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Title: Resource Unit: Civil War


1

Resource Unit Civil War Grade 8 Beth Luersman,
Lindsey Miller and Corrie Miller
2
Introduction
  • When we think of the United States today, we
    dont think in terms of North and South,
    Confederate and Union, or free states and slave
    states. Rather, we visualize America as a whole,
    unified nation of states.
  • However, there once was a time of crisis for our
    nation when our people were divided amongst an
    issue that almost caused the collapse of our
    great country. This event was known as the Civil
    War.

3
Continued
  • The Civil War was a time for great growth and
    change for our nation.
  • The war lasted from 1861-1865 and caused a
    lasting affect on Northern and Southern regional
    borders, political party views, culture, family
    values, and social norms.

4
Summary of Subject Matter
  • This resource unit is designed to go into great
    detail about the Civil War and can be
    incorporated into an eighth grade classroom. In
    the following slides, there is information about
    the Civil War, important vocabulary terms,
    activities, and resources for both the teacher
    and the students.

5
Vocabulary
  • Key Battles Fort Sumter, Battle of Bull Run,
    Roanoke Island, Pleasant Hill, Gettysburg, and
    Appomattox.
  • Abolitionist
  • Border states
  • Confederacy/Confederate
  • Confederate States of America
  • Copperhead
  • Dysentery
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • Fugitive Slave Act

6
Vocabulary cont.
  • Mason Dixon Line
  • Rebel
  • Slave state
  • Union
  • Yankee
  • Key People Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant,
    Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis, Harriet Tubman,
    Thomas Stonewall Jackson, Frederick Douglass

7
Objectives
  • Students will be able to interpret and create a
    timeline of the important dates and events of the
    Civil War.
  • Students will be able to gather and research
    information on key figures of the Civil War.
  • Students will be able to accurately display key
    aspects of the Civil War and explain them in
    detail.
  • When given a map, students will be able to find
    key battles, locate Northern and Southern states,
    and Border states.
  • Students will be able to identify view points
    from many people during the Civil War.
  • Students will be able to explain how the
    Underground Railroad impacted both the North and
    South and how slaves used this to escape to
    freedom.
  • Students will be able to debate how significant
    the banning of slavery was to both the North and
    the South.
  • Students will be able to identify the
    significance of the Gettysburg Address and what
    it meant to the Northern states and what it meant
    to the Southern states.

8
Day 1
  • Activity
  • Introduction Students will be divided up into 5
    small groups, each
    group representing a year of the Civil War
    1861-1865. The Instructor will briefly discuss
    the battle that actually started the Civil War
    (Fort Sumter).
  • Development As a group, students will create a
    timeline of important events of the Civil War
    that occurred during their specific year
    (including battles, surrenders, and specific
    political changes example Gettysburg Address).
  • Students will use this website as a reference
    tool to help create their timeline.
  • http//memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/tl1865.html
  • Additional sources may be used for this project.
    The goal for this project is for students to have
    an understanding of the major events that
    happened throughout the years of the war.
    Students will use large poster boards to present.
  • Culminating Activity Finished products will be
    hung up in order around the classroom so students
    can refer back to these dates throughout the
    unit.

9
Day 2
  • Activity 2
  • The teacher will discuss which states were
    Northern, Southern, or border states during the
    Civil War.
  • Once classroom discussion on the topic is
    finished, students will be given their own blank
    maps to label each state during the Civil War
    time period and also color states to identify
    them as Northern, Southern, or border states.
  • The goal for this activity is for students to get
    a thorough understanding of each states role in
    the Civil War.

10
Day 3
  • Activity 3
  • Introduction Students will read the Aint I A
    Woman? speech to get a feel for the feelings of
    the time period.
  • Development Students will be broken up into
    groups of 4 or 5.
  • Each group will be assigned a key figure from the
    battle to research on.
  • Students will be allowed library access to look
    at books and also for computer use to research
    their historical person.
  • Culminating activity Students will present
    their findings on a poster constructed by the
    group. Students will get a better understanding
    of the key figures from the war by getting a
    closer look at their importance to the war.

11
Day 4
  • Activity 4
  • Introduction The teacher will describe to
    students how many past Underground Railroad stops
    can be found right here in the Miami Valley.
  • Development Students will take maps to draw out
    different routes from the South to the North that
    were used in the Underground Railroad. Internet
    sources can also be used.
  • Culminating Activity Students will determine
    how many miles the slaves traveled just to make
    it to freedom from some of the major Southern
    cities such as Montgomery and Atlanta.
  • Students should get a general idea of how
    desperate and hopeful these people were to escape
    to their freedom.

12
Day 5
  • Activity 5
  • Introduction Several passages from the book
    Bull Run will be read aloud to students. These
    passages will cover different viewpoints from the
    war Northern and Southern soldiers, slaves,
    nurses, and generals.
  • Development Students will pick two contrasting
    views and do a double-sided journal of the two
    figures. Students should include the opinion of
    both figures on the same issue.
  • Culminating Activity Students will share with a
    partner their own thoughts on what it would have
    been like to be in a certain position during the
    Civil War.

13
Day 6
  • Activity 6
  • Introduction The teacher will describe some of
    the artifacts that students can see when visiting
    the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center.
  • Development As a class, students and teachers
    will visit the museum and all of the historical
    artifacts from the Civil War. Students will be
    able to walk around and experience history
    themselves.

14
Evaluation Sample Test Questions
  • Multiple Choice
  • When the Civil War began,
  • Both sides were prepared for a long and drawn-out
    war.
  • The Souths greatest strength was its military
    leadership.
  • Southerners believed they could win by capturing
    Washington, D.C.
  • Northerners were reluctant to volunteer for
    military service.
  • Hopes on both sides for a quick victory ended
    with the
  • Battle between the Merrimac and the Monitor.
  • Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Battle of Bull Run.
  • Battle of Antietam.
  • Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation declared
  • All salves to be forever free.
  • Slaves in Union slave states to be free.
  • Slaves in Confederate states to be free.
  • Slaves in U.S. territories to be free.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in
    the war because
  • It triggered a four-day draft riot in New York
    City.
  • The outcome convinced European nations to help
    the Confederacy.

15
Evaluation Continued
  • Objective Questions
  • Name two advantages the North had over the South
    during the Civil War.
  • Why was the North more equipped to fight a long
    war than the South?
  • Short Essay Questions
  • Explain in detail how the first draft law came
    into effect and what it stated for both the North
    and the South. Also, because of the first draft
    law, why was the Civil War known as, a rich
    mans war and a poor mans fight?
  • Describe in detail what kind of problems Lincoln
    faced on the Union home front.

16
Instructional Resources
  • Teacher References
  • Civil War Preservation Trust
  • Very Informative! This website offers a wealth of
    information about historical figures who were a
    very big part of the Civil War.
  • www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/hc_glossary.htm
  • Aboard the Underground Railroad This site will
    be helpful to show students a map of the various
    Underground Railroad trails. A student can click
    on a state, and it brings them to a detailed list
    of all the known houses that were involved in the
    Railroad in that state.
  • http//www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/underground/route
    s.htm
  • Articles of Confederation and the United States
    Constitution
  • This is a great website for ideas and lesson
    plans. This site has great activities for all of
    the content standards!
  • http//www.thirteen.org/edonline/ntti/resources/l
    essons/h_oldnew/b.html

17
Teacher References cont.
  • The Civil War Home Page
  • This page offers a variety of information on the
    Civil War. It includes related links, photos,
    letters and diaries, documents, and battle
    reports. www.civil-war.net
  • The History Place-U.S. Civil War 1861-1865
  • This provides you with a timeline with many
    original photographs and thought provoking
    quotes. www.historyplace.com/civilwar
  • Selected Civil War Photographs Home Page
  • This site is provided by the Library of Congress,
    providing an area to search for over 1100
    photographs. This will also allow for students to
    be able to see what it would be like to be a
    photographer during the Civil War.
  • www.memory.loc.gov

18
Instructional References cont.
  • Student References
  • The Gettysburg AddressBy Abraham Lincoln,
    Michael McCurdy (Illustrator)
  • This picture book is a great hook for students.
    This will give students a
  • Visual of Abraham Lincoln and other items while
    they listen to the speech.
  • Just a Few Words, Mr. Lincoln  The Story of the
    Gettysburg Address by Jean Fritz
  • This book gives an easy explanation about the
    Gettysburg Address. Students
  • Can use this resource to further their
    understanding or to use with students
  • That might not grasp the concept.
  • If You Traveled on the Underground Railroadby
    Ellen Levine, Larry Johnson (Illustrator)
  • This book gives students an idea of what the
    underground railroad would be
  • Like. This picture book help aid to the students
    understanding.
  • Harriet Tubman Wanted Dead or Alive The True
    Story of Harriet Tubman by Ann McGovern, Richard
    M. Powers (Illustrator)
  • This picture book tells the story of Harriet
    Tubman and her struggles
  • Through the Underground Railroad. This book
    would be an excellent way to
  • Start the lesson involving either the URR or
    Harriet Tubman.

19
Student Resources cont.
  • If You Lived at the Time of the Civil WarBy
    Kay Moore
  • This book gives students an idea of what it was
    like to live during the Civil War. Again, this
    would be a great opener for a second day on the
    unit and could lead to a variety of writing
    activities.
  • My Brother's Keeper  Virginia's Civil War
    Diary, Mary Pope Osbourne
  • This is a book about a little girl named Virginia
    who is entrusted with her fathers journal. He
    tells her to write in it. Virginia writes about
    Gettysburg and how the people there are not happy
    and she actually watches the battle and writes
    about it in her journal. Very touching.
  • Ayres, Katherine. North by Night A Story of
    the Underground Railroad, Delacorte.
  • Freedom independence, courage, loneliness, and
    making choices are themes that are related
    through journal entries and letters of the main
    character, Lucinda Spencer. Students will learn
    what life was like during the Civil War for those
    helping escaped slaves.
  • Crane, Stephen. Red Badge of Courage,
    Permabound, 1956.
  • Students will learn about the courage that one
    young Union soldier had to learn during the war..
    This would be a good selection in a literature
    circle in the language arts classroom.

20
Student Resources cont.
  • English, June A. and Thomas D. Jones. Scholastic
    Encyclopedia of the United States at War,
    Scholastic, 1998.
  • This encyclopedia provides a broad picture of the
    United States' role, including biographies of the
    notable figures and quiet heroes, discussions of
    the mood of the country, timelines, maps,
    descriptions of weapons, eyewitness accounts, and
    more.
  • Hunt, Irene. Across Five Aprils, Berkley
    Publishing Company, 1962
  • This story helps students to understand what
    things were like for those who did not fight in
    the war. Students see the complexity of small
    decisions.
  • A LIGHT IN THE STORM The Civil War Diary of
    Amelia Martinby Karen Hesse
  • This book is written from the point of view of a
    young girl living in Delaware and seeing and
    hearing about the North and South battles. The
    book also contains historical photos
  • DEAR AMERICA Series by Scholastic, Susan Campbell
    Bartoletti
  • This is a diary style book where one girl is
    writing about the Civil War. This book would
    again be a great book for a literature circle
    group.

21
Media References
McCullough, David G., Geoffrey C. Ward, and
David Grubin, contributors. Abraham and Mary
Lincoln A House Divided . Bloomington, Ind.
David Grubin Productions Alexandria, Va. PBS
Video Boston WGBH Educational Foundation, 2001.
3 videocassettes (180 minutes).Lockwood
Microforms and Newspapers VHS E457.25 Generals
in Blue Lives of the Union Commanders
(Manuscripts) Ezra Warner, Louisiana State
University Press, 1964 Safe Passage The
Underground Railroad in Southwestern Ohio.
(Multimedia Unit) This is an incredibly extensive
program with CD-Rom, VHS cassettes, novels, and
instructional materials that a teacher can
practically pick up and implement directly into
their classroom. Its even more awesome because
it deals with the area in which we actually live!
Twelve Roads to Gettysburg. Queue.
(CD-Rom) This program depicts the details of one
of the most significant battles in U.S. history
by using a variety of techniques from animation
to actual music from the period. Civil War
Americas Epic Struggle. Multieducator, Inc.
(CD-Rom) This program is amazing. It has any
information you could possibly want about the
Civil War. From battles to generals to causes
and effects, it is listed and explained in an
inviting manner.

22
Student Resources cont.
  • If You Lived at the Time of the Civil WarBy
    Kay Moore
  • This book gives students an idea of what it was
    like to live during the Civil War. Again, this
    would be a great opener for a second day on the
    unit and could lead to a variety of writing
    activities.
  • My Brother's Keeper  Virginia's Civil War
    Diary, Mary Pope Osbourne
  • This is a book about a little girl named Virginia
    who is entrusted with her fathers journal. He
    tells her to write in it. Virginia writes about
    Gettysburg and how the people there are not happy
    and she actually watches the battle and writes
    about it in her journal. Very touching.
  • Ayres, Katherine. North by Night A Story of
    the Underground Railroad, Delacorte.
  • Freedom independence, courage, loneliness, and
    making choices are themes that are related
    through journal entries and letters of the main
    character, Lucinda Spencer. Students will learn
    what life was like during the Civil War for those
    helping escaped slaves.
  • Crane, Stephen. Red Badge of Courage,
    Permabound, 1956.
  • Students will learn about the courage that one
    young Union soldier had to learn during the war..
    This would be a good selection in a literature
    circle in the language arts classroom.

23
Student Resources cont.
  • English, June A. and Thomas D. Jones. Scholastic
    Encyclopedia of the United States at War,
    Scholastic, 1998.
  • This encyclopedia provides a broad picture of the
    United States' role, including biographies of the
    notable figures and quiet heroes, discussions of
    the mood of the country, timelines, maps,
    descriptions of weapons, eyewitness accounts, and
    more.
  • Hunt, Irene. Across Five Aprils, Berkley
    Publishing Company, 1962
  • This story helps students to understand what
    things were like for those who did not fight in
    the war. Students see the complexity of small
    decisions.
  • A LIGHT IN THE STORM The Civil War Diary of
    Amelia Martinby Karen Hesse
  • This book is written from the point of view of a
    young girl living in Delaware and seeing and
    hearing about the North and South battles. The
    book also contains historical photos
  • DEAR AMERICA Series by Scholastic, Susan Campbell
    Bartoletti
  • This is a diary style book where one girl is
    writing about the Civil War. This book would
    again be a great book for a literature circle
    group.

24
Media Resources Cont.
  • Abraham Lincoln. Nest Entertainment, Inc.
    Animated Hero Classics serioes. (VHS tape)
  • This video highlights the major accomplishments
    of Abraham Lincoln. Not only that, but the
    information is presented in a fun cartoon that
    will make learning from the video more enjoyable
    and engaging.
  • Africans in America America's Journey through
    Slavery Bagwell, Orlando, Susan Bellows, Steve
    Fayer, Angela Bassett, Bernice Johnson Reagon,
    and Michael Chin, contributors.. VHS
  • Portrays the lives of some African American
    people during the time of the Civil War and
    Slavery.
  • Benson, Allan, Melvyn Bragg, and Toni Moirrison,
    contributors. Toni Morrison . Chicago Home
    Vision, 1987. 1 videocassette
  • Discussion of Toni Morrison and how slavery has
    impacted her writing and the impact of slavery on
    so many African Americans during the Civil War
  • Civil War Journal Glover, Danny, contributor. VHS
  • Episodes cover such topics as Stonewall Jackson,
    Fort Sumter, the Monitor versus the CSS Virginia,
    John Singleton Mosby, the 54 th Massachusetts
    Volunteer Infantry, photographer Alexander
    Gardner, John Brown, 1 st Bull Run, Pickett's
    charge, Gettysburg, and West Point classmates as
    enemies.
  • Digging for Slaves . Princeton, NJ Films for the
    Humanities, 1992. 1 videocassette
  • " Provides many fascinating and surprising
    details at excavations of 18th-century slave
    quarters on Middleburg Plantation near
    Charleston at Monticello, the home of Thomas
    Jefferson, whose slave holdings seem so
    irreconcilable with his expressed views on human
    freedom and at Colonial Williamsburg, which
    until recently neglected to show the lives of the
    slaves, who made up over half the town's
    population."

25
Media References cont.
  • Civil War American History Battle Map Pictures
  • Civil War in American Battle Maps and Timelines
    1860 to 1865 Documents Pictures.www.americancivil
    war.com
  • Civil War Index Page
  • Source for collectors researching the Civil War.
    Categorized links, including archives,
    bibliographies, books, and "Gateways"
    category.www.homepages.dsu.edu
  • Civil War Women
  • Resources available online from the Special
    Collections Library at Duke University about
    different women alive during the Civil
    War.www.scriptorium.lib.duke.edu
  • The Civil War- PBS
  • Includes images, maps, biographies, historical
    documents, bibliography, related links, fact page
    and section for educators.www.pbs.org/civilwar
  • The Civil War Traveler
  • Features a summary of historical interpretive
    signs and maps for civil war touring trails from
    Pennsylvania to South Carolina.www.civilwartravel
    er.com

26
Media References cont.
  • Historic Preservation of American Civil War
    Battlefields
  • This private, non-profit membership organization
    is working toward the preservation of the most
    historic Civil War battlefield sites.www.civilwar
    .org
  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailor System
  • Comprehensive research tool for searching the
    records of the soldiers and sailors who fought in
    the Civil War.www.itd.nps.gov
  • Civil War at Smithsonian
  • Examines the Civil War through the Smithsonian
    Institutes extensive collections. It includes
    resources, a detailed timeline, and images with
    detailed ...www.civilwar.si.edu
  • American Civil War Collections
  • Civil War letters and diary entries include
    transcriptions and digital images of the
    manuscripts.www.etext.virginia.edu/civilwar
  • USA History American Civil War
  • British site includes articles about major
    battles, political and military figures, writers,
    artists, photographers, the role of women,
    issues, ...www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAcivil
    warC.htm

27
Media Resources Cont.
  • Abraham Lincoln. Nest Entertainment, Inc.
    Animated Hero Classics serioes. (VHS tape)
  • This video highlights the major accomplishments
    of Abraham Lincoln. Not only that, but the
    information is presented in a fun cartoon that
    will make learning from the video more enjoyable
    and engaging.
  • Africans in America America's Journey through
    Slavery Bagwell, Orlando, Susan Bellows, Steve
    Fayer, Angela Bassett, Bernice Johnson Reagon,
    and Michael Chin, contributors.. VHS
  • Portrays the lives of some African American
    people during the time of the Civil War and
    Slavery.
  • Benson, Allan, Melvyn Bragg, and Toni Moirrison,
    contributors. Toni Morrison . Chicago Home
    Vision, 1987. 1 videocassette
  • Discussion of Toni Morrison and how slavery has
    impacted her writing and the impact of slavery on
    so many African Americans during the Civil War
  • Civil War Journal Glover, Danny, contributor. VHS
  • Episodes cover such topics as Stonewall Jackson,
    Fort Sumter, the Monitor versus the CSS Virginia,
    John Singleton Mosby, the 54 th Massachusetts
    Volunteer Infantry, photographer Alexander
    Gardner, John Brown, 1 st Bull Run, Pickett's
    charge, Gettysburg, and West Point classmates as
    enemies.
  • Digging for Slaves . Princeton, NJ Films for the
    Humanities, 1992. 1 videocassette
  • " Provides many fascinating and surprising
    details at excavations of 18th-century slave
    quarters on Middleburg Plantation near
    Charleston at Monticello, the home of Thomas
    Jefferson, whose slave holdings seem so
    irreconcilable with his expressed views on human
    freedom and at Colonial Williamsburg, which
    until recently neglected to show the lives of the
    slaves, who made up over half the town's
    population."

28
Media References cont.
  • Civil War American History Battle Map Pictures
  • Civil War in American Battle Maps and Timelines
    1860 to 1865 Documents Pictures.www.americancivil
    war.com
  • Civil War Index Page
  • Source for collectors researching the Civil War.
    Categorized links, including archives,
    bibliographies, books, and "Gateways"
    category.www.homepages.dsu.edu
  • Civil War Women
  • Resources available online from the Special
    Collections Library at Duke University about
    different women alive during the Civil
    War.www.scriptorium.lib.duke.edu
  • The Civil War- PBS
  • Includes images, maps, biographies, historical
    documents, bibliography, related links, fact page
    and section for educators.www.pbs.org/civilwar
  • The Civil War Traveler
  • Features a summary of historical interpretive
    signs and maps for civil war touring trails from
    Pennsylvania to South Carolina.www.civilwartravel
    er.com

29
Media References cont.
  • Historic Preservation of American Civil War
    Battlefields
  • This private, non-profit membership organization
    is working toward the preservation of the most
    historic Civil War battlefield sites.www.civilwar
    .org
  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailor System
  • Comprehensive research tool for searching the
    records of the soldiers and sailors who fought in
    the Civil War.www.itd.nps.gov
  • Civil War at Smithsonian
  • Examines the Civil War through the Smithsonian
    Institutes extensive collections. It includes
    resources, a detailed timeline, and images with
    detailed ...www.civilwar.si.edu
  • American Civil War Collections
  • Civil War letters and diary entries include
    transcriptions and digital images of the
    manuscripts.www.etext.virginia.edu/civilwar
  • USA History American Civil War
  • British site includes articles about major
    battles, political and military figures, writers,
    artists, photographers, the role of women,
    issues, ...www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAcivil
    warC.htm

30
Intervention/Adaptation
  • During class activities, students who need extra
    help will be guided along more closely by the
    teacher.
  • Students who finished early will be provided an
    opportunity to assist others who are struggling
    with their work.
  • If a student needs to be challenged more, we
    would have them go one step further in their
    research. Instead of just getting the normal
    facts about a Civil War Soldier or other
    important figure, they would also have to write a
    journal entry from the perspective of the person
    they researched.
  • For a student that needs more help, I would give
    them websites to look at and a note sheet that
    has blanks in it for research. This way their
    search is narrowed and more comprehensible.
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