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The Renaissance

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Title: Renaissance Literature: Poetry Author: leckman Last modified by: Monique Willshire Created Date: 1/8/2007 4:03:42 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance


1
  • The Renaissance
  • 1485-1625

The English Renaissance. Prentice Hall
Literature The English Tradition. Englewood
Cliffs, New Jersey Prentice-Hall. 1989.
153-170. The Renaissance 1485 -1660. Elements
of Literature, Sixth Course. Literature of
Britain. New York Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
2000. 190- 212.
2
Some focus questions
  • How do historical events influence the literature
    of the era?
  • How does literature shape or reflect society?
  • How does the literature of one era carry over or
    contrast from the previous one?

3
The Coming of the Renaissance Beginnings of
Tudor Rule
The End of the War of the Roses
  • In 1485, Henry Tudor defeats the Yorkist king
    Richard III and establishes the Tudor dynasty,
    which rules for 118 years. He unites the houses
    of York Lancaster.
  • Henry marries Elizabeth of York (Richards niece)
    to secure his position, and acts to ensure peace
    with foreign powers. This house of Tudor will
    rule until Elizabeth I, who is the chief monarch
    during Shakespeares time.

4
More things that pave the way for the coming of
the Renaissance
The Printing Press
around 1455
  • The printing press is invented by Johannes
    Gutenberg.

in 1476
  • William Caxton sets up a press in England.

by 1500
  • Books become widely available throughout western
    Europe.

5
Definitions and Characteristics
  • Renaissance rebirth a flowering of literary,
    artistic, and intellectual development that began
    in Italy in the 14th century
  • Its inspired by the arts and scholarship of
    ancient Greece and Rome
  • The religious devotion of the Middle Ages, with
    its emphasis on the afterlife, gave way to a new
    interest in the human beings place here on earth
  • Universities introduced a new curriculum called
    the humanities, which included history,
    geography, poetry, and modern languages more
    scholars are writing in the vernacular.

6
Renaissance Learning
The Renaissance encouraged individual curiosity
and creativity. Bold thoughts, beautiful poetry,
and powerful dramatic works emerged. The
instruments shown in this painting suggest the
ambassadors have mastered astronomy, mathematics,
and music.
The Ambassadors (1533) by Hans Holbein the
Younger. Oil on canvas.
7
Some Other Key Terms and Concepts
Renaissance Man- someone who is interested in
science, art, literature, history and other
subjects. Example Henry VIII or Thomas
Jefferson Utopia- a perfect society. Thomas More
wrote on this Reformation- The rejection of the
Pope church to change the church its
politics Humanism- Renaissance writers who were
part of an intellectual mvt that combined
traditional Christian thought with Latin Greek
classics to teach people how to live and to study
themselves. More on next slide!
8
Humanisman intellectual movement that greatly
influenced Renaissance thinkers, writers, and
artists.
The humanists
  • revived old Greek and Latin classics
  • studied the Bible and the classics to explore
    questions such as What is a good life?
  • made history, literature, and philosophy popular
    again

9
The Tudor Dynasty in brief
Heirs of Henry VIII
Edward VI (r. 15471553)
Elizabeth I (r. 15581603)
  • sickly boy king
  • rules in name only
  • dies at age 15
  • The Virgin Queen
  • brilliant, successful monarch

Mary Tudor (r. 15531558)
  • Bloody Mary
  • restores popes power
  • hunts down and executes Protestants

10
Englands Greatest Monarch
History of the Times
  • Elizabeth I inherits kingdom after deaths of her
    brother Edward and sister Mary.
  • England under Bloody Mary was torn by religious
    feuds after she restored power to Catholics and
    executed Protestants.
  • Elizabeths first task was to restore law and
    order and reestablish Church of England.
  • The Virgin Queen foiled several murder plots by
    her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • Queen Elizabeths defeat of the Spanish Armada
    was one of her finest hours.

11
Englands Greatest Monarch
Elizabeth Iliterary connoisseur beloved symbol
of peace, security, prosperity
  • likely most brilliant, successful British monarch
  • excommunicated after rejecting popes authority
  • Parliament begs her to marry she refuses
  • Rebuffs proposal from Philip of Spain unleashes
    navy on his Spanish Armada

12
Elizabeths Influence Literature of the Times
  • Armadas defeat is a catalyst for Renaissance
    writers, who celebrate Elizabeth I as a symbol of
    peace, prosperity, and security.
  • Poetry, drama, religious allegory, and
    philosophical works flourish in this golden age.
  • Elizabeths court becomes a center of literary
    culture for gifted writers.
  • The plays of William Shakespeare and his
    contemporaries are created for the general
    public, rather than aristocratic theater patrons.

13
Renaissance Images You Just Need to Know!
14
Renaissance Images You Just Need to Know!
15
Literary Whos Who
  • Sir Thomas Wyatt, who loved Anne Boleyn from
    afar, travelled widely and brought the sonnet
    from Italy to England
  • Sir Phillip Sidney wrote a great sonnet cycle
    called Astrophel and Stella
  • Edmund Spenser, another poet who is best known
    for the LONG allegorical work which praises
    Elizabeth I The Faerie Queene
  • Christopher Marlowe noted playwright and poet,
    contemporary of Shakespeare, died very young (in
    his 20s) in a bar fight, has a rumor circulated
    that he is the true author of Shakespeares
    poems and that he faked his death.

16
More Literary Whos Who
  • Sir Walter Raleigh poet, historian, courier,
    soldier, explorer, potential suitor to
    Elizabethuntil she had him imprisoned.
  • Obviously, Shakespeare (more on him later)
  • Ben Jonson another poet, friend and rival to
    Shakespeare who put together his works after the
    bards death said this of Shakespeare, He was
    not of an age but for all time.
  • Francis Bacon, prose writer towards the end of
    the Renaissance in time of James I. He made many
    contributions to natural science and philosophy

17
Literary forms and terms you should know
  • Lyric poetry poetry that expresses the
    observations and feelings of a single speaker.
    Unlike a narrative poem, it presents an
    experience or single effect, but it does not tell
    a full story. Sonnets are good examples of
    these. Odes and elegies are in this category as
    well.
  • Pastoral a genre the deals with the pleasures of
    a simple, rural life that often has shepherds and
    country people/scenes as its subject. Think
    Wesley and Buttercup

18
End
19
It began..
  • .....with the changes in peoples values, beliefs
    and behaviors.
  • ..in Italy in the 14th Century.

20
The Humanists
  • People moved away from church literature to
    Humanist literature to study themselves.
  • Humanists studied human nature ones self.
  • Erasmus was the most famous Renaissance humanist.
  • Sir Thomas More was another famous humanist who
    wrote Utopia.
  • Both Erasmus and More helped shape European
    thought and history.

21
What new technology helped bring about the
Renaissance Period?
  • The Gutenberg Press helped spread Humanist
    writing.
  • Before the press, all books were hand written and
    hand copied.
  • The press (with movable type) was invented by a
    German named Johannes Gutenberg around 1455.
  • The first book he printed was the bible (in
    Latin).

22
The Reformation..
  • .was a movement to REFORM the corrupt church
    Pope.
  • .forced people to question the Catholic Churchs
    authority.
  • ....made people object to the financial burdens
    placed upon them by the church.

23
Henry VIII
  • started the Reformation movt b/c he wanted a
    divorce from Catherine of Aragon.
  • was a true Renaissance Man.
  • created the Royal Navy which led to the spread
    of Englands rule.
  • Henry had 6 wives
  • Catherine of Aragon divorced mother of Mary
  • Anne Boleyn
  • -beheaded mother of Elizabeth
  • Jane Seymour
  • -died naturally mother to Edward VI
  • Anne of Cleves
  • -divorced
  • Catherine Howard
  • -beheaded
  • Catherine Parr
  • -only survivor

24
After Henry VIII.
  • 1st Edward VI or the Boy King
  • -only male son of Henry ( Jane Seymour-she died
    12 days after his birth).
  • -became king at the age of 9 but his relatives
    ruled for him.
  • -died at age 15 from TB.
  • -He was followed by

25
Introducing.
  • Bloody Mary!
  • -1/2 sister to Edward, daughter of Catherine of
    Aragon
  • -devout Catholic, returned power back to Pope
    Catholic church.
  • -earned her name b/c she hunted down and
    killed Protestants (Henrys followers) including
    burning over 300 people at the stake.
  • - Married the King of Spain (Englands biggest
    enemy at the time).
  • - ruled England for 5 years.
  • -died of a fever.

26
Return to Reformation.
  • The Virgin Queen.
  • -Elizabeth I followed Mary.
  • - was the last living heir of Henry VIII.
  • -1/2 sister to Mary and Edward VI, daughter of
    Anne Boleyn.
  • - ruled from 1558 1603.
  • -never married, no children or heirs.
  • -returned to her fathers policies, restored the
    Church of England.
  • -was intelligent independent.
  • -executed Mary, Queen of Scots, for attempting
    to have her killed. She was a cousin to
    Elizabeth.
  • -Under Elizabeth, the Royal Navy defeated the
    Spanish Armada which secured Englands
    independence from ALL Catholic nations in the
    Mediterranean (The Spanish Armada was sent by
    King Phillip in response to Elizabeth executing
    Mary, Queen of Scots).

27
Hidden Messages.How fashion impacted the
Renaissance Era
  • Colors and Clothing designs mean different
    things
  • 1. Green love
  • 2. White Tawny patience in adversity
  • 3. White or Black chastity
  • 4. Pansies sadness
  • 5. Snakes flattery

28
The 5 major Characteristics of the Renaissance
Period.
  1. People expanded their worlds by reading classical
    Greek Roman writers rather than Christian
    doctrine.
  2. Spread of Humanism- focus on the here now
    rather than the eternal life.
  3. The Gutenberg Press.
  4. A growing Merchant class (Middle Class).
  5. The spread of scholarly Latin made the sharing of
    ideas possible.

29
The End of the Renaissance Period
  • Elizabeth I died.
  • She was followed by ineffective rulers
  • -James I
  • -Charles I (son of James) beheaded for treason
  • -1649 1660 Parliament ruled w/o a monarch
    Charles II was exiled to France
  • -Charles II returned
  • Political and Secular (church) values challenged.
  • John Milton was the LAST great writer of the
    period. He wrote Paradise Lost.
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