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World War 2 Conferences

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World War 2 Conferences Atlantic Charter (1941) France surrenders in 1940; Britain last Western country left fighting Hitler Though the US is neutral ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War 2 Conferences


1
World War 2 Conferences
2
Atlantic Charter (1941)
  • France surrenders in 1940 Britain last Western
    country left fighting Hitler
  • Though the US is neutral, FDR helps pass the
    LEND-LEASE ACT
  • Provides war materials to any nation fighting the
    Axis powers
  • US as arsenal of democracy

3
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4
Atlantic Charter (1941)
  • FDR Churchill meet on a ship to sign a joint
    statement of war aims
  • Note Stalin not invited
  • AC gave ideological basis for peace
  • Four Freedoms speech, worship, from want,
    from fear
  • Compare to 14 Points

5
Casablanca 1943
  • FDR Churchill agree to idea of unconditional
    surrender
  • Very controversial
  • Goal was to avoid a stab in the back conspiracy
    theory again
  • DeGaulle was present recognized as leader of
    the free French

6
Tehran December 1943
  • First meeting of the Big Three
  • Stalin finally gets his second front
  • Discussions about
  • Post-war occupation/demilitarization of Germany
  • Post-war international organization

7
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8
Tehran December 1943
  • Issues of Soviet territorial boundaries put off
  • FDR does not want to risk a breakdown of alliance
    until war is won
  • Churchill disagrees balance of power thinker
  • Verbal agreement to push Polands border westward
  • Soviets to keep land taken in East
  • And.
  • Katyn graves found in April 1943

9
Moscow October 1944
  • FDR not present (election)
  • percentages agreement, esp. in Balkans
  • spheres of influence set for Europe
  • Division of Korea

10
Yalta February 1945
  • FDR tried to be a broker between Churchill
    Stalin on European affairs
  • - in fact he was skeptical about both (an
    imperialist and a communist)
  • Germany to be divided into 4 occupation zones
  • (US, USSR, UK, France)

11
Yalta February 1945
  • USSR demands reparations (20 billion)
  • Later agrees to half of that amount
  • The establishment of a United Nations
  • USSR to enter Asian front against Japan within
    three months of end of European theatre
  • free elections in Eastern Europe, esp. Poland

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13
Yalta February 1945
  • Biggest problem is over POLAND
  • the Polish question
  • Soviet army was occupying Poland in race to get
    to Berlin
  • Poland a matter of life and death for USSR says
    Stalin,
  • -an ancient corridor of attack

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15
Potsdam Conference (July 1945)
  • Germany to be divided into four zones of
    occupation
  • Polands borders shifted Westward (not
    formailozed until 1990)
  • East Prussia split
  • Ethnic expulsion of
  • Germans from former territory
  • Nuremburg Trials

16
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