Psychology is commonly defined as: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Psychology is commonly defined as: PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 6c7a1a-OGVjM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Psychology is commonly defined as:

Description:

Psychology is commonly defined as: The study of behavior The study of the mind The study of behavior and mental processes The study of early childhood – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:12
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 22 January 2020
Slides: 137
Provided by: R492
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Psychology is commonly defined as:


1
Psychology is commonly defined as
  • The study of behavior
  • The study of the mind
  • The study of behavior and mental processes
  • The study of early childhood
  • c. The study of behavior and mental processes

2
Which of the following are the goals of
psychology?
  • Describe, manipulate, control and examine
    behavior
  • Describe, explain, predict and change behavior
  • Predict, control, examine and change behavior
  • Manipulate, control, explain and change behavior
  • b. Describe, explain, predict and change behavior

3
Psychology often questions to what extent we are
controlled by biological and genetic factors or
by the environment and learning. This ongoing
debate is known as the _____.
  • Nature vs. Nurture controversy
  • Mind vs. Body Dualism
  • Interactionist position
  • Biopsychosocial Model
  • A. Nature-Nurture Controversy

4
Applied research is conducted to study __________.
  • How people apply knowledge in an educational
    setting
  • Theoretical questions that may or may not have
    real-world applications
  • The goals of psychology
  • A specific real-world problem
  • D. A specific real-world problem

5
The experimental group, in an experiment, is the
group in which the participants _____.
  • Do not receive the independent variable
  • Receive the dependent variable
  • Do not receive the DV
  • Receive the IV
  • D. Receive the IV

6
The total of all possible cases from which a
sample is selected is called the __________.
  • subject pool
  • population
  • selection group
  • control group
  • B) population

7
The first step in the scientific method is _____.
  • Forming a testable hypothesis
  • Developing a theory
  • Reviewing the literature of existing theories
  • Designing a study
  • C. Reviewing the literature of existing theories

8
The ______ variable is the variable that is
measured.
  • Independent
  • Intervening
  • Controlled
  • Dependent
  • D) Dependent

9
The tendency of experimenters to influence the
results of their experiment in an expected
direction is called ____.
  • Experimenter bias
  • Control bias
  • Observational bias
  • Experimental bias
  • A) Experimenter bias

10
A hypothesis is derived from a ______.
  • idea
  • research paper
  • brainstorming
  • theory
  • D) theory

11
A procedure to ensure that each individual has
the same probability as any other of being in a
given group is called _____.
  • Random selection
  • Random assignment
  • Representative selection
  • Representative assignment
  • B. Random assignment

12
Cells within your body specialized for conducting
information are called ____?
  • Dendrites
  • Neurons
  • Axons
  • Nucleotides
  • b. Neurons

13
The three major parts of a neuron are ____.
  • Glia, dendrites, and myelin
  • Myelin, dendrites, and axon
  • Dendrites, axon and cell body
  • Axon, glia, and myelin
  • c. Dendrites, axon and cell body

14
The ____ consists of all the nerves that connect
to sensory receptors and control skeletal muscles
  • Parasympathetic nervous system
  • Spinal cord
  • Somatic nervous system
  • Action potential
  • c. Somatic nervous system

15
___ provide structural, nutritional, and other
support for the neuron, as well as some
communication functions
  • Dendrites
  • Axons
  • Nurturing bodies
  • Glial cells
  • d. Glial cells

16
Chemical messengers that are secreted into the
synapse are called ____.
  • Ions
  • Neurotransmitters
  • Neurocommunicators
  • Neuromodulators
  • b. Neurotransmitters

17
The synapse is the point where ____.
  • The soma attaches to the dendrite
  • Neurotransmitters are manufactured
  • Information transfers from neuron to neuron
  • The action potential begins
  • c. Information transfers from neuron to neuron

18
If you are accidentally hit on the head and you
see flashes of light, most likely the blow
activated cells in the ____.
  • Frontal lobes
  • Temporal lobes
  • Occipital lobes
  • Parietal lobes
  • c. Occipital lobes

19
The frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal
lobes make up the ____
  • Brain
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Subcortex
  • Brain stem
  • b. Cerebral cortex

20
The major divisions of the central nervous system
are ___.
  • Sympathetic and parasympathetic
  • Somatic and autonomic
  • Gray matter and white matter
  • Brain and spinal cord
  • d. Brain and spinal cord

21
The parasympathetic nervous system is dominant
when a person is ___.
  • Stressed
  • Relaxed
  • Frightened
  • Angry
  • b. Relaxed

22
The parasympathetic and sympathetic are the major
divisions of the ____ nervous system
  • Automatic
  • Somatic
  • Central
  • Autonomic
  • d. Autonomic

23
The principle whereby an axon either fires or
does not fire an action potential is called the
_____
  • Sodium-potassium
  • Axon terminal
  • Shotgun
  • All-or-none law
  • d. All-or-none law

24
Damage to the medulla can lead to loss of ____.
  • Vision
  • Respiration
  • Hearing
  • Smell
  • b. Respiration

25
The cerebellum, the thalamus, and the
hypothalamus are all ____.
  • Lower-level brain structures
  • Cortical areas
  • Brain stem areas
  • Spinal cord areas
  • a. Lower-level brain structures

26
Split-brain research has indicated that, in most
people, the left hemisphere is largely
responsible for _____ abilities
  • Musical
  • Spatial
  • Artistic
  • Language
  • d. Language

27
Neurons are the basic units in the _____.
  • Nervous system
  • Synapses
  • Dendrites
  • Body
  • a. Nervous system

28
The _____ of light determines its hue, and the
_____ determines its brightness.
  • Wavelength amplitude
  • Pitch wavelength
  • Timbre amplitude
  • Wavelength frequency
  • a. wavelength amplitude

29
The process of receiving, transducing, and
transmitting information from the outside world
is called _____.
  • Perception
  • Detection
  • Sensation
  • integration
  • c. Sensation

30
The receptors in the eye responsible for daylight
and color vision are the _____
  • Rods
  • Cones
  • Cilia
  • Cornea
  • b. Cones

31
The receptors in the eye responsible for dim
light vision are the _____.
  • Rods
  • Cones
  • Cilia
  • Cornea
  • a. Rods

32
The frequency of a sound wave is sensed as the
_____ of a sound.
  • Pitch
  • Intensity
  • Loudness
  • Height
  • a. Pitch

33
Which of the following is the most fundamental
Gestalt principles of organization?
  • Roundness
  • Isolation
  • Symmetry
  • Figure and ground
  • d. Figure and ground

34
Monocular and binocular are two categories of
_____.
  • Depth perception
  • Size adaptations
  • Perceptual constancies
  • Visual corrections
  • a. Depth perception

35
The _____ theory of color vision states that
there are three systems of color opposites
(blue-yellow, red-green and black-white)
  • Trichromatic
  • Opponent-process
  • Tri-receptor
  • Lock-and-key
  • b. Opponent-process

36
A readiness to perceive in a particular manner,
based on expectations, is known as _____.
  • Trichromatic Theory
  • Stereotype threat
  • Perceptual set
  • All of the above
  • c. Perceptual set

37
The conversion of stimulus energy into neural
impulses is called _____.
  • Coding
  • Transduction
  • Tranference
  • Reception
  • b. transduction

38
Light travels through the cornea on to the _____.
  • Pupil, lens, and retina
  • Lens, pupil, and retina
  • Vitreous humor, aqueous humor, and retina
  • Retina on the back of the lens
  • a. pupil, lens, and retina

39
_____ is the process that occurs when your visual
system shifts from cones to rods upon entering a
dark room
  • Light adaptation
  • Sensory adaptation
  • Dark adaptation
  • Accommodation
  • c. Dark adaptation

40
_____ results from stimulation of receptor cells
in the nose.
  • Audition
  • Pheromones
  • Olfaction
  • Vestibular sense
  • c. olfaction

41
_____ are false impressions of the environment.
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Illusions
  • Visual constancies
  • c. illusions

42
_____ are sensory perceptions that occur without
external stimuli.
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Illusions
  • Visual constancies
  • a. hallucinations

43
Specialized cells in the brain that respond only
to certain sensory information are known as _____.
  • Visual constancies
  • Retinal disparity
  • Convergence
  • Feature detectors
  • d. Feature detectors

44
When you look at a chair from the back or front,
it looks like a rectangle. However, when you see
it from the side, it has an h shape, but you
still recognize it as a chair because of _____.
  • Sensory adaptation
  • Shape constancy
  • Size constancy
  • Sensory habituation
  • b. Shape constancy

45
_____ is an organisms awareness of its own self
and surroundings.
  • Awareness
  • Consciousness
  • Alertness
  • Central processing
  • b. consciousness

46
_____ processes are mental activities that
require minimal attention, without affecting
other activities.
  • Controlled
  • Peripheral
  • Conscious
  • Automatic
  • d. Automatic

47
Biological rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle
are called _____.
  • Circadian rhythms
  • Synchronisms
  • Diurnal circuits
  • Noctural transmissions
  • a. Circadian rhythms

48
The _____ theory says that sleep allows us to
replenish what was depleted during daytime
activities.
  • Repair/restoration
  • Evolutionary/circadian
  • Supply/demand
  • Conservation of energy
  • a. repair/restoration

49
Insomnia occurs when you persistently _____.
  • Have difficulty staying awake
  • Go to sleep too early
  • Awake too early
  • All of the above
  • c. Awake too early

50
_____ is a disease marked by sudden and
irresistible onsets of sleep during normal waking
hours.
  • Dyssomnia
  • Parasomnia
  • Narcolepsy
  • Sleep apnea
  • c. Narcolepsy

51
A chemical that blocks the action of a
neurotransmitter is called a/an _____.
  • Synaptic inhibitor
  • Antagonist
  • Alternator
  • Receptor-blocker
  • b. Antagonist

52
A mental desire or craving to achieve the effects
produced by a drug is known as _____.
  • Withdrawal effects
  • Dependency
  • Psychological dependence
  • Physical dependence
  • c. Psychological dependence

53
Requiring larger and more frequent doses of a
drug to produce a desired effect is
characteristic of _____.
  • Withdrawal
  • Tolerance
  • Psychoactive dependence
  • All of the above
  • b. Tolerance

54
Which of the following drugs is a central nervous
system stimulant?
  • Amphetamine
  • Alcohol
  • Heroin
  • Barbiturates
  • a. amphetamine

55
Which of the following is NOT classified as a
hallucinogen?
  • Mescaline
  • Psilocybin
  • Amphetamines
  • LSD
  • c. Amphetamines

56
_____ drugs produce sensory distortions or
perceptual illusions.
  • Stimulants
  • Opiates
  • Depressants
  • Hallucinogens
  • d. Hallucinogens

57
EEG is the abbreviation for _____, which is used
to record brain waves.
  • Electrical emissions graph
  • Electroencephalograph
  • Electro-energy grams
  • Even elephants get grumpy
  • b. Electroencephalograph

58
Your breathing is regular, your heart rate and
blood pressure are slowing, and you can be
awakened easily. It is most likely that you are
in _____.
  • A hypnogogic transition between wakefulness and
    sleep
  • A daydreaming state
  • Stage 1 sleep
  • Stage 2 sleep
  • c. Stage 1 sleep

59
A relatively permanent change in behavior as a
result of practice or experience is the
definition of ___.
  • Learning
  • Conditioning
  • Behavior modification
  • Modeling
  • a. Learning

60
When your mouth waters at the sight of a
chocolate cake, it is an example of ____.
  • Operant conditioning
  • Social learning
  • Vicarious conditioning
  • Classical conditioning
  • d. Classical conditioning

61
Suppose a boy learns to fear bees by being stung
when he touches a bee. In this situation the
unconditioned STIMULUS is the ____.
  • Bee
  • Sting
  • Fear
  • Crying
  • b. Sting

62
Suppose a boy learns to fear bees by being stung
when he touches a bee. In this situation the
unconditioned RESPONSE is the ____.
  • Bee
  • Sting
  • Fear
  • Crying
  • c. Fear

63
Which of the following is the proper sequence of
events in classical conditioning?
  • UCS-CS-UCR
  • CS-UCS-UCR
  • UCR-UCS-CS
  • UCR-CS-UCS
  • b. CS-UCS-UCR

64
Higher order conditioning occurs when an____.
  • Previously neutral stimulus elicits a conditioned
    response
  • Neutral stimulus is paired with a previously
    conditioned stimulus
  • Neutral stimulus is paired with unconditioned
    stimulus
  • Unconditioned response is paired with a
    conditioned stimulus
  • b. Neutral stimulus is paired with a conditioned
    stimulus

65
In classical conditioning, extinction occurs when
the ____.
  • Conditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the
    unconditioned response
  • Conditioned response is no longer paired with the
    unconditioned stimulus
  • Conditioned response is no longer paired with the
    unconditioned stimulus
  • Unconditioned stimulus is ambiguous
  • b. Conditioned response is no longer paired with
    the unconditioned stimulus

66
Anything that causes an increase in a response is
a ___.
  • Conditioned stimulus
  • Reinforcement
  • Punishment
  • Unconditioned stimulus
  • b. Reinforcement

67
Anything that causes a decrease in a response is
a/an ____.
  • Conditioned stimulus
  • Reinforcement
  • Punishment
  • Unconditioned stimulus
  • c. Punishment

68
Negative reinforcement and punishment are ____.
  • The same
  • The best ways to learn a new behavior
  • Not the same because negative reinforcement
    increases behavior and punishment decreases
    behavior
  • Not the same, even though they both decrease
    behavior
  • c. Not the same because negative reinforcement
    increases behavior and punishment decreases
    behavior

69
Superstitious behavior occurs because ___.
  • It has been reinforced on a fixed ratio schedule
  • The person or animal thinks the behavor causes a
    reinforcer when in reality the behavior and the
    reinforcement are not connected
  • It is reinforced on a random ration schedule
  • The behavior and the reinforcement come close in
    proximity to one another, causing the
    superstitious behavior to increase in magnitude
  • b. The person or animal thinks the behavior
    causes a reinforcer when in reality the behavior
    and the reinforcement are not connected

70
In Pavlovs classical conditioning experiments
with dogs, salivation was the ____.
  • Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
  • Conditioned stimulus (CS)
  • Unconditioned reponse (UCR)
  • Both b and c
  • c. Unconditioned reponse (UCR)

71
Albert Banduras social learning theory
emphasized ____.
  • Classical conditioning
  • Operant conditioning
  • Extinction
  • Modeling
  • d. Modeling

72
In Watson and Rayners experiment, what was the
conditioned emotional response (CER)?
  • Avoidance behavior
  • Superstitious behavior
  • Fear
  • None of the above
  • c. Fear

73
In Watson and Rayners experiment, what was the
conditioned stimulus?
  • The sight if the experimental room
  • A loud noise
  • A rabbit
  • A rat
  • d. A rat

74
Spontaneous recovery occurs when ___ suddenly
appears
  • Your lost wallet
  • A previously extinguished response
  • An extinct instinct
  • A forgotten stimulus- response sequence
  • b. A previously extinguished response

75
Children may learn to salivate to McDonalds
golden arches as a result of
  • Advertising
  • Classical conditioning
  • Higher-order conditioning
  • All of the above
  • d. All of the above

76
Operant conditioning is an example of ___ in
action
  • Thorndikes law of effect
  • Skinners law of reinforcement
  • Watsons rule of punishment
  • Pavlovs theory of stimulus-response
  • a. Thorndikes law of effect

77
____ are unlearned, usually satisfy a biological
need, and increase the probability of a response
  • Primary instincts
  • Secondary instincts
  • Primary reinforcers
  • Secondary reinforcers
  • c. Primary reinforcers

78
Observational learning theory suggests that we
learn many behaviors by ____.
  • Imitating others
  • Observing our inner processes
  • Teaching others
  • Shaping our own and others behaviors
  • a. Imitating others

79
In Albert Banduras classic bobo doll study,
children acted aggressively because ____.
  • They were rewarded for their behavior
  • Of observational learning
  • They were positively punished
  • All of these options
  • b. Of observational learning

80
Maintenance rehearsal _______
  • Prevents motivated forgetting
  • Prevents chunking
  • Reenters information in sensory memory
  • Reenters information in STM
  • c. Reenters information in sensory memory

81
Which of the following is a recognition test of
memory?
  • Remembering a name that goes with a face
  • A multiple choice test
  • An essay test
  • Reciting the names of the state capitals
  • b. A multiple choice test

82
You notice that you tend to do better on exam
questions from the first and last of each
chapter. The most likely explanation is the ____.
  • Anterograde amnesia effect
  • Problem of distribute practice
  • Serial position effect
  • Sleeper effect
  • c. Serial position effect

83
Short-term memory receives information from
sensory memory and from ____.
  • Long term memory
  • Working memory
  • The perceptual processing network
  • Maintenance rehearsal
  • a. Long term memory

84
The process that allows us to store more
information in short-term memory by grouping
information into units is called ____.
  • Maintenance
  • Collective organization
  • Chunking
  • Proximal closure
  • c. Chunking

85
To increase the duration and capacity of you STM
you should try ____.
  • Maintenance rehearsal
  • Chunking
  • Constructive process
  • All of the above
  • b. Chunking

86
The ____ effect suggests that people will recall
information presented at the beginning and the
end of a list better than information from the
middle of the list.
  • Recency
  • Serial position
  • Latency
  • Primacy
  • b. Serial position

87
This type of anxiety is associated with a
generalized anxiety disorder
  • Phobia
  • Free-floating
  • Panic attack
  • Nervous breakdown
  • b. Free-floating

88
Repetitive, ritualistic behaviors such as
handwashing, counting, or putting things in order
that are associated with an anxiety state are
called ____.
  • Obsessions
  • Compulsions
  • Ruminations
  • Phobias
  • b. Compulsions

89
A major difference between major depressive and
bipolar disorder is that only in bipolar
disorders do people have ____.
  • Hallucinations or delusions
  • Depression
  • A biochemical imbalance
  • Manic episodes
  • d. Manic episodes

90
This is NOT a possible explanation for depression
  • Imbalances of serotonin and norepinephrine
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Lithium deficiency
  • Learned helplessness
  • c. Lithium deficiency

91
Hallucinations and delusions are symptoms of
____.
  • Mood disorders
  • Personality disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Schizophrenia
  • d. Schizophrenia

92
Family studies have shown that when it comes to
schizophrenia, children are more similar to their
____.
  • Biological parents than their adopted parents
  • Adopted parents than their biological parents
  • Friends than their families
  • Aunts/uncles than their brothers/sisters
  • a. Biological parents than their adoptive parents

93
Antipsychotic drugs can decrease the symptoms of
schizophrenia by decreasing the activity of ____.
  • Dopamine synapses
  • Serotonin synapses
  • The frontal lobes
  • The autonomic nervous system
  • a. Dopamine synapses

94
Amnesia, fugue, and dissociative identity
disorder share this characteristic.
  • A separation of experience and memory
  • Psychosis
  • A split personality
  • Wandering away from home or work
  • a. A separation of experience and memory

95
Multiple personality disorder is now called ____.
  • Schizophrenia
  • Dissociative identity disorder
  • Amnesiatic personality disorder
  • None of these options this diagnosis is no
    longer considered real
  • b. Dissociative identity disorder

96
Impulsive behavior, egocentrism, lack of
conscience, and ____ are all characteristic of an
antisocial personality disorder.
  • Manipulation of others
  • Lack of social skills
  • Sympathy for victims
  • Lack of intelligence
  • a. Manipulation of others

97
Impulsivity and instability in mood,
relationships, and self-image are part of the
____ personality disorder.
  • Manic depressive
  • Bipolar
  • Borderline
  • None of the above
  • c. Borderline

98
People with ____ frequently have a childhood
history of neglect and abuse, and as adults tend
to see themselves and everyone else in absolutes.
  • Dissociative identity disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • d. Borderline Personality disorder

99
In ____ disorder, the individual suffers brief
attacks of intense apprehension.
  • Phobic
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Panic
  • Dissociative fugue
  • c. Panic

100
According to ____ theory, modeling and imitation
may be the causes of some phobia.
  • Social learning
  • Psychobiological
  • Sociocultural
  • Cognitive-behavioral
  • a. Social Learning

101
Distorted thinking that magnifies ordinary
threats or failures is the ____ explanation for
anxiety disorders.
  • Social learning
  • Cognitive
  • Humanistic
  • Psychoanalytic
  • b. Cognitive

102
Mood disorders are sometimes treated by ____
drug, which affect the amount or functioning of
norepinephrine and serotonin.
  • Antidepressants
  • Antipsychotics
  • Mood congruence
  • None of the above
  • a. Antidepressants

103
Internal, stable, and global attributions for
failure or unpleasant circumstances are
associated with ____.
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Delusional disorders
  • Depression
  • All of these options
  • c. Depression

104
Auditory hallucinations are most common in ____.
  • Schizophrenia
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Dissociative identity disorder
  • a. Schizophrenia

105
Believing you are the queen of England or Jesus
Christ would be a symptom called ____.
  • Hallucinations
  • Mania
  • Delusions
  • All of these options
  • c. Delusions

106
Delusions, hallucinations and disorganized speech
are ____ symptoms of schizophrenia.
  • Negative
  • Positive
  • Deficit
  • Undifferentiated
  • b. Positive

107
The frontal and temporal lobes appear to be less
active in some people with ____.
  • Dissociative identity disorder
  • Personality disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • All of these options
  • c. Schizophrenia

108
The prognosis for some people with schizophrenia
is better in ____.
  • Nonindustrialized societies
  • Families with expressed emotionality
  • Stressful situations
  • None of these options
  • a. Nonindustrialized societies

109
____ therapies act directly on the brain and
nervous system whereas ____ is a collection of
techniques to improve psychological functioning
and promote adjustment to life.
  • Drug psychoanalysis
  • Medical psychology
  • Biomedical psychotherapy
  • None of the above
  • c. Biomedical psychotherapy

110
____ create feelings of tranqulity and
relaxation, while also relieving muscle tension.
  • ECT treatments
  • Anxiety drugs
  • Trephining
  • All of the above
  • b. Anxiety drugs

111
How do antipsychotic drugs, like thorazine work?
  • They sedate the patient
  • They appear to decrease activity at the dopamine
    synapses They lower the sympathetic activity of
    the brain
  • All of the above
  • b. They appear to decrease activity at the
    dopamine synapses

112
ECT is now used primarily in the treatment of
____.
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Phobias
  • Schizophrenia
  • a. Depression

113
The original form of psychosurgery developed by
Egaz Moniz disconnected the ____ lobes from the
midbrain structures where emotional experiences
are relayed.
  • Occipital
  • Parietal
  • Temporal
  • Frontal
  • d. Frontal

114
Tardive dyskinesia is thought to be a side effect
of treatment with ____ medication
  • Mood-altering
  • Psychoactive
  • Antianxiety
  • Antipsychotic
  • d. Antipsychotic

115
Catharsis is the ____.
  • Reporting of psychic contents without censorship
  • Release of tensions and anxieties
  • Attachment process that occurs between patient
    and therapist
  • Therapists educated explanations for a patients
    behavior
  • b. Release of tensions and anxieties

116
In psychoanalytic dream interpretation, the
actual events of the dream are known as the ____
content
  • Manifest
  • Latent
  • Subconscious
  • Transference
  • a. Manifest

117
Free association and dream interpretation are
psychoanalytic therapy techniques that are used
to ____.
  • Analyze intrapsychic conflicts
  • Keep unconscious conflicts out of awareness
  • Restructure the self-concept
  • Counter condition behavior
  • a. Analyze intrapsychic conflicts

118
In ____, mistaken beliefs or misconceptions are
actively disputed
  • Client-centered therapy
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Rational-emotive therapy
  • Systematic desensitization
  • c. Rational-emotive therapy

119
According to rational-emotive therapy,
consequence such as depression or anxiety occurs
as a result of a (n) ____.
  • Activating experience
  • Stimulus event
  • Conditioning experience
  • Belief
  • d. Belief

120
A client-centered therapist emphasizes the
importance of empathy, unconditional positive
regard, genuineness and ____.
  • Catharsis
  • Self-efficacy
  • Appropriate role models
  • Active listening
  • d. Active listening

121
Sharing another persons inner experience is known
as ____.
  • Unconditional positive regard
  • Genuineness
  • Empathy
  • Sympathy
  • c. Empathy

122
____ pairs relaxation with a graduating hierarchy
of anxiety-producing situations to extinguish the
anxiety.
  • Classical conditioning
  • Shaping
  • Systematic desensitization
  • Maslows pyramid training
  • c. Systematic desensitization

123
Aversion therapy applies the principle of ____ by
pairing an unpleasant stimulus with a maladaptive
behavior to extinguish the behavior
  • Classical conditioning
  • Operant conditioning
  • Positive punishment
  • Negative punishment
  • a. Classical conditioning

124
Therapists might use ____ to teach clients to
stand up for themselves.
  • Time out
  • Aversion therapy
  • Assertiveness training
  • Token economics
  • c. Assertiveness training

125
Asking clients with snake phobias to watch other
(nonphobic) people handle snakes is an example
____ therapy
  • Time out
  • Aversion
  • Modeling
  • Unethical
  • c. Modeling

126
Which of the following may actually alter brain
functioning?
  • Electroconvulsive therapy
  • Drug therapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • All of these options
  • d. All of these options

127
Disturbed behaviors are most likely to be the
focus in ____.
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Biomedical therapy
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Behavior therapy
  • d. Behavior therapy

128
When a therapist combines techniques from various
therapies, it is called ____.
  • Psychosynthetic therapy
  • Biomedical therapy
  • Managed care
  • The eclectic approach
  • d. The eclectic approach

129
To treat schizophrenia, therapists most commonly
use ____ drugs.
  • Antidepressant
  • Antipsychotic
  • Antianxiety
  • None of the above
  • b. Antipsychotic

130
Someone with severe, vegetative depression and
suicidal ideation that has not been successfully
managed with other treatment methods might
require ____.
  • Frontal lobotomy
  • ECT
  • Combination drug and modeling therapy
  • None of these options
  • b. ECT

131
Transference is the process of ____.
  • Changing therapists
  • Changing therapeutic techniques or strategies
  • Displacing associations from past relationships
    onto new relationships
  • Replacing maladaptive patterns with adaptive ones
  • c. Displacing associations from past
    relationships onto new relationships

132
Someone with severe, vegetative depression and
suicidal ideation that has not been successfully
managed with other treatment methods might
require ____.
  • Frontal lobotomy
  • ECT
  • Combination drug and modeling therapy
  • None of these options
  • b. ECT

133
Cognitive therapy is effective for treating ____.
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Eating and substance-related disorders
  • All of these options
  • d. All of these options

134
The client is responsible for discovering his or
her own maladaptive patterns in____ therapy.
  • Biomedical
  • Psychoanalytic
  • Humanistic
  • All of these options
  • c. Humanistic

135
Reflecting back or paraphrasing what the client
is saying is part of ____.
  • Gestalt directness
  • Psychoanalytic transference
  • Cognitive restructuring
  • Active listening
  • d. Active listening

136
Relaxation training is an important component in
____.
  • Systematic desensitization
  • Aversion conditioning
  • Time out training
  • A token economy
  • a. Systematic desensitization
About PowerShow.com