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The Texas Revolution

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Right away, the Texas government asked Congress to annex Texas into the Union. Many Americans objected to the admission of Texas as a new state. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Texas Revolution


1
Lesson 13.2
The Texas Revolution
Today we will trace the events that led to the
Texas War for Independence.
2
Vocabulary
  • trace follow the order of a series of events
    and see their connection
  • event something that happens

3
What We Already Know
  • Thomas Jeffersons purchase of the Louisiana
    Territory brought almost half a billion acres of
    new land into the United States.

4
What We Already Know
  • The land south of the Louisiana Purchase
    belonged to Mexico.

5
What We Already Know
  • American tradesmen had been using the Santa Fe
    Trail to visit Mexican towns since the 1820s.

6
Other Americans would eventually settle in a
province in northeast Mexico.
7
The Spanish land called Tejas bordered the U.S.
territory called Louisiana.
8
Although Tejas was a Spanish colony, it had few
Spanish settlers.
  • The land was rich and desirable, with forests in
    the east, rich soil for growing corn and cotton,
    and great grassy plains for grazing animals.
  • It also had rivers leading to natural ports on
    the Gulf of Mexico, making shipping and trade
    easy.
  • But in 1821, only about 4,000 Tejanos lived in
    Texas.

9
Although Tejas was a Spanish colony, it had few
Spanish settlers.
  • Tejanos are people of Spanish heritage who
    consider Texas their home.
  • The Spanish government wanted more people to
    live in Tejas.

10
The Spanish government offered huge pieces of
land to attract settlers.
  • The Native Americans who lived in Tejas fought
    against Spanish settlement.
  • The Spanish wanted more people to settle there to
    help defend against the Native Americans in Tejas
    who fought against Spanish settlement.

11
The Spanish government offered huge pieces of
land to attract settlers.
  • They also needed help stopping the Americans who
    illegally entered Texas.

12
Moses Austin, an American from Missouri, asked
for permission to start a colony in Texas.
  • Spain agreed, on the condition that the settlers
    on the land would follow Spanish laws.
  • When Moses Austin died, his son Stephen Austin
    took over.

13
Why did Spain give Moses Austin permission to
start a colony in Texas?
  1. In Tejas, there were few Spanish settlers.
  2. Austin offered the Spanish a great deal of money.
  3. They needed more people to defend against the
    Indians.
  4. They thought Austins settlers would help stop
    illegal American immigrants.

Which of these is NOT true?
14
4. Why did Americans want to move to Texas?
  1. The land was rich and desirable.
  2. It had forests in the east, rich soil for growing
    corn and cotton, and great grassy plains for
    grazing animals.
  3. It already had a population of slaves ready to
    work in the fields.
  4. It also had rivers leading to natural ports on
    the Gulf of Mexico, making shipping and trade
    easy.

Choose the one that is NOT true!
15
In 1821, Mexico gained independence from Spain.
  • The new government of Mexico insisted that
    Austins settlers learn Spanish, become Mexican
    citizens, and join the Roman Catholic church.

16
In 1821, Mexico gained independence from Spain.
In 1821, Mexico gained independence from Spain.
  • When Mexico later banned slavery in 1829,
    Austins colonists had to give up any slaves they
    owned.

17
Despite the new expectations, the success of the
colony attracted more settlers and speculators to
Texas.
  • By 1830, Americans outnumbered Tejanos six to one.

18
What did American settlers have to agree to do in
order to settle in Austins colony?
  1. learn Spanish
  2. become Mexican citizens
  3. join the Roman Catholic church
  4. give up slavery

Write down ALL that are true!
19
Conflicts arose between the Americans and Tejanos
for several reasons.
  • Americans did not like following Mexican laws and
    found it difficult dealing with documents that
    were in Spanish.
  • Few had joined the Catholic church.
  • The Americans wanted slavery so they could grow
    cotton.
  • The government began requiring Texans to pay
    taxes for the first time.

20
The Tejanos found the Americans difficult to live
with.
  • They thought the Americans believed they were
    superior.
  • The Americans seemed unwilling to adopt Mexican
    culture.

21
The Mexican government decided to close Texas to
further settlement by Americans.
  • To enforce its laws, the Mexican government sent
    more Mexican troops to Texas.

22
5. Why did tension increase between Americans and
Tejanos?
  1. Americans did not like following Mexican laws,
    which were written in Spanish.
  2. The Americans were offended by Mexicos
    legalization of slavery.
  3. Americans did not want to join the Catholic
    church.
  4. The government had begun requiring Texans to pay
    taxes for the first time.

Choose the one that is NOT true!
23
In 1833, Stephen Austin took a petition to Mexico
City on behalf of both Americans and Tejanos.
  • The Mexican president, General Antonio López de
    Santa Anna, jailed Austin for a year.

24
When they found out about Austin, the Texans
wanted to rebel.
  • Santa Anna responded by sending more troops to
    Texas.

25
In 1836, the Texans decided to
declare Texas an independent
republic.
26
Sam Houston took command of the small Texas army.
  • Mexican president Santa Anna led troops against
    Houstons army stationed at a fort in southeast
    Texas.

27
Another company of Texas volunteers, headed by
William Travis, stood at the Alamo, an old
mission in San Antonio.
28
Traviss force defended the Alamo against Santa
Annas army for 12 days.
  • The Mexicans captured the fort and killed all but
    five Texans, whom they later executed.

29
Although a defeat, the battle helped to bring
victory for the forces of Texas independence.
  • First, the battle delayed Santa Anna and bought
    time for Houstons army to grow stronger.
  • It forced Santa Anna to use up resources that he
    could have used against Houstons army.
  • The bravery of the Alamo defenders inspired more
    Texans to fight on against Mexico.

30
6. Where did the Mexican army win a famous
victory against the rebels in Texas?
  1. Near the San Jacinto River
  2. Santa Fe
  3. The Alamo
  4. Corpus Christi

31
How did the Alamo affect the war for Texas
independence?
  1. It delayed Santa Anna and gave Houstons forces
    time to grow.
  2. It weakened the Mexican forces.
  3. The Texans defeated Santa Annas forces.
  4. It inspired other Texans to fight on.

Choose the one that is NOT true!
32
Houston led the Texans to victory.
  • Sam Houstons Texans won a battle near the San
    Jacinto River in April 1836.

33
Houstons men captured Santa Anna and forced him
to sign a treaty giving Texas its independence.
34
In September 1836, Texas became an independent
nation.
  • Texans elected Sam Houston as President.

35
Right away, the Texas government asked Congress
to annex Texas into the Union.
36
Many Americans objected to the admission of Texas
as a new state.
  • Northerners did not want another slave state.
  • Other people feared that annexing Texas would
    lead to war with Mexico.

37
For these reasons, Congress voted against
annexation, and Texas remained an independent
republic for almost ten years.
38
7. Why did Congress refuse to annex Texas?
  1. Northerners were opposed to adding another slave
    state to the Union.
  2. They believed Texas was too far away to ever be a
    real part of the United States.
  3. There was a fear that annexing Texas would lead
    to war with Mexico.
  4. The costs of governing Texas would have been too
    great a tax burden.
  5. They felt that too many Texans were Catholics.

Choose all that are true!
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