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American Government Chapter 25

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American Government Chapter 25 Section 1 Counties, Towns, and Townships The Counties Stats county size EXTREMES San Bernardino County, CA 20,064 square miles ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Government Chapter 25


1
American GovernmentChapter 25
  • Section 1
  • Counties, Towns, and Townships

2
The Counties
  • Stats county size
  • EXTREMES
  • San Bernardino County, CA
  • 20,064 square miles
  • Kalawao County, Hawaii
  • 13 square miles

3
  • Stats population
  • Los Angeles County, CA
  • 9 million people
  • Loving County, Texas
  • 150 people

4
Powers of Typical County Govt.
  • Executive Power
  • Levy taxes
  • Appropriate funds
  • Legislative Power
  • Supervising road programs
  • Managing county property

5
Elected County OfficialsTitles Job Description
  • Sherriff
  • Keeps jail and furnishes police protection
  • Clerk
  • Registers and records documents, mortgages
  • Assessor
  • Appraises property
  • Treasurer
  • Keeps county funds
  • Auditor
  • Keeps financial records

6
Titles Jobs Cont.
  • District Attorney
  • Chief lawyer for the county
  • Coroner
  • Investigates deaths
  • About 2 million people throughout the U.S. work
    in county government

7
Functions performed by county governments
  • 1. keep peace
  • 2. collect taxes
  • 3. spend funds
  • 4. build/repair roads bridges
  • 5. maintain schools
  • 6. record deeds
  • 7. licenses
  • 8. etc.

8
Towns
  • New England towns
  • They have been the major unit of local government
    for hundreds of years its meetings are examples
    of direct democracy

9
Townships
  • Differences
  • In NY, NJ, PA townships where formed where
    people settled, so they are not uniform in shape
  • From Ohio westward townships are uniform in
    shape because they were drawn in federal public
    land surveys

10
Townships cont.
  • States are divided into townships
  • How big is a township?
  • 36 square miles (6 miles square)
  • Each township is divided into sections which are
    each 1 mile square
  • Sections can be divided into smaller lots (Half
    Section-320 acres, Quarter Sections-160 acres,
    Half Quarters-80 acres)

11
Special Districts
  • Jobs of Special Districts
  • 1. provide water, sewage and electrical service
  • 2. furnish fire and police protection
  • 3. build and maintain libraries, parks, schools
    etc.

12
Terms
  • Borough
  • - the main unit of local government in Alaska
  • County
  • - the main unit of local government in most of
    the U.S.
  • Special District
  • - an independent unit of local government
  • Parish
  • - the main unit of local government in Louisiana
  • Townships
  • - Mainly in the Midwest counties are divided
    into subunits that share the duties of local
    government
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