Chapter 7: The Church Transmits God - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Chapter 7: The Church Transmits God PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6c8f69-YTcwO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 7: The Church Transmits God

Description:

Chapter 7: The Church Transmits God s Revelation FAITH AND REVELATION – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:79
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 90
Provided by: Moll46
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 7: The Church Transmits God


1
Chapter 7 The Church Transmits Gods Revelation
  • FAITH AND REVELATION

2
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • In what sense has the Church been in existence
    from the beginning?
  • Why does the Church have the power to forgive
    sins?
  • What did Christs appearance to St. Thomas
    reveal?
  • What did Christs appearance on the road to
    Emmaus reveal?
  • What did Christs appearance on the shore of Lake
    Galilee reveal?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • The Church, as a human family living in communion
    with God and one another, has been present in a
    hidden way from the beginning.
  • Christ gave his disciples his divine power to
    forgive sins.
  • Christs appearance to St. Thomas confirms both
    the necessity of faith and his physical
    Resurrection.
  • His appearance on the Road to Emmaus revealed
    that Christ fulfilled the Messianic prophesies of
    the Old Testament.
  • Christ confirmed St. Peters authority as chief
    shepherd of his Church when he appeared to the
    Apostles in Galilee.

3
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Read Christs appearance on the Road to Emmaus
    (Lk 241332), and then discuss the following
    questions 
  • Why do you think the two disciples did not
    recognize Christ?
  • How did the two disciples unconsciously know
    their companion was Christ even before they knew
    it with certainty?
  • What message did Christ teach the two disciples?

4
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • What are the two beginning points of the Churchs
    history?
  • They are Pentecost and the moment of creation. 
  • Why is the moment of creation, properly speaking,
    the beginning of the Church?
  • Gods original intentby creating Adam and Eve in
    his imagewas a family of men and women living in
    communion with their Creator and with each other.
    This is the self-same nature of the Church. 
  • What destroyed this original plan?
  • Original Sin destroyed it. 
  • What is the essence of both the Old and the New
    Testaments?
  • The Old Testament reveals how God worked to
    restore the communion between himself and human
    beings. The New Testament reveals the ultimate
    act of restoration through Christs Sacrifice on
    the Cross, his Resurrection, and the gift of the
    Holy Spirit at Pentecost.

5
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • Just before his Ascension, what did Christ
    instruct his disciples to do?
  • He commissioned them to continue his ministry on
    earth. 
  • Why would the Apostles naturally be overwhelmed
    with their task?
  • There were eleven of them, and they were mostly
    uneducated. Their leader had been mocked,
    tortured, and crucified by both the religious and
    political authorities. 
  • What assistance did Christ promise his Apostles?
  • He promised them the Holy Spirit, who would
    teach you all things, and bring to your
    remembrance all that I have said to you.

6
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Complete a paragraph shrink on the two paragraphs
    beginning, Meditating on this truth, and The
    eminent fourth-century historian.

7
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • JESUS BESTOWS HIS AUTHORITY ON THE APOSTLES
  •  
  • What power did Christ give his Apostles on the
    night of his Resurrection?
  • He gave them the power to forgive sins.
  • How was the Apostles power to forgive sins an
    extension of Gods power to forgive sins?
  • Only God has the power to forgive sins. Christ,
    being God, exercised this power during his public
    ministry. Christ gave his Apostlesand they to
    their successorsthis divine power.
  •  
  • DOUBTING THOMAS
  • What does the story of Doubting Thomas reveal?
  • First, it reveals that faith is necessary to
    grasp the reality of Christs Resurrection.
    Second, it reveals that the Resurrection was not
    an allegorical story or a symbolic representation
    of a transformation that took place within the
    Apostles Jesus Christ rose bodily from the dead,
    bearing the marks of his Crucifixion.

8
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • Guided Exercise
  • Complete a Think/Pair/Share on the following
    question
  • Christ said to St. Thomas, Have you have
    believed because you have seen me? Blessed are
    those who have not seen and yet believe (Jn
    2029). How do those words apply to us today?

9
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • THE ROAD TO EMMAUS JESUS REVEALED IN THE
    EUCHARIST
  • What did the risen Christ explain to the two
    disciples on the road to Emmaus?
  • Christ illumined the Scriptures, showing how the
    history of Revelation pointed toward the events
    that had just taken place in Jerusalem. Christ
    was the fulfillment of all the covenants and the
    hope for mankind.
  • When did the two disciples recognize their
    companion was Christ?
  • They recognized him as he broke and blessed the
    bread and wine when they sat down for a meal. 
  • What was the meaning of the breaking of the
    bread in the early Church?
  • It meant the celebration of the Eucharist, the
    Mass.

10
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • ST. PETERS REDEMPTION IN GALILEE
  • Why might the Apostles have been surprised that
    Christ told them to return to Galilee?
  • They were then in Jerusalem, the capital of
    Israel, and many were expecting Christ to
    reestablish the independent, temporal Kingdom of
    Israel immediately, whereas Galilee was an
    out-of-the-way place. 
  • What prophecy was fulfilled by the Apostles
    return to Galilee?
  • Isaiah foretold that Galilee would be the place
    where the restoration of the Kingdom of Israel
    would begin In the latter time God will make
    glorious the way of the sea, the land beyond the
    Jordan, Galilee of the nations (Is 91). 
  • What did the miraculous catch of 153 fish
    symbolize?
  • Greek naturalists had identified 153 different
    kinds of fish in the world. Symbolically, the
    Apostles had caught every kind of fish. Since
    Christ had called the Apostles to be fishers of
    men, this implied the Apostles, with Christs
    help, would win converts from every land. 

11
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • Why did Christ ask St. Peter three times if he
    loved him?
  • By the charcoal fire on the shore of Lake of
    Galilee, Christ gave St. Peter the opportunity to
    reverse his threefold denial of Christ by the
    charcoal fire in the courtyard in Jerusalem.
  • What vocation did Christ reconfirm in St. Peter?
  • St. Peter was to be the shepherd who would tend
    Christs lambs, that is, all believers. In
    other words, Christ was repeating his invitation
    to St. Peter to be the rock upon which he would
    build his Church.

12
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • Closure
  •  
  • Write a paragraph summarizing what the Apostles
    learned from Christs appearances after the
    Resurrection.

13
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • Homework Assignment
  • Reading
  • RESTORING THE KINGDOM through THE RIDDLE.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 16.
  • Practical Exercises 12, 4.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 18.

14
1. Christ After the Resurrection
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Read silently Christs appearance to St. Mary
    Magdalene (Jn 20118), and then free write for
    five minutes about what this passage reveals.

15
2. Pentecost
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • What did Christ do during the forty days he
    appeared to his Apostles after his Resurrection?
  • Why did the Apostles replace Judas?
  • What is Pentecost?
  • What was the message of St. Peters first sermon
    at Pentecost?
  • What is the answer to the riddle, How can
    Davids son be Davids Lord?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • Christ taught his disciples about the Kingdom of
    God during the forty days after his Resurrection
    and before his Ascension. The disciples waited in
    Jerusalem for the Holy Spirit.
  • The Apostles elected St. Matthias to replace
    Judas, which restored their number to twelve.
  • On Pentecost the Apostles were filled with the
    Holy Spirit.
  • St. Peters first sermon showed that Christ, the
    very person that his audience had had a hand in
    crucifying, was raised from the dead, fulfilling
    the prophecy that God would neither abandon his
    soul to Hades nor let his Holy One see
    corruption.
  • David called the Messiah both his son and his
    Lord because Christ was a descendant of David,
    thus his son, and the preexisting Son of God,
    thus Davids Lord.

16
2. Pentecost
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Read silently about the Ascension of Christ and
    the election of St. Matthias (Acts 1).

17
2. Pentecost
  • RESTORING THE KINGDOM 
  • What prophecy of St. John the Baptist had Christ
    not yet fulfilled?
  • He was to baptize with the Holy Spirit and with
    fire. 
  • What did Christ say the Apostles ministry will
    be?
  • After having received the Holy Spirit, they would
    be Christs universal witnesses. 
  • What does the phrase, in Jerusalem and in all
    Judea and Samaria and to the end of the earth,
    describe?
  • It describes the restored Davidic Kingdom the
    center at Jerusalem, then Judea (that which was
    left after the division between Israel and
    Judah), Samaria (the lost kingdom of Israel), and
    the ends of the earth (all the Gentile nations).
  • According to the Catechism no. 1546, what is the
    nature of the common priesthood of all believers?
  • The Church is a kingdom of priests. Every
    baptized person participates in Christs
    priesthood according to his or her own vocation.

18
2. Pentecost
  • How does the New Kingdom differ from Davids
    kingdom?
  • Davids was a temporal empire, whereas the Church
    encompasses all nations and times with Christ
    reigning from Heaven, guiding his ministers to
    handle the earthly affairs of the kingdom. 
  • How did Christ spend the time between his
    Resurrection and his Ascension?
  • He prepared the Apostles for their ministry as he
    had spent forty days in the desert preparing for
    his own.
  • Why did Christ instruct the Apostles to remain in
    Jerusalem?
  • They were to await the coming baptism of the Holy
    Spirit.

19
2. Pentecost
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Free write for a few minutes on how Zechariahs
    prophecy (Zec 21112) has been fulfilled in the
    Church.

20
2. Pentecost
  • THE ELECTION OF ST. MATTHIAS
  • On what authority did St. Peter decide the Church
    needed to choose a successor to Judas?
  • Christ had told St. Peter to feed his sheep,
    that is, to be the chief shepherd of the Church. 
  • Why was it important that there be twelve
    Apostles?
  • St. Peter understood the choice of the Twelve was
    significant a symbol of the Twelve Tribes of
    Israel. Appointed by Christ to be the leader of
    the Apostles and of the Christian community, he
    decided it was necessary to replace Judas before
    the restoration of the kingdom began. 
  • What criteria were used to choose the successor
    of Judas?
  • Judass replacement had to have been with Christ
    from his Baptism until the Ascension so he could
    be an eyewitness to the Resurrection.

21
2. Pentecost
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Complete a Focused Reading of the paragraph
    beginning, In Greek, using the following
    question 
  • In the Church, what is the connection between the
    words office and bishop?

22
2. Pentecost
  • PENTECOST
  • What does Pentecost mean, and what did the Jews
    celebrate at this feast?
  • Pentecost comes from the Greek for fiftieth it
    is the fiftieth day after Passover and the feast
    on which the Jews celebrated the giving of the
    Law to Moses on Mt. Sinai.
  • In what sense was Pentecost an international
    event?
  • Jews from all over the world gathered in
    Jerusalem to celebrate this festival. 
  • What two similes did St. Luke use to describe the
    descent of the Holy Spirit?
  • There was a sound like the rush of a mighty wind,
    and tongues as of fire appeared.

23
2. Pentecost
  • How did the assembled Jews from the various
    nations react to the Apostles speaking in
    various languages?
  • They were amazed, although some thought they
    might have been drunk.
  • What was St. Peters message to the crowds in
    Jerusalem?
  • Christ and the events unfolding before their eyes
    fulfilled the covenants and inaugurated the
    restoration of the Kingdom of Israel. They were
    seeing what the prophet Joel had foretold the
    Spirit of God poured out on everyone.

24
2. Pentecost
  • THE RIDDLE HOW CAN DAVIDS SON BE DAVIDS LORD?
  • What does the question, How can Davids son be
    Davids Lord? mean when applied to Christ?
  • How can Christ be both the Son of God and the Son
    of David? If Christ is truly divine, how could he
    also have been born of a woman?
  • Why is it understandable that Christ asked people
    this riddle during his public ministry?
  • It is at the core of who the Messiah is a Son of
    David and the Son of God. 
  • Was this question ever answered in the Gospels?
  • No.

25
2. Pentecost
  • Who answered this riddle?
  • St. Peter, at Pentecost, inspired by the Holy
    Spirit, answered it. 
  • What challenges did St. Peter face with his
    audience during his sermon at Pentecost?
  • Some mocked the Apostles, saying they were drunk
    others had earlier turned against Christ and
    demanded his Crucifixion still others looked
    down on the Apostles because they were from
    Galilee. 
  • What approach did St. Peter adopt to persuade the
    crowd?
  • He appealed to their understanding of the
    Scriptures and showed how Christ had fulfilled
    them.

26
2. Pentecost
  • How did St. Peter explain the behavior of the
    disciples at Pentecost?
  • He explained that the prophesy of Joel has been
    fulfilled these are the last days in which God
    was pouring out his Spirit on ordinary sons and
    daughters of Israel. 
  • What was the point of Christs miracles according
    to St. Peter?
  • They were evidencewhich many in St. Peters
    audience had personally witnessed or heard about
    from othersthat Jesus is the Messiah sent to
    them by God. 
  • According to St. Peter, how does Psalm 16
    prophesy that the Messiah would rise from the
    dead?
  • Thou wilt not let thy Holy One see corruption
    (Acts 1335 cf. Ps 1610).
  • According to St. Peter, why did David call his
    son my Lord?
  • The Son of David is also the Son of God he
    entered history to accomplish the work of
    salvation, and now he lives and reigns at the
    right hand of God the Father.

27
2. Pentecost
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Perform a paragraph shrink on the paragraph
    beginning, Jesus, being of both human and divine
    natures.

28
2. Pentecost
  • Closure
  •  
  • Write a paragraph summarizing the message of St.
    Peters Pentecost sermon.

29
2. Pentecost
  • Homework Assignment
  • Reading
  • ST. PETERS AUTHORITY through ST. PHILIP BAPTIZES
    THE ETHIOPIAN
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 713.
  • Practical Exercise 3 7.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 916.

30
2. Pentecost
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Free write for five minutes on how Christ gave
    new meaning to the Jewish feast of Pentecost as
    he had done for the Passover.

31
3. The Primitive Church
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • What did the primitive Church do?
  • Who was St. Stephen?
  • How did the early Church worship?
  • Who was the Ethiopian eunuch, and why was he
    important?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • The primitive Church grew quickly under St.
    Peters leadership and devoted herself to
    preaching, the Eucharist and prayers, and caring
    for one another.
  • After he had been arrested and brought before the
    Sanhedrin, St. Stephen the deacon delivered a
    courageous but inflammatory summary of Jewish
    history. Accused of blasphemy, St. Stephen was
    stoned to death the first martyr.
  • The primitive Church worshiped in the synagogue
    publicly on the Sabbath and then celebrated the
    Eucharist in their homes privately on Sunday.
  • Led by the Holy Spirit, St. Philip showed the
    Ethiopian eunuch that Jesus was the fulfillment
    of the Scriptures (Old Testament). When he asked
    for Baptism, the Apostle complied. The Ethiopian,
    who was barred from Judaism because he could not
    be circumcised, was the first Gentile convert
    baptized into the Church.

32
3. The Primitive Church
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Perform a focused reading of Catechism, no. 781
    (cf. FROM THE CATECHISM at the end of the
    chapter), using the following question
  • In what particular way does God desire that his
    universal salvific will be carried out?

33
3. The Primitive Church
  • ST. PETERS AUTHORITY
  • How did St. Peter show his authority on
    Pentecost?
  • He preached to the crowd and urged them to
    repent, believe, and be baptized. About 3000 were
    baptized that day. 
  • What did the followers of Christ do during the
    days after Pentecost?
  • They devoted themselves to the Apostles
    teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of
    bread, and the prayers (Acts 242). They
    listened to the Apostles preaching, took part in
    the Eucharist, and prayed. They shared their
    belongings with each other and the poor.
  • Who spoke for the Church when the Apostles were
    arrested by the Sanhedrin?
  • St. Peter.
  • Why were the Sanhedrin forced to release the
    Apostles?
  • Had they arrested the Twelve, they feared a riot.

34
3. The Primitive Church
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Work with a partner to brainstorm reasons why
    many of the early conversions were relatively
    easy to achieve.

35
3. The Primitive Church
  • THE MARTYRDOM OF ST. STEPHEN
  • What is The Way?
  • It was what the early Church called herself. 
  • What is a deacon?
  • He is a man the Apostles ordained to assist in
    the day-to-day activities of the Church.
    Extension Deacon comes from the Greek for
    servant. 
  • Why did St. Stephen come to the attention of the
    Jewish authorities?
  • He worked miracles and was a dynamic speaker.

36
3. The Primitive Church
  • What was the subject of St. Stephens preaching
    before the chief priests?
  • He explained how the coming of Christ had been
    prophesied throughout the Scriptures (Old
    Testament).
  • Why did the court declare St. Stephen had
    committed blasphemy?
  • He said he was having a vision and saw Christ
    standing at the right hand of God. Extension
    This was a problem for the Sanhedrin because St.
    Stephen was saying that Jesus, whom they had
    condemned to death, was Gods Anointed (Messiah,
    or Christ). 
  • What did the authorities do to St. Stephen?
  • They stoned him to death thus, he is the first
    Christian martyr.

37
3. The Primitive Church
  • Guided Exercise
  • Complete a Think/Pair/Write/Share using the
    following question
  • What was the effect of the persecution that the
    Jewish authorities had launched against the
    Church?

38
3. The Primitive Church
  • EARLY CHRISTIAN WORSHIP
  • What did the early Christians consider their
    place in Judaism?
  • They considered themselves Jews who kept the
    Sabbath and followed Jewish Law, the only
    difference being that they recognized the
    Messiah. 
  • How did the early Christians worship?
  • They worshiped at the synagogue publicly on the
    Sabbath and celebrated the Eucharist in their
    homes privately on Sunday.
  • What does it mean to say the synagogue and Temple
    are united in the Christian Mass?
  • The first part of the Mass, the Liturgy of the
    Word, is drawn from the synagogue liturgy with
    its scriptural readings and prayers. The second
    part of the Mass, the Liturgy of the Eucharist,
    developed from the Temple liturgy of the thank
    offering and the Passover as Christ celebrated it
    at the Last Supper.

39
3. The Primitive Church
  • ST. PHILIP BAPTIZES THE ETHIOPIAN
  • Who was the first Gentile to whom an Apostle
    preached?
  • St. Philip preached to an Ethiopian eunuch. 
  • Why did St. Philip preach to him?
  • He was sent by an angel.
  • Why was it not surprising that the eunuch was
    reading the prophesy of Isaiah?
  • Since the time of Solomon, there had been a
    Jewish presence in Ethiopia, and, as a result,
    there were a good number of converts to the
    Jewish faith living there.

40
3. The Primitive Church
  • Why could the Ethiopian eunuch not have become a
    Jew?
  • According to Deuteronomy 231, a eunuch could not
    be part of the Jewish community because he could
    not have been circumcised.
  • What did Isaiah promise to pious eunuchs?
  • God promised they would one day be more important
    to him than sons and daughters. Extension This
    is fulfilled by those who make themselves eunuchs
    for the sake of the Kingdom of God, that is,
    accept the vocation to celibacy.
  • What was an effective argument used by the early
    Christians to gain converts?
  • They showed how Christ fulfilled the Scriptures.
  • What was the significance of the Baptism of the
    Ethiopian eunuch?
  • He was the first Gentile baptized a Christian,
    bypassing Judaism. This was a sign that the
    Gospel is for everyone. Extension Ethiopia was
    the farthest part of the known world.

41
3. The Primitive Church
  • Closure
  •  
  • Write a paragraph arguing the Baptism of the
    Ethiopian eunuch showed that the Church is for
    every person on earth without distinction.

42
3. The Primitive Church
  • Homework Assignment
  • Reading
  • SAUL THE PERSECUTOR through THE COUNCIL OF
    JERUSALEM.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 1419.
  • Practical Exercise 8.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 1725.

43
3. The Primitive Church
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Work with a partner to complete Practical
    Exercise 8 about St. Stephen and the effect of
    martyrs.

44
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • Who was Saul?
  • What is the significance of the conversion of
    Cornelius?
  • What is the significance of the Council of
    Jerusalem?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • Saul was a zealous Jew who persecuted the
    primitive Church until Christ appeared to him
    personally and made him an Apostle.
  • God revealed to St. Peter that the proselyte
    Cornelius and all his household should be
    baptized without becoming Jews first.
  • At the Council of Jerusalem, St. Peters decision
    that Gentile converts did not have to follow the
    Mosaic Law was accepted by the Church.

45
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Conduct a Think/Pair/Share on the following
    questions
  • Do you think the Apostles imagined soon everyone
    in the world would be living the Mosaic Law and
    making pilgrimages to the Temple?
  • Why might they have assumed this?

46
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • SAUL THE PERSECUTOR
  •  
  • Who was Saul?
  • He was an educated Jew and Roman citizen who was
    zealous for the Mosaic Law and willing to go to
    any length to curb abuses of it.
  • Why did Saul lead the persecution of the early
    Church?
  • The new practices and teachings being introduced
    by the believers of Christ must have seemed an
    abomination to him.

47
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • SAULS CONVERSION
  • What did Christ mean when he said to Saul, Why
    do you persecute me?
  • Saul was persecuting the Church, the Mystical
    Body of Christ. Therefore, he was persecuting
    Christ himself. 
  • Why did Ananias argue with Christ?
  • He was afraid to go to Saul because he was a
    mortal danger to Christians.
  • Why were Christians in Jerusalem reluctant to
    bring St. Paul to the Apostles?
  • They had a hard time believing Saul had really
    converted to Christ.

48
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • ARE CHRISTIANS BOUND BY THE MOSAIC LAW?
  •  
  • What was the basic question the Church had to
    answer with respect to Gentiles?
  • Did a Gentile have to become a Jew first before
    he could become a Christian? 
  • Who was Cornelius?
  • He was a Roman commander and a proselyte of the
    gate. 
  • What did the voice in the kill and eat vision
    mean by the command, What God has cleansed, you
    must not call unclean?
  • First, all foods are clean, that is, may be
    eaten this is a departure from Jewish dietary
    regulations. Second, if a man has been cleaned by
    Baptism, he is acceptable to God. 
  • How did St. Peter know Cornelius and his
    household should be baptized?
  • They had received the gift of the Holy Spirit,
    and this convinced St. Peter that they had the
    right to be baptized. Extension Cornelius and
    his household received the Holy Spirit before
    they were baptized.

49
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • THE COUNCIL OF JERUSALEM
  •  
  • Where did Sts. Paul and Barnabas go?
  • They traveled to Antioch, preached Christ, and
    won many Gentile converts. 
  • What was the first name used to describe
    followers of Christ, and what new name did they
    receive in Antioch?
  • They called their religion The Way. In Antioch
    they were called Christians for the first time.
  • What did the Jewish Christians who came to
    Antioch claim?
  • They told the Gentile converts they could not be
    saved unless they were circumcised and followed
    the Law of Moses. 
  • How did St. Paul correct St. Peter?
  • When these Jewish Christians appeared, St. Peter
    withdrew from eating with the Gentile Christians.
    St. Paul confronted St. Peter publicly, arguing,
    If you, though a Jew, live like a Gentile and
    not like a Jew, how can you compel the Gentiles
    to live like Jews? (Gal 214)

50
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • When was the Council of Jerusalem?
  • It was held about AD 50. 
  • What position did St. Peter take during the
    council?
  • Both Jewish and Gentile converts to Christianity
    are saved by grace and not by following the
    Mosaic Law. Therefore, Gentile converts should
    not be burdened with Jewish customs and laws. 
  • Why was it remarkable that St. James should
    support St. Peter?
  • It was remarkable someone who loved and followed
    the Mosaic Law so perfectly would be so detached
    as not to impose it on others.

51
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Work with a partner to write the points St. Peter
    makes in Acts 15711.

52
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Work with a partner to answer Practical Exercise
    9 about the Churchs decision in the Council of
    Jerusalem as a fulfillment of Mosaic Law.

53
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • Closure
  •  
  • Write a paragraph summarizing the significance of
    the Council of Jerusalem.

54
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  • Homework Assignment
  •  
  • Reading
  • WHAT JESUS TAUGHT ABOUT THE END OF HISTORY
    through THE VISION OF THE HEAVENLY LITURGY
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 2026.
  • Practical Exercise 9.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 2632.

55
4. Saul and the Conversion of the Gentiles
  •  Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Free write about how the Church might be
    different if the Council of Jerusalem had decided
    that everyone who converted to Christianity had
    to follow the Mosaic Law completely.

56
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • What are the end times?
  • How is the Book of Revelation like the liturgy?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • The New Testament can be said to reference three
    end times the end of the Old Covenant, which
    was marked by the destruction of the Temple AD
    70 the final historical epoch which began after
    the Resurrection of Christ and the absolute end
    of history when Christ will return in glory.
  • The Book of Revelation is a kind of vision of the
    heavenly liturgy, and, like the Mass, it has two
    parts that are akin to the Liturgy of the Word
    and the Liturgy of the Eucharist.

57
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Read one of Christs discourses about the end of
    the age (Mt 24144).

58
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • WHAT JESUS TAUGHT ABOUT THE END OF HISTORY
  • What did the early Christians seem to expect
    would take place soon?
  • They seemed to believe that the end of the world
    was imminent. 
  • What did Christ foretell about the end of the
    world?
  • He said that some of those standing with him
    would see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom
    (Mt 628), and this generation will not pass
    away (Mt 2434) before the things he described
    will take place.
  • What actually did end?
  • Though the earth itself was not destroyed, the
    world of the Old Covenantthe world of man being
    separated from Godwas brought to a sudden and
    catastrophic end.

59
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • What do Christians seek regarding the end of the
    world?
  • Christ will establish a new Heaven and a new
    earth without pain and suffering in which his
    people will dwell in the eternal love of God. 
  • Can anyone predict when the end of the world will
    come?
  • No that is reserved for God.
  • What is the first key to understanding the
    prophecies in the Book of Revelation?
  • The first key is to examine the historical
    setting in which the book was written.

60
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • THE END OF THE OLD COVENANT
  • What had St. John the Apostle witnessed by the
    end of his life?
  • He had witnessed the end of Israel, which had
    been destroyed by the Romans.
  • What did Florus do?
  • His cruel rule of Judea was marked by massacres
    of innocent Jews. 
  • How did fanatical Jews respond to Floruss
    oppression?
  • They revolted, attacked Roman soldiers, and
    murdered any Jews they suspected of collaborating
    with the Romans.

61
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • How did the revolt go at first?
  • At first it was successful, but then the Romans
    sent their best general, Vespasian, who turned
    the tide in Romes favor. 
  • What did the Christians do when the Romans closed
    in on Jerusalem?
  • They withdrew from Jerusalem to the town of Pella
    in the mountains across the Jordan. This
    fulfilled Christs words, Let those who are in
    Judea flee to the mountains.
  • How were the sufferings of the Jews in Jerusalem
    under siege by Titus?
  • Jerusalem was crammed with refugees, who suffered
    terrible starvation. The inhabitants either died
    of starvation or were killed in battle or during
    the sack of the city. Over 1,000,000 perished,
    and the rest were sold as slaves or thrown to the
    lions. Jerusalem was destroyed.

62
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • What happened to the Temple?
  • As Christ had prophesied, the Temple was razed
    and not rebuilt.
  • How did Christs original followers interpret
    these events?
  • They saw them as the fulfillment of Christs
    words, Truly, I say to you, this generation will
    not pass away till all these things take place.
    The Greek word for generation usually refers to a
    period of about forty years, and the destruction
    of Jerusalem and the Temple came almost exactly
    forty years after Christs prophesy. 
  • To what two ends of time does the Book of
    Revelation refer?
  • It refers to the end of the world when Christ
    will return and the historical epoch that began
    after the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, that is,
    the last 2000 years.

63
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • Guided Exercise
  • Work with a partner to review Matthew 24144 and
    complete the following table about the three
    kinds of end-times statements in Christs
    teaching.

64
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
65
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • Guided Exercise
  • Complete a Think/Pair/Share using the following
    question
  • In what sense was the destruction of the Temple
    the end of the world? 

66
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • THE VISION OF THE HEAVENLY LITURGY
  • What is the second key to open up the Book of
    Revelation for understanding?
  • The Mass, or Divine Liturgy, is the second key. 
  • Of what is the Book of Revelation a vision?
  • It is a vision of the heavenly liturgy, that is,
    the loving act of worship and praise that occurs
    continually in Heaven. The liturgy Christians
    celebrate on earth is a participation in the
    heavenly one.
  • How are the Book of Revelation and the liturgy
    related?
  • The structure of Revelation is the same as that
    of the liturgy. The Book of Revelation is divided
    in two parts, the first corresponding to the
    Liturgy of the Word and the second corresponding
    to the Liturgy of the Eucharist.

67
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • The Liturgy of the Word
  •  
  • When did St. Johns vision take place?
  • It took place on Sunday, the Lords Day, when
    Christians everywhere were celebrating the Mass. 
  • Who is one like a son of man?
  • It is Christ. 
  • How is the beginning the Book of Revelation
    similar to the beginning of the Mass?
  • This section, a call to repentance, is like the
    Penitential Rite before the Liturgy of the Word.

68
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Review St. Johns vision of Christ knocking at
    the door (Rev 320), thinking about the following
    question 
  • How does the open door relate to human freedom?

69
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • In St. Johns vision of God enthroned with all
    the heavenly beings forever worshiping him, of
    what would St. Johns original hearers have been
    reminded?
  • They would have thought of the Temple in
    Jerusalem. 
  • What is the relationship between the Lion of
    Judah and the Lamb?
  • These are both symbols of Christ. Extension The
    Lion of Judah is the image of a conquering
    champion. The victory of salvation was won by the
    Lamb of God, who was slain. 
  • What do the seven seals represent?
  • They are a series of symbolic events that hold
    reference to both events of the time and lasting
    truths of the Faith.
  • How do the four horsemen suggest the Jewish war
    of revolt?
  • The first horse rides out to conquer, and the
    other three bring war, famine, and death. The
    Jewish rebels started the war against Rome to
    free Israel, but the result was a terrible war,
    the starvation of the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
    and the deaths of over one million.

70
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • What is the mark received by the 144,000?
  • The cross-shaped Tau is put on the foreheads of
    the servants of God12,000 from each of the
    tribes of Israelto protect them from
    destruction.
  • What is the dual meaning of those who are marked?
  • They are both the Jewish Christians who fled to
    the mountains across the Jordan and the full
    number of those who will be saved at the end of
    time. 
  • How does the seventh seal recall the Exodus from
    Egypt?
  • The seven angels blow seven trumpets, and each of
    the first six trumpets releases a plague to
    punish the earth, recalling the plagues the
    Egyptians suffered. As in the Book of Exodus, the
    wicked refuse to repent. 
  • What is the overall story told in this section of
    the Book of Revelation?
  • God calls people to repentance. Some repent
    others do not. God protects those who remain
    faithful to him, and those who are not are left
    to suffer the misery of their abandonment.

71
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • The Heavenly Eucharist
  • When was the Ark of the Covenant supposed to have
    reappeared, according to the Second Book of
    Maccabees?
  • It would be rediscovered when God gathers his
    people together again and shows his mercy (2 Mc
    27). 
  • What does St. John introduce immediately
    following his description of the Ark?
  • St. John gave the vision of a woman with child
    pursued by the great red dragon. 
  • What does the great dragon in the vision wish to
    do?
  • It wants to devour the child after he will have
    been born.

72
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • What is the destiny of the child?
  • He is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron,
    and he is caught up to God and to his throne. 
  • What happened to the woman?
  • She flees into the wilderness where she was
    protected by God.

73
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • How is the Blessed Virgin Mary the New Ark of the
    Covenant?
  • The Ark contained the tablets of the Law, some
    manna from Heaven, and Aarons rod. The Blessed
    Virgin Mary bore in her womb her Son, who is the
    Word of God, the Bread of Life, and the one who
    will rule the nations with a rod of iron. She
    carried Christ in her womb therefore, she
    contained these things inside herself as the Ark
    contained its contents. 
  • How is the woman like the Church?
  • As the woman was attacked by the dragon but
    protected by God in the wilderness, the Church
    was attacked by the Devil but was kept safe in
    the mountainous area of Pella. 
  • How does the vision of the woman with child
    relate to Adam and Eve?
  • The serpent/dragon tempted Adam and Eve and
    conquered them. Christ and his Mother, the New
    Adam and New Eve, overcome the beast.

74
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • Closure
  •  
  • Write a paragraph summarizing how the Book of
    Revelation is like the Mass.

75
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • Homework Assignment
  • Reading
  • THE BEASTS through CONCLUSION.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 2733.
  • Practical Exercise 5.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 3343.

76
5. The End Times and the Heavenly Liturgy
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Free write for five minutes about St. Johns
    vision as an allegory of the saving action of
    Christs life, Death, and Resurrection.

77
6. The End of the World
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • What are the two beasts of Revelation?
  • What is the New Jerusalem?
  • What is Gods Final Judgment?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • The two beasts in Revelation 13 represent corrupt
    governments that persecute the Church and seduce
    people.
  • The New Jerusalem is the city of the redeemed. It
    has no Temple because God will dwell directly
    with his people.
  • God will recompense us for the good or evil we
    have done. Persons and even particular churches
    will be lost if they choose not to adhere to the
    Faith, of which the seven churches of Asia are an
    example.

78
6. The End of the World
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Read silently the Catechism, no. 676, and then
    complete a Think/Pair/Share using the following
    question
  • Against what does the Church warn us in the
    Catechism, no. 676?

79
6. The End of the World
  • THE BEASTS
  • What are the meaning of the horns and the diadems
    of the first beast?
  • The horns symbolize power, and the diadems
    symbolize royal authority.
  • What is the significance of the beast having
    seven heads?
  • This beast possesses a kind of diabolic
    perfection.
  • Overall, what does the beast represent?
  • The beast seems to represent the seductive power
    of temporal might. This may refer both to the
    powerful, tyrannical governments of the day, such
    as the Roman Empire or the dynasty of Herod, and
    to any corrupt government that has existed since.

80
6. The End of the World
  • What kind of creature is the second beast?
  • It is a lamb in disguise, a kind of counterfeit
    Christ that can work miracles yet seduces people
    to do evil.
  • What is the significance of the number 666?
  • It might be a numerological reference to Nero or
    to anyone who can seduce with the tyranny of
    power.

81
6. The End of the World
  • THE NEW JERUSALEM
  •  
  • What is the overall narrative of the Book of
    Revelation?
  • It is the symbolic retelling of the conquest of
    Christ over sin and death. Extension This is the
    same narrative re-presented during each Mass. 
  • What is the New Jerusalem?
  • It is the new place where God dwells with his
    people. 
  • What is the effect of God dwelling with his
    people in the New Jerusalem?
  • There is no longer suffering, sadness, or death.

82
6. The End of the World
  • How is the New Jerusalem like the Garden of Eden?
  • God and his people dwell together as it was in
    the Garden, and Gods original intent for
    creation is realized because his people live in
    joy, love, and worship.
  • Why is there no Temple in the New Jerusalem?
  • God himself is the Temple and provides the citys
    light. 
  • How does the New Jerusalem fulfill what the
    prophets foresaw through the Davidic Covenant?
  • According to the Davidic Covenant, the kings of
    the earth will bring their glory into Jerusalem,
    and its gates will never be shut. This is what is
    promised in the New Jerusalem.

83
6. The End of the World
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Complete a Think/Pair/Write/Share using the
    following question
  • The New Jerusalem can be compared to a bride
    adorned for her husband. What can this comparison
    tell us about the New Jerusalem?

84
6. The End of the World
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Free write for five minutes about how the New
    Jerusalem is already present on earth through the
    Mass.

85
6. The End of the World
  • CONCLUSION THE END OF THE STORY
  •  
  • What does the Book of Revelation accomplish?
  • It reveals (1) the intention of Gods will in
    history after the Resurrection of his Son, (2)
    the Church as the Bride of Christ manifesting God
    to the world until the end of time, and (3) the
    way Heaven is available on earth to those who
    live a Christian life of Godly worship. 
  • What warning does the Book of Revelation issue?
  • St. John urged the seven Churches to repent and
    be faithful to Christ. None of these Churches now
    exists. Each person has to decide whether to be
    faithful to Christ or to be seduced by the
    beast. 
  • What is the final promise God made in the Book of
    Revelation?
  • God will reward or repay everyone according to
    what he or she has done.

86
6. The End of the World
  • Closure
  •  
  • Read silently the Parable of the Sheep and the
    Goats (Mt 253146) and review the quote at the
    end of the chapter (Rev 221213). Write a
    paragraph relating those two passages to the
    warning of the Book of Revelation.

87
6. The End of the World
  • Homework Assignment
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 3435.
  • Practical Exercise 6.
  • Worksheet
  • Questions 4449.

88
6. The End of the World
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • According to the Sacred Scriptures, no one can
    really imagine how Heaven will be. Free write for
    a few minutes about what you think or hope about
    Heaven.

89
THE END
About PowerShow.com