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BELLWORK

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BELLWORK How did the Renaissance change knowledge and education? How did the government change during Reformation? What is an absolute monarchy? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BELLWORK


1
BELLWORK
  • How did the Renaissance change knowledge and
    education?
  • How did the government change during Reformation?
  • What is an absolute monarchy? Give two examples
    of absolute monarchs who ruled during the period.
    (258-269)
  • Brainstorm a list of things you know about the
    U.S. government. (How is it set up? Branches?
    People? Etc.)
  • THINKER What is a thesis statement? Create your
    own thesis statement for one of the following
  • Why CDO is awesome
  • Your favorite subject and why it is your favorite
  • Your favorite holiday and why it is your favorite

2
Absolute Monarchies
  • In the 1500s and 1600s, European monarchs
    sought to create powerful kingdoms in which they
    could command the complete loyalty of all their
    subjects.
  • This form of government, known as absolutism,
    placed absolute, or unlimited, power in the
    monarch and his/her advisers.
  • The strength of absolutism rested on divine right
    the political idea that monarchs receive their
    power directly from God and are responsible to
    God alone for their actions.
  • An absolute monarchy, it was reasoned, would
    unify diverse peoples and bring greater
    efficiency and control.

3
Spain Philip II
4
England Elizabeth I
5
France - Louis XIV
6
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7
Louis XIV
8
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9
Russia - Peter the Great
10
Finish Movie Maker Presentations
11
Intro to Enlightenment
  • Brainstorm a list of things you know about the
    U.S. government. (How is it set up? Branches?
    People? Etc.)

12
The Enlightenment
  • All mankind... being all equal and independent,
    no one ought to harm another in his life, health,
    liberty or possessions. John Locke

13
Skepticism
  • What does this Renaissance value mean?
  • Why were people questioning things after the
    Middle Ages?
  • What kinds of things were people questioning?

14
The Enlightenment
  • The period in Europe from 1600 1800
  • Time of rapid scientific development, exploration
    of the New World and challenges to church and
    state authorities.
  • Enlightenment thinkers believed in the power of
    reason to solve the problems of humans

15
Question of Government
  • What is philosophy?
  • European philosophers began debating the question
    of who should govern a nation
  • should kings continue to rule absolutely or
    should democratic forms of government develop?

16
John Locke
  • The government should be limited and uphold
    peoples natural rights, and if did not, people
    could rebel
  • Created concept of inalienable natural
    rights--life, liberty and property (everyone had
    these!)

17
Thomas Hobbes
  • Argued that absolute monarchy was the best form
    of government
  • Believed people were naturally corrupt and
    violent, and could only be controlled with an
    absolute monarchy
  • Social Contract- People give up rights and
    personal freedoms in exchange for protection from
    ruler

18
Evaluate
  • Do you think people should give up their rights
    in exchange for protection from the government?
    Why or why not?

19
Baron de Montesquieu
  • Promoted the idea of separation of powers-power
    should be divided equally among the branches of
    government
  • This created a balance of power in which all
    branches check power of the others
  • Three branches Executive, Judicial, Legislative

20
  • Identify the 3 branches of government and their
    role in the United States today.

21
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Believed man was naturally good, but corrupted by
    society
  • Right to rule rested with the people and should
    rule for the common good
  • Supported and influenced idea of democracy

22
Conclude
  • What aspect of Rousseaus philosophy do we have
    in our US Government?

23
Voltaire
  • Believed an absolute monarchy was the best form
    of government
  • Advocate of freedom of speech and religion
  • Believed an enlightened monarch was the most
    suitable ruler (allowed religious toleration,
    freedom of speech and the press, and the right to
    hold private property. Most fostered the arts,
    sciences, and education)

24
Voltaire
  • I disapprove of what you say, but I will
    defend to the death your right to say it
  • Analyze this quote by Voltaire. What is he
    saying? What is he advocating? Why?

25
Evaluate
  • How does freedom of speech promote peaceful
    change in government, rather than revolution?

26
Brainstorm..
  • Think of 5 things from the Enlightenment Era that
    are present in Americas government.

27
Fall Final Study Guide 70 pts.
  • WRONG
  • RIGHT
  • Achievements of early civilizations were
    government, farming, architecture, math, compass,
    weapons and writing.
  • Egypt Hieroglyphics, tombs, polytheistic,
    government ruled by pharaoh (New, Old, Middle
    Kingdom)
  • Mesopotamia Fertile Crescent focus on farming,
    ziggurats (polytheistic), cuneiform, numbering
    years, plow, domestication of animals

You are preparing for a FINAL that is worth 10
of your grade! Include as much detail as
possible! This is the best way to study!
28
Fall Final Study Guide
  • You need to number the vocabulary section! (go in
    alphabetical order, as listed)
  • For 18.. Label key nations of study directly on
    the map. You will attach this sheet to your final
    study guide when you turn it in (10 min.)
  • You will have time after your essay to work on it
    tomorrow, but other than that, everything else
    needs to be completed for homework!

29
BELLWORK
  • Explain the main achievement of each scientist
    during the Scientific Revolution
  • Copernicus
  • Kepler
  • Galileo
  • Bacon
  • Newton
  • THINKER Make a prediction ? How did the Catholic
    church respond to the Enlightenment and
    Scientific Revolution?

30
The Scientific Revolution
  • No great discovery was ever made without a bold
    guess
  • --Isaac Newton

31
The Middle Ages
  • People believed
  • The earth was flat
  • The earth was the center of the universe
  • (God created the universe to serve people,
    therefore it was the center)
  • This idea was called the Geocentric Theory



32
Scientific Revolution
  • A period when new ideas in physics, astronomy,
    biology, anatomy, chemistry, and other sciences
    led to a rejection of ancient ideas
  • Laid the foundation of modern science.

33
Causes of the Scientific Revolution
  • Changing role of the Catholic church
  • Enlightenment
  • New ideas - Questioning attitude (skepticism)
  • New approaches to seeking knowledge
  • New technology
  • Exploration showed the unknown
  • Read pgs. 292-296 complete the worksheet.

34
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • In the late 1400s, Copernicus began to challenge
    this old way of thinking
  • He believed the earth was round and rotated on
    its axis as it revolved around the sun
  • He believed the sun, not the earth, was the
    center of the universe
  • This was called the Heliocentric Theory

35
Johannes Kepler
  • German astronomer in the early 1600s
  • Defended and expanded ideas of Copernicus
  • He used mathematical formulas to prove that the
    planets revolve around the sun (laws of planetary
    motion)
  • Kepler also proved the planets move in oval
    ellipses, and move faster as they approach the sun

36
Galileo Galilei
  • In 1609, mathematician Galileo expanded the ideas
    of Copernicus by proving that planets revolve
    around the sun, not the earth
  • He also made improvements on the telescope,
    observed sun spots, improved compass design and
    discovered the 4 largest satellites of Jupiter,
    now called the Galilean Moons

37
Galileo Continued
  • In 1632, after publishing his ideas, Galileo was
    forced to stand trial for speaking against church
    ideas
  • He was forced to recant his views and lived out
    his life under house arrest

38
Francis Bacon
  • Late 1500s/Early 1600s
  • Helped develop (along with Galileo) Scientific
    Methodscientists observe, hypothesize, and
    experiment to prove scientific law

39
Isaac Newton
  • In his book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia
    Mathematica (1687), Newton described the three
    laws of motion and gravity (basis for modern
    engineering)
  • Helped develop calculus and created Newtons
    Method for finding zeroes of a function
  • Invented the reflecting telescope, studied the
    speed of sound and law of cooling

40
Newtons Three Laws of Motion
  1. A body continues to maintain its state of rest or
    of uniform motion unless acted upon by an
    external unbalanced force
  2. F ma the net force on an object is equal to
    the mass of the object multiplied by its
    acceleration
  3. To every action there is an equal and opposite
    reaction

41
Connections.
  • How did the Scientific Revolution change
    scientific beliefs of the Middle ages?
  • What new ideas in the Scientific Revolution do
    you still study today?
  • Who was the most important scientist in the
    Scientific Revolution? Why?
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