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Jacksonian Democracy

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Jacksonian Democracy Chapter 10 Utopias New Harmony Utopias like New Harmony and Oneida encouraged communal experimentation and had mixed results, Fourier ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 5 June 2019
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Title: Jacksonian Democracy


1
Jacksonian Democracy
  • Chapter 10

2
The Changing Political Landscape
  • Why did the Era of Good Feelings End?
  • What was the 5 point political plan to make the
    political process more democratic in the 1820s?
  • What were the effects of the controversial
    election of 1824? (Corrupt Bargain election)

3
Election of 1824
4
(No Transcript)
5
The Age of Jackson
  • How did Jackson win the election of 1828,
    effectively a rematch between him and John Quincy
    Adams? (common man)

6
Election of 1828
7
Jacksons Ideals A Mixed Bag
  • Father of the Spoils System
  • Opposed Internal Improvements (Maysville Road
    Veto)
  • Indian Removal Act (Worcester v. Georgia)
  • Pro-Tariffs (Tariff of Abominations)
  • Kitchen Cabinet

8
Democratic Party
Andrew Jacksons common man ideals led to the
formation of the new Democratic Party
9
Controversies in Jacksons Term
  • Nullification Crisis (Calhoun v. Jackson) and
    Compromise of 1833 (Clay)
  • The National Bank (Biddle v. Jackson)
  • How did the controversies affect the Election of
    1832? (Clay v. Jackson)

10
Nullification Crisis
John Calhoun led the protests against the tariff
and a nullification crisis followed Henry Clay
encouraged the Compromise of 1833, which
prevented military action by Jackson against
South Carolina and lowered the tariff
11
Second National Bank
Jackson fights the bank monster and drags
Nicholas Biddle with him in the process
12
Election of 1832
Clay wants to implement his American System
supporting industry (internal improvements,
tariffs) but Jacksons common man popularity
wins him the election
13
King Andrew I
  • In pairs, using one of the topics/ideals of
    Jackson (split one sheet of paper)
  • 1) Create a political cartoon that supports the
    action taken by Jackson (consider who would
    support this)
  • 2) Create a political cartoon that is against
    that ideal (consider who would be against this)

14
Jacksons Democracy Stumbles
  • What did Jackson try to accomplish and what were
    the results? (Pet Banks, Specie Circular)
  • Who were the supporters of the Whig Party?
  • Why did Van Buren win the Election of 1836?

15
Election of 1836
Four Whigs attempt to split vote with Van Buren
to send election to the House, but ultimately it
backfires because they confuse voters
16
Van Burens Presidency
  • What caused the Panic of 1837?
  • What did Van Buren do to combat the Panic? How
    well did it work?

17
Panic of 1837
The Panic of 1837 shows that Specie Circular is
not working
18
The Whigs on the Rise
  • How did the Whigs become a competitive 2nd party
    during the 1830s and what were their beliefs?
  • What new developments allowed the Whigs to win
    the election of 1840? (Log Cabin Campaign)

19
Election of 1840
Harrisons Log Cabin Campaign gave the Whigs
victory as they appealed to the Common Man
20
If there was TV
  • For one of the campaigns do the following
  • 1) Create a speech for your candidate that
    explains their background and beliefs (3 beliefs)
  • 2) Create a TV skit that advertises for your
    candidate and party (3 things)
  • 3) Create a TV skit that attacks the other
    candidate(s) and party 3 things
  • 1824/1828 (Adams or Jackson)
  • 1832 (Jackson or Clay)
  • 1836 (V. Buren) - 1840 (VB or Harr)

21
Religion and Reform
  • For the religion or reform you have
  • 1) Find an important person related to it and
    create an interview with that person (3
    questions about why they founded it)
  • 2) Create an advertisement for it showing at
    least 3 beliefs that it has
  • 3) As a newspaper reporter, report on where it
    is and why people are joining this group (3
    reasons)

22
Second Great Awakening
  • What were the causes of the 2nd Great Awakening?
  • What were the general affects of religion in the
    West? In the Northeast cities?

23
Reform Movements
  • Why was New England the center of most reform
    movements?
  • How did this era of reform differ from Voluntary
    Associations that were previously created?
  • What affects did reform have on the relationships
    between the North and South?

24
Methodist Camp Meeting
Peter Cartwright used religious camp meetings to
promote a respectable Christian society in the
West
25
Revivalists
Charles Finney, father of the American
revivalists, persuaded people in the Burned Over
District of New York to be saved, appealing to
them through emotions and fear
26
Unitarians
The Unitarians believed that Jesus was the
standard for character, encouraging followers to
gradually build their character by his
example Were in competition with the Revivalists
in the Burned Over District
27
The Mormon Joseph Smith (and eventually Brigham
Young) believed in a connection between Native
Americans and the holy land of Israel, but were
shunned by the community because of their belief
in polygamy
28
Shakers
The Shaker community, known for their unusual
festivities, was founded by Mother Ann Lee and
designed as a communal religious group that
separated men and women and banned sex and
marriage
29
Temperance Movement
Members of the Temperance movement targeted
prohibition laws for working class men in the
urban areas
30
Public School reformers, such as Horace Mann,
started the public school movement (with
attendance laws, longer school years, training
for teachers) and William Holmes McGuffey
targeted moral reform through schools -
Eventually, private colleges promoted the first
higher education in the West
31
Abolitionist Movement
The abolitionist movement was a mostly white
mans attempt at freeing slaves, encouraged by
William Lloyd Garrison in The Liberator and
American Anti-Slavery Society The American
Colonization Society (wanting freed slaves to go
to Liberia) and the Liberty Party both attacked
the slavery issue as well
32
Womens Rights
The Seneca Falls Convention, headed by Lucretia
Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, wrote the
Declaration of Sentiments Angelina and Sarah
Grimke wrote the Equality of the Sexes Amelia
Bloomer pushed dress reform for women
33
Dorothea Dix
Dorothea Dix encouraged mental hospitals to be
used for the mentally ill Thomas Gallaudet (deaf)
and Samuel Gridley Howe (blind) helped
others Prisons were also restructured to get
criminals moral reform and back into society
34
Utopias New Harmony
Utopias like New Harmony and Oneida encouraged
communal experimentation and had mixed results,
Fourier Phalanxes report gave people the idea of
communal sharing
35
Do APPARTS on the Declaration of Sentiments
36
Religion v. Reform Essay
  • Create an outline that answers the following
    question
  • Which had the most impact on society in the
    antebellum period of US History (1820-1840)
    Religion or Reform?
  • Write the essay for an EXTRA CREDIT grade to add
    up to 15 points to an assignment.
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