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Lecture Part II: Pneumatology

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Lecture Part II: Pneumatology Jintae Kim, PhD Alliance Theological Seminary Nyack, NY 10960 (845) 353-2020 E-mail: Jintae.kim_at_nyack.edu Website: http://all4jesus.net – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lecture Part II: Pneumatology


1
Lecture Part II Pneumatology
  • Jintae Kim, PhD
  • Alliance Theological Seminary
  • Nyack, NY 10960
  • (845) 353-2020
  • E-mail Jintae.kim_at_nyack.edu
  • Website http//all4jesus.net

2
Trinitarian Unity in Salvation
Person Ministry
God the Father Creation and Providence (??? ??)
God the Son Redemption (????)
God the Holy Spirit Application of the Redemptive Work (????? ??)
3
Importance of Pneumatology (Erickson, 270-1)
  • 1. The Holy Spirit is the point at which the
    Trinity becomes personal to the believer. (???
    ??? ???)
  • 2. We live in the period in which HSs work is
    more prominent than that of other members of the
    Trinity. (??? ????? ????)
  • 3. Current culture stresses the experiential, and
    it is primarily through HS that we experience
    God. (????? ??? ??)
  • 4. HS is essential to the salvation of
    individuals and spiritual revival of the church.
    (??? ????)

4
Difficulties (Erickson, 271)
  • 1. Less explicit revelation in the Bible than we
    find about the Father and the Son (?? ??)
  • 2. Lack of a concrete imagery ? Hard to visualize
  • (??? ?? ??)
  • 3. HSs ministry in relationship to that of the
    Father and the Son ? Error - Inferiority (? ????)
  • 4. Primarily by experience, rather than by
    objective reason (???? ?? ??).
  • 5. Tendency to be degenerated to the extreme ?
    Heresies. (????? ???? ??? ????)

5
The Deity of the Holy Spirit
  • 1. Spirit God (Acts 53 1Cor 316)
  • Equality of God, the Son, and the Spirit (Matt
    2819 2Cor 1313 1Cor 124-6)
  • 2. Attributes of God (???? ??) All-knowing ??
    (1Cor 210-11 John 1613) All-powerful ?? (Rom
    1518 Luke 135) Eternal ?? (Heb 914)
  • 3. Works of God Creation ?? (Gen 12 Job 2613
    Ps 10430) Redemption ?? (Tit 35 Rom 811)
    Divine inspiration ?? (2Tim 316 2Pet 121)

6
Personality of the Spirit
  • Separate Personality, not a force or influence or
    subordinate being. ??? ??? ???. ?????? ???? ?????
    ??? ???? ???. ?, ?, ?? ??? ??????.
  • Knowledge ?? and will (John 1426)
  • Will ? (1Cor 1211)
  • Emotion ?? (Eph 430)

7
??? ?? (?? ??? ??)
  • 1. ???? ? (? 430 ?? 316) ? ???? ? (? 611)
    ????? ? (? 89) ??? ? (? 46) ??? ? (? 167)
  • 2. ??? ? (? 113 ? 14-5) ??? (? 1426 1526)
    ??? ?? (?? 122)
  • 3. ???? ?? (? 914) ??? ? (?? 414) ???? ? (??
    220) ??? ?? (? 82)
  • 4. ??? ? (? 14) ???? ? (? 283) ??? ??? ?, ???
    ? (? 112) ??? ?
  • (? 1417) ??? ? (? 5112) ??? ??
  • (? 1029) ????? ? (? 43-4)

8
Implication of Pneumatology (Erickson, 274)
  • 1. HS is a person, not a vague force. ???.
  • 2. HS, being fully divine, is to be accorded the
    same honor and respect that we give to the Father
    and the Son. ??, ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????
    ??.

9
  • 3. HS is one with the Father and the Son. His
    work is the expression and execution of what the
    three of them have planned together. ??, ??? ??
    ???????. ??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ????.
  • 4. God is not far off. In HS, the triune God
    comes close as to actually enter into each
    believer. HS has become truly Immanuel, God with
    us. ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???.

10
The Work of HS in the OT
  • 1. Problem Hard to find in the OT ? Early stage
    of the progressive revelation ??? ??? ?????? ???
    ???? ????? ???? ???.
  • 2. The term Primarily the spirit of God.
  • 3. Important ministries Creation ?? (Gen 12
    Job 2613 Ps 10430) Prophecy and Scripture ???
    ?? (Ezek 22 1Sam 106 cf. 2Pet 121 Acts
    116) Power and Skills ??? ?? (Exod 313-4 Deut
    349 Judg 310) Spiritual life of Gods people
    ???? ?? ?(Neh 920 Ps 14310).

11
The Work of HS in the Life of Jesus
  • 1. Incarnation itself ??? ??.
  • 2. John the Baptists testimony (Mark 18) ?????
    ??
  • 3. Beginning of public ministry ???? ?? Baptism
    and the coming of HS (Matt 316)
  • 4. Guidance Driven by HS (Mark 112) ??? ????
  • 5. Power and authority of HS (Luke 414, 18 Matt
    1228) ??
  • 6. His whole life in HS (Luke 1021)

12
The Difference between the OT and the NT in Pneumatology The Difference between the OT and the NT in Pneumatology The Difference between the OT and the NT in Pneumatology
The OT The NT
Term The Spirit of God The Holy Sprit, para,klhtoj
Beginning of Ministry Pre-Creation Post-Pentacost
Mode of coming Poured upon (Num 242 1Sam 1010) Indwell (John 1417, 20)
Duration of Presence He may leave (1Sam 1614) Eternal presence (John 1416)
Beneficiaries Particular persons God used Every believer
Relation with the beneficiaries Work-oriented relationship Personal relationship
Identity of the beneficiaries The Spirit of Slavery (Rom 814-15) The Spirit of Adoption (Gal 46)
13
?? ??
Terms ???? ? ??? ??
Ministry Timing ????? ??? ??? ??
Mode of coming ?? (Upon) ???? (? 242 ?? 1010) ?? (within) ??? (? 1417, 20)
Duration ??? ? ?? (?? 1614) ??? ??? (? 1416)
Beneficiary ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???
Relationship w. Believer ???, ??? ?? ???, ??? ??
Identity ?? ? (? 814-15) ??? ? (? 46)
14
The Work of HS in the Life of Believer
  • 1. Beginning of the Christian life Regeneration
    ??(John 35) Repentance ?? (John 168)
  • 2. Continuation of the Christian life Empowering
    (John 1412 Acts 18) Guiding and Teaching
    (John 1613 1426 Eph 117) Interceding (Rom
    826-27) Sanctifying (Rom 82-5 Gal 522-23)
    Uniting the church (Eph 43-4) Giving the gifts
    (Rom 126-8 1Cor 124-11 Eph 411 1Pet
    410-11).

15
????? ?? ????
  • 1. ??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???
    ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ? ??? ????.
  • 2. ??? ????? ??? ??? ? ? ??? ???? ??? ???. ?????
    ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???.
  • 3. ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??
    ??? ??? ???.
  • ????? ??? ??.

16
The Gifts of HS
  • 1. Rom 126-8 Gifts and Jobs (??, ??, ???, ??,
    ??, ???, ????).
  • 2. 1Cor 124-11 Special Powers (??? ??, ??? ??,
    ??, ??, ????, ??, ???, ??, ????).
  • 3. Eph 411 Jobs (??, ???, ????? ?, ??? ??).
  • 4. 1Pet 410-11 Roles in the church (??, ??).

17
4 Characterisitcs of Gifts
Category Content 1Cor
Divine The HS apportions the various gifts to whom and as he wills. 1211
Purpose Edify the body of Christ. 127 145
Benefi-ciaries No one person has all the gifts. Bestowed to all believers. 127 13-21
Equality All gifts are important. 1222-26
18
4 Characterisitcs of Gifts
Category Content 1Cor
Divine ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???. 1211
Purpose ??? ?? ??? ???. 127 145
Benefi-ciaries ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ? ?? ??? ??. 127 13-21
Equality ?? ??? ? ????. 1222-26
19
Our Attitude toward the Gifts
  • 1. ???? Eagerly desire them for our faith and
    ministry! ??? ??? ?? ???? (1Cor 1231 141).
  • 2. Discern! ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???, ??? ??? ??
    ????? ?? (1John 41, 6). ??? ??? ???? ?? ??.
    ?????, ???? ??????, ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???
    ????.
  • 3. They must be accompanied by sanctification.
    ??? ???? ?? (2Cor 126-10). ???? ??? ?????? ???
    ??? ? ?? ??.

20
  • 4. They must be used for edification of the
    church. ??? ???? ????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? (1Cor
    1439-40) ????? ??.
  • 5. They must exalt Christ. ????? ??? ?? (John
    1614).
  • ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?? ????. ?? ?? ??? ???? ??
    ??? ??? ????? ??? ????.
  • 6. They have nothing to do with salvation or the
    degree of sanctification and faith. ??? ???? ??,
    ?? ??? ??? ???? (1Cor 1214-21). ?? ??? ?? ?? ???
    ??? ??? ?? ??? ???.

21
Implication of the Work of HS (Erickson, 285)
  • 1. HS empowers believers in their Christian life
    and service. ???? ?? ??? ??? ????.,
  • 2. HS dispenses his gifts to the church wisely
    and sovereignly. ??? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????.
  • 3. No one gift is for everyone, and no one person
    has every gift. ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??? ? ??? ??
    ??? ? ?? ?? ???.

22
  • 4. We may rely upon HS to give us understanding
    of the Word of God. ??? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?
    ??.
  • 5. It is appropriate to direct prayer to HS as
    the Father and the Son. ??? ??????? ???? ????
    ????? ???? ??? ?? ? ??.
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