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Mental Disorders

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Mental Disorders Illness that affects a person s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. (Many types) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mental Disorders


1
Mental Disorders
Illness that affects a persons thoughts,
emotions, and behaviors. (Many types)
2
Symptoms(should only be diagnosed by a licensed
professional)
  • Too much or too little sleep

3
Feelings of Extreme Sadness
4
Unexplained Mood Changes
Personality Changes
5
Drug or Alcohol Abuse
6
Lack of Concentration
7
Extreme Anxiety or Irrational Fear
8
False Perceptions of Reality
9
I. Anxiety Disorders
  • Disorders in which real or imagined fears occur
    so often they prevent a person from enjoying
    life.
  • Phobias are an example.

10
II. Panic Disorder
  • Sudden feeling of terror that strikes without
    warning.
  • Putting oneself in danger by trying to escape the
    situation.

11
III. Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Avoidance of experiences that could trigger
    memories of a traumatic experience such as
    wartime experiences or abuse.

12
IV. Clinical Depression
  • Prolonged and persistent depression. It is
    typically treated with medication.

13
V. Hypochondria
  • Belief of illness when none is present

14
VI. Bipolar Disorder
  • A mood disorder in which a persons moods vary
    from being very high to very depressed. It is
    caused by a chemical imbalance and is
    uncontrollable.

15
VII. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Behavior that is characterized by unreasonable
    thoughts and actions that are rigid, inflexible,
    and repetitive.

16
VIII. Schizophrenia
  • A mental disorder in which there is a split or
    breakdown in logical thought processes.
  • False perception of reality
  • Hallucinations and/or delusions

17
IX. Addictive Behavior
  • Behavior associated with repeated and continual
    connection with an activity or object that
    results in unhealthful effects on the person.
  • It is usually an escape from situations or
    responsibilities that are painful or difficult.

18
X. Codependence
  • A mental disorder in which a person loses
    personal identity, has frozen feelings, and copes
    ineffectively.

19
Enabler
  • A person who knowingly or unknowingly supports a
    person who has an addiction by protecting them,
    making it easy for them to continue in the
    addiction.

20
Intervention
  • A confrontation by people such as parents,
    spouses, or friends, who wish to help a person
    with an addiction.

21
Treatment
  • Therapy that helps a person overcome an
    addiction. Individual therapy, group therapy,
    and 12-step programs are effective forms of
    therapy.

22
Relapse
  • A return to an addiction after a period of
    abstaining from it.
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