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New Zealand is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean. It comprises of three land masses; the North and South Islands and Stewart Island. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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New Zealand is an island country in the
south-western Pacific Ocean. It comprises of
three land masses the North and South Islands
and Stewart Island. The estimated 2010
population of New Zealand was 4,397,679.
Facts about New Zealand
  • Population 4.4 million
  • Languages English and Maori
  • Capital Wellington Region 480,000
  • Largest City Auckland 1.3 million
  • Length 1600km
  • Area 270,550 sq km

New Zealand history dates back to 700 years ago
when it was discovered and settled by
Polynesians, who developed a distinct Maori
culture . Abel Tasman was the first European
explorer to discover New Zealand 13th December
1642 although he never set foot on land. In 1769
Captain James Cook arrived in New Zealand. From
the late 1790s whalers, traders and missionaries
arrived and established settlements.
Captain James Cook
Abel Tasman
The Treaty of Waitangi 6th February 1840
The Treaty of Waitangi
The Treaty of Waitangi is New Zealand's founding
document. It takes its name from the place in the
Bay of Islands where it was first signed, on 6
February 1840. The Treaty is an agreement, in
Maori and English, that was made between the
British Crown and about 540 Maori chiefs. Growing
numbers of British migrants began arriving in New
Zealand in the late 1830s and they planned for
extensive settlement. The French were interested
in annexing the country but instead the British
government moved first. The Treaty was then
created and signed by chiefs. As the Maori people
agreed to let Britain take sovereignty over New
Zealand they were guaranteed full rights of
ownership of their lands, forests, fisheries and
other possessions and that Maori would have the
rights and privileges of British people.
New Zealand Land Wars 1845-1870
The New Zealand Land Wars
The New Zealand Land Wars were a series of armed
conflicts fought between 1845 and 1872. The wars
were fought over a number of reasons but the main
one was that Maori land was being sold to the
setttler population. Even though the Treaty of
Waitangi said that the Maori people had full
rights to ownership of their land, the colonial
government began to ignore the Treaty and allowed
it to happen anyway. The Maori people then began
to resist the occupation and this eventually led
to war. After the war, large areas of land were
taken away from the Maori people by the
government as a form of punishment for the
The capital city of New Zealand is Wellington,
which is located on the North island. However
the largest city is in fact Auckland.
Rotorua is a major destination for both domestic
and international tourists. It is known for its
geothermal activity and is filled with geysers
and hot mud pools.
Lake Taupo located in the North Island. It has
a surface area of 616 sq km.
Waikato River- Longest river in New Zealand. It
is located in the North Island and runs for 425
Maori Culture
There are a number of Maori traditions and
rituals that are still practiced today. One of
the main traditions is the native dance the haka.
There are two types of haka the haka taparahi
and the peruperu. The taparahi is usually
performed without weapons to express public or
private feelings. The peruperu is performed
with weapons and was generally used before going
into battle. Tattooing is also another tradition
and generally starts at puberty. All high ranking
Maori are tattooed.
  • The North and South Islands are separated by Cook
  • The total land area, 268,021 square kilometres is
    a little less than that of Italy or Japan, and a
    little more than the United Kingdom.
  • The South Island is the largest land mass of New
    Zealand, and is divided along its length by the
    Southern Alps. There are 18 peaks over
    3,000 metres the highest of which is Aoraki/Mount
    Cook at 3,754 metres.

Mount Cook or Aoraki
The North Island is less mountainous but is
marked by volcanism. The highly active Taupo
volcanic zone has formed a large volcanic
plateau, the North Island's highest mountain,
Mount Ruapehu, 2,797 metres and a deep crater
filled by Lake Taupo, the country's largest lake.
The island's north is a flatter area, once
covered by huge kauri trees
The varied landscape of New Zealand has made it a
popular location for the production of television
programmes and films, including the Lord of the
Rings trilogy and The Last Samurai.
  • Other famous films that have been filmed in New
    Zealand due to the setting and landscape include
  • King Kong (by Peter Jackson)
  • The World's Fastest Indian
  • The Piano

Kiwis are a flightless bird native to New
Zealand. There are five recognised species and
all of them are endangered. The Kiwi is the
national symbol of New Zealand and New
Zealanders are known all over the world as Kiwis.
The kakapo (night parrot) is one of New Zealands
unique treasures and with only 122 known
surviving birds it is listed internationally as a
critically endangered species
  • New Zealand food is based mainly around local
    ingredients and the seasons.
  • New Zealand food can be instead described by the
    way it is eaten in a relaxed and unaffected way.

Hu Hu Grubs
People say they taste like peanut butter!
A traditional hangi refers to the method of
cooking underground with hot rocks and leaves.
Various types of meats and vegetables, such as
kumara or sweet potato, are wrapped in
leaves.These items of wrapped food are then
placed in a hole in the ground and cooked with
hot stones.
Famous people and things
For being the first person to conquer Mount
Sir Edmund Hillary
Ernest Rutherford - Famous scientist. The
author of the nuclear theory of the atom and the
first man to split the atom.
Sir Peter Jackson Famous director. Works
include the Lord of the Rings trilogy.

Sport is very popular in New Zealand. Some of the
most popular sports in New Zealand are rugby,
cricket and netball. However Rugby Union is the
national sport. New Zealand's national rugby
team, the All Blacks, has the best winning record
of any national team in the world, and is
currently ranked first in the world. At the
beginning of a match the All Blacks traditionally
perform the a haka, a Maori challenge. This is
recognised around the world.
Netball is New Zealands second most popular
sport. The national team the Silver Ferns are
currently ranked second in the world.
What is New Zealand famous for?
  • The All Blacks Rugby team
  • There are more than 13 sheep for each person
    living in New Zealand.
  • Being the first country in the world to give
    women the vote in 1893.
  • New Zealand is one of only three countries that
    have two official (and of equal standing)
    national Anthems.
  • Wellington is the southernmost capital city in
    the world.