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Judaism Thematic Timeline Project ?????? ?????? ??? ???????

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Title: Judaism Thematic Timeline Project ?????? ?????? ??? ???????


1
Judaism Thematic Timeline Project ?????? ??????
??? ???????
  • Tucker Boyce, Jacob Saban, Jeffrey Jenkins

(Judaism Scroll)
(Israel)
2
PIRATES Introduction
  • - The religion of Judaism was founded in the
    Middle East, and it mainly affected the country
    of Israel.
  • - The country went through different time
    periods, so those are usually distinguished
    between in the analysis of the civilization.

(Israel Desert)
3
Politics
  • - Original story says Abraham moved from Ur to
    Harran then to Canaan, a land thought to be
    promised to the Jews by Godthis helped him move
    people and establish an authority over them.
  • - Version in the Hebrew Bible Israelites led
    from the captive state. They spent some 40 years
    living in the desert. They devoted to a stern god
    there. A type of covenant was made with God that
    said that they would be the chosen people if they
    worshiped him. This is where Moses went up on Mt.
    Sinai and came down with tablets, on them the 10
    Commandments.
  • - In the land of Canaan, the people were put into
    12 tribes
  • a. Each occupied part of the country
  • b. Leaders of eachminimal powers, settling
    disputes
  • c. Certain people were named judges and had a
    special place.

(Early Israel Cities)
4
Politics
  • - A stronger leader, Samuel, saw the need for
    more authority and put Saul in as the 1st king of
    Israel.
  • - Throne was then given to David, who saw the
    transition to a monarchystarting Jerusalem.
    There, a census was used, as well as an army.
    This helped David. His son Solomon was next.
  • - Solomon was the golden age.
  • - AFTER SOLOMONS DEATH IN 920 B.C.E., the
    Kingdom was split because of various problems
    Israel in the North, Judah in the South. This
    timefinal formulation of monotheism. After
    periods of struggle, the people came out with the
    core belief in one God, Yahweh.

(Jewish Temple)
5
Intellectual
(Abraham)
  • - Hebrew languageSemetic language, closely
    related to Phoenician and Aramic. Affinity
    signifies ethnic relationships with Israels
    neighboring peoples.
  • - Early Hebrew was from a Phoenician script. It
    was the language of early Jews, but started to
    get replaces around 586 B.C.E.
  • - 70 A.D. system of Hebrew was only used for
    intellectual functions, not as a spoken language

(First written Record)
6
Religion/Architecture
  • - Shifted from a desert god to the present-day
    form of monotheism.
  • - The church itself kind of created class
    differences, because priests and others were
    appointed under the system.
  • - In Canaan, citizens carved non-porous rock and
    made terraces to cultivate.
  • - Solomon built with slaves, and built the First
    Templecentral place of worship

(Early Jewish Temple)
7
Technology/Economy
(Damascus Gate)
  • - Under King Solomon (, he and King Hiram both
    commissioned a ship for trade and brought back
    many things from the Red Sea, including gold and
    jewels.
  • Reign of Solomon was 960-920 B.C.E.
  • - The technology used in the ships and how the
    country approached trade and relations powered
    its economic base.
  • Terracing hillsides with the rock also provided
    new places for cultivation of crops. In theory,
    this would also increase the surface area of the
    land, thus allowing more crops to be grown in the
    area. The people adjusted to the land this way.
  • Solomon died in 920 B.C.E.

8
Society
(Jerusalem)
  • - Early part of the society practiced herding as
    nomads.
  • - Slaves were used in the later time to build
    their
  • - Priests became very wealthy and got an annual
    amount of the harvest for making sacrifices to
    God (Yahweh) for the community as a whole. The
    way the temple was set up changed social
    structure.
  • - Urban/rural, rich/poor gaps, some prophets
    accused the leadership of hurting the poor.

9
Society
  • - Lived with extended families, under the oldest
    male. Marriage was arranged and importanttrade
    of goods. First-born sons got double inheritance.
    Women sustained the family, but could not inherit
    property, etc. Working-class women also
    participated in labor. Some even worked outside
    the home with more urbanization, and some got
    positions of influence.
  • - Leadership structure had 3 main groups
    priest/kohen who did the laws and business
    prophet/navi who told the message of God to
    people and the sage/hacham who taught
    practicalities and wisdom

10
PIRATES Effect on Foreign Lands
  • During its time period, the religion had a direct
    effect on other cultures.
  • One of these was Rome as when the area was under
    Roman rule, it affected the society of the people
    because they experienced these newer religions.
  • Direct Roman rule began in 6 C.E.
  • Since Judaism was the original mainstream
    monotheism religion not based on a rubric, it
    also may have conveyed these ideas in other
    regions.
  • The Jewish belief in one god even made some of
    the early Roman rulers mad at the society.

11
Chronology The Beginning
  • 3760 BCE- Adam and Eve are created. This marks
    year one of the Jewish calendar.
  • 1429 BCE- Enslavement of the Hebrews in Egypt
    begins.
  • 1280 BCE- Moses leads the Jews out of Egypt and
    the wandering in the desert begins. The Jewish
    bible, the torah, was said to have been brought
    down Mount Sinai by Moses, given to him by God.
  • 1030-1010 BCE- Saul is the first king of Israel
  • 1010-970 BCE- David is king of Israel and makes
    Jerusalem his capital.

12
Chronology The Beginning
  • 970-931 BCE- King Solomon builds the first great
    temple of Jerusalem.
  • 587-586 BCE- king Nebuchadnezzar destroys the
    first temple of Jerusalem.
  • 541 BCE- Jews begin to return from Babylonian
    exile and begin to rebuild the city of Jerusalem
    and its walls.
  • 520-515 BCE- the second temple of Jerusalem is
    built
  • 500 BCE- the idea that a messiah will come to
    earth sent by god and he will save the planet
    develops

13
Chronology The Beginning
  • 425 BCE- the story of Purim when Hamans plans
    were overthrown and the Jews were saved from
    execution happens
  • 333 BCE- Alexander the Great conquers Israel
  • 37-4 BCE- Herod the great rules Israel
  • 20 BCE- 70 CE- The second temple at Jerusalem is
    rebuilt and this means that a new religious
    center for all Jewish people was being
    re-resurrected.
  • 66-73 CE- First Jewish revolt against Rome

14
Chronology The Beginning
  • 69 CE- Yochanan Ben Zakkai is given permission to
    establish a Jewish center of study at Yavneh
    meaning that this place will become very popular
    for the study of rabbinic Judaism
  • 70 CE- destruction of Jerusalem and the second
    temple
  • 73 CE- last stand of the Jews on the mountain top
    of Masada. The people committed suicide showing
    the Romans that they would rather be dead than be
    captured by them.
  • 114-117- Jewish revolts against Rome in Cyprus.
    The great synagogue and great library in
    Alexandria are destroyed as well as all of the
    Jews in Cyprus. Jews were then banned from Cyprus.

15
Chronology The Beginning
  • 132-135- Bar Kochba revolt. Romans kill
    approximately 500,000 Jews and destroy their
    towns and villages.
  • 200- the Mishnah, or Jewish oral law, is compiled
    by Judah the prince
  • 220-470- Mishnah scholars flourish and the Talmud
    is compiled in addition to the Mishnah
  • 614- Persian general captures Jerusalem and
    allows Jews to finally run the city

(Painting of Rulers)
16
Chronology Early Persecution
  • 1171- Jews in a city southwest of Paris are
    falsely accused of murder and blood libel. The
    adult Jews were arrested and if they did not
    convert to Christianity, they were killed. 31 of
    the 32 Jews there were killed. This shows how
    Jews were the scapegoat for pretty much any
    crime, no matter the absurdity.
  • 1275- King Edward of England forced Jews to wear
    a badge declaring them Jews.
  • 1285- Blood libel in Germany results in the death
    of 248 Jews.
  • 1321- Jews blamed for poisoning French wells and
    5000 Jews were killed unjust fully

17
Chronology Early Persecution
  • 1348-1349- the black plague is blamed on the
    Jews. This shows how the Jews were being used as
    scapegoats for things that were clearly not their
    doing, like starting the black plague.
  • 1516- Jews in Venice
  • segregated to a ghetto

(Early Mesopotamia)
18
Chronology Jewish Expansion
  • 1585- First Jew known to step on American soil.
    This shows how even though the Jews were being
    expelled from many lands, they never gave up and
    found their way all of the way to America
  • 1642- First Jewish colony in the new world is
    established in Brazil
  • 1761- First English prayer book for the high
    holidays is published in New York
  • 1814- Denmark grants citizenship to Jews
  • 1830- Greece grants citizenship to Jews
  • 1831- Belgium grants citizenship to Jews
  • 1841- First Jewish person was elected to the U.S.
    Senate
  • 1860-1904- The father of Zionism, Theodore
    Hertzel ????CHANGE THIS
  • 1870- Sweden grants citizenship to Jews

19
Chronology The Holocaust
  • 1933- Adolf Hitler becomes the chancellor in
    Germany
  • November 9, 1938- Kristalnacht (or the night of
    broken glass) the burning of all Jewish
    synagogues and shops in Germany. This night
    marked the beginning of the holocaust.
  • 1939-1945- The German holocaust against the Jews

(Adolf Hitler)
20
Chronology Israel as a state
  • May 14, 1948- Israel is declared a Jewish state
  • May 19, 1948- Israel war of independence
  • 1947-1949- Israel war of independence, this war
    was against Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria for
    a fight for the independence of the Jewish state.
    Israel won.
  • January 1949- First government or parliament is
    elected. David Ben Gurion is prime minister
  • 1956- Sinai war, Egypt was in this war against
    Israel. The Israelis were victorious.
  • 1967- Six-day war, fought between Egypt, Jordan
    and Syria. Mainly against the Arabs. Israel won.

21
Chronology Israel as a state
  • 1968-1970- War of attrition, fought against Egypt
    because of a feud over the Sinai Peninsula. The
    war ended in a cease-fire.
  • 1973- Yom Kippur war fought on the holiest Jewish
    holiday between Israel and Egypt and Syria
    because of their loss in the six-day war. The
    Israelis won, resulting in no territorial change.
  • 1982- First Lebanon war. this war was a response
    to an assassination attempt against the Israeli
    ambassador of the U.K.
  • 2006- Second Lebanon war. This war was a response
    to Hezbollah terrorist abductions and terrorist
    attacks.

22
Judaism
Hinduism
1) Judaism includes the 1)
Hinduism includes the
belief of heaven and hell. beliefs In the
cycle of rebirth.
1) Both do 2) Judaism believes
in the not believe in 2) Hinduism
believes in spiritual bible which
consisted of the he- the afterlife.
disciplines, enlightenment and
brew scriptures.

truth. 2) Both have
holy 3) Judaism's goal is to know god, days,
and holidays, 3) Hinduisms goal is to
become to serve god, and to serve other to
celebrate important familiar with Brahman,
and to people.
past events. know their
beliefs and roles. 4) Judaism was created
3) Both have some 4) Hinduism
was created
some time around 1500 B.C.E. sort of
collection Sometime around 2000 B.C.E.
of sacred 5) Judaism is
a monotheistic writings. 5)
Hinduism is a polytheistic religion.
religion.
23
Judaism
Hinduism
1) Judaism has changed its
ways of belief in burials.
2) Some of the original practices have
changed, due to changes in some of their
beliefs. sff
1) certain rituals have both vanished,
and or changed their meanings. 2) Some of
their beliefs have changed because there are
many families of Hinduism, and each one edits
the ways of life that they live by. l
  • Both of these two religions have edited some of
    their beliefs.
  • 2) They both have also changed their locations of
  • worship.

24
Comparison to Christianity
  • There is a major relationship between these two
    religions because they were both in the relative
    same time period.
  • The religion took root when the Romans took over
    their land.
  • Jesus originated mainly because he wanted to
    counter the regular Jewish ideals. From his view,
    the Jews had an unhealthy need for power and
    money.

25
Comparison to Christianity
  • The Jewish people in that region saw this mainly
    as a threat, because they saw these
    revolutionaries a threat to their personal
    powers.
  • Jesus was eventually persecuted by the Jewish
    peoples because they saw his ideas as corrupting
    their society.
  • Today, both religions are monotheistic and follow
    one same part of the Bible, that being the Hebrew
    Bible or the Old Testament.
  • The Christians add the New Testament to this.
  • This element has changed over time because there
    are not as many problems between these two
    religions today as there were in these times.
  • While monotheism was very revolutionary and new
    back then, it is almost the normal means of
    religion, especially Western religion, today.
    These changes probably occurred because people
    grew more tolerable with these religions around
    them.
  • Over time, it became part of the regular
    framework.

26
Judaism Today
  • The role of Judaism greatly affected western
    culture. One example is that it led to
    Christianity and other monotheistic religions. In
    todays world, there is the Jewish state of
    Israel that is home to over five million Jews.
    The United States is also home to a little bit
    over five million Jews. The role that Judaism
    plays today is sometimes a role of war and
    scapegoat. There are many attacks against Israel
    by anti-semetic groups in the Middle East. There
    have been ongoing wars between Israel and gorilla
    terrorist groups that want to wipe Israel off the
    face of the earth.

27
Judaism Today
(Jewish Synagogue)
  • Another role that Judaism plays in todays
    society is with the state of Israel. Israel
    trades with many nations including the United
    States and goods are exported and imported from
    Israel including special cosmetics from the Dead
    Sea. Also, tel Aviv, one of the largest cities in
    Israel, is a center that Jewish people study and
    it is a center of modern medicine, developing and
    enhancing it. Recently, Israel produced a pill
    that is swallowed and it has a camera that sees
    the inside of your body to see if there is a
    problem
  • Another role that Judaism has in todays society
    is that Jews in Israel have one the most advanced
    space programs in the world today. Jews are
    constantly contributing to the global technology
    race. The first cell phone was also made in
    Israel.

28
Judaism Today
  • Finally, Judaism plays the role of a target.
    Since Israel became a Jewish state in 1948, there
    have been seven wars against Israel, all of which
    they have won. Also, there are constant threats
    of terrorist attacks from various groups
    including Hezbollah. Those are just some of the
    roles that Judaism plays in todays society.

29
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