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Interdependence in the Colonies


Interdependence in the Colonies Chapter 4: Section 1 Colonial Trade Trade became a big part of life in the colonies. New England at the center of shipping trade ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Interdependence in the Colonies

Interdependence in the Colonies
  • Chapter 4 Section 1

Colonial Trade
  • Trade became a big part of life in the colonies.
  • New England at the center of shipping trade
  • Colonial merchant ships followed many different
    trading routes.
  • Some directly to England and back
  • Others followed routes that became known as the
    triangular trade
  • Routes formed a triangle
  • Leg 1 sugar molasses from West Indies to New
    England colonies. New England made molasses into
  • Leg 2 rum and other goods shipped to West Africa
    and traded for enslaved Africans.
  • Leg 3 enslaved Africans taken to West Indies
    where they were sold to planters. Profit was
    used to buy more molasses, and the process
    started over.

Triangular Trade
Triangular Trade Video http//
What was the importance of the Triangular Trade
to the Colonies?
The Middle Passage
  • This was the inhumane part of the triangular
    trade, shipping enslaved Africans to the West

The Middle Passage
New Englands Economy
  • Aside from the horrors of the Middle Passage,
    with its trade, shipbuilding, and fishing, New
    Englands economy flourished.
  • Population grew and towns and cities developed.

English Colonial Rule
  • Trouble was brewing in England and in the
    colonies during the 1600s.
  • Englands monarchy restored with Charles II, but
    many not satisfied with him.
  • James II, Charless successor, attempted to take
    back the powers Parliament had won during the
    English Civil War.
  • He also tried to tighten royal control over the

The Glorious Revolution
  • In 1688, Parliament took action. It forced out
    King James and placed his daughter, Mary and her
    husband William of Orange on the throne of
  • This change, which showed the power of elected
    representatives over the monarch became known as
    the Glorious Revolution.

English Bill of Rights
  • In 1689, King William and Queen Mary signed this
    document which guaranteed certain basic rights to
    all citizens.
  • It later inspired the people who created the
    American Bill of Rights.

English Bill of Rights
Colonial Government
  • The Magna Carte of 1215 signed by King John
    established the principle of limited government,
    in which the power of the king, or government,
    was limited.
  • The Magna Carte provided for protection against
    unjust punishment and against the loss of life,
    liberty, or property.
  • As the colonies grew, they relied more and more
    on their own governments to make local laws.
  • By the 1760s, there were three types of colonies
    in America charter colonies, proprietary
    colonies, and royal colonies.

Charter Colonies
  • Were established by settlers who had been given a
    charter, or a grant of rights and privileges.
  • Elected their own governors and members of
  • Great Britain had the right to approve the
    governor, but could not veto the acts of
  • Connecticut and Rhode Island.

Proprietary Colonies
  • Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania
  • Were ruled by proprietors.
  • They were individuals or groups to who Britain
    had granted land.
  • Proprietors were free to rule as they wished.
  • They appointed the governor and members of the
    upper house of the legislature, while colonists
    elected the lower house.

Royal Colonies
  • Georgia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New
    Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina,
    and Virginia.
  • Britain directly ruled these colonies.
  • The king appointed a governor and a council,
    known as the upper house. The colonists elected
    an assembly, called the lower house.
  • The governor and the upper house followed
    whatever the Britain leaders told them to do
    this created conflict with the colonists in the

Voting Rights
  • Colonial legislatures gave only some people a
    voice in government.
  • Only white men who owned property had the right
    to vote.
  • Most women, indentured servants, landless, poor,
    and African Americans could not vote.
  • Despite the limits, a higher proportion of people
    were involved in government in the colonies than
    anywhere in the European World.

The Great Awakening
  • Is the name for the most powerful religious
    revival that swept over the colonies throughout
    the 1720s.
  • Christian ministers preached throughout the
    colonies, drawing huge crowds.
  • The Great Awakening had a lasting effect on the
    way in which the colonists viewed themselves,
    their relationships with each other, and their

Enlightenment Period
  • Began in Europe and spread the idea that
    knowledge, reason, and science could improve
  • In the colonies, this period peaked interest in
  • Colonists observed nature, staged experiments,
    and published their findings.
  • Benjamin Franklin was the best known American

Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklins Contributions
  • At age 24, he published his Poor Richards
    Almanac, a calendar full of advice, philosophy
    and wise sayings like Early to bed, early to
    rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.
  • He invented the lightning rod, bifocal glasses,
    and the Franklin stove for heating.
  • He served as a statesman and a patriot. He helped
    guide the colonies toward independence.

Freedom of the Press
  • In 1735, John Peter Zenger of New York Weekly
    Journal faced charges of libel for printing a
    critical report about the royal governor of New
  • Andrew Hamilton argued that free speech was a
    basic right of English people and defended
  • The jury found him not guilty.
  • This case attracted little attention during this
    time, but today it is regarded as an important
    step in the development of a free press in