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The Spanish-American War

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Congress approved McKinley s request for declaration of war. The Spanish-American War (1898): That Splendid Little War We attacked where? Surprise! – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Spanish-American War


1
The Spanish-American War
  • Viva Cuba Libre!

2
The Imperialist Taylor
3
Cuba Libre!
  • U.S. had its eye on Cuba and its resources in the
    1800s.
  • They tried to buy it in 1854 for expanded
    plantations
  • 1886 - slavery was abolished in Cuba.
  • U.S. invests in Cuban plantations.
  • In 1895, Jose Marti launched a revolution in
    Cuba against Spanish rule

Rebels destroyed property to evoke U.S. interest.
4
Concentration Camps
  • Under harsh rule of Valeriano Weyler The
    Butcher
  • Spain responded by rounding up rebels in
    concentration camps.
  • 300,000 people suffered starvation and abuse.

5
Spanish Misrule in Cuba
6
De Lôme Letter
  • Dupuy de Lôme, SpanishAmbassador to the U.S.
  • Criticized PresidentMcKinley as weak
  • Result?

7
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Assistant Secretary of the Navy
  • Criticized PresidentMcKinley as having the
    backbone of a chocolate éclair!
  • Resigns his position to fight in Cuba.

8
Yellow Journalism Jingoism
Joseph Pulitzer
Hearst to Frederick Remington You furnish
the pictures, and Ill furnish the war!
William Randolph Hearst
9
THE U.S.S. MAINE EXPLODES
  • The Maine was sent to Cuba to retrieve U.S.
    citizens.
  • The Maine exploded, killing over 260.

10
(No Transcript)
11
Remember the Maineand to Hell with Spain!
Funeral for Maine victims in Havana
12
Its On Now!
  • Congress approved McKinleys request for
    declaration of war.

13
The Spanish-American War (1898)That Splendid
Little War
We attacked where?
14
Surprise!
  • The U.S. attacked the Spanish Navy in the
    Philippines on May 1st.
  • The Philippines were liberated by August.

15
Dewey Captures Manila!
16
The Spanish-American War (1898)That Splendid
Little War
17
The Rough Riders
Charge up San Juan Hill
18
Treaty of Paris 1898
Philippines
Guam
Puerto Rico
19
Is He To Be a Despot?
20
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Leader of the FilipinoUprising.
  • July 4, 1946Philippine independence

21
In the Philippine-American War (1899-1902) 70,000
U.S. soldiers fought - 4,000 died, and as
many as 600,000 Filipinos were killed.
22
William H. Taft, 1stGov.-General of the
Philippines
Great administrator.
23
The American Anti-Imperialist
League
  • Founded in 1899.
  • Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, and
    WilliamJennings Bryan amongthe leaders.
  • Campaigned against the annexation of
    thePhilippines and otheracts of imperialism.

24
Cuban Independence?
  • Teller Amendment (1898)
  • Platt Amendment (1903)
  • Cuba could not make treaties without US approval
  • The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if
    necessary to maintain an efficient, independent
    govt.
  • Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for
    naval and coaling station.
  • Cuba must not go into significant debt.

Senator Orville Platt
25
DILEMMA--Did U. S. citizenship follow the flag??
26
Puerto Rico
27
Puerto Rico 1898
  • 1900 - Foraker Act.
  • PR became an unincorporated territory.
  • Citizens of PR, not of the US.
  • Import duties on PR goods
  • 1901-1903 ? the Insular Cases.
  • Constitutional rights were not automatically
    extended to territorial possessions.

28
China
29
Stereotypes of the Chinese
Immigrant
Oriental Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882
30
The Boxer Rebellion 1900
  • The Peaceful Harmonious Fists.
  • 55 Days at Peking.

31
The Open Door Policy
  • Secretary John Hay.
  • Give all nations equalaccess to trade in China.
  • Guaranteed that China would NOT be taken over by
    any one foreign power.

32
TheOpen Door Policy
33
America as a Pacific Power
34
Our Sphere of Influence
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