Unit One - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Unit One PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6c9e60-MDY0O



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Unit One

Description:

Title: Unit One Author: User Last modified by: Created Date: 7/13/2010 11:17:18 PM Document presentation format: Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:30
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 23 September 2019
Slides: 60
Provided by: educ1158
Learn more at: http://ceo.hpu.edu.cn
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Unit One


1
(No Transcript)
2
Unit One
Growing Up
3
  • Warm-up Topics
  • Objectives
  • Cultural Notes
  • Main Contents
  • Writing Strategy
  • Assignment

4
Objectives
  • Students will be able to
  • grasp the main idea and the structure of the text
    (narration in chronological sequence)
  • appreciate the narrative skills demonstrated in
    the text
  • master the key language points and grammatical
    structures in the text
  • conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking
    and writing activities related to the theme of
    the unit.

5
What do you think of growing up?
Growing up
life becomes better as one grows up it takes
time to grow up life is not always what one has
planned life is full of surprise life is not
easy growing up can be quite an adventure, full
of unexpectedness ...
6
Cultural Notes
7
Grade schools in U. S.
  • Third year in high school (para.1)
  • the eleventh grade (para.9)
  • elementary schools
  • (kindergarten to 5th or 6th grade),
  • middle schools (grades 6-8) or junior highs
    schools (grades 7-9),
  • high schools or secondary school
  • (grades 9-12 or 10-12).

8
The present Education System in UK
  • 1. The British education system is run by the
    state, which provides funding, oversees standard,
    and tried to make sure all British children
    receive a quality education.
  • 2. Primary and secondary education in the UK is
    compulsory. Children between 5 --16 years old are
    obliged to attend school.
  • 3. Children between 5 ---11 go to primary school
    (state schools co-educational or mixed schools).
  • 4. Children between 11 ---16 go to secondary
    schools (90 of them are enrolled to
    comprehensive schools without reference to their
    academic abilities).
  • Some children choose to attend grammar schools at
    the age of 11 through 11plus examination.

9
Examinations after the secondary education
  • GCSE exams(General Certificate of Secondary
    Education)????????????????16??????16????,????????
    ?????,????????,???????????????????????????????
  • General Certificate of Education-Advanced
    ???????????16?????????????,??????????,????????????
    16??18?????,???????????????????????,????????A?????
    ??????????? ?

10
  • Open University-- and open education------ in
    England it takes 3 years full time study to get
    the first degree for an open university learner
    4 years in Scotland. It was founded in Britain in
    the 1960s for people who may not get the
    opportunity for higher education for economic and
    social reasons. Its open to everybody and
    doesnt demand the same formal educational
    qualifications as the other universities.
    University courses are followed through TV,
    radio, correspondence, videos and a network of
    study centers. At the end of their studies at the
    Open University, successful students are awarded
    a university degree.

11
  • ?Open University ????????????,
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????????,?????20?,???90???,???20?40?
    ????

12
  • GNVQ (General National Vocational
    Qualifications)
  • ?????????????????????????????,??5???,???????????,?
    ???????????????????????????????????????????,??????
    ??????

13
Spaghetti
  • Italian-style thin noodle
  • Cooked by boiling, never taste pulpy
  • Served with sauce, not in soup
  • Use fork
  • point the prongs of the fork
  • poke the spaghetti,
  • twirl the fork prongs
  • scoop, gather up the roll around the prongs
  • place it in your mouth


14
  • Time words, phrases and clauses in Text A
  • since my childhood in Belleville,
  • until my third year in high school,
  • until then,
  • when our class was assigned to Mr. Fleagle for
    third-year English,
  • late in the year,
  • until the night before the essay was due,
  • when I finished,
  • the next morning,
  • two days passed,
  • when I saw him lift my paper from his desk,
  • when Mr. Fleagle finished.

15
  • Task 2
  • Refer to the time words/phrases/clauses you
    have just circled and tell
  • from which point does Baker (the
    author) start talking about his new experience?
  • starting from which paragraph does
    Baker stop writing about his new experience?
  • Task 3
  • Divide the text into 3 parts and sum up the
    main idea (page 9, Ex. 2)

16
PARTS PARAGRAPHS MAIN IDEAS
1 1-2 Baker was bored by everything associated with English courses, including essay writing
2 3-5 Baker found himself attracted by one particular topic and wrote about it for his own joy.
3 6-9 The experience of writing the essay helped him discover his talent for writing and realized what he wished to do in life.
17
  • Text Analysis

18
Second Reading
  • Figure out the main idea
  • of each paragraph

19
Content Questions
20
  • How did Baker used to feel about English courses?
  • 2. What kind of person was Mr. Fleagle?

Until then he had been bored by everything
associated with English. He found English dull
and difficult. He had been bored by the courses.
He was said to be very formal, rigid and
hopelessly out of date. To Baker Mr. Fleagle
looked to be sixty or seventy and excessively
prim. He seemed a comic antique.
21
  • 3. What was the topic that held Bakers
    attention?
  • 4. Why did he want to write about the topic?

The art of eating spaghetti.
Because this title produced an extraordinary
sequence of mental images/ brought back vivid
memories.
22
  • 5. What was Baker prepared for when he found all
    the papers were given back but his?
  • 6. How did the class respond to Bakers essay
    titled The art of eating spaghetti?

He was preparing himself for a command to report
to Mr. Fleagle immediately after school for
discipline
The entire class was listening attentively with
open-hearted enjoyment.
23
(No Transcript)
24
Language Points Grammar Structure
25
  • 1. The idea of becoming a writer had come to me
    off and on since my childhood in Belleville, but
    it wasn't until my third year in high school that
    the possibility took hold. (para.1 )

Ever since I was a child in Belleville, I had
thought of becoming a writer from time to time,
but I didn't make up my mind until I was in the
eleventh grade.
?????,?????????,???????????????????,??????????,???
??????????
26
  • It was not until that

Examples
27
I didnt hear the news until Sunday morning.
Not until Sunday morning did I hear the news.
She didnt realize it was too late to go home
until dark.
Not until dark did she realize it was too late to
go home.
We can't start the job until we have the approval
from the authority concerned.
Not until we have the approval from the authority
concerned can we start the job.
28
  • 3. He was said to be very formal, rigid and
    hopelessly out of date. (para.2)

It was said that he was very formal, rigid and
hopelessly out of date. ???????????????
29
  • 4. I prepared for an unfruitful year with Mr.
    Fleagle and for a long time was not disappointed.
    (para.3)

Note that here is a touch of irony.
I expected that things wouldn't improve with Mr.
Fleagle as our English teacher, and for a long
time I was right in my expectations. ?????,???????
??????????????,???????,???????
30
  • 5. None was quite so simple-minded as What I did
    on My Summer Vocation, but most seemed to be
    almost as dull. (para.3)

as dull as What I did on My Summer Vocation
Compound adjectives simple-minded (Adj.n.-ed)
narrow-minded strong-minded
double-faced good-mannered
kind-hearted short-sighted
cool-headed long-armed
Although there were no such topics as foolish as
What I did on My Summer Vocation, but most of
them were as boring as the one I mentioned.
?????????????????????,??????????
31
  • 6. This title produced an extraordinary sequence
    of mental images.
  • Vivid memories came flooding back of a night
    in Belleville when all of us were seated around
    the supper table.(para.4)

At the sight of the title I saw an unusual series
of pictures in my mind's eye. ???????????????????
????
Vivid memories of a night in Belleville when all
of us were seated around the supper table came
flooding back. ???????????????????,??,???????????
??
??????????????????
The time has come when ordinary people can use
computers at home.
32
  • 7. To write it as I wanted, however, would
    violate all the rules of formal composition Id
    learned in school, (para.5)

as??
??,?????????,?????????????????????
Turn to page 17, try to finish Structure Exercise
2.
33
  • 8. Two days passed before Mr. Fleagle returned
    the graded paper, (para.6)

??????????????????
2????????
3???????????
It was three weeks before she received his
letter. (Three weeks has passed before she )
34
?????????? 1)thatthat?????????????,??? ????
That he was once here can be proved. 2)whether??(
...or not) Whether she comes or not makes no
difference. 3)????who, whom, whose, which, what.
whatever, whichever, whoever Who will
speak at the meeting has not been decided yet.
Which team will win the game is not known
yet. Whatever is worth doing should be
done well. Whoever gains the most points
wins the game. 4) ???? where, when, how, why
When we can begin the experiment is still a
question.
  • 9. but what I was feeling was pure delight at
    this demonstration that my words had the power to
    make people laugh. (para.9)

?????????????????,????????
35
  • 10. In the eleventh grade, at the eleventh hour
    as it were, I had discovered a calling. (para.9)

In my eleventh grade, and one might say at the
last possible moment, I had found something I
wished to take up as a career. ??????,????????,??
?????????????
36
Selection of Details
37
Part 1
  • Mr. Fleagle was dull and rigid.

Eyeglasses Hairstyle Clothes Jaw Nose Manner
of speaking
Excessively prim Formal, rigid, Hopelessly out
of date, A comic antique
38
Part 2
  • Which sentences show that at first Baker was
    unwilling to write the essay?
  • Dull topics, though not so simple- minded
  • Did nothing until the night before the essay was
    due
  • Finally, faced up to the unwelcome task

39
Part 3
Classmates response Mr. Fleagles response My
feeling Mr. Fleagles concluding words
listening attentively, laughing with open-hearted
enjoyment
  • The author didnt tell us directly that his
    essay was very good. By which sentences did he
    managed to give us the impression that this essay
    was very good?

stop 2-3 times, a small prim smile
pleasure, pure delight
of the very essence of the essay
40
Wording Devices
41
Repetition
  • How many prims and primlys are used in para.2?
  • How many wanteds are used in para.5?

There are 9 prims and primlys in as few as 3
sentences. Thus readers have in their mind a
vivid picture of what Mr. Fleagle looked like.
There are 5 wanteds to emphasize Bakers strong
desire to write for himself.
42
Synonymous words and phrases
  • dull, lifeless, cheerless, tedious
  • formal, rigid, prim, correct,
  • write
  • proper
  • anticipate
  • sb. recalls sth.
  • recapture
  • pleasure
  • contempt
  • topic

turn out, compose, put down
respectable
prepare for
vivid memories of sth. come flooding back to sb.
, sth. reawakes in ones mind
relive
delight, happiness
ridicule
title
43
  • Words
  • Expressions

44
Words Phrases to Drill
anticipate argument assign associate avoid bore ca
reer command compose congratulation distribute fin
ally image
inspire possibility recall reputation rigid scan
sequence severe tackle tedious violate vivid
face up to hold back off and on out of date put
down take hold turn in turn out whats more
45
Synonyms
  1. off and on
  2. turn out
  3. assign
  4. anticipate
  5. tedious
  6. out of date
  7. severe
  8. tackle
  9. finally
  10. extraordinary
  11. recall
  12. put down
  13. turn in
  14. whats more
  15. compose
  16. hold back
  • from time to time
  • produce
  • give
  • expect
  • boring
  • old-fashioned
  • plain
  • deal with
  • at last
  • unusual
  • remember
  • write down
  • hand in
  • moreover, in addition
  • write, create
  • keep back

46
Comparison
  • respectable respectful respective
  • turn off turn on - turn up turn down turn
    out turn in
  • career position profession occupation
  • put over put down put off put up
  • hold on hold back hold up hold out
  • face up to live up to add up to come up to
  • avoid prevent
  • be composed of consist of be comprised of --
    constitute be made up of

47
C)
  • 1. The management board ________ three directors
    and two outside consultants.
  • A) is comprised by B) is made up with
  • C) is composed of D) consists in
  • 2. No one imagined that the apparently ________
    businessman was really a criminal.
  • A) respective B) respectable C) respectful D)
    realistic
  • 3. Peter was extremely angry, but cool-headed
    enough to _____ storming into bosss office.
  • A) avoid B) turn C) prevent D)
    prohibit
  • 4. Mr. Smith had an unusual ______ he was first
    an office clerk, then a sailor, and ended up as a
    school teacher.
  • A) profession B) occupation C) position
    D) career

B)
A)
D)
48
C)
  • 5. The new washing machines are_______ at the
    rate of fifty a day.
  • A) turned up B) turned down C) turned
    out D) turned in
  • 6. The movie was so moving that she could not
    ______ her tears.
  • A) hold on B) hold up C) hold out
    D) hold back
  • 7. Now that your daughter is born, you'll have to
    _______ the responsibilities of being a father.
  • A) face up to B) add up to C) live up
    to D) come up to
  • 8. What's the use of a password to your computer
    if you ______ on a piece of paper stuck to the
    computer screen?
  • A) put it over B) put it up C) put it off D)
    put it down

D)
A)
D)
49
Verbs and Nouns
verb noun
assignment
association
argue
anticipate
distribution
verb noun
avoid
composition
inspire
violate
congratulate
assign
avoidance
compose
associate
argument
inspiration
anticipation
violation
distribute
congratulation
50
  • Adjectives and Nouns

Adjective Noun Adjective Noun
possible humor
tediousness rigid
ridicule essence
possibility
humorous
tedious
rigidness
essential
ridiculous
51
Useful Expressions
  • ????
  • ?????
  • ??????
  • ????
  • ????
  • ????,?????
  • ?????
  • ?????
  • ?????
  • ???????
  • off and on
  • be bored by
  • find...dull and difficult
  • have a reputation for
  • sb. be said to be
  • formal, rigid and out of date
  • an informal essay
  • lie on a sofa
  • face up to
  • be seated around the supper table

52
Useful Expressions
  • ???????
  • ????
  • ????
  • ????
  • ????,???
  • ???????
  • ????
  • ????????
  • ????
  • ????
  • reawake in my mind
  • for my own joy
  • violate the rule
  • a failing grade
  • There is no choice but to do
  • Whats more
  • listen attentively
  • laugh with open-hearted enjoyment
  • pure delight
  • at the eleventh hour

53
Narrative writing
54
Assignment
55
  • Finish exercises following Text A for
    consolidation.
  • Write an account of memorable personal
    experience, using first person point of view.
    Then ask one of your classmates to make an
    evaluation about your work.
  • make sure
  • your story has a point, expressed in the first
    sentence
  • provide a context for the reader to understand
    the story
  • provide as many details as possible so that
    readers can really share your experience
  • using time order to organize you details
  • details you selected should support the point
    you stated in the first sentence
  • Tackle Text B on your own.

56
Suggested topic for narrative writing
  • The first time you felt grown-up
  • A time you took a foolish risk
  • An incident that changed your life
  • A time when you did or did not do the right thing
  • Your best or worst holiday, birthday or other
    special occasion
  • An occasion of success in sports or some other
    event

57
Checklist for your narrative writing
  • Have you provided a topic sentence?
  • Have you make the context of your story clear at
    the beginning?
  • Have you told the story in chronological order?
  • Have you keep the point of view consistent all
    in first person?
  • Have you named all the characters and kept their
    behavior and dialogue consistent?
  • Are the details relevant to the main idea of the
    essay? Have you crossed out all unnecessary
    details?
  • If possible, have you included dialogue?
  • Does the narrative have a lesson learned?
  • Are there any mistakes in spelling or grammar?

58
THE END
59
Bye-bye
About PowerShow.com