Southern Gothic - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Southern Gothic PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 6c2e5e-ZDIxM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Southern Gothic

Description:

Southern Gothic in American Literature – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:38
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: gmu74
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Southern Gothic


1
Southern Gothic
  • in American Literature

2
What is Gothic?
  • Originally named for the German goths.
  • Renaissance usage
  • Architecture, focus on the medieval, death, decay
  • 17th-18th century novel

3
Visual Representations of the Gothic
4
(No Transcript)
5
(No Transcript)
6
The Gothic Novel
  • Themes/motifs Castles, darkness, madness,
    secrets, ghosts, mystery, haunted houses
  • The Characters (stock characters) tyrants,
    villains, bandits, maniacs, Byronic heroes,
    persecuted maidens, femmes fatales, madwomen,
    magicians, vampires, werewolves, monsters,
    demons, revenants, ghosts, perambulating
    skeletons, the Wandering Jew and the Devil
    himself.

7
Examples of the Gothic Novel
  • Mary Shelleys Frankenstein
  • Gaston Lerouxs The Phantom of the Opera
  • Bram Stokers Dracula
  • Many works by Edgar Allen Poe
  • Nathanial Hawthorne
  • Poe and Hawthorne as pioneers in the American
    Gothic Tradition

8
Southern Gothic Literature
  • Sub-genre of the Gothic style
  • Unique to American literature
  • relies on supernatural, ironic or unusual events
    to guide the plot
  • uses these to explore social issues and reveal
    the cultural character of the American South.

9
Background
  • Takes classic Gothic archetypes, such as the
    monster or the heroic knight, and turns them into
    American Southerners
  • a spiteful, reclusive spinster an uneducated
    drunk
  • a quiet, wise lawyer
  • Most notable feature is the grotesque
  • a character whose negative qualities allow the
    author to highlight unpleasant aspects in
    Southern culture.
  • Something in the town, the house, the farm is
    bizarre and often falling apart

10
Defining Feature
  • Cast of off-kilter characters
  • Broken bodies, minds or souls
  • Used to symbolize problems created by the
    established pattern
  • Used to question established patterns morality
    and ethical justification
  • The Innocent is a common character, who may or
    may not be broken, but who often acts as a
    redeemer for others

11
Other Specific Features of Southern Gothic
  • Freakishness
  • Outsider
  • Imprisonment
  • Violence
  • Sense of Place

12
Freakishness
  • In most southern gothic stories, there is an
    important character who is set apart from the
    world in a negative way by a disability or an
    odd, and often negative way of seeing the world.

13
Outsider
  • Southern novels are filled with characters who
    are set a part from the established cultural
    pattern, but who end up being heroes because
    their difference allows them to see new ways of
    doing things that ultimately help to bring people
    out of the dark.

14
Imprisonment
  • This is often both literal and figurative.
  • Many southern gothic tales include an incident
    where a character is sent to jail or locked up.
  • There are also Southern gothic characters that
    live in fate's prison.

15
Violence
  • Racial, social and class difference often create
    underlying tension in Southern gothic novels that
    threatens, and usually does, erupt in violent
    ways.

16
Sense of Place
  • You cant read a Southern Gothic novel without
    understanding what a Southern town feels like
  • old small towns
  • Houses have front porches with rocking chairs
  • Old downtown with stately but worn-down buildings

17
(No Transcript)
18
What is it?
  • Geographically limited
  • Utilized the decaying South
  • Analogy between medieval settings and southern
    settings
  • Came about after the Civil War
  • Struggle between Old and New South
  • Tragedy and repressed behaviors come to the
    forefront
  • Explore the psychology of human existence

19
Characteristics
  • Exploration of subconscious through dreams
  • Good versus evil in characters
  • Setting and atmosphere evoke vivid emotional
    response
  • Setting symbolically symbols the end of an era
  • Personal and community experience
  • Emphasis of history

20
Explores
  • Relationships between races and genders
  • Treatment of blacks and women
  • Love that is not returned
  • The corruption and decay of the south
  • Dislocation and decadence of the South
  • Distorted religious views
  • Clash between those with power and those without
  • Isolation of individual

21
Explores
  • Humans powerlessness in an indifferent universe
  • Moral decay of community
  • Burden of history
  • Horrors of humans treatment of each other

22
Southern Gothic Writers
Flannery OConnor Good Country People and A
Good Man is Hard to Find
Truman Capote
William Faulkner A Rose for Emily and As I Lay
Dying
23
(No Transcript)
24
Who was William Faulkner?
  • B. 1897 in Mississippi, D. 1962
  • American novelist whose work is set in his native
    Mississippi all of his novels inhabit a
    fictional place he named Yoknapatawpha County.
  • Faulkner won the Pulitzer Prize for Literature in
    1949.
  • With Mark Twain and Truman Capote, Faulkner is
    considered one of the most important writers of
    the American Southsome say of the twentieth
    century!
  • A Rose for Emily first published short story
    (1930)

25
Faulkners Roots
  • He lived in Oxford, Mississippi, most of his
    life, and renamed this town Jefferson in his
    fictional works.
  • His great-great-grandfather was an important man
    in northern Mississippi served as a colonel in
    the Confederate Army.
  • This man served as a model for the famous (or
    infamous) Colonel Sartoris in Faulkners novels.

26
Faulkners Roots
  • Mississippi marked his sense of humor, his sense
    of the tragic position of blacks and whites, his
    keen characterization of usual Southern
    characters and his timeless themes, one of them
    being that fiercely intelligent people dwelled
    behind the façades of good old boys and
    simpletons

27
  • In the 20th century, the idea of Gothic
    literature developed with the age. William
    Faulkner turned the dark castle settings into
    decaying southern plantations and the ghosts
    became the death of honor and nobility of
    tradition and gentility. Flannery OConnor saw
    evil in modernism. She depicted places and
    people who had lost morals, values, and religion.

28
A Rose for Emily
  • Macabre
  • Gruesome and horrifying
  • Ghastly and horrible
  • Of, or pertaining to, death
  • Black/dark humor
  • Humorous effects resulting largely from
    grotesque, morbid, or macabre situations dealing
    with a horrifying and disoriented world
  • Aims to shock and disorient readers, making them
    laugh in the face of anxiety, suffering or death

29
How does A Rose for Emily demonstrate
characteristics of Southern Gothic?
30
How does death affects societys perceptions of
individuals?
31
Credits
  • Southern Gothic painting available _at_
    http//www.internationaldigitalart.com/IDAA/2005ID
    AAGallery/pages/029_southern_gothic.html
  • To Kill a Mockingbird Pictures available _at_
    http//www.foothilltech.org/rgeib/english/tkm/culm
    inatingproject/pictures/
  • Genre information available _at_
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Gothic
  • http//www2.oprah.com/obc_classic/featbook/thlh/go
    thic/thlh_gothic_main.jhtml
  • http//www2.oprah.com/obc_classic/featbook/thlh/go
    thic/thlh_gothic_features.jhtml
About PowerShow.com