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U.S. Culture

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U.S. Culture List as many American values that you can think of Remember values are the standards by which people define good and bad, beautiful and ugly Basic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: U.S. Culture


1
U.S. Culture
2
List as many American values that you can think
of
  • Remember values are the standards by which people
    define good and bad, beautiful and ugly

3
Basic Values
  • According to sociologist Robin Williams, 15 basic
    values are dominant in US culture
  • Success -Science
  • Hard work -External conformity
  • Efficiency -Individualism
  • Material comfort -In-group superiority
  • Morality -Equality
  • Humanitarianism - Freedom
  • Progress - Patriotism
  • Democracy

4
Value Clusters
  • Made up of related core values that come together
    to form a larger whole
  • Example Success
  • We find hard work, education, efficiency,
    material comfort and individualism all bound
    together

5
Value Contractions
  • Some values conflict with each other
  • Example There cannot be full expressions of
    democracy, equality, racism and sexism at the
    same time
  • As society changes some values are challenged and
    undergo modification

6
Culture War
  • Core values do not change without meeting strong
    resistance
  • Todays clash in values is so severe that it is
    referred to a culture war

7
Values blind people
  • Values and their supporting beliefs may blind
    people to other social circumstances
  • Example the emphasis on individualism
  • So high that many people in the US believe that
    everyone is free to pursue the goal of success
  • Blinds them to the consequences of family
    poverty, lack of education and dead-end jobs

8
Ideal Culture v. Real Culture
  • Ideal Culture- refers to the ideal values and
    norms of people
  • Most people fall short of this
  • Real Culture- norms and values that people
    actually follow

9
Changing Society
  • As society changes over time new values emerge
    that reflect changed social conditions
  • For example leisure, physical fitness,
    self-fulfillment, concern for environment

10
Culture Changes is 3 ways
  • Invention- creating new cultural elements
  • Telephone, airplane, internet
  • Discovery- Recognizing a better understanding of
    something already in existence
  • X-Ray, DNA
  • Diffusion- The spread of cultural traits from one
    society to another
  • Jazz music, slang words, etc.

11
technology
  • Central to material culture is technology
  • Refers to tool but can include the skills or
    procedures to make and use those tools
  • New technologies refer to the emerging
    technologies that have a major impact on human
    life

12
Culture Lag
  • Term coined by William Ogburn
  • Refers to a situation in which not all parts of a
    culture change at the same pace
  • A groups material culture usually changes first
  • Non-material culture lags behind
  • Sometimes non-material culture never catches up

13
Cultural diffusion
  • The transmission of cultural characteristics
  • Material culture is more likely to change because
    of cultural diffusion
  • One consequence Cultural leveling
  • The process in which cultures become similar to
    one another
  • Example Japan adopting western culture

14
Culture Clash
  • Differences among cultures can be expected to
    generate most of the conflict around the world
  • Coming in contact with radically different
    cultures produces culture shock
  • Challenging our basic assumptions about life

15
Ethnocentrism
  • The attitude that ones own culture is superior
    to those of other people
  • Can serve as the glue to hold society together
  • Strong sense of unity as a nation

16
Cultural Relativism
  • The belief that a culture must be understood on
    its own terms
  • Looking at a culture from their own perspective
    and understand why they do things their way
  • Can contribute to international peace

17
Multicultural
  • US is made up of different cultures
  • I.e. Anglo, Hispanic, African
  • Multiculturalism- a state in which all
    subcultures in the same society are equal to one
    another
  • Varies in degree from 1 society to another
  • Switzerland most multicultural (Fr, Gm, It)
  • Bosnia- minorities are despised and often killed
  • US somewhere in between

18
US Multiculturalism
  • Eurocentrism- view the world from the standpoint
    of European culture
  • Afrocentrism- the view of world from the
    standpoint of African culture

19
Pop Culture
  • Popular culture consists of relatively
    unsophisticated artistic creations that appeal to
    the mass audience
  • Movies, tv shows, music

20
Cultural Universals
  • All human beings have the same needs that must be
    met in order to survive
  • Biological needs- food and shelter
  • Social needs- clothing, complex communication,
    peaceful coexistence, aesthetic spiritual
    experiences
  • These needs are universal
  • Cultural Universals- practices found in all
    cultures as the means for meeting the same human
    needs
  • Food gathering - art forms
  • Building houses - religion
  • Developing language

21
What values do celebrities portray?
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