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The Revolutionary War Resource Unit


The Revolutionary War Resource Unit Heather Borchers Crystal Brooks Chiara Brown Heather Look Table of Contents Introduction Content Objectives Activities Evaluation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Revolutionary War Resource Unit

The Revolutionary War Resource Unit
  • Heather Borchers
  • Crystal Brooks
  • Chiara Brown
  • Heather Look

Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • Content
  • Objectives
  • Activities
  • Evaluation
  • Instructional Resources

  • General Theme
  • The Revolutionary War was a very important time
    in American history. It was a time when freedom
    and liberty were ideals to be obtained. Not only
    is this unit a valuable resource for our
    students, but it also allows them to better
    understand how America was founded.

Introduction (cont.)
  • This resource unit identifies
  • Important men and women of all cultures and
    social classes who played pivotal roles in
    changing our country.
  • Important battles that changed the façade of this
  • Significant dates and events that impacted the
    future of the nation.

Introduction (cont.)
  • This resource unit is directed towards eighth
    grade students.
  • Standards History
  • Indicators
  • 3. Identify and explain the resources of conflict
    which led to the American Revolution, with
    emphasis on the perspectives of the patriots,
    loyalists, neutral colonists, and the British
  • a. The Proclamation of 1763, the Stamp Act, the
    Townshend Acts, the Tea Act, and the Intolerable
  • b. The Boston Tea Party, the boycotts, the Sons
    of Liberty, and petitions and appeals to

Introduction (cont.)
  • 4. Explain the results of important developments
    of the American Revolution including
  • a. A declaration of American independence
  • b. Character and significance of the military
    struggle in the North in the early years of the
    war and the shift of the battle to the South
    after 1779
  • c. Creation of state constitutions
  • d. Impacts on women, African-Americans and
    American Indians.
  • 5. Explain major domestic problems faced by the
    leaders of the new republic under the Articles of
    Confederation including
  • a. Maintaining national security
  • b. Creating a stable economic system
  • c. Dealing with war debts
  • d. Collecting revenue
  • e. Defining the authority of the central

Introduction (cont.)
  • 6. Explain the challenges in writing and
    ratifying the U.S. Constitution including
  • a. Issues debated during the convention
    resulting in compromises (i.e., the Great
    Compromise, the Three-Fifths Compromise and the
    compromise over the slave trade)
  • b. The Federalist/Anti-Federalist debate
  • c. The debate over a Bill of Rights.
  • 7. Describe the actions taken to build one
    country from 13 states including
  • a. The precedents established by George
    Washington, including the cabinet and a two-term
  • b. Alexander Hamilton's actions to create a
    financially strong country, including the
    creation of a national bank
  • c. The establishment of an independent federal
    court system

  • American Revolution
  • assembly
  • Battle of Bunker Hill
  • Boston Tea Party
  • Tea Act
  • boycott
  • Committees of Correspondence
  • delegate
  • First Continental Congress
  • Intolerable Acts
  • liberty
  • militia
  • minutemen
  • Rebel
  • Repeal
  • Sons of Liberty
  • Stamp Act
  • town meeting
  • Boston Massacre
  • Loyalists
  • Tariff
  • Paul Revere
  • Samuel Adams
  • George Washington
  • John Hancock
  • Lexington
  • Concord
  • Yorktown
  • Saratoga
  • Benedict Arnold
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Slavery
  • James Madison
  • Great Britain
  • Townshend Act
  • Ben Franklin
  • John Burgoyne

  • Students will recognize the impact that the
    Revolutionary War had on America and the lives of
    the people.
  • Students will be able to identify and explain the
    different British taxes and laws implemented on
    the colonists.
  • Students will be able to define all vocabulary
  • Students will order the events of the
    Revolutionary War by creating a timeline.
  • Students will compare and contrast the major
    battles and the impact that each of those battles
    had on the wars end result.

Objectives (cont.)
  • Students will differentiate between the lives of
    loyalists and patriots.
  • Students will be able to relate the rights that
    the colonists had then compared to the rights
    that we have today as citizens.
  • Students will be able to identify geographical
    locations of important events.
  • Students will summarize the events that led to
    the development of the Constitution.
  • Students will discover the individuals that
    played important roles in the Revolutionary War
  • Students will identify the role of African
    Americans in America during this time period and
    the effects that the war had on them.

  • Students will make a timeline of the events
    leading up to the Revolutionary War.
  • Students will write a newspaper article on an
    event that took place during the revolutionary
    period. Examples might be Introduction of the
    Stamp Act, The Boston Massacre, The Boston Tea
    Party, the Battle at Bunker Hill, and Paul
    Reveres Ride. Many topics can be chosen.
  • Students will need to create a journal
    chronicling five days of a journey on the road to
    battle. When writing the journal entry, the
    student must pick one battle during the
    Revolutionary War and write about the
    environmental obstacles that they faced in this
    region. This account should include the type of
    weather that was faced, the terrain encountered
    and any significant bodies of water in the region
    that affected the soldiers travels.

Activities (cont.)
  • Students will investigate the effects of the
    Revolution on the African American population.
    Then, acting as an African American (free or
    enslaved) during this time period, write a one
    page diary entry describing how Americas
    independence will affect them.
  • Students will make a then and now chart. In
    this chart students will list how goods were
    produced, distributed, and consumed in the late
    1700s in comparison to how they are now. What
    are the differences and similarities?
  • Students will discover George Washingtons role
    during the war using the internet, books, and
    other resources. They will then play the Solve
    the Mystery Game http//

Activities (cont.)
  • Students will read an excerpt from "Nancy's
    Story 1765", a book about what effect the Stamp
    Act had on Americans. Students will learn about
    the Stamp Act and see it from a child's
  • Students will choose a famous person during this
    time. They can choose a famous British person, a
    patriot, a loyalist, or any other influential
    people. They can choose to be a famous man or
    woman. They will study that person and then
    prepare a five minute presentation. Students will
    act as if they are that person and introduce
    themselves to the class. They can dress up as
    that person if they would like to. They need to
    have at least one prop that they can hold that
    symbolizes that person.
  • Students will put Benedict Arnold on trial for
    treason. There will be a judge, jury, witnesses,
    and lawyers for both sides, and, of course,
    someone to play the role of Arnold.
  • Students will produce a graphic organizer for the
    important information concerning the development
    of the Constitution. The organizer will include
    important dates along with important people
    involved and any other appropriate information.

  • Sample Test
  • The United States won its independence from
  • A. Spain B. France C. Britain
  • The Revolutionary War lasted from
  • A. 1775-1777 B. 1775-1783. C. 1776-1779
  • These famous words - "We hold these truths to be
    self-evident, that all men are created equal ...
    " are part of
  • A. The Constitution of the United States B. The
    Bill of Rights C. The Declaration of Independence

Evaluation (cont.)
  • The people who opposed the Revolution were
  • A. Loyalists. B. Whigs. C. Republicans.
  • Freedom was promised to slaves if they would
  • A. In the British army. B. In the American
    army. C. Neither.
  • To win the Revolution, America needed the help
  • A. The Hessians. B. The Indians. C. The

Evaluation (cont.)
  1. _____________ published "Common Sense," a
    pamphlet that helped to stir up a feeling for
    independence among Americans.
  2. Benedict Arnold served the American army with
    distinction before he was branded as a
  3. ____________ was a reputed protest leader and was
    the first person killed in the Boston Massacre.

Evaluation (cont.)
  1. Compare and contrast the views of a patriot and
    the views of a loyalist. Give at least two
    characteristics for each viewpoint.
  2. Name one of the Acts that the British enforced on
    the colonists. Explain what the act stated and
    explain the effects on the colonists.

Instructional Resources
  • Student Resources
  • Liberty The American Revolution Road to
    Revolution Quiz
  • http//
  • Students will test their knowledge about the
    American Revolution, and see if they can navigate
    their way to independence. Every correct answer
    gets them closer to liberty!
  • The Fight for Independence DVD
  • By putting themselves in the colonists shoes,
    students begin to understand why the colonists,
    who came to this country for religious and
    economic freedom, felt compelled to engage in a
    war with England for their independence. This
    program clearly illustrates the precipitants to
    the Revolutionary War and gets kids thinking
    about how they would have reacted if they had
    lived during colonial times.
  • Libertys Kids
  • http//
  • The Liberty's Kids website includes a broad range
    of entertaining educational activities for kids.
    The website is based on the Libertys Kids TV

Instructional Resources (cont.)
  • George Washington National Treasure Portrait for
  • http//
  • Students will use clues to help solve a
    make-believe mystery! Using a special spyglass
    tool, they will uncover hidden layers of a
    painting and learn fascinating facts about the
    portrait along the way.
  • The Road to Independence
  • http//
  • This game is a simulation of the amount of money
    that goes into putting a war on. Students will
    have to pay for food, ammunition, and troops.
    This game should give the students an idea of how
    expensive a war is.
  • Read-Aloud Plays Revolutionary War by Dallas
  • These exciting, fact-based plays will
    revolutionize the way your students learn about
    history! They'll gain new insights into America's
    fight for independence as they read plays about
    the Boston Tea Party, the Boston Massacre, Tories
    and Loyalists, the Battle of Yorktown, and
    Crossing the Delaware.

Instructional Resources (cont.)
  • Nancy's Story 1765 by Joan Lowry Nixon
  • Virginians are protesting the Stamp Act and Nancy
    Geddy is afraid the uncertain times will harm her
    father's business. And if that worry is not
    enough, Nancy's stepmother is making her life
    miserable. Grades 4-6, 165 pages.
  • Magic Tree House 22 Revolutionary War on
    Wednesday by Mary Pope Osborne.
  • The Magic Tree House whisks Jack and Annie back
    to Colonial America. They arrive just as General
    George Washington is planning the crossing of the
    Delaware River. Before they know it, Jack and
    Annie are in a boat with the Father of Our
    Country as history is made.
  • During the field trip to Washington DC, students
    will make a stop at Valley Forge to discover the
    lives of the soldiers in the hard winter times.

Instructional Resources (cont.)
  • George Washington Crossing the Delaware painting
  • Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, American,
    1816-1868 George Washington Crossing the
    Delaware, 1851 Oil on Canvas 12 2/5 x 21 1/4 in.
    (378.5 x 647.7 cm) Gift of John S. Kennedy, 1897
  • Music of the Revolutionary War
  • http//
  • Music served a useful part in the Revolutionary
    War. Songs were written for different reasons.
    Often they were used to help make people feel
    excited and emotional about their cause.
    Revolutionary music was a good way to express
    feelings, make fun of the enemy, and forget the
    terrible realities of war.

Instructional Resources (cont.)
  • Events Leading Up to War (2004) DVD
  • An in-depth video chronicling the events leading
    up to the Revolutionary War for grades 4-8.
  • Revolutionary War Video Quiz VHS
  • This is a quality video that contains the
    important content knowledge of the Revolutionary
    War with an effective built-in quiz format.
  • The Patriot Movie DVD
  • Benjamin Martin is a South Carolina planter who
    is still haunted by his notoriously brutal past
    as a soldier in the French and Indian War. When
    the American Revolution comes, he chooses not to
    fight for the Continental Army because he wants
    to protect his family. When Martin is faced with
    his family being in danger, he comes up with a
    way to fight and protect his family.
  • Liberty American Revolution 1775-83 by Columbia
    Games Board Game
  • Liberty is a fast-playing game covering the
    American Revolution from 1775-1783. British,
    American, and French forces are included and the
    role of the Indians and Navies is depicted. The
    unique problems faced by each side become clear
    in this exciting game.

Instructional Resources (cont.)
  • Teacher Resources
  • Teacher Corner
  • http//
  • This website contains a plethora of lesson ideas
    for Revolutionary War units.
  • Houghton Mifflin English Graphic Organizers
  • http//
  • This website has many ideas and templates for
    graphic organizers that teachers can use in the
  • History Central A Teachers Guide to the
    Revolutionary War
  • http//
  • This teacher website contains a wealth of
    discussion items and concepts that are relevant
    to the Revolutionary War.
  • 1776 by David McCullough
  • This book for adults provides the military aspect
    of the Revolutionary War. It contains a high
    reading level, but teachers can use this book to
    aid in giving more information to their students
    that is not in their textbooks.