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Copy the following chart onto Portfolio p53

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Why did the Mormons move west? ... hundreds of traders and settlers were making the 800-mile journey along the Santa Fe Trail from Missouri to New Mexico each year. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Copy the following chart onto Portfolio p53


1
Copy the following chart onto Portfolio p53
New Mexico Oregon Utah
Who went?
Why did they go?
How did they get there?
What did they find?
2
Lesson 13.1 Trails West
  • Today we will list the reasons why various
    groups participated in the
    exploration of the West.

3
Vocabulary
  • list to make a list
  • exploration discovery thru travel
  • speculate buying something now in the hope that
    it will be worth more later
  • missionary person who travels to another place
    and tries to convert its people to his/her
    religion
  • polygamy the practice of having more than one
    wife at a time

4
What We Already Know
  • Thomas Jeffersons purchase of the Louisiana
    Territory brought almost half a billion acres of
    new land into the United States.

5
What We Already Know
  • Lewis and Clark had explored the Louisiana
    Pur-chase all the way to the Pacific Ocean and
    had returned with much valuable scientific and
    geographical information.

6
What We Already Know
  • The land south of the Louisiana Pur-chase
    belonged to Mexico.

7
Mountain men were the first to open up the West.
  • Trapping beaver for the Eastern fur trade
  • As an area became trapped out, the mountain men
    would move farther west.

8
  • The mountain men provided firsthand knowledge of
    the West.
  • They discovered passes and made maps later used
    by settlers.

9
1. How did Mountain Men help open the West?
  1. They converted Indians to Christianity.
  2. They discovered passes and made maps later used
    by settlers.
  3. They made treaties with Indians that protected
    settlers.
  4. All the above
  5. A and B only

10
Land speculators bought huge areas of good farm
land.
  • Speculators are people who buy something in the
    hope that it will increase in value.
  • Land speculators made great profits by selling
    sections of land to settlers.
  • Manufacturers and merchants soon followed
    settlers, making money by making and selling
    items that farmers needed.

11
How did speculators contribute to westward
movement?
  1. They provided loans to settlers.
  2. They found the best farm land and sold it to
    settlers.
  3. They built roads to make westward movement
    easier.
  4. They cleared Indian threat to make settlement
    safer.

12
American traders traveled to Mexico in search of
markets.
  • After gaining its independence from Spain in
    1821, Mexico opened its borders to American
    traders.

13
Missouri trader William Becknell took household
goods to Santa Fe, New Mexico, and opened the
Santa Fe Trail.
He made large profits because the New Mexicans
were eager for new merchandise.
14
The next spring, Becknell returned to Santa Fe,
with covered wagons loaded with trade goods.
Before long, hundreds of traders and settlers
were making the 800-mile journey along the Santa
Fe Trail from Missouri to New Mexico each year.
15
Check for Understanding
A ask B Why did tradesmen travel to New Mexico?
Tradesmen traveled to New Mexico because they
wanted to sell goods in Santa Fe.
  • Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

16
How did tradesmen contribute to westward movement?
  1. Their success in trade led others to travel west
    as well, using the trails that the tradesmen had
    found.
  2. They built roads that made westward movement
    easier.
  3. They discovered passes and blazed trails later
    used by settlers.
  4. They provided loans so settlers could buy land.

17
Hundreds of settlers also began migrating west on
the Oregon Trail.
18
Missionaries were the first whites to cross the
continent to Oregon.
  • They made few converts among the Native
    Americans.
  • However, their glowing reports of Oregons rich
    land began to attract other American settlers.

19
Check for Understanding
B ask A Why did missionaries travel to Oregon?
Missionaries traveled to Oregon because they
wanted to convert Native Americans to
Christianity.
  • Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

20
Which of these is true about missionaries and
the opening of the West?
  1. They brought Christianity to many Indians.
  2. They opened Oregon up to tradesmen.
  3. They sent back reports of how wonderful Oregons
    land and climate were for farming.
  4. They went to Oregon to escape religious
    persecution back East.

21
Americans wanted to settle in Oregon because its
climate made farming easy.
  • In 1843, nearly 1,000 people made the 2,000-mile
    journey from Missouri to Oregon.
  • The next year, twice as many came.

22
The Oregon Trail was dangerous, so pioneers
joined wagon trains
  • Their survival would depend on cooperation.
  • Before setting out, the wagon train members
    agreed on rules and elected leaders to enforce
    them.

23
2. Why did so many Americans want to settle in
Oregon?
  1. They wanted to convert Native Americans to
    Christianity.
  2. They hoped to gain religious freedom and to avoid
    religious persecution.
  3. Oregons rich land and mild climate was perfect
    for farming.
  4. They hoped to avoid having to fight in the coming
    Civil War.

Choose all that are true!
24
The Mormons settled in Utah.
  • While most pioneers went west in search of
    wealth, the Mormons migrated for religious
    reasons.

25
The Mormons settled in Utah.
The Mormons settled in Utah.
  • The Mormons were members of the Church of Jesus
    Christ of Latter-Day Saints, founded by Joseph
    Smith in upstate New York in 1830.

26
The Mormons settled in Utah.
  • The Mormons lived in close communities, worked
    hard, shared their goods, and prospered.

27
Some people persecuted the Mormons for their
beliefs.
  • They saw the Mormon practice of polygamy as
    immoral.
  • Others objected to their holding property in
    common.

28
In 1844, an anti-Mormon mob in Illinois killed
Joseph Smith.
29
Brigham Young, the next Mormon leader, moved
his people out of the United States.
  • His destination was Utah, which was part of
    Mexico at the time, where he hoped his people
    would be left alone to follow their faith in
    peace.

30
Check for Understanding
A ask B Why did the Mormons leave the United
States?
The Mormons left the United States in the hope
that they could find a place where they could
practice their religion in peace.
  • Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

31
Check for Understanding
B ask A How did Brigham Young become leader of
the Mormons?
Brigham Young become leader of the Mormons after
an anti-Mormon mob killed Joseph Smith.
  • Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

32
In 1847, about 1,600 Mormons followed Brigham
Young to Utah.
  • They left in mid-winter and set out on a very
    difficult journey along what would become known
    as the Mormon Trail.
  • They found the Great Salt Lake, which Young
    announced as the place they would build their new
    settlement and tabernacle.

33
The Mormons built a new settlement by the Great
Salt Lake.
  • Working together to build dams and canals, the
    Mormons captured water in the hills and carried
    it to the farms in the valleys below.
  • Through teamwork, they made their desert homeland
    bloom.

34
Check for Understanding
A ask B Why did the Mormons leave the United
States?
The Mormons left the United States in the hope
that they could find a place where they could
practice their religion in peace.
  • Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

35
3. Why did the Mormons move west?
  1. They wanted to become land speculators.
  2. They were seeking escape from the religious
    persecution they had experienced in the East.
  3. They were searching for gold in the Wasatch
    Mountains.
  4. They came to share their faith with the Indians.

36
13.1 Graphic A
New Mexico Oregon Utah
Who went? tradesmen farmers, settlers Mormons
Why did they go? to sell goods and make money to get land and start farms to escape persecution
How did they get there? followed the Santa Fe Trail followed the Oregon Trail followed the Mormon Trail
What did they find? Mexicans eager to buys their goods Rich farm land and a mild climate the Great Salt Lake
37
13.1 Graphic B
How did each of the following groups contribute
to the opening of the West?
  • mountain men
  • land speculators
  • traders
  • missionaries

They discovered passes and broken trails.
They found farm land and sold it to settlers.
Their success in trade led others to travel west
as well.
Their reports of rich soil in Oregon attracted
settlers.
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