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Age of Imperialism

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Age of Imperialism 1880-1914 I contend that we [Britons] are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 10 September 2019
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Title: Age of Imperialism


1
Age of Imperialism
  • 1880-1914

I contend that we Britons are the first race
in the world, and the more of the world we
inhabit, the better it is for the human race It
is our duty to seize every opportunity of
acquiring more territory and we should keep this
one idea steadily before our eyes that the more
territory simply means more Anglo- Saxon race
English, more of the best, the most human, most
honourable race the world possesses. Cecil
Rhodes, Confession of Faith, 1877
What motives for imperialism can you find in
Rhodess statement?
2
What does this political cartoon tell you about
the Age of Imperialism?
3
Definition
  • Imperialism one countrys domination of
    political, economic, and social life of another
    country
  • Sea power centralized govts
    industrialization unprecedented empires

4
MAIN Motivations
  • M Markets (both to get raw materials and sell
    finished products)
  • A Acquire resources
  • I Introduce Christianity European superior
    culture
  • N Nationalism (competition between nations)

5
Why did Europeans feel that they could conquer
the world?
  • Social Darwinism
  • Herbert Spencer, said some human races were
    further evolved than others.
  • Rudyard Kiplings White Mans Burden poem. Made
    Imperialism seem like the nice thing to do to
    help uncivilized areas become civilized.

6
Forms
  • Colony directly ruled by an imperial power
  • Protectorate native govt guided by a foreign
    power
  • Sphere of Influence region where an imperial
    power has exclusive economic rights

7
Results
  • Elites across ALL cultures benefit
  • Competition among Europeans rising tension
  • Racism increases
  • 1914 Europe controls 85 worlds territory (up
    from 15 in 1815)
  • Britain, France, Belgium, Netherlands had biggest
    empires
  • Russia, Germany and Italy, US Japan join later

8
Wrap it Up Question
  • What are the 4 main motivations for European
    Imperialism in the time period 1880-1914?
  • Which do you feel is the most important for
    European Imperialists? Why?
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