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Will Metropolises Take Over the World?

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Title: Will Metropolises Take Over the World?


1
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  • Will Metropolises Take Over the World?

2
  • What exactly is a city?
  • In simple words, it is an area with a high
    concentration of people and activities.
  • What is a metropolis?
  • It is a major city the chief city of a region.
  • People in the surrounding region are drawn to it.
  • It is a powerful urban centre with a high
    concentration of activities, services and major
    head offices.
  • It is a densely populated urban area.
  • It has greater economic and decision-making
    power.

3
  • New York City is a metropolis.
  • New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the symbol of
    financial power in NYC.
  • What kind of activities occur at the NYSE and
    TSX?
  • Shares worth billions of dollars are bought and
    sold everyday by investors!
  • Is Sherbrooke or Trois-Rivieres a metropolis?
  • They both have far less economic and
    decision-making power than a metropolis like
    Montreal, Toronto or NYC.

4
Characteristics of a metropolis
  1. Downtown core
  2. Residential neighbourhoods
  3. Public parks
  4. Public squares
  5. Industrial parks
  6. Interchanges
  7. Suburbs
  8. Tall office buildings and apartment towers

5
Public squares
http//www.claudecormier.com/photos/projets/35/127
_29_img_1.jpg
PHILIPS SQUARE
MONTREAL (QUEBEC), CANADA
6
Suburbs (Residential areas around a major city)
http//www.urbanphoto.net/blog/wp-content/uploads/
2007/05/plex07.jpg
7
Metropolises have recognizable features
  • Metropolises have
  • Historical and modern landmarks
  • Landmarks can either be natural or man-made.
  • I.e. The Empire State Building in NYC, Champlain
    Bridge in Montreal are man-made landmarks.
  • Mount-Royal, the island of Montreal and the St.
    Lawrence River are Physical features.
  • Metropolises all around the world
  • 8 out of 10 metropolises with the highest
    population (most populous) are in developing
    nations.

8
Developing Nation
  • A country with a low standard of living, severe
    poverty, low income and education levels, high
    birth rate, and poorly developed social,
    economic, and technological infrastructure.
  • I.e. Most countries in Africa, Asia (except
    Japan), Latin America, and Oceania (except
    Australia and New Zealand)

9
Developed or Industrialized Nation
  • A country with a relatively high standard of
    living, high income and education levels, lower
    birth rate, and well-developed social, economic,
    and technological infrastructure.
  • I.e. European nations, Russia, U.S.A, Canada,
    Japan, Australia, and New Zealand

10
Why are the populations in developing countries
constantly growing?
  • The Birth rate is higher.
  • People are living longer because of better health
    care.
  • 3. More people are moving to these cities hoping
    to get better jobs.

11
Northern Hemisphere vs. Southern Hemisphere
  • Most countries in the Northern Hemisphere are
    developed - wealthy!
  • Most countries in the Southern Hemisphere are
    developing countries really poor
  • Unequal power among metropolises
  • Economically powerful metropolises are found in
    the United States, Western Europe and Asia.

http//www.amcl.com/images/SouthHemisphere3.png
12
Developed and Developing Countries
http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/38
/Developed_and_developing_countries.PNG
13
Megalopolis
  • Its a stretch of several metropolises and big
    cities in the same area.
  • A region made up of several large cities and
    their surrounding areas in close enough proximity
    to be considered a single urban complex.
  • They form the heart of economic and global power
    run the world!

14
One of the three (3) most powerful megalopolises
is located in the United States.
15
Major challenges for metropolises
  • 1. Housing
  • Finding housing is a challenge for poor people.
  • Apartments are too often expensive, in disrepair
    or poorly situated.
  • Government-subsidized housing is available to
    low-income families because they are way more
    affordable.

16
Transformed Space in the 21st Century
  • CASE STUDY
  • From Mirons Plant Site 1950s to 2010s
    Saint-Michel s Environmental Complex

17
Miron's plant
  • The site was a large open space where the quarry
    was found.
  • Located along Jarry street, near Papineau street.
  • It operated as a cement and asphalt plant.
  • Dusty, dirty and diesel fumes filled the air,
    noisy because of plant installations and
    continuous flow of trucks created traffic.
  • Common to hear dynamite blasts used to rip rock
    bed in the quarry.

18
  • In 2010, most of the quarry has been filled in
    because of continuous years of dumping and
    compacting garbage and waste.

http//img.expo2010.cn/expoen/pics/32/32223.jpg
19
Saint-Michel Environmental Complex
  • Montreal will share with the world its best
    practice of sustainable development by showcasing
    the Saint-Michel Environmental Complex.
  • This complex was conceived by the City of
    Montreal.
  • It will ultimately be transformed into a
    family-friendly city park.

20
  • This ecological centre is also a recycling
    sorting plant and a micro-power station sharing
    space with Cirque du Soleil Headquarters and La
    TOHU, the City of Circus Arts.
  • It will become the citys largest green space in
    2020.

21
La TOHU's main Pavilion
  • Visitors can explore the Environmental Complex by
    joining a "safari tour
  • Visitors discover environmental innovations like
  • The sorting centre, which handles all of
    Montreal's recyclables.
  • A micro-power station that converts the biogas
    produced by transforming landfill gas into
    electricity.
  • A composting and shredding facility.

22
Waste Management and Developing countries
  • Garbage is piled up in open lots near residential
    areas.
  • Poor people spend hours salvaging usable goods
    and materials they can sell.

23
3. Transportation
  • Traffic jams are becoming more problematic as the
    population in the Montreal Metropolitan Area
    increases.
  • More vehicles on our roads and ongoing road
    construction, due to aging infrastructure, cause
    traffic too.
  • Vehicles pollute, cause Greenhouse Gases and
    affect our health.

24
Commuting in the MMA
  • 1. Commuting by Car in the Montreal Metropolitan
    Area (MMA)
  • Hundreds of thousands of commuters use our roads,
    bridges and public transit on a daily basis
  • The majority of us prefer to commute by car.
  • Commuters must face hours of traffic to and from
    work on a daily basis.
  • Why is there so much traffic on our metropolitan
    roadways?

25
a) Montreals Roadways and bridges are old and
needs lots of repair.
  • Our aging bridges, overpasses, highways, and
    roads need to be fixed.
  • Dangerous potholes and huge cracks damage cars
    and slow down traffic.
  • Lane closures due to road repairs and accidents
    cause traffic too.

26
b) Montreal Metropolitan Area does not have
beltway for large-sized trucks.
  • Beltway
  • It is a highway that encircles an urban area so
    that traffic does not have to pass through the
    center.
  • Heavy trucks damage concrete and asphalt,
    slow-down traffic, and cause serious accidents.
  • c) Some of the major highways, expressways and
    service roads in the MMA need more lanes.

http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thum
b/2/21/Capital_Beltway_Map_Color.svg/564px-Capital
_Beltway_Map_Color.svg.png
27
  • 2. Public Transportation in the MMA
  • Our current system includes buses, metros and
    commuter trains.
  • Although its cheaper and faster to take public
    transit, most people living in MMA still use
    cars. Why?
  • Public transit is inadequate
  • Buses do not pass frequently enough in some
    neighbourhoods.
  • Metro lines or train lines do not extend to all
    corners of the island of Montreal.

28
b) The STMs aging infrastructure cause frequent
stalls
  • Our aging metro system is over 40 years old.
  • Repairs are needed to fix cracks on ceilings, to
    stop water infiltration, and to replace old
    escalators.
  • These constant renovations cause congestion and
    frustrate transit users.

29
  • Wiring along the tracks (installed in the 1960s)
    often overheat and catch on fire.
  • Automated metro doors often jam during rush hour.
  • c) Aging fleet of metro wagons and buses
    constantly stall during rush hour.
  • Waves of new LFS buses have been purchased to
    replace our current aging fleet.
  • These new buses are more spacious, have better
    engines and run on bio-diesel.
  • The new Nova articulated LFS buses allow for more
    users to fit into one bus.

30
  • d) Current metro wagons and older bus models are
    not spacious enough.
  • Some seats were strategically removed and others
    were rearranged to add more room in each wagon.
  • Solutions to traffic-related problems
  • Restricting car traffic by installing tolls and
    making parking expensive.
  • Promoting the use of cleaner ways of traveling
    by (using bikes, public transit and bringing back
    electric streetcars.

31
1. Finding housing in Montreal
  • The following are factors that could make your
    apartment hunting successful or less successful
  • Your income
  • Number of children (More bedrooms means higher
    rent)
  • Proximity to metro (Closer to metro station is
    more expensive)
  • The neighbourhood (i.e. Le Plateau is more
    expensive)

32
  • 5. The environment (more if you wish to live
    near a park, green space etc.)
  • 6. Many families have chosen to live in the
    suburbs because rent is lower (low-cost housing)
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