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COSMETOLOGY:

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Title: COSMETOLOGY:


1

COSMETOLOGY THE HISTORY AND
OPPORTUNITIES
2
What is a Cosmetologist?
In your group, list all of the qualities and
skills that you believe are required of a
cosmetologist.
3
DID YOUR GROUP GUESS
Advise giver Professional expert in practical
skills areas Artistic Designer Creator Trustworthy
4
Businessperson Self-promoter Poised and well
groomed Effective communicator Being current with
trends and technologies Good listener
5
In your group, list on flip chart paper all of
the occupations you believe are included in the
Cosmetology profession. For some, you will need
to think outside of the box
6
Add I am responsible for my own education
7
Cosmetology includes hairstyling nail
technology esthetics
Curly-hairstyles.blogspot.com Caofb.com/esthetics
Coolnaolsart.com/bubbles
8
Cosmetology
Greek word kosmetikos Means skilled in the use
of cosmetics
Barber Latin word barba Means the beard or the
hair of the beard.
9
Review
1. What services can a cosmetologist perform? 2.
List four qualities a cosmetologist should
have.
3. Explain the origin of the word cosmetology
. (Include detail)
10
Archeological studies Reveal that
haircutting and hairstyling were practiced as
early as the glacial age
  • Implements Used
  • Sharpened flints
  • Oyster shells
  • Bone
  • Animal sinew
  • Strips of hide


11
Color matter made from

Berries Bark of trees
Minerals Insects
Nuts Herbs
Leaves And other materials
Danielmeissler.com Takegreatpictures.com
12
Ancient Egyptians
  • The first to cultivate beauty in an extravagant
    fashion
  • Barbers serviced the nobility
    and the priesthood over 6,000 years ago

13
Charismaallover.wordpress.com Sheniquemag.blogspot
.com
14
  • first to use
  • cosmetics as part of their personal
    beautification habits
  • in religious ceremonies
  • preparing the deceased for burial

15
3000 B.C. minerals, insects, and berries to
create makeup henna to stain the hair and
nails first to use essential oils
Mnsu.edu Womensnet.com/about hair
history Americanaromatherapy.com
16
  • created kohl makeup
  • mixture of ground galena (a black mineral)
  • sulfur
  • animal fat

Makeupweb.guide.com
17
  • used to heavily line the eyes
  • alleviate eye inflammations
  • protect the eyes from the glare of the sun
  • In ancient Egypt and Rome, military commanders
    stained their nails and lips in matching colors
    before important battles

18
  • Chinese
  • 1600 B.C. aristocrats
  • rubbed tinted mixtures onto their nails
  • turned crimson or ebony
  • 1100 B.C.
  • gold and silver were royal colors
  • commoners caught wearing a royal nail color
    faced a punishment of death

19
Egyptian and Roman women temporarily waved
their hair by applying a mixture of soil and
water (mud) to the hair and wrapping it around
crudely made wooden rollers to bake in the sun
In Africa, hair was groomed with
intricately carved combs and adorned
with beads, clay and colored bands
20
FYI Prior to 3000 B.C. nail care is recorded
in Egypt and China
  • color of a persons nails was a sign of rank
  • high social rank red-orange henna

kings and queens deep red people
of lower rank pale colors
  • in China, nails were painted red or black

21
  • The Greeks (500 B.C.)
  • hairstyling-highly developed art
  • used perfumes and cosmetics in religious rites,
    in grooming, and for medicinal purposes
  • developed excellent method
  • of dressing the hair and
  • caring for the skin and nails

Karenswhimsy.com
22
mangatutorials.com Stcatherinesprimary.co.uk Karen
swhimsy.com
23
  • used white lead on faces, kohl on eyes and
    vermillion on cheeks and lips
  • vermillion
  • bright red pigment by grinding
  • cinnabar
  • a mineral that is the chief source of
    mercury
  • The fine powder was mixed with ointment or dusted
    on the skin in the same way as cosmetics are
    applied today

Margretshort.typepad.com
24
Romans (296 B.C.)
  • facials of milk, bread and fine wine were
    popular
  • mixture of chalk and lead used for facial
    cosmetic
  • hairstyling services introduced women used
    hair color to indicate class in society as
    follows
  • - noblewomen red hair
  • - middle-class women blonde
  • - poor women black

25
  • Julius Caesar 101-44 BC
  • had his face tweezed everyday
  • this started a trend among
  • the men of that time

www.american-pictures.com/genealogy/descent/p...
26
Explore-italian-culture.com Roman-colosseum.info C
rystallyn.vox.vom Digonsite.com Eternallycool.net
27
  • Middle ages
  • included towering headdresses, intricate
    hairstyles, and cosmetics
  • around 1000 A.D. an alchemist refined the
    process of steam distillation which is still
    used to create essentials oils today
  • Vocabulary word
  • Alchemy-pre-scientific chemistry, usually with
    fluids, juices and the elixir of longevity.

28
Usiweb.usi.edu Edarlein.deviantart.com Herstoria.c
om
29
  • Renaissance
  • transition from medieval to modern history
  • shaved eyebrows and hairline-thought to give
    the women a look of greater intelligence
  • highly colored cosmetics were
  • discouraged.

Wholesale.garison.com
30
Press.princeton.edu Abeautyglorious.blogspot.com 2
.ivcc.rdu
31
Barbering and Medicine
The Barber Pole-symbol of the barber-surgeon, has
its roots from the bloodletting procedure that
was once thought to strengthen the immune system
  1. Pole the staff patients held a staff tightly
    in order for the veins in the arm to stand out.
  2. Bottom basin basin was the vessel that caught
    the blood.

32
Hillsdalebarnantiques.com Azbarberboard.us
33
3. White bandages stop blood the bandages used
to stop the bleeding were hung on the staff to
dry. The stained bandages would twist around
the pole forming the red/white candy-cane
pattern. Another interpretation is that the
red represented the blood, blue the veins, and
white the bandages. Barbers still use the
symbol today.
34
Victorian Age
  • FYI many changes in hair care
  • Add Marcel Grateau invented the marcel iron
  • 1875 Frenchman, Marcel Grateau, developed hot
    irons for waving and curling the hair. Known
    today as marcel waving

Purespadirect.com Jiunlimites.com
35
  • 1892 Frenchman, Alexander F. Godefroy, invented
    a
  • hot-blast hair dryer
  • 1890 First hairdressing academy opening in
    Chicago by Frenchman, Bribois and Federmeyer.

Probeautykit.com
36
  • to preserve the health and beauty of the skin,
    women used beauty masks made from natural
    ingredients
  • pinched their cheeks and bit their lips to
    colorize rather than use cosmetics

37
The Twentieth Century
  • shift in American attitudes caused by the movie
    industry
  • viewers wanted the flawless complexions,
    beautiful hairstyles, manicured nails, changing
    the standards of feminine beauty
  • beauty began to follow trends

38
Vivien Leigh 1940s
Jean Harlow 1930s
Elizabeth Taylor 1950s
Newhotstuff.net
39
  • 1901-1910
  • Max Factor began making and selling makeup to
    movie stars that would not cake or crack, even
    under the hot studio lights

Rubylane.com Onlineauction.com
40
History of Permanent Waving
  • 1905, Charles Nessler invented heavily wired
    machine that supplied electrical current to
    metal rods around which hair strands were
    wrapped
  • units were heated
  • kept away from the scalp by counterbalancing
    weights suspended from an overhead chandelier
    mounted to a stand

41
Internet source
42
  • Two methods were used to wind hair strands around
    the metal units
  • Spiral wrap long hair was wound from scalp to
    ends
  • Croquignole wrap for short hair, wound from
    ends to scalp.

43
Success story of the cosmetology industry
Madam C.J. Walker
  • daughter of a former slave
  • born Sarah Breedlove in 1867
  • during the 1890s she suffered from a scalp
    condition and began to lose her hair.
  • she experimented with store-bought products
    and home-made remedies

Inventors.about.com
44
  • invented hair grower scalp conditioner
  • devised sophisticated sales and marketing
    strategies and traveled extensively giving
    product demonstrations
  • built a factory, hair salon and training school
  • by developing more products her empire grew

1929
www.scott.k12.va.us/rita/51757_2.JPG
45
  • gave time and money to organizations like NAACP
    and the YMCA
  • organized the first national meetings for
    businesswomen
  • pioneer of the modern black hair care and
    cosmetic industry

Scribalterror.blogs.com Urbanstages.org
46
  • 1920s
  • cosmetic industry grew rapidly
  • ads expenditures in radio alone went from
    390,000.00 to 3.2 million by the end of the
    decade

Digitalhistory.uh.edu Vintagepowderroom.com
47
  • 1931, preheat method was introduced-hair was
    wrapped in the croquinole method
  • clamps heated by a separate electrical machine
    were place over the wound curls

Dehaarsite.nl
48
  • 1932, a method that used external heat generated
    by chemical reaction was introduced
  • small flexible pads containing a chemical
    mixture were wound around hair strands
  • pads moistened with water released a chemical
    heat creating long-lasting curls
  • machineless permanent wave was born

49
  • 1932
  • Revlon marketed the first nail polish (not
    stain) using formulas borrowed from the car
    paint industry
  • dramatic shift in nail cosmetics
  • array of nail lacquer colors available
  • early screen stars started the trend of wearing
    these colors on their fingers and toes

Quirkyfinds.com
50
  • 1932-Clairol created permanent haircolor
  • 1938 the cold wave was invented that used no
    machine or heat
  • considered to be the precursor to the modern
    perm

Library.duke.edu Ebay.com
51
  • 1941, scientists developed waving lotion that
    did not require heat
  • called cold wave

Modernlab.com
52
  • today, the term texture service is used to
    describe the variety of permanent wave services
    and straightening services available for
    different hair types and conditions

Just-hairstyles.com Hairstyles-pictures.com
53
  • 1951-2000
  • introduction of tube mascara,
  • improved hair care,
  • and nail products

Southportbeautysalon.com Nailsupplywebsite.com
54
  • boom and death of the
  • weekly salon
  • appointment

Flickr.com
55
  • 1960s-Vidal Sassoons revolutionary geometric
    haircuts

Discoveringhair.wordpress.com Ladybear.gaia.com Ca
mpuscircle.net
56
  • 1970s highlighting techniques of hair weaving
    using aluminum foil

Tpcs-auction.org Zebrahairandbeauty.com
57
  • 1980s heavy use of eye make-up and blushand
    really BIG HAIR, just ask Mrs. Kucas
  • physical fitness, nutrition, day spas

Images.mix.com Moviedearest.blogspot.com
58
  • 1990s haircolor became gentler, allowing
    everyone to be able to color their hair without
    breakage

Hairsandiego.com Pitchengine.com Hairstyle-blog.co
m
59
1998-Creative Nail Design introduced the first
spa pedicure nail art also entered the
seen by the 1990s
Yelp.com Looklocally.com
60
Nailartgallery.com Breakforfunzarke.net Kaskus.us
61
  • 21st Century
  • gentle-no fade hair colors
  • estheticians rejuvenate the face and keep
    sunspots, and mild acne under control
  • specialization became popular-hair colorist,
    hair cutting specialist, nail technician, etc,
    providing a full array of services

62
haircoloring in the twentieth century has
become a multibillion-dollar industry of
professional products!!!!!!!
the huge growth in day spas has also been a
significant development
the domain of cosmetology has changed
dramatically . All the new services and skills
have transformed and expanded the role of
cosmetologists, requiring them to know more than
ever and to make continuing education a necessity
63
  • mens-only specialty shops and barber spas have
    gained popularity, providing new opportunities
    for mens nail care specialists

Luxury-insider.com Psfk.com Reviewjournal.com
64
Career Opportunities
  • Haircolor specialist-perform color services.
    Work for a product manufacturer

Beautyschools.edu Beautifulhairsandiego.com
65
Texture specialist perming
straightening training others work for
manufacturer
66
Ehow.com Stylekandy.com Easy-hairstyles.com
67
  • Cutting specialist-learning various cutting
    styles and techniques
  • Perfect your own skills
  • Develop your own method of cutting hair
  • (everyone develops their own way of cutting
    hair)

68
Plumstudiossalon.com Guidespot.com
69
  • Salon trainer- train others
  • management and interpersonal relationship
    training
  • large organizations ( not limited to)

70
  • Distributor sales consultant-salon
  • new products, new trends, and new techniques
  • excellent opportunity

71
Cosmetology instructor Add terms only-not
definitions
Salon stylist- performs all services offered
in a salon. Could be asked to handle any number
of tasks and duties in the salon
72
Wig or extensions specialist-change the
length , texture and color by adding
extensions, through braiding, weaving, bonding,
gluing, or sewing. Wigs, especially for people
who experience hair loss. Or a mens hair
replacement specialist
Cambridge.gumtree.com Jamaica-newyork.olx.com
73
Retail specialist
  • handling merchandise and inventory

Thedressingroomsalon.com divasalonspa,.com
74
  • Skin Care Specialist/Esthetician-
  • offers treatments
  • makeup
  • work with Dermatologists
  • Many will own their own business

75
Instituteofaesthetics.org Designingbeautyacademy.c
om Dominelli.com
76
  • Makeup artist-
  • able to blend, shade, and create any image
  • work with a private clientele
  • makeup director for a department store
  • represent a line of cosmetics
  • work in TV or film, fashion magazines, theater,
    independent freelancer


77
Centennialcollege.ca Flickr.com
78
Nail technician-provide clients with manicures
and pedicures, nail art, artificial nail
services Day Spa stylist or technician-all
salon services plus treatments like body
massage, body wraps, hydrotherapy. A day spa
may be the ideal professional environment for
you
79
Beautynewsnyc.com Funandsun.com
80
  • Salon manager-
  • helps team members achieve their goals
  • Job includes purchasing, personnel development,
    advertising, sales, budgeting, and people skills

81
  • Salon owner-
  • responsibilities and challenges
  • Sets the standard for the quality of service in
    the workplace
  • make the decisions of products and services
  • handle the business end, paying bills, payroll,
    taxes, etc.

82
  • Product educator
  • Travel is a must
  • Speak to groups of people

Lastheplace.com
83
  • Cosmetic chemist-
  • cosmetic manufacturers
  • consultant for several companies
  • be on a panel that studies products
  • Further education may be required

Lsct.com
84
Session stylist-stylist for models being
photographed for magazines or books
Rheeviews.com Hji.co.uk
85
Ftape.com
86
Hairstylist for TV, movies, or theater work
with celebrities.
Mastionne.com Epicartistry.com
87
Styles director/artistic director-works with
videographers, fashion magazines, publishing
companies
Design team member-creates presentations for
fashion shows, runway work, hair shows, etc.
On the cutting edge of fashion and design
88
Platform artist-on stage, performing for
people, sharing knowledge and traveling.
Demonstrates current trends and techniques.
Salon experience is a must
Arrojostudio.com
89
Competition Champion- the best display
their individual talents and techniques. Often
establishes their own salon, works as trainers,
and sets a high standard for pricing
Educator-work as an educational consultant
for a product manufacturer, educator in the
private or technical sector, school director.
90
Writer-for articles, books, brochures,
produce videos. Work for a publishing company
State board member-take a proactive role in
the regulatory issues affecting the cosmetology
industry. You could also become a state board
examiner or a state board inspector
91
  • Salon industry grosses about 50 billion a
    year in revenue
  • no limit to your possibilities
  • develop your skills
  • most creative and unique career

92
  • Salon Management
  • management opportunities are diverse
  • inventory manager
  • department head
  • special events manager
  • assistant manager
  • general manager

93
Salon owner enroll in business classes to
learn about managing
products departments people
94
Reflectionssaloninc.com Identity-uk.com
95
  • You must decide whether you want to work in
  • Specialty salon
  • Full-service salon (hair, skin, and nail
    services)
  • Day spa (skin, body, nail, and hair services that
    emphasize beauty and wellness

96
  • focus on your studies
  • subscribe and read professional publications
  • become a member in trade associations
  • continue your education by attending workshops
    outside of school
  • your personal dedication and passion will fuel
    your career
  • be excited, you are on your way!!
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