ____________ wheelchair and speak ________
a computer. In 1988,
incurable
predicted
went on with
disabled
now-famous
through
21
he wrote A Brief History of Time , which quickly
became a __________ . In the book, Hawking
explains both what it _______ to be a
scientist and how science works. Science,
according to Hawking, is often ______________
people often think science is always true.
Scientists, on the other hand, Hawking writes,
know _____ their job is never finished and _____
even the best theory can ____ ___ to be wrong.
best-seller
means
misunderstood
that
that
turn out
22
Translate the following phrases 1.???
2.???,?? 3.????
4.???? 5.???
6.??? 7.???
8.??? 9.??,??
10.???
1.be on fire for
2. be similar to
3.have in common 4.be famous for 5.work on
6.be engaged to 7.in fact
8.go on with
9.dream of
10. give lectures
23
The answers to the ranslations 11. in the
early1970s
11.??????????? 12.????? 13.????
14.???,???,??? 15.?????
16.???? 17.?? ,??
18.??,??,??? 19.(??)??,??
20.???
12. answers to questions 13. on the other
hand 14. turn out 15. be satisfied
with 16. make a difference 17. believe in
18. the other way around 19.
go by 20. best seller
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