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Industrial relations

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Industrial relations Jackie MORIN European Commission Telework First autonomous agreement (July 2002) Reference to Article 139 General framework of rules for telework ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Industrial relations


1
Industrial relations
  • Jackie MORIN
  • European Commission

2
Increase in EU Population during past enlargements
From 6 to 27 members and beyond
3
Potential further enlargements
4
Averages for the diverse EU enlargements
EU6 1960-71 EU9 1972-84 EU12 1985-94 EU15 1995-03 EU25 2004-06
Union density () 29.5 39.1 31.6 27.8 24.4
Union centralisation (0-1) 0.483 0.445 0.409 0.471 0.369
Sectoral bargaining (0-2) 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.2
Bargaining coverage () 74.7 74.5 74 75.9 62.5
Wage coordination (1-5) 3.1 3.3 3.1 3.4 2.8
Works councils (0-2) 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5
Consultation (0-2) 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.3 0.9
Social pacts ( MS with pacts) 0.0 17.1 27.5 31.9 16.7
5
The Europeanisation of industrial relations
6
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7
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8
Social Agenda
9
Social realities Facts
  • EU per capita 23.000
  • 6.5 million new jobs in the last two years. An
    increase in productivity growth for the first
    time in 10 years.
  • Unemployment the lowest in 25 years. Unemployment
    among 25 to 64-year-olds just 4.7, compared with
    11.2 for those with only a lower secondary
    education.
  • Millions of vacancies in Europe are unfilled
    because there are not enough people with the
    right skills to fill them.
  • New workforce and skills from EU12

10
Social realities - Challenges
  • 78 million people at risk and 8 working poor
  • Unequal access to schooling, training, health
    care, housing, quality jobs
  • 40 of all contracts a-typical and this
    concerns most jobs created since 2000 especially
    for young people, women and/or migrants
  • Limited mobility

11
MS policies towards workers from NMS
Restrictions
Free access
EU 10
12
Resident foreign nationals from EU10 ( of total
population)
13
A contrasted reality
  • Median age of the EU will increase between 2004
    and 2050 from 39 to 49
  • Old-age dependency ratio, will rise from 25
    presently up to 53 in 2050
  • Dürers mother Sophia Loren with 63
    years with 63 years

14
Perception citizens concerns
  • Focus on personal well being (health, family,
    friends), less on collective interest (helping
    others, religion, politics)
  • Future concerns unemployment, environment,
    education, pensions
  • Peoples lives in 20 years time? Worse according
    to 49 EU respondents (38 better)

15
The EU in the world
Population in millions, 2005
GDP in millions of euro, 2005
16
Médailles dOr 2008
17
European Social Policy
Legislation Mobility Gender equality Working
conditions Health and Safety
European Social Dialogue
Social Agenda
European Social Funds
Open Method of Coordination Employment Social
protection
European Commission
18
New Social Agenda
Directives European Works Council Principle of
equal treatment between persons irrespective of
religion or belief, disability, age or sexual
orientation Maritime Labour Convention Application
of patients' rights in cross-border healthcare
Communications Non-discrimination and equal
opportunities Solidarity in the face of change
The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF)
in 2007 Improving competences for the 21st
Century
Working documents The role of transnational
company agreements Restructuring and
Employment Report on the implementation of the
European social partners' Framework Agreement on
Telework First biennial report on the situation
of social services of general interest in the EU
19
European action on IR
20
Role and importance of social dialogue at EU level
ART 138 of the Treaty The Commission has a
responsibility to promote consultation of the
social partners at community level and to take
every useful measure to facilitate their
dialogue, taking care to ensure a balanced
support of both sides. The Commission consults
social partners first Social partners can engage
into a dialogue
ART 139 of the Treaty The Community level
dialogue between the social partners can lead,
if they wish it, to contractual relations,
including agreements. The implementation can be
made either by an EU instrument or through
national channels
New Article 152 The Union recognises and
promotes the role of the social partners at its
level, taking into account the diversity of
national systems. It shall facilitate dialogue
between the social partners, respecting their
autonomy. The Tripartite Social Summit for Growth
and Employment shall contribute to social
dialogue.
21
What forms does the European Social Dialogue take?
TRIPARTITE
Tripartite Social Summit Macroeconomic
dialogue Dialogue on education Dialogue on
employment
High level groups
Val Duchesse Social Dialogue
Sectoral social dialogue committees
Transnational agreements
Autonomous
BIPARTITE
Cross industry
Sectoral
Company
European Commission
22
The different roles of the social partners
Member States EU
I. Veto power a. lobbying Pressure of main employers organisation VNO-NCW to change existing EPL in NL ETUC campaign to change draft Service Directive
I. Veto power b. social pacts for example in IE, SI or FI
2. Collective bargaining (and as a weaker form joint guidelines / benchmarking) a. autonomous Danish collective agreements, including social plans and EPL elements Dutch collective agreements over flexicurity and agency work Framework Agreements on Telework Work-Related Stress Violence and Sexual harassment
2. Collective bargaining (and as a weaker form joint guidelines / benchmarking) b. sponsored 2003 Agreement on Vocational Training and Individual Training Rights in FR Framework Agreements on Parental Leave, Part-time and Fixed-Term
2. Collective bargaining (and as a weaker form joint guidelines / benchmarking) c. dependent Belgian biennial agreements since 1997 national agreements to implement the EU Framework Agreement on Telework (Union Guidelines for coordinated bargaining agendas in context of EMU)
3. Implementation a. co-management Swedish Labour Market Board
3. Implementation b. advise Consultation over setting of minimum wages in most Member States Social Partner advisory role in EU social security coordination for migrants
23
Since 1999 Forum for synchronizing wage policy
with monetary policy
EBC
Council
COM
Macro-economic dialogue
BE
ETUC
24
Since 2003 Lisbon Strategy
Presidency
COM
Tripartite social Summit
Sectors
UEAPME
CEC Eurocadres
CEEP
ETUC
BE
25
Since 1985 Val Duchesse
Unions
Unions
Unions
Bipartite dialogue
Empl
Empl
Empl
26
SSDC Quantitative evolution
Football
Hospitals Steel
Shipbuilding
Gas Catering
Local government Audiovisual Chemical industry
27
36 Sectoral SD Committees
Sea transport Road transport Civil
aviation Inland navigation Railways
Agriculture Extractive Industry Sea fishing Sea
Ports
Steel Shipbuilding Automobile Non ferrous
metal Metal sector
Textile/clothing Tanning/leather Footwear
Personal services Cleaning industry Private
security
Construction
Sport Football Professional cycling
Telecommunications Postal services
Woodworking Furniture Sugar
Electricity Gas
Temporary agency work
Banking Insurance
Hospitals Local government Central
administration Education
Live performance Audiovisual
Chemical
Horeca Catering
Commerce
28
Main issues at sectoral level
Inland waterways Negotiation on Working time
Multi sectoral 1/3 parties violence Public
procurements Mobility passports
Hairdressers Discussion on Skills certificate
Tanning Agreement on social reporting
Steel Joint position on Climate change
Chemical Industry Emission trading Regim FIAs
Agriculture Agripass / Mobility
Hospitals Needle stick injuries
29
4 Agreements establishing minimum standards
implemented by Council decision
  • European agreement on the organisation of working
    time of seafarers, 1998
  • European agreement on the organisation of working
    time of mobile workers in civil aviation, 2000
  • Agreement on certain aspects of the working
    conditions of mobile workers assigned to
    interoperable cross-border services, 2005
  • Agreement on the maritime labour convention, 2008

European Commission
30
2 Autonomous Agreements establishing minimum
standards implemented by the procedures and
practices specific to management and labour and
the Member States
  • Agreement on the European licence for drivers
    carrying out a cross-border interoperability
    service, 2004
  • Social Dialogue Agreement on Crystalline Silica,
    2006

Implementation reports by the social partners
31
Main issues at cross-industry level
Implementation of previous agreements Stress at
work Harassment and violence
Seminars on restructuring
Capacity Building programme
Framework of Action on employment
Negotiation 2008 Revision of Parental Leave
Agreement / Directive
Negotiation 2008 Inclusive labour
market (autonomous agreement)
32
3 Agreements establishing minimum standards
implemented by Council decision
  • Framework agreement on parental leave, 1995
  • Framework agreement on part-time work, 1997
  • Framework agreement on fixed-term work, 1999
  • Parental leave revision

European Commission
33
3 Autonomous Agreements establishing minimum
standards implemented by the procedures and
practices specific to management and labour and
the Member States
  • Framework agreement on telework, 2002
  • Agreement on Stress at work, 2004
  • Harassement and violence at work, 2007
  • Inclusive Labour Markets

Implementation reports by the social partners
34
Telework
  • First autonomous agreement (July 2002)
  • Reference to Article 139
  • General framework of rules for telework (equal
    rights, voluntary character, data protection,
    privacy, equipment, health and safety, training
    etc.)
  • Implementation by members of signatory parties (3
    year period)

35
The process on telework
July 2008 Commission working paper on telework
Promotion phase
28 June 2006 - Adoption of the report on the
implementation of the agreement 2003 - 2005 -
Implementation regular reporting
Implementation phase
16 July 2002 - Signature of the framework
agreement on Telework 12 Nov. 2001 - Opening of
the negotiations 20 Sept 2001 - Social partners
announced their intention to start negotiations
Negotiation phase
16 March 2001 Launch of the 2d phase of
consultation 20 June 2000 Launch of the first
phase of consultation by the Commission
Consultation phase
36
Choice of instruments
Collective agreements (incl. sectoral DK)
Other agreements (recommendations to lower levels)
Guidelines, recommendations
Legislation
Other
No implementation
37
Variations across the member States Models or
clusters of Industrial relations
 North  Organised corporatism  Centre  Social partnership  South  State centred  West  Liberal  Transit  Mixed
Union density () 74.7 35.4 20.2 33.9 22.8
Centralisation 0.476 0.538 0.378 0.370 0.318
Bargaining coverage () 86.8 82.8 75.4 35.3 34.5
Employer density 58.0 72.7 65.8 47.5 28.4
Sectoral organisation (0-2) 2.0 1.8 1.2 0.5 0.7
Employee representation 2.0 2.0 1.6 0.8 0.9
Concertation 1.3 1.4 1.0 0.5 0.8
38
EU Support tools
EU exchanges link between european and
national Levels Expertise, information,
training Budget lines 04.03.03.01 and 04.03.03.02
National capacity reinforcement ESF Article
5.3 http//ec.europa.eu/employment_social/esf/inde
x_en.htm
39
More Information EUROPA website for social
dialogue http//ec.europa.eu/socialdialogue
European Commission
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