Unit 1: Introduction to Geography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Unit 1: Introduction to Geography PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6cb4ee-NWY4Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Unit 1: Introduction to Geography

Description:

Unit 1: Introduction to Geography Lesson 1: The Five Themes of Geography * – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:52
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 16 October 2019
Slides: 25
Provided by: ValuedG60
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Unit 1: Introduction to Geography


1
Unit 1 Introduction to Geography
  • Lesson 1 The Five Themes of Geography

2
What is Geography?
  • Geography
  • Literally means description of the earth
  • It is a way of thinking about and analyzing the
    earths surface, physical patterns, and human
    occupation.
  • Geographers are people who study the earth
  • Perspective
  • 5 themes of geography
  • Methods/tools
  • Cartography
  • Maps

3
The five themes of geography
  • Location
  • Where is it?
  • Place
  • What is it like there?
  • Movement
  • How are people and places connected?
  • Human Environmental Interaction
  • What is the relationship between people and their
    environment?
  • Region
  • How do we classify?

4
Location
  • Three Types
  • Nominal
  • By name
  • Windsor Pointe is a subdivision in Sugar Grove
  • Relative location
  • By Site and Situation
  • Elburn is East of Maple Park
  • Absolute location
  • By Spatial Coordinates
  • Houston, Texas, for example, is located at
    latitude 29 north, longitude 95 west

5
Relative Location
  • Location of a place in relation to that of other
    places.
  • Always use a direction when reporting relative
    location.
  • Example
  • The KHS football field is North of the school.
  • Sugar Grove is West of Aurora
  • The United States is North of Mexico

6
Location
  • Lets try some examples!!
  • Nominal
  • __________________________________
  • Relative
  • __________________________________
  • Absolute (Use pg RA19)
  • Alexandria, Egypt
  • Latitude 31 North, Longitude 30 East
  • Monrovia, Liberia
  • Latitude 7 North, Longitude 11 West

7
Site Situation
  • Site
  • refers to physical characteristics, such as
    climate, soil type or elevation.
  • Site Example
  • Elburn has rich topsoil
  • Winters in Northern Illinois are dry and cold
  • Situation
  • refers to access to landmarks or transportation,
    such as proximity to the White House or to Main
    Street.
  • Situation Example
  • Sugar Grove has quick access to major
    transportation arteries

8
Check for Understanding
Relative Location Activity
  • Give the relative location of the following (use
    pg RA4 5)
  • Indian Ocean
  • Mexico
  • China
  • Canada
  • Atlantic Ocean

9
Absolute Location
  • Exact position on the globe
  • Grid system
  • Network of imaginary lines around the earth
  • Two sets of lines encircle the globe
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

10
Latitude (Parallels)
  • Parallel lines of latitude are horizontal,
    running from east to west
  • Equator is the imaginary line from which latitude
    is measured 0-90
  • equidistant from the poles, dividing the globe
    into the northern and southern hemispheres.
  • lines of latitude become progressively shorter as
    they near the poles

11
Longitude (Meridians)
  • Longitudinal lines run from north to south
  • The prime meridian is an arbitrarily selected
    line from which all of the others are measured
    0-180
  • Each individual vertical line intersects both
    poles
  • Lines of Longitude converge as they near the
    poles
  • Divide the globe into Eastern Western
    Hemispheres
  • All of the lines of longitude are the same
    length.

12
Just in Case you wanted to know
  • Each degree of latitude and longitude is divided
    into 60 minutes
  • Each minute is further divided into 60 seconds.
  • Navigators measure distance in nautical miles
  • an internationally agreed-on standard equaling
    the average length of one minute of one degree,
    or 1,852 m (6,076 ft).

13
How do Geographers express absolute location
  • Parallels of latitude north of the equator, which
    lies at 0, are identified as north, and those
    south of the equator are identified as south.
  • The North Pole lies at latitude 90 north,
  • The South Pole, at latitude 90 south.
  • By international agreement, the prime meridian
    lies at 0 longitude.
  • Meridians of longitude
  • East of the prime meridian are designated as east
  • west of the prime meridian are identified as west.

On maps directions are abbreviated as N, S, E,
and W.
14
Check for Understanding
Absolute Location Activity
15
What continent is located at 1) 50 degrees N,
20 degrees E? 2) 20 degrees S, 60 degrees W? 3)
30 degrees S, 140 degrees E? 4) 0 degrees N, 20
degrees E? 5) 90 degrees S, 0 degrees E?
Equator
Prime Meridian
16
Place
  • What kind of place is it? 
  • Places have both human and physical
    characteristics, as well as images.
  • The image people have of a place is based on
    their experiences, both intellectual and
    emotional. 
  • People's descriptions of a place reveal their
    values, attitudes, and perceptions.
  • How do these characteristics shape our lives?

17
Physical Characteristics
  • Physical characteristics include mountains,
    rivers, soil, beaches, wildlife.  

18
Human Characteristics
  • Places have human characteristics also.  These
    characteristics are derived from the ideas and
    actions of people that result in changes to the
    environment, such as buildings, roads, clothing,
    and food habits.

19
Movement
  • The movement of people, the import and export of
    goods, and mass communication have all played
    major roles in shaping our world. 
  • People everywhere interact.
  • Interdependence
  • Reliance on each other for goods, services, and
    ideas near and far

20
Human Environmental Interaction
  • Human Environmental Interaction is how mankind
    reacts to its surroundings.
  • Humans interact with nature every day.
  • Humans react differently to everything they live
    near.
  • There are three ways that humans interact with
    nature
  • Humans depend on the environment for life
  • Humans modify nature
  • Humans adapt to nature.

21
Poor Farming Techniques
Uncontrolled Air Pollution
Strip mining
Humans must be cautious of overexploitation
Deforestation
Unregulated Waste
Desertification
22
Region
  • Location and place are tied together by regions.
  • Regions are relative locations that are brought
    together by certain unifying (or common)
    characteristics.
  • These unifying characteristics often influence
  • what kinds of people inhabit these regions
  • how humans interact with their environment
  • how they build their cities
  • how they use the land
  • Unifying characteristics can be both physical and
    human.

23
Unifying Characteristics
  • Physical unifying characteristics include such
    things as mountain ranges, deserts, rivers,
    climates, and landforms.
  • Human unifying characteristics include language,
    religious beliefs, and political attitudes.

24
Review
  • What is Geography?
  • What are the reasons for being geographically
    informed?
  • Why do we study geography?
  • What are the five themes of geography?
About PowerShow.com