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Greek Mythology

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Greek Mythology An Introduction NIKE Nike was the goddess of victory Clash of the Titans The epic tale of Perseus, Medusa, and Andromeda Read all about Percy Jackson ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greek Mythology


1
Greek Mythology
  • An Introduction

2
What are the characteristics of a myth?
  • A traditional or ancient story
  • Originally told by word-of-mouth
  • Deals with supernatural beings (Gods and
    Goddesses) or heroes
  • Explains a belief or natural happening
  • Seeks to answer some of lifes fundamental
    questions Who are we? Why are we here?

3
Why were myths told?
4
Universal Themes
  • Myths were told to teach lessons about life.
  • These are called Universal Themes
  • Universal Themes are common across many different
    cultures. (EX the danger of greed)
  • Identify the theme by focusing on the main
    character and identifying the conflicts.

5
How did the time and place influence these
stories?
6
Athens, Greece BC
  • Constant warfare between city-states
  • Very little understanding of science or the
    natural world
  • Constant threat of earthquakes, floods, droughts,
    disease

7
Greek Temple - built to certain gods - Greeks
would go into temples and pray to their gods for
help. These beliefs in powerful gods influenced
their stories.
8
Epic Tale a long narrative story or poem
dealing with Gods and Heroes.
  • A long and perilous journey in search of
    something valuable.
  • Heroes face trials, tests, and temptations.
  • Helped along the way by Gods, friends, or
    animals.
  • In the end, the hero is glorified.

9
Perseus/Heracles Family Tree
Demi-God When a God had a child with a mortal,
that child often had greater power than normal
people. However, demi-gods could be killed.
They were not immortal.
These are the characters in the movie Clash of
the Titans.
Heracles is the Greek name for Hercules. He was
Perseuss great-grandson.
10

The Greek Gods
  • Why were there so many of them?

11
The Greeks were polytheists
  • Today, many people believe in one god
    (monotheism)
  • Many centuries ago, when the stories of mythology
    began, people believed in many gods (polytheism)
    and each god had authorities over certain powers.

12
The Origin of the Gods
  • In the beginning heaven (Uranus) and earth (Gaia)
    had children monsters with 50 heads and 100
    arms.
  • The monsters were so ugly that Uranus threw the
    monsters into Tartaurus-the pit at the bottom of
    Hades.
  • Then Uranus and Gaia had a new group of children
    called Titans. They are the elder gods called
    Titans.
  • One day Uranuss son Cronus wanted to be king, so
    he chopped his father into small pieces and threw
    HIM into the pit of Tartarus.

13
Clash of the Titans vs. the Olympians
  • Cronus was now the lord of the Universe.
  • He feared that his children would one day kill
    him, so as they were born, he swallowed them
    whole.
  • His wife, Rhea grew tired of her husband eating
    her children, so when the youngest son Zeus was
    born, she fed her husband a rock and hid Zeus on
    an island.
  • When Zeus was grown, Rhea poisoned her husband
    Cronus who vomited up Zeuss brothers and
    sisters.
  • Zeus led his brothers and sisters in a war
    against the Titans and defeated them, imprisoning
    them in Tartarus.

14
The Greek God Family Tree
  • How does this relate to Percy Jackson?

15
The Titans
The Olympians
Hestia did not live on Mt. Olympus.
Lived in the underworld.
The 12 Olympians were the supreme gods who lived
in a palace on top of Mount Olympus. These are
the gods mentioned in Percy Jackson.
16

The Greek Gods And Their Powers
  • Which god does what?

17
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18
Zeus
  • Roman name Jupiter
  • King of the gods sky
    weather
  • Interesting Information
  • Wrestled with and almost
    beaten by Heracles

19
Hera
  • Wife of Zeus queen of gods
    women marriage
  • Interesting Information
  • Hated Heracles always
    trying to hurt him

20
Apollo
  • God of the sun youth music archery
    healing prophecy
  • Patron of athletes
  • Men often visited his temples to ask questions
    about the future

21
Artemis
  • Twin sister of
    Apollo
  • Goddess of the
    moon hunting wild
    animals unmarried
    girls
  • Carried a silver bow
    and deadly arrows

22
Hades
  • King of the underworld
    where the spirits of the
    dead belong
  • Also called Pluto
  • One of two brothers
    of Zeus, but not as
    powerful

23
Poseidon
  • Ruler of the seas
  • The other brother of
    Zeus, but not as
    powerful as Zeus

24
Aphrodite
  • Goddess of Love
  • One of the twelve
    supreme gods
  • Her son is Eros, also
  • known as cupid.

25
Athena
  • Goddess of wisdom crafts
    war
  • Wore a helmet and breastplate and
    carried a spear
  • Born from Zeuss head

26
Ares
  • God of war
  • His throne on Mount
    Olympus was covered in
    human skin
  • Interesting Information
  • Was beaten by Hercules
    in a battle
  • Was stuffed in a jar by
    two giants
  • Not Zeuss favorite

27
Hephaestus
  • God of fire metalworker
  • lame
  • Interesting Information
  • Interceded in a fight
    between Zeus and Hera
    and was thrown from Mount
    Olympus to Earth which
    made him lame

28
Hermes
  • Messenger god
  • God of secrets tricks
  • Wore golden, winged
    sandals which carried him
    over sea and land
  • Guided dead souls to the
    Underworld

29
Demeter
  • Goddess of agriculture
    earth corn
  • Sister of Zeus

30
Persephone
  • Daughter of Demeter
  • Queen of Hades
  • Abducted by Hades
    forced to spend six
    months of the year in the
    underworld

31
How does this apply to us today?
  • Do we see mythology in our lives today?

32
Saturn - The Planet
  • Roman equivalent to Cronus, Zeuss Father

33
Jupiter
  • The Roman equivalent of Zeus

34
NIKE
  • Nike was the goddess of victory

35
Clash of the Titans
  • The epic tale of Perseus, Medusa, and Andromeda

36
Read all about Percy Jackson and the Olympians in
the novels by Rick Riordan.
37
Thor
  • Thor was one of the Germanic gods who was the God
    of Thunder. The ancient Vikings believed that
    thunder was the result of Thors hammer, Mjilnor.

38
Now that weve discussed Greek mythology, look
for references to the Gods in movies and
literature. Bring to class anything
mythology-related for extra credit.
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