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The 1960s

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The 1960s A time of change – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The 1960s


1
The 1960s
  • A time of change

2
1960-1965
  • The Early 1960s were characterized by the
    presidency of Kennedy and the personality he
    brought to the White House.
  • The Early 1960s were ushered in on the heals of
    the serene 1950s.

3
John F. Kennedy
  • What made Kennedy different from past
    presidents? How was he able to capture the
    nations attention in such a way as he did?
  • Election of 1960
  • Kennedy-Nixon Debates

4
Foreign policy under Kennedy
  • Eisenhowers warning
  • Kennedy shapes the cold war
  • Flexible Response
  • Berlin Wall
  • Bay of Pigs
  • Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

5
Domestic Policy Kennedys New Frontier
  • New Frontier
  • Economic Policies
  • NASA
  • Peace Corps

6
The Kennedy Assassination The Assassination of
Hope
  • November 22, 1963
  • Lee Harvey Oswald
  • Jack Ruby
  • Earl Warren
  • Warren Commission Report

7
Warm-up
  • What accounts for the publics fascination
    with John F. Kennedy both while he was president
    and since his assassination? Do you think that
    the Kennedy presidency has become more myth than
    reality in our collective memory? Why or why not?

8
1965-1969
  • The Assassination of Kennedy and the seemingly
    endless Vietnam War shaped the late 1960s
  • Homework

9
Johnsons Domestic Policy Great Society
  • Implementation of Kennedys and Trumans Plans
  • VISTA
  • 24th Amendment
  • Civil Rights Act 1964
  • Kennedy-Johnson Tax Cut
  • Great Society Johnsons Unique Plan

10
Great Society
  • War on Poverty
  • Economic Opportunity Act
  • Operation Head Start
  • Job Corps
  • Neighborhood Youth Corps
  • Upward Bound
  • Elderly
  • Social Security secured
  • Medicare
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development
  • National Endowment for the Arts
  • National Endowment for the Humanities
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act
  • Immigration Act
  • Civil Rights Advances
  • Voting Rights Act 1965
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

11
Impact of Great Society
  • Did the Great Society positively impact society?

12
Vietnam Review Question
  • Put the following events in order
  • Tet Offensive
  • Ho Chi Minh organizes North Vietnam under
    communism
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • Eisenhower sends advisory troops
  • Operation Rolling Thunder
  • Nixon orders bombing of Cambodia
  • Kennedy increases American involvement to 15,000
    troops
  • Peace with Honor

13
Johnson Inherits Vietnam
  • Background
  • 1940s 1950s
  • Yalta Potsdam Conference Truman, following
    the lead of Roosevelt warned of allowing
    countries to maintain colonies, i.e. France
    control of Vietnam.
  • Nationalistic Vietnamese overthrow French
    Colonial Control
  • Ho Chi Minh, Leader of North Vietnam, aligns
    himself with Communist China and U.S.S.R. and
    seeks to overtake South Vietnam
  • 1955 Eisenhower commits Advisory troops to aid
    South Vietnam (650)
  • 1962 Kennedy increased Military assistance
    (15,500 soldiers)
  • Under Kennedy, the United States instigate a coup
    leading to the overthrow of the South Vietnam
    Government

14
Johnson inherits Vietnam
  • 1963 Johnson becomes President
  • Johnson is influenced by the Domino Theory
  • 1964 - Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • 1965 Bombing of North Vietnam
  • 1967 Troop levels reach 500,000
  • Strategies Pacification and Relocation
  • 1968 Tet Offensive
  • Turning Point of the War

15
Public Reaction to Johnson
16
Nixon takes on Vietnam
  • 1968 Nixon becomes president
  • Henry Kissinger becomes Nixons National
    Security chief and later Secretary of State
  • 1969 Nixon begins policy of Vietnamization
    reducing the number of soldiers from over 500,000
    to 24,400 by 1972
  • 1969 Nixon orders secret bombings of Cambodia
  • Kent State University
  • 1970 Congress repeals Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • 1971 Troops enter Laos Pentagon papers leaked
    to the public
  • 1973 Peace with Honor the war ends at the
    Paris Accords

17
Aftermath of the Vietnam War
  • Impact on Asia
  • By 1975 both Vietnam and Cambodia had become
    communist
  • 1.2 million Vietnamese soldiers lives are lost
  • Impact on America
  • 57,000 American lives are lost
  • Distrust of Government grows
  • 1973 Congress passes the War Powers Act

18
Warm-up
  • What lessons have we learned from Vietnam?

19
Social Movements of the 1960s
  • The New Left
  • Centered on the Vietnam War and the rights of
    minority groups
  • Counter-Culture
  • Based on the Beat Movement of the 1950s
  • Also Anti-war
  • The Feminist Movement
  • Equal Pay Act of 1963
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • NOW
  • The Hispanic Movement
  • Cesar Chavez
  • Native American Movement
  • 1968 Indian Civil Rights Act

20
1968 A National Turning Point
21
The Election of 1968
  • Background
  • Johnson
  • Robert Bobby Kennedy
  • Chicago Riot
  • The Candidates
  • Hubert B. Humphrey Democratic Party
  • Richard M. Nixon Republican Party
  • George C. Wallace Third Party
  • Significance of Election
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