Georgia and the American Experience - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Georgia and the American Experience PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6cb3a3-NmFiZ


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Georgia and the American Experience


Georgia and the American Experience Chapter 6: An Age of Expansion, 1783-1838 Study Presentation – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:15
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 25
Provided by: Dean144


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Georgia and the American Experience

Georgia and the American Experience
  • Chapter 6
  • An Age of Expansion, 1783-1838
  • Study Presentation

Section 3 Economic Growth in Georgia
  • How did Georgia rebuild and expand its economy in
    the late 17th and early 18th century?

Section 3 Economic Growth in Georgia
  • What words do I need to know?
  • depression
  • turnpike
  • cotton gin
  • mechanical reaper

Cotton and the Cotton Gin
  • In 1793 Eli Whitney invented a machine for
    separating cotton seeds from its fiber, the
    cotton gin
  • Increased the amount cotton growers could process
    each day
  • The gin used wire teeth on a turning cylinder to
    separate the seed from fiber

The Mechanical Reaper
  • Cyrus McCormick invented a machine to cut grain
    in a field
  • Wooden paddles attached to a horses harness
    allowed six times more grain to be cut per day
    than previous methods
  • Georgia farmers could work larger and more
    profitable farms with these agricultural machines

Depression and the Panic of 1837
  • Many Georgia banks failed between 1837 and the
    early 1840s
  • Many businesses failed many farmers and planters
    lost their land
  • Many banks didnt have enough cash to pay out
    money their depositors had entrusted to them

Early Roads in Georgia
  • Railroads, built after 1830, replaced horses,
    stagecoaches, and boats
  • Most GA roads ran east to west follow former
    Indian footpaths
  • Plank roads over wetlands that featured pikes
    or gates were called turnpikes
  • Travelers paid a toll, or fee at each pike the
    Old Federal Road connected Athens north to

  • Located at the southern end of a rail line that
    originated in Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • Later renamed Marthasville, after the daughter of
    former Governor Wilson Lumpkin
  • Marthasville became Atlanta, and the capital of
  • Railroads greatly reduced travel time for people
    and freight

Click to return to Table of Contents
Section 4 Georgia at the Dawn of a New Century
  • How did lifestyles differ in Georgia between
    frontier families and town dwellers?

Section 4 Georgia at the Dawn of a New Century
  • What words do I need to know?
  • pioneers
  • frontier Georgia
  • cultural refinements
  • townsfolk

Religious Activities
  • Methodist circuit riders (traveling ministers for
    frontier dwellers) grew in
  • GAs 1st Roman Catholic Church est. in Wilkes
    County in 1796
  • Savannah had Jewish synagogue
  • Churches become central to community life and
  • African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) churches
    were started by Richard Allen

Education in Georgia
  • The University of Georgia chartered in 1785 as
    nations first land-grant university opened for
    classes in 1801
  • UGA was often called Franklin College in its
    early days
  • By 1820, there were forty academies (schools)
    across the state
  • Georgia Female College (later Wesleyan College)
    opened in 1836

Click to return to Table of Contents
Section 5 The War of 1812
  • What were the causes of the War of 1812?

Section 5 The War of 1812
  • What words and people do I need to know?
  • embargo
  • president James Madison
  • war hawks
  • Treaty of Ghent

Causes of the War
  • Great Britain and France fighting so both
    countries to try to block U.S. trade with its
  • British ships took American sailors and made them
    serve with the British Navy
  • President James Madison pushed Congress to
    declare war on Great Britain in 1812

War of 1812
  • War lasted for two years
  • In 1814, British attack and burn Washington
  • British later attacked Baltimore harbor The
    Star Spangled Banner written by Francis Scott
    during The Battle of Fort McHenry
  • The Battle of New Orleans, fought after the
    Treaty of Ghent ended the war, was a decisive
    American victory
  • The war united the American states as one nation
    Andrew Jackson became a national hero

Click to return to Table of Contents
Section 6 Native Americans in Georgia
  • Why were the Indians removed from Georgia?

Section 6 Native Americans in Georgia
  • What words do I need to know?
  • syllabary
  • Oconee War
  • Treaty of New York
  • Red Sticks
  • White Sticks
  • Treaty of Indian Springs
  • Trail of Tears

Cherokee Culture
  • Most advanced of Georgias tribes learned
    quickly from white settlers
  • Chief encouraged Christianity
  • Sequoyah developed a syllabary, a group of
    symbols that stand for whole syllables it gave
    Cherokees a written form of their language
  • Government modeled after United States capital
    at New Echota

Creek Indians
  • Series of clashes between Creek and settlers who
    pushed into their land known as Oconee War
  • Treaty of New York signed by Alexander
    McGillivray, Creeks give up all land east of the
    Oconee River, but could keep land on the west
  • this angered Georgia settlers, who felt betrayed
    by their government
  • Land treaties were often broken
  • Red Stick Creeks endorsed war to fight for their
    land claims White Stick Creeks wanted peace

The Creek War
  • Red Sticks (mean) attacked Fort Mims, killing
    more than 400 people
  • The Battle of Horseshoe Bend, in Alabama, ended
    the Creek War in 1814 Andrew Jackson led the
    U.S. troops
  • The Creeks were forced to give up nearly all
    their land to the U.S. government
  • The Treaty of Indian Springs gave up last Creek
    lands in Georgia to the U.S.
  • Chief William McIntosh was later murdered by
    rival Creeks for signing the treaty

Creek Removal
  • Treaty of Washington (1832) resulted in 5 million
    acres of Creek land ceded to the United States
  • U.S. agreed to allow Creeks who wished to remain
    and live on 2 million of those acres the U.S.
    promised to protect those who stayed
  • Those who didnt wish to stay would have to move
    to the western territories
  • The treaty was broken by 1840, nearly all Creeks
    were forced to move west (Indian Removal Act)

The Trail of Tears
  • Discovery of gold in Dahlonega Georgia heightened
    demand for Cherokee land, whites who visited
    Cherokee land had to take an oath of allegiance.
  • The Supreme Court ruled that Cherokee territory
    was not subject to state law, but the ruling was
    not enforced by US Govt. (Worcester v. Georgia)
  • Between 1832 and 1835, Cherokees were stripped of
    their land
  • In 1838, thousands of Cherokees were forcibly
    removed to Oklahoma about 4,000 died from
    disease, exposure, or hunger
  • 700 to 800 escaped and hid in the North Carolina

Click to return to Table of Contents
The Georgia Capital
  • Moved several times as population spread out
    throughout the frontier
  • Savannah (1733)
  • Augusta (1786)
  • Louisville (1796)
  • Milledgeville (1807)
  • Atlanta (1868)