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Becoming a World Power

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Chapter 18 Becoming a World Power 1890-1913 Chapter 18 Section 1 The Pressure to Expand I. Explain some of the reasons for the growth of imperialism around the world. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Becoming a World Power


1
Chapter 18
  • Becoming a World Power
  • 1890-1913

2
Chapter 18
  • Section 1
  • The Pressure to Expand

3
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4
I. Explain some of the reasons for the growth of
imperialism around the world.
  • A. Why Imperialism Grew
  • Imperialism is a policy by a stronger nation to
    create an empire by dominating weaker nations
    economically, politically, culturally, or
    militarily.
  • 1- Economic factors natural resources and
    markets
  • 2- Nationalist factors devotion to ones nation
  • 3- Military factors bases
  • 4- Humanitarian factors law, medicine, and
    religion

5
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I. Explain some of the reasons for the growth of
imperialism around the world.
  • B. Europe leads the way
  • British Empire controlled parts of Africa and Asia

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8
II. Summarize the American view regarding
imperialism prior to 1890.
  • A. Annex join or attach
  • B. Promoting Economic Growth
  • 1- Expand American Markets
  • C. Protecting American Security
  • 1- Growth of the U.S. Navy
  • D. Preserving American Spirit pioneer spirit
  • E. Public Opinion Leans toward Expansion

9
Chapter 18
  • Section 2
  • The Spanish-American War

10
I. Describe the ways in which the U.S. took
advantage of several incidents in Latin America
to reaffirm the Monroe Doctrine.
  • A. Arbitration
  • The settlement of a dispute by a person chosen to
    listen to both sides and come to a decision.
  • B. Cuban Rebellion
  • 1. Cuba rebelled against Spain
  • 2. Spain instituted a policy of reconcentration
    camps
  • 3. Cubans exiled to the U.S.
  • 4. Demand for U.S. intervention increased

11
II. Analyze the events leading up to and
following the Spanish-American War.
  • A. William Randolph Hurst
  • 1. Newspaper journalist sensational headlines
  • and stories.
  • 2. Jingoism a feeling of intense national
    pride
  • and a desire for an aggressive foreign
    policy.

12
II. Analyze the events leading up to and
following the Spanish-American War.
  • B. Steps to War
  • 1. U.S.S. Maine moved to Havana, Cuba harbor to
    protect
  • American citizens and property.
  • 2. de Lome letter Spanish ambassador described
  • President McKinley as weak.
  • 3. U.S.S. Maine sank after an explosion
  • Remember the Maine
  • 4. Philippines Islands
  • a) Spains last possession
  • b) Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Sec of Navy
  • c) Key base area of Asia

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15
II. Analyze the events leading up to and
following the Spanish-American War.
  • C. A Splendid Little War
  • 1. First action in the Philippines surprise
    attack
  • 2. Destroyed Spains entire fleet in Pacific
  • 3. Rough Riders Theodore Roosevelt
  • a) Charge up San Juan Hill
  • 4. More Americans died of food poisoning and
  • disease than from combat.

16
II. Analyze the events leading up to and
following the Spanish-American War.
  • D. Treaty of Paris 1898
  • 1. Recognized Cubas Independence
  • 2. U.S. gave 20 Million to Spain, but gained
  • a) Philippines
  • b) Puerto Rico
  • c) Guam

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III. Identify the areas after the war where the
U.S. gained influence and new territories.
  • A. Philippines
  • 1. unfit for self-government
  • 2. rebels fought Americans for independence
  • 3. Independence 1946

19
III. Identify the areas after the war where the
U.S. gained influence and new territories.
  • B. Cuba and Puerto Rico
  • 1. Cuba independent
  • a) U.S. promised not to annex
  • b) Military government ruled
  • c) U.S. established two naval bases
  • 2. Puerto Rico did not gain independence
  • a) Citizenship in 1917

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III. Identify the areas after the war where the
U.S. gained influence and new territories.
  • C. Pacific
  • 1. Hawaii
  • a) Economic trade - sugar
  • b) Military Pearl Harbor
  • c) Queen Liluokalani
  • 1) Opposed U.S. control
  • 2) Dole removed her from power
  • d) Annexed in 1898
  • e) Statehood 1959
  • 2. Samoa
  • a) Polynesian Islands
  • b) Stepping stones to Asia

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23
III. Identify the areas after the war where the
U.S. gained influence and new territories.
  • C. Pacific
  • 3. An open door to China
  • a) Markets
  • b) Sphere of Influence- areas of
  • economic and political control
  • c) Open Door Policy favoring open
  • trade relations

24
Roosevelts Big Stick Policy
25
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