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American Imperialism

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American Imperialism 1898 - 1917 Stages of Imperialism Imperialism = one nation extending its power or control over other lands/countries. Desire for military ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Imperialism


1
American Imperialism
  • 1898 - 1917

2
Stages of Imperialism
  • Imperialism one nation extending its power or
    control over other lands/countries.
  • Desire for military strength Build a larger Navy
    and Military
  • Economic Interests foreign trade, unemployment
    solution, solution to economic depression.
  • Belief in Cultural Superiority Free market trade
    would lead to the survival of the fittest.
  • Nationalism love for ones country

3
Sewards Icebox
  • William Seward convinces U.S. to by Alaska in
    1867.
  • Bought from Russia for 7.2 Million.
  • Oil and gold Found there
  • 1959 it becomes a state.

4
Taking Hawaii
  • America goes to plant Sugarcane
  • 1887 King Kalakaua tries to kick Americans out
  • American Sugar growers or the Hawaiian League
    makes him sign the bayonet Constitution
  • Hawaiians couldnt vote and Pearl Harbor is given
    to U.S. Military
  • 1890 U.S. Government Revokes tax free importation
    of sugar from Hawaii

5
Taking Hawaii
  • 1893 Queen Liliuokalani decides to restore power
    to Hawaiian Monarchy
  • John L. Stevens American minister to Hawaii
    starts a rebellion calling in 20,000 Marines to
    take the island
  • Sanford B. Dole a sugar tycoon becomes the new
    president of Hawaii
  • Claims Hawaii as a protectorate of the U.S. and
    tries to get it annex

6
Taking Hawaii
  • Grover Cleveland does not agree with what has
    happened
  • William McKinley once president annexs Hawaii in
    1898
  • Becomes 50th State in 1959

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9
Trade with China
  • Russia, France, Germany, and U.K. were trading
    with China.
  • Spheres of Influence geographic area where an
    outside nation exerts special economic or
    political control
  • U.S. Secretary of State John Hay suggests the
    Open Door Policy or trading rights to all nations
    with China

10
Boxer Rebellion
  • Antiforeigner sentiments grew because of the new
    competition for China
  • The Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists or
    the Boxers
  • They siege the capital city of Beijing Boxer
    Rebellion
  • 1901 the fight was over and the Open Door Policy
    gains support

11
Spanish American War
  • 1868 Cubans revolt against Spanish Rule
  • Jose Marti a writer pushes a revolution
  • General Valeriano Weyler is sent by Spain to
    crush the revolution
  • Locks civilians up so they couldnt fuel the
    rebels

12
  • Yellow Journalism Style of sensational
    reporting.
  • Helped to gain support for American intervention
    in War and to sell papers
  • William Randolph Hearst of the New York Journal
    and Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World started
    this trend

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14
De Lome Letter
  • President McKinley did not want to join in the
    war.
  • Enrique Dupuy de Lome Spains Minister to the
    U.S. writes the de Lome Letter
  • It criticizes president McKinley calling him
    weak and catering to the rabble
  • McKinley in response sends the USS Maine to
    Havana

15
Remember the Maine
  • Once arriving in Havana the main is sunk on Feb
    15th, 1898 killing 260 sailors
  • This pushed the U.S. into War.
  • U.S. battle cry became Remember the Maine

16
Battle in Cuba
  • U.S. soldiers poorly equipped
  • Rough Riders Volunteer Calvary led by Theodore
    Roosevelt
  • Captured Santiago and soon took Kettle and San
    Juan Hills
  • Buffalo Soldiers All Black Regiments led the
    charge
  • Soon after the capture of San Juan Hill Spain
    surrendered
  • 2000 U.S. dead 250 Million cost

17
Fight in the Philippines
  • U.S. sends George Dewey to take Philippine island
    from Spain.
  • Emilio Aguinaldo the Filipino rebel leader helps
    U.S.
  • U.S. wins Aug 14th 1898

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20
Treaty for Peace
  • Spain gave up Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam to U.S.
  • U.S. buys The Philippine Islands from Spain for
    20 Million
  • Emilio Aguinaldo leads a rebellion against U.S.
    and we win
  • 4000 U.S. dead
  • 220,000 Filipinos dead

21
Cuban Future
  • Platt Amendment limited Cubas ability to sign
    treaties, U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs,
    Cuba had to lease land to the U.S. for Naval use
    Guantanamo Bay and Coal.
  • Cuba was now a Protectorate or a country under
    the control and protection of another country

22
Puerto Ricos Future
  • Foraker Act U.S. would appoint Puerto Ricos
    governor and upper house and the Puerto Rican
    voters would elect the lower house
  • 1917 U.S. gave Puerto Ricans U.S. citizenship and
    their voters could elect all their legislative
    representatives.

23
Panama Canal 1904 -1914
  • France starts building in 1880s
  • They give up due to Yellow Fever deaths
  • Walter Reed and Carlos Juan Finlay worked to find
    a cure for Yellow Fever
  • U.S. in 1902 buys the building rights from France
  • 1903 Columbian government would not allow U.S. to
    build canal
  • Rebellion breaks out and Roosevelt helps
  • After the revolution we gain land from a fee
    Panama.

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26
Monroe Doctrine
  • 1823 declared the Western hemisphere of the world
    was off limits to colonization by European
    Nations
  • Roosevelt Corollary Speak softly and carry a
    big stick U.S. pledged to use armed force to
    prevent and European country from seizing
    territory in the Western Hemisphere.
  • Also all loans would be paid back to European
    countries

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28
Taft and Wilsons Plans
  • Dollar Diplomacy Taft A policy aimed at
    furthering the interests of the United States
    abroad by encouraging the investment of U.S.
    capital in foreign countries.
  • Moral Diplomacy Wilson use of persuasion and
    American ideas to advance the nations interests
    abroad.
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