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Splash Screen

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The American Journey ... Splash Screen – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Splash Screen


1
Splash Screen
2
Chapter Menu
Chapter Introduction Section 1 The First
President Section 2 Early Challenges Section
3 The First Political Parties Visual Summary
3
Chapter Intro
The First President Essential Question What
were the precedents that Washington established
as the first president of the United States?
4
Chapter Intro
Early Challenges Essential Question What
challenges did the United States face during
Washingtons administration?
5
Chapter Intro
The First Political Parties Essential Question
How did the Federalist and Republican Parties
form, and on what issues did they disagree?
6
Chapter Time Line
7
Chapter Time Line
8
Chapter Preview-End
9
Section 1-Essential Question
What were the precedents that Washington
established as the first president of the United
States?
10
Section 1-Key Terms
Reading Guide
Content Vocabulary
  • precedent
  • cabinet
  • national debt
  • bond
  • unconstitutional
  • tariff

Academic Vocabulary
  • uniform
  • accumulate

11
Section 1-Key Terms
Reading Guide (cont.)
Key People and Events
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • John Jay
  • Bill of Rights

12
Section 1-Polling Question
Which of the following do you think is the most
important of the Bill of Rights? A. Freedom of
speech B. The right to a fair trial C. The right
to keep and bear arms D. Protection from
unreasonable search and seizure
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D

13
Section 1
President Washington
President Washington and the new Congress had to
make many decisions about the structure of the
new government.
14
Section 1
President Washington (cont.)
  • George Washington and the first Congress
    established the precedents that would shape the
    future of the United States
  • The inaugural address
  • Two terms in office
  • Creation of the cabinet
  • Foreign policy of neutrality

15
Section 1
President Washington (cont.)
  • In 1789 Congress set up three departments within
    the executive branch of government. The heads of
    each department became known as the cabinet.
  • The State Department, led by Thomas Jefferson,
    handled relations with other nations.
  • The Department of the Treasury, led by Alexander
    Hamilton, handled financial matters.

16
Section 1
President Washington (cont.)
  • The Department of War handled the nations
    defense.
  • The federal court system was set up by the
    Judiciary Act of 1789 in order to reach a
    compromise between those who wanted a uniform
    legal system and those who favored state courts.
  • Federal courts could overturn state court
    decisions, but state laws remained intact.

17
Section 1
President Washington (cont.)
  • John Jay became the first chief justice of the
    Supreme Court
  • In order to keep the federal government from
    becoming too strong, the Bill of Rights was added
    to the Constitution to guarantee states rights
    and individual civil liberties.

18
Section 1
Which of the following is NOT a branch of the US
Government? A. The Executive branch B. The
Judicial branch C. The Military branch D. The
Legislative branch
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D

19
Section 1
The New Countrys Economy
The new countrys economy developed under the
guidance of Alexander Hamilton.
20
Section 1
The New Countrys Economy (cont.)
  • The new nation faced serious financial problems
    with a growing national debt.
  • Hamilton asked Congress that bonds, which had
    been purchased to fund the Revolution be paid off
    at their original value.
  • Southern states had accumulated much less debt
    than northern states, so Hamilton agreed to
    locate the nations new capital in the South in
    return for southern leaders support for his
    repayment plan.

21
Section 1
The New Countrys Economy (cont.)
  • Much discussion was held about whether the
    creation of a national bank was unconstitutional.
  • Hamilton proposed a tariff on foreign goods and
    established national taxes on goods like whiskey
    to help pay off the national debt.

Economics History
22
Section 1
Which of the following is not a part of Alexander
Hamiltons plan for strengthening the nations
economy? A. Repaying debt to foreign countries
B. Establishing a national bank C. Collecting
national taxes D. Issuing bonds to American
citizens
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D

23
Section 1-End
24
Section 2-Essential Question
What challenges did the United States face during
Washingtons administration?
25
Section 2-Key Terms
Reading Guide
Content Vocabulary
  • neutrality
  • impressment

Academic Vocabulary
  • challenge
  • maintain

26
Section 2-Key Terms
Reading Guide (cont.)
Key People and Events
  • Whiskey Rebellion
  • Battle of Fallen Timbers
  • Treaty of Greenville
  • Edmond Genêt
  • Jays Treaty
  • Pinckneys Treaty

27
Section 2-Polling Question
Do you think it is right for the U.S. government
to use force to keep order? A. Yes,
always B. Yes, under certain circumstances C. No
, never
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C

28
Section 2
The Whiskey Rebellion and the West
The new government was faced with challenges in
Pennsylvania and on the frontier.
29
Section 2
The Whiskey Rebellion and the West (cont.)
  • An armed mob of Pennsylvania farmers, angry at
    the government-imposed whiskey tax, attacked tax
    collectors and burned down buildings.
  • Washington and his advisors met this challenge by
    crushing the Whiskey Rebellion, sending a
    message to the people that the government would
    use force when necessary to maintain order.

30
Section 2
The Whiskey Rebellion and the West (cont.)
  • Washington made treaties with Native Americans,
    hoping to lessen Spanish and British influence on
    them.
  • Many Americans believed that an alliance with
    France would help them defeat the British,
    Spanish, and Native Americans in the West.
  • A defeat at the Battle of Fallen Timbers crushed
    the Native Americans hopes of keeping their land.

31
Section 2
The Whiskey Rebellion and the West (cont.)
  • In the Treaty of Greenville, the United States
    claimed most of the land in what is now Ohio from
    Native American groups.

Native American Campaigns
32
Section 2
Which of the following is not a Native American
Nation? A. Shawnee B. Miami C. Cherokee D. Manat
ee
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D

33
Section 2
Problems with Europe
President Washington wanted the nation to remain
neutral in foreign conflicts.
34
Section 2
Problems with Europe (cont.)
  • Washington wanted the United States to maintain
    neutrality when England and France went to war in
    1793
  • When French diplomat Edmond Genêt tried to
    recruit American volunteers to fight the British,
    Washington issued a Proclamation of Neutrality.
  • The British practice of impressment was to
    capture American trading ships and force American
    crews into the British navy.

35
Section 2
Problems with Europe (cont.)
  • In Jays Treaty, the British agreed to withdraw
    from American soil, but did not agree to stop the
    practice of impressment.
  • Pinckneys Treaty gave the Americans free
    navigation of the Mississippi River and the right
    to trade at New Orleans.

36
Section 2
Jays Treaty was an agreement with what country?
A. Spain B. France C. Britain D. Russia
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D

37
Section 2-End
38
Section 3-Essential Question
How did the Federalist and Republican Parties
form, and on what issues did they disagree?
39
Section 3-Key Terms
Reading Guide
Content Vocabulary
  • partisan
  • implied powers
  • caucus
  • alien
  • sedition
  • nullify
  • states rights

Academic Vocabulary
  • resolve
  • principle

40
Section 3-Key Terms
Reading Guide (cont.)
Key People and Events
  • XYZ affair
  • Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

41
Section 3-Polling Question
What do you think is the most important principle
of Jeffersons Republican party? A. Strong
emphasis on states rights B. Accessibility of
politics to the average citizen C. Strict
interpretation of the Constitution D. Protection
of civil liberties
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D

42
Section 3
Opposing Views
By 1796, Americans began to take opposing sides
on issues. Two political parties emerged from the
debates.
43
Section 3
Opposing Views (cont.)
  • Washington and Hamilton disapproved of political
    parties, worrying that they would divide the
    nation. Others, like Thomas Jefferson, favored
    their formation.
  • Though he tried to remain neutral, Washington was
    often partisan to Hamiltons views, supporting
    Hamiltons beliefs in the implied powers of the
    federal government.

44
Section 3
Opposing Views (cont.)
  • By the mid-1790s, two distinct political parties
    formed
  • the Federalists
  • the Democratic-Republicans, or Republicans
  • In addition to the difference in their
    interpretation of the Constitution, the two
    parties also disagreed over the role of the
    American citizen in politics.

45
Section 3
Opposing Views (cont.)
  • In the presidential election of 1976
  • Federalists and Republicans held caucuses.
  • The Republicans nominated Thomas Jefferson.
  • The Federalists nominated John Adams.
  • In the end, John Adams received 71 electoral
    votes, winning the election.

46
Section 3
Which of the following was NOT a United States
political party? A. Democrats B. Revisionists C.
Republicans D. Federalists
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D

47
Section 3
President John Adams
During his administration, President John Adams
faced a dispute with France and the issue of
states rights at home.
48
Section 3
President John Adams (cont.)
  • The XYZ Affair of 1797 was a French attempt to
    collect bribes to help resolve the United States
    conflict with France.
  • Americans began to grow suspicious of aliens,
    especially those from France, and feared
    sedition.

The Alien and Sedition Acts
49
Section 3
President John Adams (cont.)
  • In response to the Federalists Alien and
    Sedition Acts, the Republicans drafted the
    Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, which sought
    to preserve individual liberties and nullify
    federal laws they deemed unconstitutional.
  • The principle of states rights gained strength
    among the Republicans.

50
Section 3
Which of the following is true of the Virginia
and Kentucky Resolutions? A. They were drafted
by Federalists opposing Republican uses of
federal power. B. They claimed that the Alien
and Sedition Acts violated the
constitution. C. They distributed land to
settlers in Virginia and Kentucky. D. They
rejected the principle of states rights.
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D

51
Section 3-End
52
VS 1
53
VS 2
54
VS-End
55
Figure 1
56
Figure 2
57
Figure 3
58
S1 Trans Menu
Section Transparencies Menu
Daily Test Practice Transparency 81
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59
DTP Trans 1
60
S2 Trans Menu
Section Transparencies Menu
Daily Test Practice Transparency 82 Lesson
Transparency 8B
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61
DTP Trans 2
62
LT 2
63
S3 Trans Menu
Section Transparencies Menu
Daily Test Practice Transparency 83 Lesson
Transparency 8C
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64
DTP Trans 3
65
LT 3
66
Vocab1
precedent a tradition
67
Vocab2
cabinet a group of advisers to the president
68
Vocab3
national debt the amount of money a national
government owes to other governments or its
people
69
Vocab4
bond a note issued by the government, which
promises to pay off a loan with interest
70
Vocab5
unconstitutional not agreeing or consistent with
the Constitution
71
Vocab6
tariff a tax on imports or exports
72
Vocab7
uniform identical unchanging
73
Vocab8
accumulate collect gather together
74
Vocab9
neutrality a position of not taking sides in a
conflict
75
Vocab10
impressment forcing people into service, as in
the navy
76
Vocab11
challenge demanding situation
77
Vocab12
maintain keep or uphold
78
Vocab13
partisan favoring one side of an issue
79
Vocab14
implied powers powers not specifically mentioned
in the Constitution
80
Vocab15
caucus a meeting held by a political party to
choose its partys candidate for president or to
decide policy
81
Vocab16
alien an immigrant living in a country in which
he or she is not a citizen
82
Vocab17
sedition activities aimed at weakening
established government
83
Vocab18
nullify to cancel or make ineffective
84
Vocab19
states rights rights and powers independent of
the federal government that are reserved for the
states by the Constitution the belief that
states rights supersede federal rights and law
85
Vocab20
resolve bring to an end
86
Vocab21
principle basic or fundamental reason, truth,
or law
87
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