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Exploring the Religions of Our World

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... two major and lasting divisions (continued) 2. ... On The authoritative books in the Hebrew ... Sacred Times The Liturgical Calendar ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Exploring the Religions of Our World


1
Exploring the Religions of Our World
Chapter 3 Christianity
2
Chapter 3 Christianity
many churches
  • Background

Christianity
many denominations
many doctrines
same core beliefs
3
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • History
  • Jesus of Nazareth
  • birth was a fulfillment of Jewish prophecy
  • was the long awaited Jewish Messiah
  • taught the kingdom of God was at hand
  • was publicly crucified for being an
    insurrectionist
  • rose from the dead, changing the lives of his
    followers

4
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Periods of Christian History
  • Page 83

5
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • History two major and lasting divisions
  • 1. The Great Schism (1054)
  • Contributing factors
  • Constantine moved the capital to Byzantium
  • Increased power of the bishop of Rome
  • The spread of Islam in the East
  • Differences in customs
  • The filioque controversy

6
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • History two major and lasting divisions
    (continued)
  • 2. The Protestant Reformation (1517)
  • Contributing factors
  • interference by kings in Church affairs
  • cooperation between church and state
  • growth of temporal power in the Western Church
  • the Avignon Papacy
  • Martin Luther posted his Ninety-Five Theses

7
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Movements within Protestantism
  • Fundamentalism holds that what is written in
    the Bible is to be understood in its most literal
    sense
  • Evangelicalism emphasizes a personal faith in
    Jesus Christ and the Bible as the sole religious
    authority
  • Pentecostalism emphasizes the gifts of the Holy
    Spirit

8
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Sacred Stories and Sacred Scriptures
  • The Christian Bible includes

The Hebrew Scriptures
The Christian Bible
The New Testament
9
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Sacred Stories and Sacred Scriptures (continued)

To compose the sacred books, God chose certain
men who, all the while he employed them in this
task, made full use of their own faculties
and powers so that, though he acted in them and
by them, it was as true authors that they
consigned to writing whatever he wanted written,
and no more. Dei Verbum no. 11
10
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Sacred Stories and Sacred Scriptures (continued)

Gospels stories of the life of Jesus
The New Testament
Acts of the Apostles history of the
early Christian communities
Epistles letters of the early Christian
communities
Book of Revelation an apocalyptic work
11
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Christians Agree On
  • The authoritative books in the New Testament
  • The thirty-nine books in the Old Testament
  • The Bible is the inspired word of God
  • Christians Disagree On
  • The authoritative books in the Hebrew Bible 39
    vs. 46
  • The interpretation of the Bible Magisterium vs.
    private/personal
  • The Book of the Church vs. the Church of the
    Book
  • Scripture vs. Sacred Tradition
  • Biblical inerrancy

12
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Beliefs and Practices
  • Creed articulates Christian beliefs
  • The Apostles Creed (c. AD 150)

I believe in God, the Father almighty, Creator of
heaven and earth. And in Jesus Christ, his only
Son, our Lord who was conceived by the power of
the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified,
died, and was buried. He descended into hell The
third day he rose again from the dead he
ascended into heaven, sits at the right hand of
God, the Father almighty from then He shall
come to judge the living and the dead. I believe
in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic church,
the communion of saints, the forgiveness of
sins, the resurrection of the body, and life
everlasting.
13
Chapter 3 Christianity
Beliefs and Practices (continued) The Nicean
Creed (AD 325)
We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty,
maker of heaven and earth, of all that is seen
and unseen. We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,
the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the
Father, God from God, Light from Light true God
from True God, begotten, not made, one in Being
with the Father, through him all things were
made. For us men and for our salvation he came
down from heaven by the power of the Holy
Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became
man. For our sake he was he was crucified under
Pontius Pilate he suffered, died, and was
buried. On the third day he rose again in
fulfillment of the Scriptures he ascended into
heaven and is seated at the right hand of the
Father. He will come again in glory to judge the
living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no
end. We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord,
the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father
and the Son. With the Father and the Son he is
worshipped and glorified. He has spoken
through the prophets. We believe in one holy
catholic and apostolic Church. We acknowledge one
baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for
the resurrection of the dead, and the life of
the world to come.
14
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Beliefs and Practices (continued)

Jesus second person of the Trinity God in the
flesh
The Trinity one God in three divine persons
Sin closed the gates of heaven
Redemption God chose to save humanity through
Jesus
The Bible offers instructions on Christian living
The Church the new Israel
15
Chapter 3 Christianity
Ordinary Time
  • Sacred Times
  • The Liturgical Calendar

Advent
Jesus life, death, resurrection
Easter

Lent
Christmas
16
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Sacred Times (continued)

Sunday a little Easter
Sacraments given by Christ
Prayer formal and informal
17
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Sacred Places and Sacred Spaces

Churches - where the community comes together for
worship and fellowship
18
Chapter 3 Christianity
  • Other Christian Denominations through a Catholic
    Lens
  • catholic means universal
  • The Catholic Church holds
  • the fullness of Christs body
  • the fullness of the means to salvation
  • the fullness of faith
  • the sacraments
  • the ordained ministry from the Apostles
  • universality

19
Chapter 3 Christianity
Vocabulary
  • sect
  • denominations
  • doctrines
  • Messiah
  • blasphemy
  • Apostles
  • Gentile
  • Council
  • Epistles
  • Martyr
  • Patriarchates
  • Pope
  • Crusades
  • Magisterium
  • Transubstantiation
  • rationalists
  • empiricists
  • Apocalyptic
  • Canon
  • Heresy
  • Apocryphal
  • Apologetics
  • Incarnation
  • Original sin
  • Church
  • Advent
  • Epiphany
  • Lent
  • Pentecost
  • Sacraments
  • Icons
  • Church Fathers
  • Inerrancy
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