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The Kennedy Era

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The Kennedy Era 1960-1963 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Kennedy Era


1
The Kennedy Era
  • 1960-1963

2
Kennedy Family
  • Joe Kennedy Sr. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
  • 9 Children
  • Joe (1915)
  • John Jack (1917)
  • Rosemary (1918)
  • Kathleen Kick (1920)
  • Eunice (1921)
  • Patricia (1924)
  • Robert Bobby (1925)
  • Jean Ann (1928)
  • Edward Ted (1932)

3
Growing up Kennedy
  • Rose
  • Kept meticulous medical records
  • Devoted mother
  • Hired an orthodontist and a kinesthetic coach for
    the children
  • Joe
  • Devoted father
  • Wrote daily letters while he was away on business
  • Encouraged the children to think for themselves
  • Never used physical discipline

4
Growing up Kennedy
  • Expected to win
  • Kennedy win philosophy
  • Kennedys dont cry
  • Rules for visiting the Kennedys
  • Houseguests were expected to compete in the
    Kennedy competitions

5
Rosemarys Affliction
  • Difficulties with her birth left her mentally
    incapable
  • Institutionalized in Wisconsin during her late
    teens
  • She was never expected to come in first
  • Doctors told Rose and Joe that a surgery would
    help her
  • Ended up giving her a lobotomy
  • Left her worse off than before
  • The one thing Rose never forgave herself for

6
Jacks Health
  • Physical disabilities were well hidden
  • Scarlet Fever-3 years old
  • Severe backaches
  • Made worse by a football injury
  • A mosquito took a great risk to bite Jack
  • 1940s-Diagnosed with Addisons Disease
  • Reduces the immune system
  • Took steroids/cortizone
  • Enhanced his sexual appetite

7
Joe vs. Jack
  • Major sibling rivalry
  • Joe Jr. was the obvious favorite of Joe Sr.
  • Fought violently
  • Jack enjoyed Joes misfortunes

8
Joe Jr.
  • Joe Sr. wanted him to become President
  • Probably never would have been President
  • Inherited too many of Joe Sr.s traits
  • Advertised his goals and masculinity
  • Women
  • Preferred strippers and married women

9
Jack
  • Women
  • Always better than Joe
  • Had an ability to make and hold friends
  • He always traveled with a friend
  • Had a very charming personality

10
Kick Rebels
  • Most independent of all the children
  • Very attractive
  • Openly opposed her Father
  • Joes favorite daughter
  • Didnt get along with Rose
  • Married a protestant (her family disowned her for
    a short time)
  • Marquess of Harington
  • Killed in action in World War II
  • She died in a plane crash in 1948 with her lover
    (a British Earl)

11
New Roles
  • World War II
  • Joe and Jack both became war heroes
  • Joe was a pilot and Jack was in the Navy
  • Joe was sent on a suicide mission over Europe
    and shot down in 1944
  • Jack was thrust into the spotlight
  • Had always been the shier of the 2 brothers

12
Jacks Role in WWII
  • August 2, 1943
  • PT-109 on a nighttime patrol was rammed by a
    Japanese destroyer
  • Jack was thrown across the deck and re-injured
    his back
  • Towed a wounded man 3 miles in the ocean to an
    island
  • Received the following medals during the war
  • Navy and Marine Corp Medal
  • Purple Heart
  • Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
  • World War II Victory Medal

13
Jackie Kennedy
  • Jacqueline Bouvier-Born July 28, 1929
  • Daughter of Black Jack Bouvier and Janet Norton
    Lee
  • Father had a reputation as a womanizer
  • Her parents divorced in 1938
  • Received a bachelors degree from Ms. Porters
    School for Girls

14
Jacks Courtship of Jackie
  • Details of how they got together are unknown
  • Reporter from the New York times kept throwing
    them together
  • Jackie was very fond of Joe and Bobby
  • Joe admired her spunk
  • She was the only person ever allowed to refuse to
    play touch football with the Kennedys
  • Married September 12, 1953
  • Jackies mothers family and her father werent
    present

15
Early Political Career
  • JFK decided to run for the Senate in 1952
  • Bobby was his campaign manager
  • Defeated Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (Joe Kennedy had
    lost the same seat to Lodges father)

16
Kennedy Political Machine
  • Roses Teas
  • Attracted 70,000 women voters
  • Jacks sisters made public appearances
  • Debate between Kennedy and Lodge made Lodge look
    like a deer in the headlights
  • Kennedy won with 51 of the vote
  • Forged an unstoppable political machine

17
Nixon-Kennedy Debates
18
Election of 1960
  • Nixon had been Eisenhowers Vice-President for 2
    terms
  • Kennedy is the 1st and only non-Protestant
    President
  • Vote was the closest race since 1916

19
The Golden Boy
20
Bay of Pigs
  • Coordinated originally under the Eisenhower
    administration
  • Cuba had become Communist in 1959 under Fidel
    Castro
  • January 22, 1961-Kennedy was informed of the
    invasion plan
  • Plan to invade Cuba and overthrow Castro
  • Kennedys Cabinet believed it had a fair chance
    for success
  • Kennedy was given a short timeline to decide
  • Troops were being trained in Guatemala and the
    Guatemalan government wanted them out
  • Soviet pilots had begun landing in Cuba
  • Disposal Problem
  • Becoming more dangerous to call it off than go
    forward

21
Bay of Pigs
  • Kennedy thought he couldnt lose-The Midas Touch
  • At the last minute the US withdrew its assistance
  • March 14, 1961-Invasion began
  • Landing site-Castros favorite fishing spot
  • Made the guerrilla option obsolete (no longer a
    surprise)
  • April 1961-Bay of Pigs Invasion
  • Easily defeated the Guerillas
  • Aftermath-Kennedy immediately admitted his
    mistake to the public
  • Probably saved his Presidency

22
Cuban Missile Crisis
  • A WHOLE NOTHER POWERPOINT

23
Marilyn Monroe
  • Born Norma Jeane Mortenson
  • Playboy Centerfold
  • Most famous for her roles in Gentlemen Prefer
    Blondes, How to Marry a Millionaire and Some Like
    it Hot
  • Married to Joe Dimaggio
  • Diamonds are a Girls Best Friend
  • Happy Birthday to JFK

24
Peace Corps
  • Established by Executive Order
  • March 1, 1961
  • Volunteer organization for 3rd world countries
  • Countering Yankee imperialism idea
  • THE PEACE CORPS

25
Berlin Wall
  • Kennedy-July 25, 1961
  • Said the US would protect Germans both East and
    West
  • 155 Kilometers long
  • Torn down in 1989 by college students
  • David Hasslehoff sang on top of the wall

26
Kennedy and Civil Rights
  • June 11, 1963-Civil Rights Act
  • Public facilities
  • Bobby Kennedy-Main fighter for Civil Rights
  • Attorney General under Kennedy

27
Space Race
  • 1957-1975
  • Soviets-First Man in Space
  • Yuri Gagarin-April 12, 1961
  • 23 days later-Alan Shephard becomes first
    American in space

28
Kennedys Assassination
  • November 22,1963
  • Dallas, Texas
  • Next to the Texas Book Depository
  • Lee Harvey Oswald
  • Oswald was arrested and while being moved to a
    prison was shot by Jack Ruby
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