U.S. Culture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – U.S. Culture PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6c9b72-Y2JhY


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

U.S. Culture


U.S. Culture List as many American values that you can think of Remember values are the standards by which people define good and bad, beautiful and ugly Basic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:53
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 22
Provided by: Hayle1
Learn more at: http://www.lcps.org
Tags: culture


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: U.S. Culture

U.S. Culture
List as many American values that you can think
  • Remember values are the standards by which people
    define good and bad, beautiful and ugly

Basic Values
  • According to sociologist Robin Williams, 15 basic
    values are dominant in US culture
  • Success -Science
  • Hard work -External conformity
  • Efficiency -Individualism
  • Material comfort -In-group superiority
  • Morality -Equality
  • Humanitarianism - Freedom
  • Progress - Patriotism
  • Democracy

Value Clusters
  • Made up of related core values that come together
    to form a larger whole
  • Example Success
  • We find hard work, education, efficiency,
    material comfort and individualism all bound

Value Contractions
  • Some values conflict with each other
  • Example There cannot be full expressions of
    democracy, equality, racism and sexism at the
    same time
  • As society changes some values are challenged and
    undergo modification

Culture War
  • Core values do not change without meeting strong
  • Todays clash in values is so severe that it is
    referred to a culture war

Values blind people
  • Values and their supporting beliefs may blind
    people to other social circumstances
  • Example the emphasis on individualism
  • So high that many people in the US believe that
    everyone is free to pursue the goal of success
  • Blinds them to the consequences of family
    poverty, lack of education and dead-end jobs

Ideal Culture v. Real Culture
  • Ideal Culture- refers to the ideal values and
    norms of people
  • Most people fall short of this
  • Real Culture- norms and values that people
    actually follow

Changing Society
  • As society changes over time new values emerge
    that reflect changed social conditions
  • For example leisure, physical fitness,
    self-fulfillment, concern for environment

Culture Changes is 3 ways
  • Invention- creating new cultural elements
  • Telephone, airplane, internet
  • Discovery- Recognizing a better understanding of
    something already in existence
  • X-Ray, DNA
  • Diffusion- The spread of cultural traits from one
    society to another
  • Jazz music, slang words, etc.

  • Central to material culture is technology
  • Refers to tool but can include the skills or
    procedures to make and use those tools
  • New technologies refer to the emerging
    technologies that have a major impact on human

Culture Lag
  • Term coined by William Ogburn
  • Refers to a situation in which not all parts of a
    culture change at the same pace
  • A groups material culture usually changes first
  • Non-material culture lags behind
  • Sometimes non-material culture never catches up

Cultural diffusion
  • The transmission of cultural characteristics
  • Material culture is more likely to change because
    of cultural diffusion
  • One consequence Cultural leveling
  • The process in which cultures become similar to
    one another
  • Example Japan adopting western culture

Culture Clash
  • Differences among cultures can be expected to
    generate most of the conflict around the world
  • Coming in contact with radically different
    cultures produces culture shock
  • Challenging our basic assumptions about life

  • The attitude that ones own culture is superior
    to those of other people
  • Can serve as the glue to hold society together
  • Strong sense of unity as a nation

Cultural Relativism
  • The belief that a culture must be understood on
    its own terms
  • Looking at a culture from their own perspective
    and understand why they do things their way
  • Can contribute to international peace

  • US is made up of different cultures
  • I.e. Anglo, Hispanic, African
  • Multiculturalism- a state in which all
    subcultures in the same society are equal to one
  • Varies in degree from 1 society to another
  • Switzerland most multicultural (Fr, Gm, It)
  • Bosnia- minorities are despised and often killed
  • US somewhere in between

US Multiculturalism
  • Eurocentrism- view the world from the standpoint
    of European culture
  • Afrocentrism- the view of world from the
    standpoint of African culture

Pop Culture
  • Popular culture consists of relatively
    unsophisticated artistic creations that appeal to
    the mass audience
  • Movies, tv shows, music

Cultural Universals
  • All human beings have the same needs that must be
    met in order to survive
  • Biological needs- food and shelter
  • Social needs- clothing, complex communication,
    peaceful coexistence, aesthetic spiritual
  • These needs are universal
  • Cultural Universals- practices found in all
    cultures as the means for meeting the same human
  • Food gathering - art forms
  • Building houses - religion
  • Developing language

What values do celebrities portray?
About PowerShow.com