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The Anglo-Saxon Period

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The Anglo-Saxon Period 449 1066 AD The Dark Ages battle confusion uproar outrage attempts at educational improvements and religion The History of Britain 1. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Anglo-Saxon Period


1
The Anglo-Saxon Period
  • 449 1066 AD

2
The Dark Ages
  • battle
  • confusion
  • uproar
  • outrage
  • attempts at educational improvements and religion

3
The History of Britain
4
1. Iberians
  • first group to invade Britain
  • came from present-day Spain and Portugal
  • brought stone-age weaponry
  • flint arrowhead
  • flint knife
  • stone hand axe
  • sling shot

5
2. Celts
  • Britons
  • settled Britain
  • Gaels
  • settled Ireland
  • spoke different Celtic languages
  • farmers and hunters
  • long, heroic poems about their
  • history
  • myths (Old King Cole, King Lear)

6
3. Romans contributed paved roads and highways
  • Julius Caesar
  • ruled for only 100 years - declaring Britain
    conquered and returned to France
  • Claudius
  • ruled for over 300 years, but left to protect
    Rome from Northern European Tribes

7
4. Anglos, Saxons, Jutes
  • farmers and fishermen
  • brought their society based on rank/class
  • divided Britain into 7 kingdoms
  • Ireland
  • Wales
  • Mercia
  • Scotland
  • North Umbria
  • Wessex
  • Danelaw

8
  • Language
  • Anglo-Saxon
  • (Old English)
  • looks like present-day
  • Dutch or German

9
Anglo-Saxon Religion
  • Paganism worship of gods idols
  • Tiu god of war and sky
  • (Tuesday)
  • Woden chief of gods
  • (Wednesday)
  • Fria goddess of home
  • (Friday)
  • Stoicism fate rules
  • Christianity
  • most of England followed by 650
  • promoted
  • peace
  • education
  • literature
  • promoters
  • St. Patrick
  • Columba
  • St. Augustine

10
Venerable Bede (a monk)
With the encouragement of education, schools were
founded at York and Canterbury, England and
written literature was promoted.
  • father of English history

11
5. Vikings
  • destroyed and stole religious objects of worship
  • Norse (Norway)
  • Danes (Denmark)
  • King Alfred of Wessex
  • stopped the Vikings in Wessex
  • united the 7 kingdoms
  • Alfred the Great
  • encouraged a rebirth of learning and education

12
peace begins
  • After about 100 years
  • Danes became peaceful
  • communicated with the Anglo-Saxons
  • law
  • Danish skills were incorporated
  • farming
  • beer brewing
  • trade
  • England grew into different towns

13
6. Norman Conquest
  • William, Duke of Normandy
  • conquered Anglo-Saxon England in 1066
  • ended Anglo-Saxon rule

14
Old English Literature
  • British Isles
  • Origination
  • Celtic Druids memorized poems about heroic
    leaders
  • Anglo-Saxon
  • Scops and gleemen performed epics accompanied by
    a harp
  • - Riddles

15
Examples of Epics
  • Homers
  • The Illiad
  • The Odyssey
  • Virgils
  • The Aeneid

16
Lets get started
with Beowulf.
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